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King Fernando of Portugal
Charles Arthur "Pretty Boy" Floyd
Train wreck at Gare Montparnasse
Edison's carbon filament light bulb
1383 – King Ferdinand I died without a male heir to the Portuguese throne, resulting in a .
period of civil war and anarchy Interregnum: refimprove; Ferdinand: refimprove
1727 – and George II were crowned King and Queen of Great Britain.
Caroline of Ansbach Caroline: unreferenced section
1730 – Construction of the linking the Ladoga Canal Neva and the Svir River, one of the first major canals constructed in Russia, was completed.
1836 – became the first president of the Sam Houston Republic of Texas.
refimprove section, expansion
1844 – Millerites, including future members of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, were that greatly disappointed Jesus did not return as predicted by American preacher William Miller.
1879 – Thomas Edison performed a successful test using a carbon filament thread in an , which would become the most successful version of the product.
incandescent light bulb refimprove section
1883 – The in Metropolitan Opera New York City opened with a performance of French composer Charles Gounod's opera .
Faust refimprove/unreferenced sections
1884 – At the , the International Meridian Conference Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London, was adopted as the meridian of longitude.
Universal Time Conference: unreferenced section; UTC: refimprove section
1924 – The educational non-profit organization was founded at a Toastmasters International YMCA in Santa Ana, California.
1934 – , an American Pretty Boy Floyd bank robber and alleged killer who was later romanticized by the media, was gunned down by Federal Bureau of Investigation agents near East Liverpool, Ohio.
1962 – Cold War: U.S. President John F. Kennedy announced that Soviet nuclear weapons in Cuba and that he had ordered a naval "quarantine" of the island nation.
had been discovered refimprove sections
1964 – After the Nobel Committee announced that he had won the Nobel Prize in Literature, French philosopher and writer became the first Jean-Paul Sartre Nobel Laureate to voluntarily decline the prize, saying that he did not wish to be "transformed" by such an award.
refimprove, external links
1999 – Vichy France official was jailed for Maurice Papon crimes against humanity committed during World War II.
2006 – An to double the expansion project Panama Canal's capacity was approved by Panamanian voters in a national referendum by a wide margin.
2008 – India launched , the country's first unmanned lunar mission.
Chandrayaan-1 refimprove section
2013 – The made the Marriage Equality (Same Sex) Act 2013 Australian Capital Territory the nation's first jurisdiction to legalise same-sex marriage, although the High Court struck the act down two months later.
lots of CN tags
1633 – Ming Chinese naval forces a defeated Dutch East India Company fleet in the Taiwan Strait, the largest naval encounter between Chinese and European forces before the First Opium War two hundred years later.
1707 – In one of the worst maritime disasters in the history of the British Isles, more than 1,400 sailors on four Royal Navy ships in stormy weather off the were lost Isles of Scilly.
1740 – A two-week in massacre of ethnic Chinese Batavia, Dutch East Indies, came to an end with at least 10,000 people killed.
1895 – At Gare Montparnasse station in Paris, an express train after overrunning the derailed buffer stop, crossing the concourse before crashing through a wall and falling to the plaza below.
1940 - After evading French and Spanish authorities, Belgian Prime Minister Hubert Pierlot arrived in England, marking the beginning of the in London Belgian government in exile 2015 – Sweden suffered its deadliest school attack when a sword-wielding man in attacked a high school Trollhättan.
: October 22
International Stuttering Awareness Day
André-Jacques Garnerin's parachute
(b. 955) Qian Weijun · (d. 1847) Sahle Selassie · (d. 1928) Andrew Fisher (b. 1962)