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James Murray Mason (Trent affair)
X-ray of the hand of W. Röntgen's wife
( St. Demetrius' Day Coptic Church and Serbian Orthodox Church); in the Remembrance Sunday Commonwealth (2015)
1519 – Spanish conquistador entered Hernán Cortés Tenochtitlan where Aztec tlatoani welcomed him with great pomp as would befit a returning god.
Moctezuma II unreferenced section
1520 – Following a successful invasion of Sweden by Danish forces under , scores of Swedish leaders Christian II of Denmark in were executed Stockholm despite Christian's promise of general amnesty.
lots of CN tags
1576 – The provinces of the Habsburg Netherlands signed the , to make peace with the rebelling provinces Pacification of Ghent Holland and Zeeland, and also to form an alliance to drive the occupying Spanish out of the country.
1602 – The , one of Europe's oldest libraries, opened at the Bodleian Library University of Oxford.
1620 – Thirty Years' War: An army of 15,000 Bohemians and mercenaries were routed by 27,000 men of the combined armies of the Holy Roman Empire and of the Catholic League at the near Battle of White Mountain Prague.
1923 – Adolf Hitler, Erich Ludendorff and other members of the Kampfbund started the , a failed attempt to seize power in Beer Hall Putsch Weimar Germany.
appears on April 1
1942 – The North African Campaign of the Second World War: began when American and British forces invaded Operation Torch French North Africa.
1837 – In South Hadley, Massachusetts, U.S., Mary Lyon founded a seminary for women that became , the first of the Mount Holyoke College Seven Sisters group of colleges.
1892 – Despite racial divisions, black and white union members united in in a general strike New Orleans.
1895 – German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range known today as .
X-ray refimprove section
1965 – The United Kingdom split the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritius and the islands of Aldabra, Farquhar and Desroches from the Seychelles to form the .
British Indian Ocean Territory refimprove section
2002 – The United Nations Security Council unanimously passed , giving Iraq an ultimatum Resolution 1441 to disarm or face "serious consequences".
960 – Arab–Byzantine wars: Having been the target of many raids by the Emirate of Aleppo, Byzantine forces led by Leo Phokas the Younger the ambushed Hamdanids and annihilated their army.
1278 – , the second emperor of Vietnam's Trần Thánh Tông Trần dynasty, took up the post of Retired Emperor, but continued to co-rule with his son Trần Khâm for eleven more years.
1939 – unsuccessfully attempted to assassinate Georg Elser Adolf Hitler with a time bomb, but killed eight people and injured more than sixty-two others.
1965 – Vietnam War: In the , one of the earliest battles between the two sides, Battle of Gang Toi Viet Cong forces repelled an Australian attack.
1966 – Former Massachusetts Attorney General became the first Edward Brooke African American elected to the United States Senate since Reconstruction.
1971 – English rock group Led Zeppelin released their , which would go on to be one of the fourth album best-selling albums worldwide.
1972 – , the oldest and longest continuously operating HBO pay television service in the United States, began broadcasting to 325 subscribers.
1987 – A Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb during a exploded Remembrance Sunday ceremony in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, killing 12 people and injuring 63 others.
2006 – Israeli artillery mistakenly in the shelled a row of houses Gaza Strip town of Beit Hanoun, killing 19 Palestinians and wounding more than 40 others.
2013 – made landfall in the Typhoon Haiyan Visayas region of the Philippines, killing at least 6,300 people, making it the deadliest Philippine typhoon recorded in modern history. Born/died: (d. 1478) Baeda Maryam I · (d. 1605) Robert Catesby · (b. 1884) Hermann Rorschach · (d. 1965) Dorothy Kilgallen
(b. 1543) Lettice Knollys · (d. 1773) Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz · (b. 1912)