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Trees felled by the Tunguska blast
Independence Day in the ( Democratic Republic of the Congo 1960)
1651 – Khmelnytsky Uprising: Ukrainian Cossacks and their Crimean Tatar allies were annihilated by a Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth army in the , probably the largest land battle in the Battle of Berestechko 17th century.
appears on June 28
1758 – Seven Years' War: Austria defeated Prussia at the , forcing Battle of Domstadtl Frederick the Great to leave Moravia.
1905 – The scientific journal published Annalen der Physik Albert Einstein's article "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies", the third of his , introducing the theory of Annus Mirabilis papers special relativity.
1908 – occurred near the A massive explosion Podkamennaya Tunguska River in what is now Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, knocking over 80 million trees over 2,150 square kilometres (830 sq mi).
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1971 – The Soviet spacecraft suffered an Soyuz 11 uncontrolled decompression during preparations for reentry, killing cosmonauts Vladislav Volkov, Georgy Dobrovolsky and Viktor Patsayev—the only human deaths to occur in space.
2007 – In an attempted terrorist attack, a car loaded with propane canisters into the terminal of Scotland's was driven Glasgow International Airport and set ablaze.
1860 – Seven months after the publication of Charles Darwin's , several prominent British scientists and philosophers participated in On the Origin of Species at the an evolution debate Oxford University Museum.
1922 – The United States and the Dominican Republic signed an agreement that ended the former's of the latter two years later. occupation
1934 – Adolf Hitler violently purged members of the (SA), its leader Sturmabteilung Ernst Röhm, and other political rivals in the , executing Night of the Long Knives at least 85 people.
1963 – A car bomb intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco seven police and military officers near killed Palermo.
1966 – The , one of the United States' leading National Organization for Women feminist organizations, was founded in Washington, D.C.
1972 – The International Time Bureau added the first to the leap second Coordinated Universal Time time scale.
1974 – Municipal workers in Baltimore, Maryland, seeking higher wages and better conditions. went on strike
1987 – The Royal Canadian Mint introduced the Canadian one-dollar coin, commonly known as the . Loonie
2009 – Schoolgirl Bahia Bakari was the sole survivor when crashed into the Yemenia Flight 626 Indian Ocean killing 152 people. Born/died: (d. 1942) Eleanor Sophia Smith · (d. 1973) Nancy Mitford · (b. 1958) Terri Lynn Land
Tower Bridge, London
(d. 1660) William Oughtred · (d. 1882) Alberto Henschel · (b. 1936)