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Violin Concerto, 1
Tzar Alexander II of Russia
Jews being deported from the Krakow Ghetto
624 – Led by Muhammad, the Muslims of Medina the defeated Quraysh of Mecca in Badr, present-day Saudi Arabia.
874 – The remains of were brought back to Saint Nicephorus Constantinople to be interred at the Church of the Holy Apostles.
1639 – Already two years old but usually called simply "the New College", in Harvard College Cambridge, Massachusetts, was named after its first principal donor, John Harvard.
lead too short, date not in article
1881 – Tsar was assassinated near his palace in a bomb-throwing plot by Alexander II of Russia Ignacy Hryniewiecki and three other revolutionaries.
1884 – Mahdist War: Forces loyal to self-proclaimed Mahdi Muhammad Ahmad began a of a combined Anglo-Egyptian force defending 319-day siege Khartoum, Sudan.
globalize, refimprove sections
1943 – The Holocaust: Nazi troops began liquidating the in Jewish ghetto Kraków, Poland, sending about 8,000 Jews deemed able to work to the Plaszow labor camp, with the rest either killed or sent to Auschwitz.
1954 – Viet Minh forces under Võ Nguyên Giáp opened fire with a massive artillery barrage on the French military to begin the , the climactic battle in the Battle of Dien Bien Phu First Indochina War.
lots of CN tags
1962 – Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff Lyman Lemnitzer delivered a proposal to Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara called to create public support for a war against Operation Northwoods Fidel Castro and Cuba, which was eventually rejected by President John F. Kennedy.
1997 – A series of appeared in the skies over the US states of unexplained lights Arizona and New Mexico, and the Mexican state of Sonora.
(b. 1800) Mustafa Reşid Pasha ·
Odette Hallowes refimprove section
1697 – Nojpetén, capital of the Itza Maya kingdom, fell to Spanish conquistadors, the final step in the . Spanish conquest of Guatemala
1985 – One of England's worst incidents of football hooliganism when supporters of Luton Town and Millwall before a match at rioted Kenilworth Road stadium.
1986 – Claiming the right of innocent passage, American warships USS and Yorktown USS Caron the Soviet entered territorial waters in the Black Sea, inciting Soviet combat readiness.
1996 – A gunman sixteen children and a teacher at a primary school in killed Dunblane, Scotland, before committing suicide.
2013 – was Francis elected pope, making him the first Jesuit pope, the first from the Americas and the first from the Southern Hemisphere, as well as the first non-European pope in over 1,000 years. Born/died this day: (d. 1613) Sigismund Báthory · (d. 1879) Adolf Anderssen ·
(b. 1770) Daniel Lambert · (d. 1901) Benjamin Harrison · (b. 1931)