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Wikipedia:Wikipedians

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Wikipedia is in the palm of your hand—all you need to do is edit an article.

Wikipedians or editors are the volunteers who write and edit Wikipedia's articles, unlike readers who simply read them. Anyone—including you—can become a Wikipedian by boldly making changes when they find something that can be improved. To learn more about how to do this, you can check out the basic editing tutorial or the more detailed manual.

Wikipedians do a wide variety of tasks, from fixing typos and removing vandalism to resolving disputes and perfecting content, but are united in a desire to make human knowledge available to every person on the planet.

Number of editors

Human Administration
Wikimedia Board of Trustees
Wikimedia Staff
Stewards
Arbitration Committee
Bureaucrats
Administrators
Wikipedians
Readers
English Wikipedia editors with >100 edits per month[1]
Gender
84 / 100
The 2013 study The Wikipedia Gender Gap Revisited measured gender bias in survey completion and estimated that as of 2008, 84% of English Wikipedia editors were male. In the worldwide Wikipedia Editor Survey 2011 of all the Wikipedias, 91% of respondents were male.
Nationality
Enwiki-map.png
The greatest number, or plurality, of editors (20%) reside in the United States, followed by Germany (12%) and Russia (7%). The only country not in Europe or North America in the top 10 is India (3%).
Language
76 / 100
49 / 100
Most users primarily edit (76%) and read (49%) the English Wikipedia, followed by the German Wikipedia at 20% and 12%, and the Spanish Wikipedia at 12% and 6% respectively. More than half (51%) of editors contribute in two or more languages.
Age distribution
13 / 100
13% of editors are under 17.
14 / 100
14% are in the group 18–21.
26 / 100
26% are 22–29.
19 / 100
19% are 30–39.
28 / 100
28% editors are aged 40+.
59 / 100
59% of the editors are aged 17 to 40.
Editing activities
66 / 100
66% of editors said that their primary activity is to edit existing articles.
42 / 100
42% said it was researching articles.
28 / 100
28% said it was creating new articles.
23 / 100
23% said that they do mostly patrolling work.
22 / 100
22% participate primarily in discussions.
17 / 100
17% mainly upload media.
Why contribute?
71 / 100
71% of the editors contribute because they like the idea of volunteering to share knowledge.
69 / 100
69% believe that information should be freely available.
63 / 100
63% pointed out that contributing is fun.
7 / 100
Only 7% edit Wikipedia for professional reasons.

The English Wikipedia currently has 37,420,467[2] users who have registered a username. Only a minority of users contribute regularly (133,222[3] have edited in the last 30 days), and only a minority of those contributors participate in community discussions. An unknown but relatively large number of unregistered Wikipedians also contribute to the site.

As of February, 2015, when about 12,000 editors were eligible to vote in the Wikimedia Stewards Elections, their eligibility was based on their English Wikipedia edit count. It applied to those who had an edit count of at least 600 overall and 50 since August, 2014. This was about one-quarter of the number of Wikipedians who had 600 edits overall. (See the Talk page for details.)

User permissions

See also: Wikipedia human administrative structure

Some accounts have special permissions, including:[4]

Some user groups (such as stewards) act globally and thus they do not get local flags and local rights.

Notes

  1. ^ Although there are two co-founders, Jimbo Wales is the only member of this group.

Demographics

UNU-Merit (United Nations University - Merit) completed a survey in 2010 of Wikipedia users, including both contributors (registered and unregistered) and readers.[5] 176,192 people chose to participate, approximately 58,000 of whom were contributors to Wikipedia. Many of the findings were reported as an aggregate and were not separated by user type. Only the statistics of this study relevant to Wikipedians are presented below. In 2011, the WMF (Wikimedia Foundation) presented a questionnaire to logged-in Wikipedia editors (does not include unregistered Wikipedians) to gain a better understanding of the demographics, perceptions and motivations of Wikipedians.[6] Just of 5,000 people responded to the survey. Below are the relevant results of both surveys.


Age (WMF results only)[6]

12–17 13 percent
18–21 14 percent
22–29 26 percent
30–39 19 percent
40+ 28 percent

UNN-Merit reported the average age of contributors at 26.14%, but did not provide a greater breakdown of age by user type.[5]


Education

Education Level Completed WMF (%) UNU-Merit (%)
Primary 9 11
Secondary 30 34
Undergraduate 35 26
Masters 28 18
PhD 8 4
Other NR 6

WMF reported 43% of respondents are currently enrolled in school or post-secondary education.[6]


Country of Residence/Primary Language

According to the WMF findings, the top three countries where Wikipedia contributors reside are the United States (20%), Germany (12%), and Russia (7%). The primary language of Wikipedia contributors is English (52%) followed by German (18%) with Russian and Spanish coming in third at 10% each. The UNN-Merit study did not breakdown language and country of residence in terms of type of participation with Wikipedia.


