Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/September 8
This is a list of selected September 8 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled September 8, 2018 featured article or the September 8, 2018 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|International Literacy Day;||primary sources|
|Our Lady of Meritxell Day in Andorra;||refimprove|
|Victory Day in Malta;||stub|
|Victory Day in Pakistan (1965)||refimprove|
|Independence Day in the Republic of Macedonia (1991);||unreferenced section|
|1331 – Stefan Dušan of the House of Nemanjić was crowned King of Serbia.||unreferenced section|
|1504 – David, a marble sculpture by Michelangelo portraying the biblical King David in the nude, was unveiled in Florence, Italy.||refimprove section|
|1514 – Muscovite–Lithuanian Wars: The combined forces of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Kingdom of Poland defeated the larger army of the Grand Duchy of Moscow in Orsha, present-day Belarus.||refimprove|
|1664 – Two days after having been ceded to England, New Amsterdam was renamed "New York" in honor of the Duke of York, in whose name it had been captured.||date not cited, refimprove section|
|1888 – The inaugural season of The Football League in England, the oldest professional league competition in world football (soccer), began with twelve member clubs.||unreferenced section|
|1923 – Twenty-three sailors died when nine U.S. Navy destroyers ran aground off the coast of California in the Honda Point disaster.||unreferenced section|
|1935 – U.S. Senator Huey Long was fatally shot in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.||refimprove section|
|1941 – World War II: German forces severed the last land connection to Leningrad, beginning a 28-month siege that would result in the deaths of over 1 million of the city's civilians from starvation, making it one of the most lethal battles in world history.||refimprove section|
|1944 – World War II: Germany began launching V-2 rocket attacks against Paris and London.||Featured on October 3, refimprove section|
|1951 – The Treaty of San Francisco||Featured on April 28, date when it came into force|
|2004 – The NASA spacecraft Genesis crash-landed in Utah after having successfully collected a sample of solar wind.||refimprove section|
- 1566 – Ottoman–Habsburg wars: Although Ottoman forces led by Suleiman the Magnificent captured the fortress of Szigetvár, Hungary, they were forced to end their campaign to capture Vienna.
- 1755 – French and Indian War: British and French forces and their respective Indian allies fought to a draw in the Battle of Lake George.
- 1831 – William IV and Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen were crowned King and Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
- 1831 – The Russian Empire brought the Polish November Uprising to an end when its troops captured Warsaw after a two-day assault.
- 1860 – The paddle steamer PS Lady Elgin was rammed by a schooner on Lake Michigan and sank, resulting in the loss of about 300 lives.
- 1900 – The Great Galveston Hurricane, one of the deadliest Atlantic hurricanes with estimated winds of 135 miles per hour (215 km/h) at landfall, struck Galveston, Texas, U.S., killing at least 6,000 people.
- 1966 – Queen Elizabeth II opened the Severn Bridge, hailing it as the dawn of a new economic era for South Wales.
- 1974 – Watergate scandal: U.S. President Gerald Ford gave recently resigned President Richard Nixon a full and unconditional, but controversial, pardon for any crimes he committed while in office.
- 1978 – Iranian Revolution: After the government of the Shah of Iran declared martial law in response to protests, the Iranian Army shot and killed at least 88 demonstrators in Tehran on Black Friday.
- 1994 – USAir Flight 427 crashed on approach to Pittsburgh International Airport, resulting in 132 deaths and one of the longest accident investigations in aviation history.
- Born/died this day:
- 617 – Li Yuan defeated a Sui dynasty army in the Battle of Huoyi, opening the path to his capture of the imperial capital Chang'an and the eventual establishment of the Tang dynasty.
- 1796 – French Revolutionary Wars: The French defeated Austrian forces in Bassano, Venetia, present-day Italy.
- 1921 – In Atlantic City, New Jersey, Margaret Gorman (pictured) was crowned the "Golden Mermaid", the forerunner to the Miss America pageant.
- 1954 – Eight nations signed an agreement to create the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, a Southeast Asian version of NATO.
- 1966 – The American science fiction show Star Trek premiered with "The Man Trap", launching a media franchise that has since created a cult phenomenon and has influenced the design of many current technologies.