Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/March 13
This is a list of selected March 13 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled March 13, 2018 featured article or the March 13, 2018 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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Violin Concerto, 1st movement
Uranus, as seen by Voyager 2
|624 – Led by Muhammad, the Muslims of Medina defeated the Quraysh of Mecca in Badr, present-day Saudi Arabia.||primary sources|
|874 – The remains of Saint Nicephorus were brought back to Constantinople to be interred at the Church of the Holy Apostles.||no footnotes|
|1639 – Already two years old but usually called simply "the New College", Harvard College in Cambridge, Massachusetts, was named after its first principal donor, John Harvard.||date not in article|
|1881 – Tsar Alexander II of Russia was assassinated near his palace in a bomb-throwing plot by Ignacy Hryniewiecki and three other revolutionaries.||refimprove|
|1884 – Mahdist War: Forces loyal to self-proclaimed Mahdi Muhammad Ahmad began a 319-day siege of a combined Anglo-Egyptian force defending Khartoum, Sudan.||globalize, refimprove sections|
|1962 – Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff Lyman Lemnitzer delivered a proposal to Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara called Operation Northwoods to create public support for a war against Fidel Castro and Cuba, which was eventually rejected by President John F. Kennedy.||refimprove section|
|1997 – A series of unexplained lights appeared in the skies over the US states of Arizona and New Mexico, and the Mexican state of Sonora.||unreferenced section|
- 1781 – Astronomer and composer William Herschel discovered the planet Uranus while in the garden of his house in Bath, Somerset, thinking it was a comet.
- 1920 – The Kapp Putsch briefly ousted the Weimar Republic government from Berlin.
- 1943 – The Holocaust: Nazi German troops began liquidating the Jewish Ghetto in Kraków, Poland, sending about 8,000 Jews deemed able to work to the Plaszow labor camp, with the rest either killed or sent to Auschwitz.
- 1964 – Kitty Genovese was murdered in New York City, reportedly in view of neighbors who did nothing to help her (later disproved), prompting research into the bystander effect.
- 1985 – One of England's worst incidents of football hooliganism when supporters of Luton Town and Millwall rioted before a match at Kenilworth Road stadium.
- 1986 – Claiming the right of innocent passage, American warships USS Yorktown and USS Caron entered the Soviet territorial waters in the Black Sea, inciting Soviet combat readiness.
- 1988 – The Seikan Tunnel, the longest and deepest tunnel in the world, opened between the cities of Hakodate and Aomori, Japan.
- 1697 – Nojpetén, capital of the Itza Maya kingdom, fell to Spanish conquistadors, the final step in the Spanish conquest of Guatemala.
- 1845 – German composer Felix Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto, one of the most popular violin concertos of all time, received its world première in Leipzig.
- 1954 – Viet Minh forces under Võ Nguyên Giáp opened fire with a massive artillery barrage on the French military to begin the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, the climactic battle in the First Indochina War.
- 1996 – A gunman killed sixteen children and a teacher at a primary school in Dunblane, Scotland, before committing suicide.
- 2013 – Francis (pictured) was elected pope, making him the first Jesuit pope, the first from the Americas and the first from the Southern Hemisphere, as well as the first non-European pope in over 1,000 years.