Gender

According to UNU-Merit, 87 percent of Wikipedians are men and 13 percent are women.[5]

According to the 2011 WMF survey, although the percentage of female editors continues to increase, 90 percent of Wikipedians are men, just 9 percent are female, and 1 percent are transgender/transsexual.[6]

The significant under-representation of women results in persistently unbalanced coverage (e.g. articles related to football are much more developed than articles related to motherhood[dubious ]) in Wikipedia.[citation needed] Experienced female editors can be very successful—they are more likely to become administrators than men—but as new editors, their good-faith contributions are more likely to be reverted than good-faith contributions by a man.[7] More information regarding the gender gap can be found at meta:Gender gap.

Personality

Researchers have begun to identify key personality traits in Wikipedians. According to a study published in 2008, Wikipedia members are more likely than non-members to locate their "real me" online—that is, to feel more comfortable expressing their "real" selves online than off.[8] This corresponds with more general findings that Internet communities tend to attract users who are introverted offline but more able to open up and feel empowered on the Web.[9][10] A gender difference was found in terms of extroversion: whereas female Wikipedia members were on average more introverted than female non-members, male members were just as extroverted as males in the control group.

Motivations for contributing

In November 2007, the most commonly indicated motives were "fun", "ideology", and "values", whereas the least frequently indicated motives were "career", "social", and "protective" (as in "reducing guilt over personal privilege").[11]

Nomenclature

One could argue that "Wikipedist" would be a more appropriate name, as an encyclopedist is someone who contributes to an encyclopedia. Wikipedian, though, suggests being part of a group, community or demonym (a resident of a locality). So in this sense, Wikipedians are people who form the Wikipedia Community. The term "Wikimedian" is also widely used to include contributors to all the projects supported by the Wikimedia Foundation.

Contribution styles

Some Wikipedians welcome newcomers; some Wikipedians award those whom they feel deserve awards. Some upload images or help others do so; some work on history articles; some clean up grammar; and still others work on reverting vandalism. Many take on all of these tasks; some, of course, take on none. Whatever one decides to do, every Wikipedian is a valuable member of the community.

Wikipedians who contribute mainly by writing and editing the contents of Wikipedia, without interacting much on Talk or administrative pages, are sometimes called exopedians, whereas those who spend significant time on such community interactions are contrasted as metapedians. A multitude of views and other contribution characteristics are represented well by common Wikipedia-related userboxes: Wikipedia:Userboxes/Wikipedia.

See also

Meta-Wiki
Categorisation
Other

References

  1. ^ "Wikipedia Statistics (English)" Check |url= value (help). stats.wikimedia.org.
  2. ^ This number is dynamically updated with the magic word NUMBEROFUSERS
  3. ^ This number is dynamically updated with the magic word NUMBEROFACTIVEUSERS
  4. ^ These numbers are dynamically updated with the magic word NUMBERINGROUP:groupname
  5. ^ a b c Glott, Ruediger; Schmidt, Phillipp; Ghosh, Rishab. "Wikipedia Survey - Overview of Results" (PDF). Wikipedia Study. UNU-MERIT. Archived from the original on 28 August 2011. Retrieved 8 December 2015.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  6. ^ a b c d Pande, Mani. "Wikipedia editors do it for fun: First results of our 2011 editor survey". Wikimedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  7. ^ Lam, S. K.; Uduwage, A.; Dong, Z.; Sen, S.; Musicant, D. R.; Terveen, L.; Riedl, J. (2011). "WP:Clubhouse? An Exploration of Wikipedia's Gender Imbalance". WikiSym.
  8. ^ Amichai-Hamburger, Y. et al. "Personality Characteristics of Wikipedia Members", CyberPsychology & Behavior, Vol. 11, No. 6 (2008).
  9. ^ Amichai-Hamburger, Y., Wainapel G., Fox S. “On the Internet no one knows I’m an introvert: extroversion, neuroticism and Internet interaction.” CyberPsychology & Behavior (2002).
  10. ^ Amichai-Hamburger, Y., McKenna, K., Tal, S. “E-empowerment: Empowerment by the Internet.” Computers in Human Behavior, Vol. 24 (2008).
  11. ^ Nov, Oded (2007). "What Motivates Wikipedians?". Communications of the ACM. 50 (11): 60–64. doi:10.1145/1297797.1297798. Retrieved 11 August 2011.

External links