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Historical portrait of Husein Gradaščević
The grand opening of the Royal Albert Hall
845 – Viking raiders possibly led by the legendary Ragnar Lodbrok and held the city for a huge ransom. captured Paris
1461 – Yorkist troops defeated Lancastrian forces at the in Battle of Towton Yorkshire, England, the largest battle in the Wars of the Roses up until that time with 28,000 casualties.
1638 – Swedish settlers founded near New Sweden Delaware Bay, the first Swedish colony in America.
1807 – German astronomer Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers discovered , the brightest 4 Vesta asteroid and the second-most massive body in the asteroid belt.
1865 – American Civil War: The opened with the Appomattox Campaign Battle of Lewis's Farm, in which the Confederate States Army was forced into a series of retreats that would culminate in their surrender.
1882 – The , the world's largest Catholic fraternal Knights of Columbus service organization, was founded by Michael J. McGivney in New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.
1911 – The M1911 single-action, semi-automatic pistol developed by American firearms designer John Browning became the standard-issue side arm in the United States Army.
1941 – The to define technical standards for North American Regional Broadcasting Agreement AM band radio stations came into effect.
1942 – Second World War: The British Royal Air Force completed a on bombing raid Lübeck, the first major success for RAF Bomber Command against a German city.
1969 – The , the armed wing of the New People's Army Communist Party of the Philippines, was formed.
1974 – NASA's , launched in Mariner 10 November 1973, became the first space probe to fly by the planet Mercury.
1975 – Jeff Beck released , his most successful album in the U.S., reaching the Blow by Blow top five and selling over one million copies.
1981 – Dick Beardsley and Inge Simonsen jointly won the first running of the . London Marathon
1982 – Queen gave Elizabeth II royal assent to the , which ended all remaining dependence of Canada on the United Kingdom by a process known as " Canada Act 1982 patriation".
1999 – The to hit the foothills of the strongest earthquake Himalayas in more than ninety years killed 103 people.
2014 – Per the passage of the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013, the first in England and Wales took place. same-sex marriages Born/died this day: (d. 1829) Cornelio Saavedra · (b. 1842) Emilia Baeyertz · (b. 1921) Sam Loxton
: March 29 in the Central African Republic; Boganda Day in Madagascar ( Martyrs' Day 1947)
(b. 1790) John Tyler · (d. 1888) Charles-Valentin Alkan · (d. 1982)