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Atahualpa, last Inca emperor
3D representation of an LSD molecule
International Day for Tolerance stub
1272 – While en route to Sicily during the Ninth Crusade, became Edward I King of England, upon the death of his father , but did not return to England for nearly two years.
Henry III unreferenced section
1491 – Several Jews and conversos were executed in Toledo, Spain, for the alleged ritual murder of an infant, who was later revered as the .
Holy Child of La Guardia unreferenced section
1805 – War of the Third Coalition: At the , Russian forces under Battle of Schöngrabern Pyotr Bagration delayed the pursuit by French troops under Joachim Murat.
needs more footnotes, short
1959 – , a The Sound of Music musical by Rodgers and Hammerstein based on , opened on The Story of the Trapp Family Singers Broadway at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre.
lots of CN tags
1979 – The first line of , the Bucharest Metro M1 Line, opened from Timpuri Noi to Semănătoarea in Bucharest, Romania.
1989 – Eight employees of Universidad Centroamericana "José Simeón Cañas" in San Salvador, including six Catholic priests, were by a murdered Salvadoran Army " death squad".
2002 – The first case of (SARS) was recorded in severe acute respiratory syndrome Guangdong, China.
lots of CN tags
1532 – Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire: Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro orchestrated in a surprise attack Cajamarca, Peru, capturing Sapa Inca Atahualpa.
1855 – Explorer David Livingstone became the first European to see , one of the largest waterfalls in the world, on what is now the Zambia–Zimbabwe border. Victoria Falls
1885 – After a five-day trial following the North-West Rebellion, , Canadian rebel leader of the Louis Riel Métis and "Father of Manitoba", was hanged for high treason.
1907 – Two years after the failed attempt by the Five Civilized Tribes in the Indian Territory to achieve U.S. statehood, they joined with the Oklahoma Territory to become to enter the union. the 46th state
1920 – Qantas, Australia's national airline, as Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited. was founded
1938 – Swiss chemist first synthesized the Albert Hofmann psychedelic drug LSD at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland.
1944 – commenced in Operation Queen Düren, Germany, with one of the heaviest Allied tactical bombing attacks of the Second World War.
1945 – The (UNESCO) was founded. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
1973 – U.S. President Richard Nixon signed an act, authorizing the construction of the to transport oil from the Alaska Pipeline Arctic Ocean to the Gulf of Alaska.
1981 – About 30 million people watched marry on the television show Luke Spencer and Laura Webber , the highest-rated hour in American General Hospital soap opera history. Born/died this day: (b. 1977) Maggie Gyllenhaal ·
(d. 1005) Ælfric of Abingdon · (b. 1538) Turibius of Mogrovejo · (b. 1851)