Wikipedia:WikiProject Anime and manga/Online reliable sources
This page contains a list of useful internet resources for writing about anime and manga related topics. It is maintained by the WikiProject Anime and manga. To help editors avoid FUTON bias, similar pages exist for books, magazines, and documentaries.
There is no guarantee that sources listed here can be used for a particular purpose, and this page is not a substitute for understanding Wikipedia:Identifying reliable sources.
- 1 Instructions
- 2 List of sources
- 3 Unreliable
- 4 Other resources
- 5 See also
- 6 References
Instructions for contributors
If you have an additional source you think is reliable, please bring it up on the project talk page so that consensus can be reached regarding its reliability and suitability for use here. If it is determined to be reliable, it will be added to this page. Undiscussed additions will be immediately reverted. Websites which host or link to scanlations, fansubs, or other illegal content will immediately be rejected as copyright violations, so please don't even ask.
Retailers as sources
Retailers are considered reliable sources for release dates and the existence of anime, manga and related products that have already been released. However, other secondary or primary sources—particularly publishers and academic sources—should be used if available. Retailers posting dates for an unannounced title, however, raise a red flag as to the legitimacy of the statement.
Polling on the Internet is inherently easy to manipulate the results. As such, unless the results are quoted by another independent reliable source, the results should not be used—especially to show notability; even when commented by an independent reliable source, it may still be giving undue weight to an inherently unreliable medium and a particular website.
List of sources
|Source||Owner / Publisher||Description||Evidence||Usable content||Discussion(s)|
|Active Anime||Active Anime is "a site dedicated to anime and manga". It has taken over Animefringe's tradition of annually asking fans to vote their Top 25 websites. The website has not been updated though since October, 2015 so more recent titles will not be present.||
|Ain't It Cool News||Harry Knowles ||A review and news website run by Harry Knowles.||
|AnimeCons.com||A directory of anime convention related information, including guest lists, attendance figures, dates, and press releases. Information can occasionally be incomplete due to reliability checks. Also hosts a video podcast about anime conventions.||
|Animefringe.com||A now defunct anime and manga magazine originally published between 2000 and 2005; continues maintaining a full archive of all issues on its site.|
|AnimeNation Anime News||Podcast by AnimeNation webstore, good for content that was released before 2013 as the website is now defunct.||
|Anime Today||Podcast by Right Stuf, Inc.. This podcast generally includes store updates. But every episode also feature an interview with a personalty in the industry or fandom.||
|Anime World Order||A podcast hosted by Gerald Rathkolb, Clarissa Graffeo, and Daryl Surat.||
|ArtBomb.net||Warren Ellis||Promotes diverse and sophisticated graphic novels||
|Comic Book Bin||Hervé St-Louis||
Old site via the Wayback Machine
|Comics Worth Reading||
(Archived at the Wayback Machine)
|Online magazine, published by a volunteer staff under the helm of the Society for the Promotion of Japanese Animation.||
|Furinkan.com (aka Rumic World)||Website focused on Rumiko Takahashi.||
|Graphic Novel Reporter||
|ICv2||Current and archived industry news, including reviews and sales rankings for manga/graphic novels.|
|Ziff Davis||Up until 2012, Anime IGN provided staff reviews as well as articles on anime. While the info has since been redirected to IGN, the site may still have reviews on more recent anime.||
|Japanator.com||Modern Method||General industry news and review website.||
(Archived at the Wayback Machine)
|Comics Bulletin (formerly known as Silver Bullet Comics)||
|Media Arts Database||Agency for Cultural Affairs||Created by the Japanese Ministry of Education's Agency for Cultural Affairs, the database containing broadcast/released dates of anime television and films between 1917 to September 2014 along with producers, studios, and other production information.||
|National Diet Library Online Public Access Catalog||National Diet Library||Online database used by the Media Arts Database as a source and can provide additional data. NDL-OPAC is available in English and Japanese.||
(Archived at the Wayback Machine)
|Online magazine established in 1999.||
|Read About Comics||
|The Comics Journal||Fantagraphics Books
|A paper magazine focused on comics critical writing which went exclusively online by 2009.
|The Comics Reporter||Tom Spurgeon||Spurgeon's review site.||
|The Fandom Post||Chris Beveridge||Reviews and news site||
|THEM Anime Reviews||Anime review site for newer and older titles (going back to 1968!), which has been active for at least ten years.||
|Twitch Film||Mostly independent movie reviews but provide coverage at times for anime.||
|UK Anime Network||
- Aestheticism.com - classic yaoi fansite, cited extensively in the yaoi-related literature and is therefore RS. (project discussion)
- Erica Friedman - Reviews yuri titles and interviews - but not to be used for anything controversial, or BLP related. Guest of ANNCast (added 23 February 2009; RS/N discussion)
- Sequential Tart - comics webzine by women in the comics industry that often reviews shoujo manga titles. (RS/N discussion & additional clue)
- Intersections - Free, online academic journal focusing on East Asian media.
