Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/October 16
This is a list of selected October 16 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled October 16, 2016 featured article or the October 16, 2016 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|1813 – The Sixth Coalition attacked Napoleon and the First French Empire in the Battle of Leipzig, the largest conflict in the Napoleonic Wars with over 500,000 troops involved.||refimprove|
|1834 – Most of the Palace of Westminster in London was destroyed in a fire.||TFA for 2015|
|1843 – William Rowan Hamilton first wrote down the fundamental formula for quaternions, carving the equation into the side of Broom Bridge in Cabra, Dublin, Ireland.||refimprove section|
|1869 – Girton College, one of the 31 constituent colleges of the University of Cambridge and England's first residential college for women, was founded.||citation style|
|1951 – The first Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, was assassinated in Rawalpindi.||section needs to be rewritten|
|1972 – Emmerdale Farm, the United Kingdom's second-oldest soap opera, was first broadcast in the daytime on ITV.||original research, unreferenced section|
|2002 – Bibliotheca Alexandrina in Alexandria, Egypt, a commemoration of the Library of Alexandria that was lost in antiquity, was officially inaugurated.||multiple issues|
- 456 – Magister militum Ricimer defeated Emperor Avitus at Piacenza and became master of the Western Roman Empire.
- 1793 – Marie Antoinette, queen consort of Louis XVI, was guillotined at the Place de la Révolution in Paris at the height of the French Revolution.
- 1841 – The Church of Scotland established Queen's College in Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
- 1846 – American dentist William T. G. Morton made a widely publicized demonstration of ether as a general anaesthetic.
- 1859 – Hoping to start an armed slave revolt, American abolitionist John Brown led a raid on the Harpers Ferry Armory in Harpers Ferry, Virginia.
- 1869 – Workers in Cardiff, New York, uncovered a petrified man, which was later revealed to be a hoax.
- 1875 – Brigham Young University, the United States' largest religious university, was founded in Provo, Utah.
- 1916 – Margaret Sanger established the United States' first family planning clinic in Brooklyn, New York.
- 1923 – Roy and Walt Disney founded the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio in Hollywood that eventually grew to become one of the largest media and entertainment corporations in the world.
- 1934 – Surrounded by Kuomintang troops, Zhou Enlai, Bo Gu, and Otto Braun led 130,000 Red Army soldiers and civilians on a "Long March" from Jiangxi.
- 1940 – World War II: Nazi Governor-General Hans Frank established the Warsaw Ghetto, the largest Jewish ghetto in occupied Poland.
- 1968 – To protest racism in the United States, African American athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos performed the Black Power salute during a medal ceremony at the Mexico City Summer Olympics.
- 1978 – Polish Cardinal Karol Józef Wojtyła became Pope John Paul II, the first non-Italian pope in over 450 years and the first ever from a Slavic country.
- 1984 – The Bill debuted on ITV, eventually becoming the longest-running police procedural in British television history.
- 1986 – Italian mountaineer Reinhold Messner made his ascent of Lhotse, making him the first person to climb all fourteen "eight-thousanders".
- 1991 – A man drove his vehicle through the window of a Luby's restaurant in Killeen, Texas, US, before opening fire, killing 23 people before he committed suicide.
- 1996 – At least 83 people were killed and more than 140 injured in a stampede at Guatemala City's Estadio Mateo Flores during a 1998 FIFA World Cup qualification match between Guatemala and Costa Rica.
- 2013 – In Laos's deadliest air accident, Lao Airlines Flight 301 crashed into Mekong River, resulting in the deaths of all 49 people aboard.
- 1590 – Italian composer Carlo Gesualdo caught his wife having an extramarital affair with Duke Fabrizio Carafa of Andria and killed them both on the spot.
- 1793 – War of the First Coalition: Despite leading French forces to victory in the Battle of Wattignies, Jean-Baptiste Jourdan was later forcibly discharged from the army due to interference from Lazare Carnot.
- 1945 – The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations was founded in Quebec City, Canada, to lead international efforts to defeat hunger.
- 1975 – Five journalists for Australian television networks based in the town of Balibo were killed by Indonesian special force soldiers prior to their invasion of East Timor.
- 1995 – Louis Farrakhan of the Nation of Islam convened the Million Man March (pictured) in Washington, D.C., in an effort to unite in self-help and self-defense against economic and social ills plaguing the African American community.