Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/November 12
This is a list of selected November 12 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled November 12, 2017 featured article or the November 12, 2017 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|1927 – Leon Trotsky was expelled from the Communist Party, leaving Joseph Stalin in undisputed control of the Soviet Union.||refimprove sections|
|1936 – The San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge, connecting San Francisco and Oakland, California across San Francisco Bay, opened to traffic.||refimprove section|
|1948 – The International Military Tribunal for the Far East sentenced former Prime Minister of Japan Hideki Tojo and other military and government officials from the former Empire of Japan to death for committing war crimes during World War II.||unreferenced section|
|1993 – President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev issued a decree "about introducing national currency of Republic of Kazakhstan", leading to the establishment of the Kazakhstani tenge three days later.||refimprove|
|2001 – American Airlines Flight 587 crashed into residential buildings five minutes after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York, killing a total of 265 people.||refimprove section|
- 1330 – Led by voivode Basarab I, Wallachian forces defeated the Hungarian army in an ambush at the Battle of Posada.
- 1893 – Mortimer Durand, Foreign Secretary of British India, and Abdur Rahman Khan, Amir of Afghanistan, signed the Durand Line Agreement, establishing what is now the international border between Afghanistan and Pakistan.
- 1928 – Approximately 111 people, mostly women and children, died after the British ocean liner SS Vestris was abandoned as it sank in the western Atlantic Ocean.
- 1940 – Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov arrived in Berlin to discuss the possibility of the Soviet Union joining the Axis Powers.
- 1942 – World War II: The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, the decisive engagement in a series of naval battles between Allied and Japanese forces during the months-long Guadalcanal campaign in the Solomon Islands, began.
- 1944 – Second World War: The Royal Air Force sank the German battleship Tirpitz on the ninth attempt, killing about 1,000 sailors onboard.
- 1945 – Sudirman was elected the first commander-in-chief of the Indonesian Armed Forces.
- 1970 – The 1970 Bhola cyclone made landfall on the coast of East Pakistan (Bangladesh), becoming the deadliest tropical cyclone in history, with up to 500,000 people killed.
- 1970 – The Oregon Highway Division unsuccessfully attempted to destroy a rotting beached sperm whale near Florence, Oregon, with explosives.
- 1996 – A Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747 and a Kazakhstan Airlines cargo plane collided in mid-air near New Delhi, killing 349 people.
- Born/died this day: Naomi Wolf (b. 1962)
- 1028 – Future Byzantine empress Zoë (pictured) first took the throne as empress consort to Romanos III Argyros.
- 1892 – William Heffelfinger was paid $525 by the Allegheny Athletic Association, becoming the first professional American football player on record.
- 1912 – The bodies of Robert Falcon Scott and his companions were discovered, roughly eight months after their deaths during the ill-fated British Antarctic Expedition 1910.
- 1991 – In Dili, East Timor, Indonesian forces opened fire on student demonstrators protesting the occupation of East Timor, killing at least 250 people.
- 2006 – Although the Georgian government declared it illegal, South Ossetia held a referendum on independence, with about 99 percent of voters supporting, to preserve the region's status as a de facto independent state.