- Paul Gravett: Comics, Graphic Novels, Manga - Paul Gravett's website.
- matt-thorn.com Matt Thorn's website, with different articles in English and Japanese.
- Mechademia - Published by Johns Hopkins University Press
- Mindspring.com/~theduffields Patricia Duffield's website, with an archive of some of her previously published reviews and articles. (Project discussion)
- Anime and Manga Studies Bibliographies - has some useful bibliographies for anime and manga studies, maintained by Mikhail Koulikov, who has a Masters' in librarianship.
- Shogakukan Manga Award (added 2 May 2009; project discussion)
- Japan Media Arts Festival - Backed Agency for Cultural Affairs. A Grand prize is a strong evidence of notability, others prizes and recommendations are weak ones. (added 2 May 2009; project discussion)
Often, individuals whose work automatically qualifies as reliable (because they are published industry experts, qualify as reliable self-published sources, or for other reasons) will write pieces for more than one website, and the RS status of some of the websites they've written for will be up in the air. In these cases, as long as there's no reason to doubt the author is who they say they are, their established RS status will override the website's indeterminate RS status for that piece.
- Deb Aoki, the reviewer for Manga.About.com. Twice guest of ANNCast 1 2
- Ed Chavez, a well-published manga critic, translator, and publisher. (Project discussion; added October 13, 2009)
- Hitoshi Doi, has been interviewed by CBC Television and his website, the Seiyuu (voice actor) database, has been cited by Mary Grigsby
- Patricia Duffield, has been published in Animerica, Animerica Extra (over 100 articles), and Shonen Jump and seven reviews for Jason Thompson's Manga: The Complete Guide; has also edited and rewritten a number of manga volumes. (Project discussion)
- Clarissa Graffeo, a contributor to Otaku USA since the first issue
- Paul Gravett (website)
- Shaenon K. Garrity, a contributor to The Comics Journal, Otaku USA, Anime News Network's House of 1000 Manga column, and co-author of Manga: The Complete Guide, editor for Viz Media, she is an award-winning webcomics writer and artist. (website)
- Katherine Luther, the reviewer for Anime.About.com
- Gerald Rathkolb, a contributor to Otaku USA since the first issue
- Carlos Ross, former editor and reviewer for THEM Anime, was featured on an episode of Attack of the Show!
- Tom Spurgeon, a reviewer for Publishers Weekly and former editor of The Comics Journal
- Daryl Surat, a contributor to Otaku USA since the first issue
- Jason Thompson, author of Manga: The Complete Guide
- Matt Thorn (website)
- Mike Toole, columnist for Anime News Network and contributor to Animerica, Otaku USA, and Sci Fi Magazine; also reviewed anime on his own site, AnimeJump (Archived at the Wayback Machine)
- David Welsh , a contributor to The Comics Reporter, Comic World News (project discussion 1, project discussion 2; added July 6, 2010)
- Christopher Butcher, manager of The Beguiling, director of the Toronto Comic Arts Festival, and freelance writer; has written for about.com and Xtra! (project discussions: 1, 2, 3; added June 12, 2016)
- Aga-Search - Database of mystery and detective information (added May 4, 2009; project discussion)
- Anime Newtype Channel - Lists episode broadcasts dates, summaries, directors, and writers of currently airing series. Be advised that information is updated monthly and is not permanent. Therefore references should be archived using WebCite or similar archival website.
- Comptiq Website for the magazine publisher. Forcuses on Japanese video games.
- cho-animedia Website for the publisher of multiple magazines relating to anime and mange for several decades. discussion
- GamePlaza Haruka Voice Artist DataBase - Japanese voice actor database.
- Kodansha Japanese publisher, including magazines. Use citeweb for their site as their pages may be lost.
- Oricon Japanese news site focusing on Japanese pop culture, including anime and manga.
- Rankings List for album rankings.
- List of when magazines began to be published (1950-1989)
- Tohan - sales rankings for books in Japan. Listings are often, but not always, easily searchable at Anime News Network.
- TV Drama database - largest Japanese database for TV dramas which includes a lot of anime. The source has been published and is considered an academic resource. (RS/N discussion)
- Video Research - TV audience ratings for Kanto region. Put the Japanese title into the search box on the top right. ANN publish their weekly data but top viewed by year is available as is an all time top 10 going back to '77.
