Wikipedia:WikiProject Countering systemic bias/open tasks

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These are the open tasks for the Wikiproject Countering systemic bias. Articles are listed thematically, and then by the type of assistance requested. An article stub for a feminist author would thus be found under the "Requests for expansion" section under Women's Studies.

Themes are divided into four stages: non-existent, stubby, identifiably flawed and satisfactory. "Requested articles" are pages that are entirely missing from Wikipedia. A little bit of research on the web is normally enough to write a stub. Be sure to move the list entry to the relevant section once you are done. Articles that are stubby, or otherwise lacking in content, may be found under "Requests for expansion". If something in particular is missing, such as a university article with a long list of alumni but little historical background, be sure to say so when you enter it. "Requests for review" is for articles that are of decent length but need more attention. A need for a copyedit or for a fact check by a knowledgeable reader are appropriate reasons to ask for review.

Once an article has passed through the various stages of this process it may be placed under the Satisfactory section. Satisfactory articles are well-rounded, long enough to cover the topic in reasonable detail, and lack any major flaws. They are not expected to be perfect.

This open tasks list is intended to be a complement to the various Wikipedia features such as Cleanup, Requests for expansion, Pages needing attention and peer review, and you are encouraged to add articles from this list to those pages. Many articles on this page may also be good candidates for Collaboration of the week or the Article improvement drive. If you find a particularly good article in a CSB-related area, by all means nominate it as a Featured Article candidate.

If you feel an article is neglected due to systemic bias, feel free to add it to an appropriate section or even to start a new section below. Sections describing perceived biases that do not include articles are placed at the bottom of the page. If no articles are placed within the section within a month, it will be assumed that the objection is not actionable and the section will be removed.

Add this table to your userpage using the following: {{WikiProjectCSBTasks}}


Logo for Countries section of Countering systemic bias
As of May 2011

Wikipedia has major holes in its geographic coverage primarily in Africa, but also Asia and South America.

Countries for improvement[edit]

The countries below have been identified as those most in need of work. They are accompanied by some online resources that may be useful in contributing to the articles. If a user feels that a country article has progressed to the level where it may be replaced by another, please seek consensus on the talk page.

  1. Benin (see Category, BBC profile timeline, HRW, google search images news), Porto-Novo, Cotonou
  2. Republic of the Congo (see Category, BBC profile timeline, HRW, google search images news), Brazzaville
  3. The Gambia (see Category BBC profile timeline, HRW, google search images news), Banjul
  4. Guinea (see Category), Conakry
  5. Kyrgyzstan (see Category), Bishkek
  6. Mozambique (see Category), Maputo
  7. Myanmar/Burma (see Category), Yangon and Naypyidaw
  8. Niger (see Category); Niamey
  9. Suriname (see Category), Paramaribo
  10. Tajikistan (see Category), Dushanbe
  11. Togo (see Category), Lomé
  12. Turkmenistan (see Category), Ashgabat

Translations of any appropriate articles in the French or Portuguese Wikipedia can be requested on Wikipedia:Translation into English - though some articles are actually shorter in the foreign language version. For materials not in Wikipedia, but available in electronic form, you could contact an appropriate individual at Wikipedia:Translators available.

Missing geography articles[edit]

The following articles are about important geographical regions in the non-English-speaking world.

  • Northeast Africa - The region encompasses Egypt, Sudan and Horn of Africa and is missing completely from Wikipedia while other regions are available, suspecting racial bias as editors have been vandalizing sources referring to that region for fear of linking Egypt to Sub-Saharan African countries.

Developing World[edit]

As of May 2011

All aspects of the "developing world", primarily in Africa, but also Asia and South America.

