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in Thevar Jayanthi Tamil Nadu, India;
1270 – An agreement between , Charles I of Naples King of Sicily, and , ruler of the Muhammad I al-Mustansir Hafsid dynasty in Ifriqiya, ended the and opened up free trade between the Christians and Eighth Crusade Tunis.
1226 – , head of the Trần Thủ Độ Trần clan of Vietnam, forced Lý Huệ Tông, the last emperor of the Lý dynasty, to commit suicide.
date not certain (see Talk:Trần Thủ Độ)
1942 – Second World War: British sailors boarded as it was sinking and retrieved German submarine U-559 cryptographic materials that proved crucial to breaking the Enigma code.
1973 – Istanbul's 1,510-metre (4,950 ft) long was completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosphorus Bridge Bosphorus Strait.
1974 – In one of boxing's most famous fights, Muhammad Ali knocked out George Foreman at in The Rumble in the Jungle Kinshasa, Zaire.
1995 – In , 50.58 percent of voters supported the a referendum province of Quebec remaining a part of Canada, narrowly averting a potential claim of Quebec sovereignty.
2015 – Improper usage of indoor pyrotechnics caused in a nightclub fire Bucharest that killed 64 and injured another 147.
section needs to be summarized
1806 – War of the Fourth Coalition: Believing they were massively outnumbered, the 5,300-man German garrison at Stettin, Prussia (now Szczecin, Poland), to a much smaller French force without a fight. surrendered
1888 – King Lobengula of Matabeleland granted the to agents of Rudd Concession Cecil Rhodes, setting in motion the creation of the British South Africa Company.
1905 – Russian Revolution: Tsar reluctantly signed the " Nicholas II ", establishing the October Manifesto State Duma as the elected legislature in Imperial Russia.
1950 – Blanca Canales led the against the Puerto Rican government supported by the United States. Jayuya Uprising
1960 – Surgeon and scientist performed the first successful Michael Woodruff kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh.
1961 – The Soviet hydrogen bomb , the largest Tsar Bomba nuclear weapon ever detonated, was set off over Novaya Zemlya in the Arctic Ocean as a test.
1965 – English model Jean Shrimpton wore a to controversially short minidress Derby Day at Flemington Racecourse in Melbourne, Australia – a pivotal moment of the introduction of the miniskirt to women's fashion.
1983 – As the military dictatorship came to an end, Argentina's in a decade resulted in first democratic election Raúl Alfonsín being elected President of Argentina.
1991 – The , an attempt by the international community to start a Madrid Conference peace process through negotiations involving Israel and the Arab countries, convened in Madrid. Born/died this day: (d. 1690) Hieronymus van Beverningh · (b. 1728) Mary Hayley · (b. 1825) Adelaide Anne Procter · (b. 1883) Hilja Riipinen
: October 30 / Arba'een ( Arba'een Pilgrimage Shia Islam, 2018); in some areas of the United States
George I of Greece
(b. 1762) André Chénier · (d. 1899) William H. Webb · (d. 1988)