Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/October 14
This is a list of selected October 14 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled October 14, 2017 featured article or the October 14, 2017 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|Teachers' Day in Poland;||refimprove|
|1773 – The first recorded ministry of education, the Commission of National Education, was formed in Poland.||unreferenced section|
|1806 – French forces under Napoleon secured a decisive victory over the Prussians, effectively eliminating Prussia from the War of the Fourth Coalition after only nineteen days of fighting.||needs more footnotes|
|1939 – Second World War: The German submarine U-47 torpedoed and sank the British Royal Navy battleship HMS Royal Oak while the latter was anchored at Scapa Flow in Orkney, Scotland.||U-47: unreliable sources|
- 1066 – Norman conquest of England: The forces of William the Conqueror defeated the English army at Hastings and killed Harold Godwinson, the last crowned Anglo-Saxon king of England.
- 1805 – War of the Third Coalition: French forces under Marshal Michel Ney defeated Austrian forces in Elchingen, present-day Germany.
- 1912 – Former US President Theodore Roosevelt was shot in an assassination attempt, but delivered a speech before receiving treatment from preeminent surgeon John Benjamin Murphy.
- 1926 – The first book featuring English author A. A. Milne's fictional bear Winnie-the-Pooh was first published.
- 1938 – One of the most-produced American fighter aircraft, the Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, made its first flight in Buffalo, New York.
- 1940 – Second World War: During the Blitz, a 1,400 kg (3,100 lb) semi-armour piercing fragmentation bomb fell on the road above Balham station, which was being used as an air-raid shelter, killing at least 64 people.
- 1943 – World War II: During the second raid on Schweinfurt, the US 8th Air Force suffered so many losses that it lost air supremacy over Germany for several months.
- 1944 – Having been linked to a plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was forced to commit suicide.
- 1947 – Flying at an altitude of 450,000 ft (137.2 km) in an experimental Bell X-1 rocket-powered aircraft, American test pilot Chuck Yeager became the first person to break the sound barrier.
- 1953 – Israeli military commander Ariel Sharon and his Unit 101 special forces attacked the village of Qibya on the West Bank, destroying 45 buildings, killing 42 villagers, and wounding 15 others.
- 1964 – Leonid Brezhnev succeeded Nikita Khrushchev as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
- 1969 – The British fifty pence coin was introduced to replace the ten shilling note, but its size initially caused people to mistake it for both the old half crown and the new ten pence piece.
- 1979 – At least 75,000 people attended the National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights in Washington, D.C., to demand equal civil rights for LGBT people.
- 1981 – Hosni Mubarak was elected President of Egypt, one week after Anwar Sadat was assassinated.
- 1863 – American Civil War: In the Battle of Bristoe Station, the Union II Corps was able to surprise and repel the Confederate attack on the Union rear guard, resulting in a Union victory.
- 1888 – French inventor Louis Le Prince filmed Roundhay Garden Scene, the earliest surviving motion picture, in Roundhay, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
- 1913 – The worst mining accident in the United Kingdom's history took place when an explosion took the lives of 439 people at the Universal Colliery in Senghenydd, Wales.
- 1956 – B. R. Ambedkar (pictured), a leader of India's "Untouchable" caste, publicly converted to Buddhism, becoming the leader of the Dalit Buddhist movement.
- 1973 – After student protests against the Thai military government turned to violence, King Bhumibol Adulyadej announced that Prime Minister Thanom Kittikachorn had resigned.