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Mount Agung, Bali, Indonesia
Voting bulletin of the Soviet Union referendum
45 BC – Caesar's Civil War: Julius Caesar scored his final military victory at the , defeating the Battle of Munda Optimate forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger.
1337 – became the first Edward the Black Prince duke in English history, when he was created the Duke of Cornwall.
1805 – Napoleon transformed the Italian Republic into the .
Kingdom of Italy refimprove section
1958 – , the first Vanguard 1 solar-powered satellite, and the oldest human-launched object still in Earth orbit today, was launched.
1963 – The most recent eruption of on Mount Agung Bali, Indonesia, killed approximately 1,500 people.
1992 – A suicide bomber 29 people and injured 242 others at the Israeli embassy in killed Buenos Aires, Argentina.
2004 – broke out, resulting in the deaths of 28, the wounding of more than 600 others, and the destruction of several Unrest in Kosovo Serb Orthodox churches and shrines.
455 – After arranging for the assassination of , Valentinian III seized the throne of the Petronius Maximus Western Roman Empire, only to be killed 11 weeks later during the sack of Rome.
1001 – The recorded a tributary mission from the Song Shi , centered on the Philippine island of Rajahnate of Butuan Mindanao, to the Song dynasty of China.
1776 – American Revolutionary War: The British Army garrison in Boston, Massachusetts, withdrew from the city, ending the 11‑month . Siege of Boston
1860 – The began at First Taranaki War Waitara, marking an important phase of the New Zealand land wars.
1942 – The Holocaust: The first mass killings of Jews began at in Bełżec extermination camp occupied Poland, the first of the camps to begin operation. Aktion Reinhard
1950 – The synthesis of , a californium radioactive transuranium element, was announced.
1957 – A on the slope of plane crash Mount Manunggal killed Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay and 24 others.
1969 – became the first female Golda Meir Prime Minister of Israel.
1973 – Slava Veder took his Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph , which came to symbolize the end of United States involvement in the Burst of Joy Vietnam War.
1979 – The collapsed during refurbishing construction, killing two workers, and leading to the abandonment of the tunnel. Penmanshiel Tunnel
1988 – Eritrean War of Independence: The Eritrean People's Liberation Front encircled an Ethiopian force and gained a decisive victory in the . Battle of Afabet
1985 – American serial killer , known as "the Night Stalker", began a Richard Ramirez home invasion burglary and killing spree that resulted in 13 deaths and 11 sexual assaults over the following five months.
1991 – Nearly 70% of voters in nine Soviet republics agreed that the Soviet Union should be preserved in the . Soviet Union referendum
2011 – Libyan Civil War: The United Nations Security Council adopted , authorizing a Security Council Resolution 1973 military intervention to protect civilians in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. Born/died this day: (d. 1199) Jocelin of Glasgow · (b. 1944) Pattie Boyd · (b. 1948) William Gibson ·
: March 17
Saint Patrick's Day
Wreckage of the
(b. 1841) Emily Sartain · (b. 1873) Margaret Bondfield · (d. 1969)