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Memorial to the grounding of
The Amstel flowing through Amsterdam
( Turkmenistan 1991)
1275 – The earliest recorded usage of the name " " was made on a certificate by Count Amsterdam that granted the inhabitants, who had built a bridge with a dam across the Floris V of Holland Amstel, an exemption from paying the bridge's tolls.
1553 – Condemned as a heretic for preaching nontrinitarianism and anti- infant baptism, was Michael Servetus burned at the stake outside Geneva.
1644 – English Civil War: the combined armies of Parliament inflicted a tactical defeat on the Royalists in the , but failed to gain any strategic advantage.
Second Battle of Newbury refimprove section
1795 – The United States and Spain signed the , defining the boundaries of the United States with the Treaty of San Lorenzo Spanish colonies and guaranteeing the United States navigation rights on the Mississippi River.
1810 – The United States annexed , the western portion of the West Florida Spanish colony of Florida.
1907 – Hungarian gendarmes gathering for the consecration of the local church in Csernova (now fired into a crowd of people Ružomberok, Slovakia), killing fifteen people.
1916 – Supporters of deposed Ethiopian Emperor-designate were defeated at the Lij Iyasu , ending their attempt to restore him to the throne.
Battle of Segale section needs footnotes
1961 – NASA launched the first rocket, the United States' first dedicated Saturn I spacecraft designed specifically to launch loads into Earth orbit.
1967 – American Catholic priest led a protest against the Philip Berrigan Vietnam War by pouring blood over Selective Service records in Baltimore, Maryland.
lead too short
1971 – The was renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo after a Portuguese mispronunciation of the Zaire Kikongo word nzere or nzadi, which translates to "the river that swallows all rivers" .
DRC: refimprove section; Zaire: needs more footnotes
1981 – Cold War: Soviet submarine Whiskey-class ran aground near Sweden's U137} Karlskrona naval base (monument pictured), sparking an international incident termed "Whiskey on the rocks".
lots of CN tags
2005 – The deaths of two Muslim youths in the Clichy-sous-Bois suburb of Paris triggered by mostly four months of rioting youths of North African origins in various parts of France.
1682 – William Penn landed at New Castle, Delaware Colony, on his way to the city of founding Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1838 – Governor Lilburn Boggs issued , ordering all Missouri Executive Order 44 Mormons to leave the state or be killed.
1914 – World War I: The Royal Navy dreadnought was sunk by a HMS Audacious mine, but its loss was kept secret for four years.
1942 – World War II: The Imperial Japanese Navy won a Pyrrhic victory in the . Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands
1946 – , in which Hindu mobs targeted Muslim families, began in the Indian state of Inter-religious riots Bihar, resulting in anywhere between 2,000 and 30,000 deaths.
1958 – General deposed Ayub Khan Iskander Mirza to become the second President of Pakistan.
1992 – U.S. Navy Petty Officer was killed in Allen R. Schindler Jr. Sasebo, Nagasaki, Japan, for being gay, which led to the U.S. Armed Forces' " Don't ask, don't tell" policy.
2004 – The Boston Red Sox completed a sweep of the St. Louis Cardinals to win the , breaking the so-called " World Series Curse of the Bambino".
2011 – was Michael D. Higgins President of Ireland with far more votes than any Irish politician in the history of the republic. elected
2014 – War in Afghanistan: The United Kingdom ceased all combat operations and the last of its troops. withdrew Born/died: (b. 1561) Mary Sidney · (d. 1613) Gabriel Báthory · (d. 1666) Robert Hubert · (b. 1894) Oliver Leese · (b. 1930) Rex Shelley · (d. 1980) Judy LaMarsh · (b. 1980) Zoya Phan
: October 27 Independence Day in ( Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1979)
(d. 1561) Lope de Aguirre · (b. 1765) Nancy Storace · (b. 1933)