Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/October 31
This is a list of selected October 31 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled October 31, 2017 featured article or the October 31, 2017 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|475 – Romulus Augustulus took the throne as the last ruling emperor of the Western Roman Empire.||expansion|
|1587 – Leiden University Library in Leiden in the Netherlands opened its doors, becoming one of the significant cultural centres in Europe during the Age of Enlightenment.||unreferenced section|
|1864 – Nevada was admitted as the 36th US state, in part to help ensure Abraham Lincoln's re-election as President of the United States eight days later.||refimprove section|
|1941 – Over 400 workers completed the 60-foot (18 m) busts of U.S. Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln at Mount Rushmore in South Dakota.||expansion|
|1997 – Nineteen-year-old British au pair Louise Woodward was convicted of the involuntary manslaughter of eight-month-old Matthew Eappen in Newton, Massachusetts.||refimprove, Need to verify date|
|2000 – Singapore Airlines Flight 006 collided with construction equipment while attempting to take off from Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport during heavy rain, killing 79 passengers and 4 crew members.||refimprove section|
|2003 – After 22 years in power, Tun Mahathir Mohamad retired as Prime Minister of Malaysia.||featured on July 16|
- 1913 – Public transportation workers in Indianapolis, Indiana, US, went on strike, shutting down mass transit in the city and sparking riots when strikebreakers attempted to restart services.
- 1917 – World War I: Allied forces defeated Turkish troops in Beersheba in Southern Palestine at the Battle of Beersheba, often reported as "the last successful cavalry charge in history".
- 1973 – Three Provisional Irish Republican Army members escaped from Mountjoy Prison in Dublin after a hijacked helicopter landed in the prison's exercise yard.
- 1984 – Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated by two of her own Sikh bodyguards, sparking anti-Sikh riots throughout the country.
- 1999 – All 217 people on board EgyptAir Flight 990 were killed when the aircraft suddenly plummeted into the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts, United States.
- 2011 – The United Nations declared that the world's population had exceeded seven billion.
- 2015 – Shortly after takeoff, Metrojet Flight 9268 exploded and then crashed into the Sinai Peninsula, killing all 224 people on board.
- 1517 – According to traditional accounts, Martin Luther first posted his Ninety-five Theses onto the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, present-day Germany, marking the beginning of the Protestant Reformation.
- 1822 – Emperor Agustín de Iturbide of the First Mexican Empire dissolved the Mexican Congress and replaced it with a military junta answerable only to him.
- 1922 – Benito Mussolini (pictured) became Prime Minister of Italy; three years later he set up a legal dictatorship.
- 1941 – More than 101 crew members of the USS Reuben James perished when their vessel became the first United States Navy ship sunk by hostile action during World War II after it was torpedoed by the German submarine U-552.