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Emperor Napoleon III of the Second French Empire
Editorial cartoon showing Theodore Roosevelt carrying a big stick
Shigemitsu signing the Instrument of Surrender
among Democracy Day Tibetan exiles ( 1960);
47 BC – , possibly the son of Caesarion Julius Caesar, became the last king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt, ruling jointly with his mother Cleopatra.
31 BC – Final War of the Roman Republic: Troops supporting Octavian defeated the forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra in the naval on the Battle of Actium Ionian Sea near Actium in Greece.
1649 – Forces loyal to Pope destroyed the ancient Italian city of Innocent X Castro, ending the .
Wars of Castro refimprove section
1807 – The British Royal Navy of began their bombardment Copenhagen to capture the Dano-Norwegian navy.
1870 – Franco-Prussian War: Prussian forces captured in Napoleon III Sedan, France; the Second French Empire collapsed within days.
needs more footnotes
1898 – Mahdist War: Forces led by Horatio Kitchener defeated Sudanese tribesmen at the in Battle of Omdurman Khartoum, Sudan, establishing British dominance in northeastern Africa.
1945 – On the deck of the United States Navy battleship in Missouri Tokyo Bay, representatives from the Empire of Japan and several Allied Powers signed the , formally ending Japanese Instrument of Surrender World War II.
1990 – unilaterally Transnistria declared its independence from what was then the Moldavian SSR of the Soviet Union, but it remains only a partially recognised state.
1666 – A large fire began on London's Pudding Lane and for five days, destroying burned the city St Paul's Cathedral and the homes of 70,000 of the city's 80,000 inhabitants.
1864 – American Civil War: Union forces entered Atlanta, Georgia, a day after the Confederate defenders fled the city, bringing the to a close. Atlanta Campaign
1901 – U.S. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt first publicly used the phrase " " at the speak softly and carry a big stick Minnesota State Fair, describing his philosophy of negotiating peacefully while simultaneously threatening to use military force.
1912 – became the first person to be attain the rank of Arthur Rose Eldred in the Eagle Scout Boy Scouts of America.
1935 – The struck the Labor Day Hurricane Florida Keys, killing at least 423 people.
1957 – President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam the first foreign became head of state to make a state visit to Australia.
1985 – , an unpredictable and damaging Hurricane Elena tropical cyclone that affected eastern and central portions of the United States Gulf Coast, made landfall near Biloxi, Mississippi as a Category 3 major hurricane. 1992 – An estimated off the coast of Nicaragua was the first magnitude 7.2 earthquake tsunami earthquake to be captured on modern broadband seismic networks.
(d. 1945) Roekiah · (d. 1992)
: September 2 in Vietnam ( National Day 1945); in the United States
Victory over Japan Day
Principality of Sealand
1792 – French Revolution: Due to an overwhelming fear that foreign armies would attack Paris and prisoners would revolt, the of over a thousand people began. summary executions
1885 – White miners in Rock Springs, Wyoming, U.S., attacked Chinese immigrants, killing at least 28 Chinese miners and causing approximately $150,000 in property damage.
1967 – Paddy Roy Bates proclaimed HM Fort Roughs, a former World War II Maunsell Sea Fort in the North Sea off the coast of Suffolk, England, as an independent sovereign state: the Principality of Sealand (pictured). 1998 – A fire on , en route from New York City to Geneva, caused the aircraft to crash into the Atlantic Ocean, killing all 229 people on board. Swissair Flight 111
(b. 1838) Bhaktivinoda Thakur · (b. 1893) Mary Cecil Allen · (b. 1961)