- Animeland - Web counterpart of an Anime/Manga monthly (10 issues per year) paper publication. The #1 French anime paper magazine. (added 2 May 2009; project discussion)
- Bd Gest' - Mostly Franco-Belgian and American comics reviews but also some Manga reviews. (added 2 May 2009; project discussion)
- du9 - Reviews and interviews - some articles in English (added 17 December 2013; project discussion)
- Manga News - Anime/Manga website. Staff reviews can be hot linked by adding 'critique/' after 'serie/' in the URL. (added 2 May 2009; project discussion)
- Manga Sanctuary - Anime/Manga website. (added 2 May 2009; project discussion)
- Planete BD - Anime/manga website. (added 29 December 2013; project discussion)
- Anime no Tomodachi - Registered Anime/manga NGO. (Discussion}
- Animepro - Anime/Manga review site. (added 2 May 2009; project discussion)
- Phantastik News - SFF review magazine that covers books/films/manga/anime. (added 2 May 2009; project discussion)
- Splash Comics - Anime and Manga review site. (added 22 December 2013; project discussion)
- Gomanga.com - The official website for Seven Seas Entertainment an English language Manga publishing company. The website can be used to cite licensed and properties manga as well as upcoming release dates and news. As always the forum based content is unusable. Keep in mind that this is considered a Primary Source.
- Kodansha - See info under the "Japanese" section above.
- Yenpress - Yenpress is an English language manga publisher. The website can be used for its news information and manga release dates. Keep in mind that this is considered a Primary Source.
- Anime News Network - Anime news site with extensive release information and nearly 1,000 anime and manga reviews
- A note about using Anime News Network as a reference: ANN is divided into sections of varying quality. For news, reviews, and release information, ANN is a reliable source and close to being a newspaper of record for anime and manga. The "fan interest" pieces, however, may be pulled directly from unreliable sources and generally should not be used - http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news is the "reliable" feed. In addition, because the encyclopedia portion is user-edited, that information is not reliable by Wikipedia standards. (Project discussions: 1 2 3 4, RS/N discussions: 1 2)
- Anime Vice - Reviews and commentaries by Gia Manry are considered reliable as she has reviews published by other reliable sources, namely Anime News Network. Other staff members (Matt Kessler, Matt Lopez, Tom Pinchuk, and Chris Schmitt) have not been vetted. Care should be taken when using Anime Vice as much of the website's content is user submitted/generated and would not be considered a reliable source. (added August 28, 2011; discussion)
- Behind The Voice Actors - An online database of voice actor credits in anime, cartoons, and video games. This can be used to shortcut verify the roles as long as the credit itself has a green check-mark that leads to an on-screen capture of the closing credit that confirms the role. Screen captures here can also be used to verify "Additional voices" or "voice cast" lists, however, care must be taken in situations where the screen captures do not list the actor's particular role. Screen captures of official cast announcements may be reliable, but the actual cast announcement reference is preferred. Screen captures of self-published material such as tweets and resumes should be judged by WP:SELFPUB and grouped under those sources. Roles and lists that are not check-marked (covered by a screenshot), despite being listed under that actor, cannot be used. BTVA Award sections can be used, but only the staff's choice (not people's choice) is notable for wins. Other site sections such as actor biographical data, trivia, side-by-sides, voice-matching analysis, polls, credits count, and forum sections are not verified and should not be used. (Example: 1 (ParaNorman) (can use) 2 (Fullmetal Alchemist) (cannot use), Template: 1 Project discussion: 1)
- Comixology - A retailer site, it hosts columns by Jason Thompson, Shaenon K. Garrity (both reliable per above), and The Comics Journal editors Kristy Valenti, Joe McCulloch, Tucker Stone. Their manga/anime analysis are reliable. However, the site also hosts reviews that are user-generated so they should not be used. (Project discussion: 1)
- Mania.com (via the Wayback Machine) - Formerly AnimeOnDVD.com, contains anime news with thousands of anime and manga reviews. Editors must be particularly careful the reviews are from AnimeOnDVD/Mania staffers and NOT from the user-submitted "Maniacs" section. When searching for reviews, those that have a URL format of http://www.mania.com/*title*_*somenumbers*.html and that follow the original AoD review format are written by staff reviewers and are considered reliable and usable for articles. "Maniac" reviews written by users which are not RS can be detected by the lack of structured format and a URL in the form of http://www.mania.com/*username*/review/*title*_*somenumbers*.html
- Nausicaa.net - The "frozen", old site is RS, but the wiki version may not be since it currently allows anyone to register and contribute (at the very least, sourcing to the wiki should probably be done as a last resort for the present time). (added May 4, 2009; project discussion, also this FLRC discussion)
- Youtube - Youtube content such as upcoming releases, reviews, and interviews may only be used if the channel is official, and the subject passes wikipedia's notability guidelines. On some channels a small gray check mark will appear next to the channel name, hovering your mouse over it will make the word "Verified" appear. Some official channels include: FUNimation, Sentai Filmworks, and Kadokawa. (See also: Wikipedia:External links/Perennial websites#Youtube).
