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Coat of Arms of the U.S. Military Academy
Aldo Moro, during his detention by Red Brigades
Latvian Legion Day refimprove section
934 – declared himself Meng Zhixiang emperor and established Later Shu as a new state independent of Later Tang. Meng: empty section; Later Shu: refimprove
1660 – The , originally called by King Long Parliament Charles I of England in 1640 following the Bishops' Wars, dissolved itself. refimprove
1815 – proclaimed himself William I King of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, the first constitutional monarch in the Netherlands. refimprove
1900 – British archaeologist Arthur Evans purchased the ruins of , a major centre of the Knossos Minoan civilization and the largest Bronze Age site on Crete, for excavations. Evans: multiple issues; Knossos: refimprove; date not in either article
1935 – Conscription was re-introduced in Nazi Germany, and the German military was renamed the . Wehrmacht refimprove section
1978 – The oil tanker split in two after running aground on Portsall Rocks, about 3 miles (5 km) off the coast of Amoco Cadiz Brittany, France, resulting in . one of the largest oil spills ever refimprove section
1978 – Former Prime Minister of Italy Aldo Moro in was kidnapped Rome by Mario Moretti and the Red Brigades. unreferenced section
1985 – American journalist was taken hostage in Terry A. Anderson Beirut by Hezbollah militants. refimprove
1988 – Iran–Iraq War: Iraqi forces the began attacking Kurdish town of Halabja with chemical weapons, killing up to 5,000 people. neutrality issues
2006 – The United Nations General Assembly voted overwhelmingly to establish the . UN Human Rights Council multiple issues
597 BC – Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II and installed captured Jerusalem as Zedekiah King of Judah.
1190 – Around 150 Jews inside in York Castle York, England, committed mass suicide rather than be killed by a mob.
1244 – Following their successful , French royal forces burned about 210 siege of Montségur Cathar Perfecti and unrepentant credentes.
1322 – Despenser War: A royalist army defeated troops loyal to Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, in the , which allowed King Battle of Boroughbridge to hold on to power for another five years. Edward II of England
1782 – American Revolutionary War: Spain the island of captured Roatán off the coast of what is now Honduras.
1802 – The United States Congress the establishment of the authorized in order to operate the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers at U.S. Military Academy West Point, New York.
1872 – In the of the first-ever final FA Cup, the world's oldest association football competition, Wanderers F.C. defeated Royal Engineers A.F.C. 1–0 at The Oval in Kennington, London.
1926 – American scientist launched the world's first Robert H. Goddard liquid-fueled rocket, which flew for two-and-a-half seconds before falling to the ground.
1962 – , a charter flight carrying U.S. and Flying Tiger Line Flight 739 South Vietnamese soldiers, disappeared without a trace, prompting one of the largest searches in the history of the Pacific.
1968 – Vietnam War: American soldiers hundreds of unarmed civilians in the killed Sơn Mỹ village in the Sơn Tịnh District of South Vietnam.
1984 – , the William Buckley CIA station chief in Beirut, Lebanon, was kidnapped by Islamic fundamentalists.
2003 – American peace activist was crushed to death by an Rachel Corrie Israel Defense Forces armored bulldozer in Rafah as she was protesting the demolition of a house. Born/died this day:
(b. 1822) John Pope · (b. 1975) Sienna Guillory · (d. 1991) Jean Bellette
(b. 1750) Caroline Herschel · (d. 1940) Iso Rae · (d. 2008) Mary Meader