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James Murray Mason (Trent affair)
X-ray of the hand of W. Röntgen's wife
( St. Demetrius' Day Coptic Church and Serbian Orthodox Church); in the Remembrance Sunday Commonwealth (2015)
1519 – Spanish conquistador entered Hernán Cortés Tenochtitlan where Aztec tlatoani welcomed him with great pomp as would befit a returning god.
Moctezuma II unreferenced section
1520 – Following a successful invasion of Sweden by Danish forces under , scores of Swedish leaders Christian II of Denmark in were executed Stockholm despite Christian's promise of general amnesty.
1576 – The provinces of the Habsburg Netherlands signed the , to make peace with the rebelling provinces Pacification of Ghent Holland and Zeeland, and also to form an alliance to drive the occupying Spanish out of the country.
1602 – The , one of Europe's oldest libraries, opened at the Bodleian Library University of Oxford.
1620 – Thirty Years' War: An army of 15,000 Bohemians and mercenaries were routed by 27,000 men of the combined armies of the Holy Roman Empire and of the Catholic League at the near Battle of White Mountain Prague.
1923 – Adolf Hitler, Erich Ludendorff and other members of the Kampfbund started the , a failed attempt to seize power in Beer Hall Putsch Weimar Germany.
appears on April 1
1942 – The North African Campaign of the Second World War: began when American and British forces invaded Operation Torch French North Africa.
1837 – In South Hadley, Massachusetts, U.S., Mary Lyon founded a seminary for women that became , the first of the Mount Holyoke College Seven Sisters group of colleges.
1892 – Despite racial divisions, black and white union members united in in a general strike New Orleans.
1895 – German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range known today as .
X-ray refimprove section
1965 – The United Kingdom split the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritius and the islands of Aldabra, Farquhar and Desroches from the Seychelles to form the .
British Indian Ocean Territory refimprove section
2002 – The United Nations Security Council unanimously passed , giving Iraq an ultimatum Resolution 1441 to disarm or face "serious consequences".
1278 – , the second emperor of Vietnam's Trần Thánh Tông Trần dynasty, took up the post of Retired Emperor, but continued to co-rule with his son Trần Khâm for eleven more years.
1861 – American Civil War: The USS stopped the British mailship San Jacinto and arrested two Trent Confederate envoys en route to Europe, sparking between the United Kingdom and the United States. a major diplomatic crisis
1940 – The Italian invasion of Greece failed as outnumbered Greek units repulsed the Italians in the . Battle of Elaia–Kalamas
1965 – Vietnam War: In the , one of the earliest battles between the two sides, Battle of Gang Toi Viet Cong forces repelled an Australian attack.
1966 – Former Massachusetts Attorney General became the first Edward Brooke African American elected to the United States Senate since Reconstruction.
1971 – English rock group Led Zeppelin released their , which would go on to be one of the fourth album best-selling albums worldwide.
2013 – made Typhoon Haiyan landfall in the Visayas region of the Philippines, killing at least 6,300 people, making it the deadliest Philippine typhoon recorded in modern history. Born/died: (d. 1605) Robert Catesby · (b. 1543) Lettice Knollys
Johann Georg Elser
(d. 1478) Baeda Maryam I · (b. 1884) Hermann Rorschach · (d. 1965)