- Myspace, Facebook, LinkedIn, and Twitter - all of these social media sites may be used as self-published, primary sources, but only if they are verified as belonging to the notable subject. Keep in mind that Wikipedia is not a directory of the subject's web presence. The usage of Facebook is also discouraged as many of the pages require you to register to view the content, treat this like a temporary source until a better one can be found. Social media sites in general are mainly useful for upcoming releases, and possibly interviews. (See also: Wikipedia:External links/Perennial websites#Social networking websites).
- Animetric (www.animetric.com) - self-published website by a person who is not a vetted industry expert (project discussion)
- Baka-Updates Manga (MangaUpdates; www.mangaupdates.com) - information is primarily user submitted and website also promotes illegal distribution of copyrighted materials.
- CCSF new (ccsf.homeunix.org) - personal page which may allow user-submitted content; owner has stated it's not official (project discussion)
- Firefox News (Firefox.org) - no editorial control, open account creation with no vetting of "reporters" or "reviewers", allows user-submitted content, very similar to an open blog service. (project discussion)
- Goodreads (www.goodreads.com) - no editorial control, very easy for anyone to review a book. (Discussion)
- Internet Movie Database (IMDB; www.imdb.com) - The information is user submitted and rarely corrected for mistakes. (See also: Wikipedia:External links/Perennial websites#IMDb).
- TV.MSN.com (tv.msn.com) - no editorial control, incorrect information (discussion)
- MyAnimeList.net (MAL; www.myanimelist.net) - information is primarily user submitted and website also promotes illegal distribution of copyrighted materials. (project discussion)
- Nihon Review (www.nihonreview.com) - self-published website with no reviews on reliable third-party publications. (Project discussion: 1, 2)
- Otaku Fridge (www.otakufridge.com; formerly Hentai Neko (www.hentaineko.com) - self-published website with user-submitted reviews. (project discussion)
- TV.com (also GameSpot and GameFAQs) - Database information is user-submitted and reviewed by an "editor" (usually a person who has contributed the most) or a staff member. News articles and reviews written by staff (paid CBS Interactive / CNET) can be considered reliable, though most do NOT cover anime/manga. Staff may link episodes and video clips to official broadband content such as Hulu; those videos may be considered.
- Wikia - User edited content.
- Wikipedia, Japanese Wikipedia and sites that mirror it, are not considered reliable sources for the content taken from the articles themselves, even when such articles are sourced by reliable sources. Use the sources instead. (WP:CIRCULAR, WP:COPYWITHIN)
- Yahoo Voices / Contributor Network – Freelance articles. "But it also gained a reputation as a low-quality content farm, cheaply seeking as many pageviews as possible to generate the most ad revenue" 
- Some library/children's book journals that sometimes notice, review, or discuss various manga titles: Hornbook, Library Journal, Publishers Weekly, School Library Journal.
- Wikipedia:WikiProject Japan/Reference library
- User:Goodraise/Referencing web pages
- User:Goodraise/Reviews as sources
- To help narrow down the number of unreliable sources from forum posts use -inurl:forums and -inurl:boards together or -show_msgs. While this will not entirely eliminate those results, it can cut them down heavily for sites like Anime News Network.
If you find any sites which don't belong, feel free to contact Gwern; similarly if you find particularly bad/noisy/spammy search queries.
- "Active Anime Top 25 – Formerly Known as Animefringe Top 25". Anime News Network. January 7, 2008.
- Dreuth, Josh (October 15, 2008). "Bandai Visual to Bring Tales of the Abyss to Blu-ray". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
- Aoki, Deb (December 7–9, 2007). "New York Anime Festival 2007 – Udon Entertainment". About.com. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
- "Gonzo Exec Rips Fan Subs: Anime's 'Biggest Threat'". ICV2. November 26, 2007. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
- staff (25 July 2006). "ANIME AICN - Column Evolution". Aint It Cool News. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
- scottgreen (12 November 2007). "AICN Anime-Karas, Lupin III, News and More". Aint It Cool News. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
- scottgreen (12 December 2008). "AICN Anime - A Survey of Print Resources II". Aint It Cool News. Retrieved 9 May 2016.