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Coat of Arms of the Republic of Botswana
Independence Day in ( Botswana 1966);
1399 – Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Lancaster, deposed to become Richard II , merging the Henry IV of England Duchy of Lancaster with the crown.
1744 – War of the Austrian Succession: The armies of France and Spain won a Pyrrhic victory over the Kingdom of Sardinia at the near Battle of Madonna dell'Olmo Cuneo, Italy.
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1791 – , one of the last operas composed by The Magic Flute Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, premiered at Theater auf der Wieden in Vienna, Austria.
1966 – became the first Seretse Khama President of Botswana when the Bechuanaland Protectorate gained independence from the United Kingdom.
1979 – Construction of the Kwun Tong line, the first line of Hong Kong's MTR rapid transit system, was completed.
1980 – Xerox, Intel and Digital Equipment Corporation published the first specifications, currently the most widespread wired Ethernet local area network (LAN) technology.
2004 – Japanese researchers took the first photographs of a live in its natural habitat.
giant squid refimprove section
737 – Muslim conquest of Transoxiana: Turgesh tribes the exposed attacked Umayyad baggage train, which had been sent ahead of the main force, and captured it.
1939 – NBC broadcast the between the first televised American football game Fordham Rams and the Waynesburg Yellow Jackets.
1955 – American film actor James Dean suffered fatal injuries in near a head-on car accident Cholame, California.
1982 – , an American television sitcom, debuted with Cheers on its pilot episode NBC.
1975 – The , the primary AH-64 Apache attack helicopter for a number of countries, made its first flight.
2009 – A 7.6 M earthquake W off the southern coast of struck Sumatra, Indonesia, killing 1,115 people and impacting an estimated 1.25 million people.
2005 – The Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten depicting published controversial editorial cartoons Muhammad, sparking protests across the Muslim world by many who viewed them as Islamophobic and blasphemous. Born/died: (d. 940) Fan Yanguang · (b. 1852) Charles Villiers Stanford · (b. 1951) Catie Ball
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1551 – Sue Takafusa, a military leader for the Ōuchi clan in western Japan, against led a coup daimyō Ōuchi Yoshitaka, leading to the latter's forced suicide.
1882 – The , the first Vulcan Street Plant hydroelectric central station to serve a system of private and commercial customers in North America, went on line in Appleton, Wisconsin, U.S.
1939 – Second World War: General Władysław Sikorski (pictured) became Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile.
1965 – Members of the 30 September Movement attempted a coup against the Indonesian government, which was crushed by the military under Suharto, leading to with more than 500,000 people killed over the following months. a mass anti-communist purge 1998 – The (ICANN), a Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers nonprofit organization that manages the assignment of domain names and IP addresses in the Internet, was incorporated.
(b. 1832) Ann Jarvis · (b. 1883) Doris Mackinnon · (d. 2011)