Requested Developing World articles[edit]

See also: Wikipedia:List of missing Africa topics, Wikipedia:List of missing Middle Eastern topics, Wikipedia:List of missing Oceania topics, List of conflicts in Africa

Requests for expansion of Developing World articles[edit]

Request for review/attention of Developing World articles[edit]

  • HIV/AIDS in Africa As of May 2011 more citations are needed. Also I saw a mention in the AIDS Wikiproject that the article could use a discussion of AIDS's effects on women. Can anybody more familiar with the topic take a look and comment on what the article needs? Cloveapple (talk) 17:33, 17 May 2011 (UTC)
  • African Union
  • African slave trade, merged into "Slavery in Africa" article, a subtopic of the redirect's title, which may cover much more than just slavery in Africa
  • African National Congress Again a poor article for such a significant organisation
  • Languages of Africa
  • African diaspora A big, big group of people.
  • Yellow Emperor Important Chinese mythological character. It should be as long as the article on Zeus for example
  • Poverty in Africa - This article needs to condsider the structural causes and external causes of poverty in Africa. The continent is not an island. This would includes multilateral agreements, neo-liberal policies, unfair trade agreements (it does an excellent job at covering internal causes, but it read very biased since that is all it does.
  • Poverty reduction
  • First Ivorian Civil War
  • Execution of Saddam Hussein -- Lack of sources other than main US and UK news outlets such as CNN or BBC. US-sources dominate the article, and this reflects in the tone. Would need an array of both independent and international sources. A number of non-US non-UK sources have been added as of May 2011
  • Settler colonialism - completely missing references As of May 2011 it has some references and a bunch of unreferenced stuff got moved to the talk page. Still needs work. Some sections are just placeholders with no actual writing. Cloveapple (talk) 18:36, 17 May 2011 (UTC)
  • Tripoli hmm... apparently Tripoli is one of those ancient cities that used to exist but its history stopped after 1911. Oh yeah, and it doesn't have any geography, culture, politics/government, economy, demographics, recreation, transportation, all that good stuff. Quite depressing. --Dmcdevit 18:58, 13 Mar 2005 (UTC) As of May 2011 some more recent stuff has been added but it's still C Class and needs work.
  • First Congo War and Second Congo War Work needed on intros for both and First in particular could use some expansion. BanyanTree 20:39, 15 Dec 2004 (UTC)
  • Rwandan genocide - The French version spans several articles.
    • Páll has translated the French and created subpages and a navigation template, but the subpages could do with a copyedit, and content needs to be organized between the main and sub-pages. - BanyanTree 21:33, 11 Feb 2005 (UTC)
    • PS: also Initial events of the Rwandan Genocide per CSBOT template --Dmcdevit 00:45, 14 Mar 2005 (UTC)
  • Ethio–Somali War – now redirects to "Ogaden War", could do with some work putting it into the context of both History of Somalia and History of Ethiopia
  • Politics of Uganda - a lot of copy/pasted stuff. Not very good. Tidied up but still needs some more depth, especially given recent developments re. political pluralism in Uganda. TreveXtalk 12:22, 3 May 2005 (UTC)
  • Thomas Sankara A major African leader for many African people.
  • Arsen Kotsoyev, Ossetian writer and journalist, the article is a candidate for "Translation of the Week", but its English version needs to be reviewed by a native speaker of English. -- Slavik IVANOV 15:37, 25 Apr 2005 (UTC)
    • Done (but leaving it open in case I missed something) --Nimlot 20:58, May 31, 2005 (UTC)
  • Zimbabwe Republic Police, currently horribly pro-government POV. the wub "?/!" 10:04, 12 July 2005 (UTC)
Seems to have been fixed adequately for a little while now. --Dpr 06:22, 9 November 2005 (UTC)
  • List of populated places in Afghanistan This article is HUGE! I put it up for deletion and no consensus has been reached so far making an automatic keep. Someone suggested that it be submitted to Systemic bias so it could be a kind of to do list. --Banana04131 19:47, 21 August 2005 (UTC)
  • Alcoholism luckily only affects people in N. America. Rich Farmbrough 15:59 7 March 2006 (UTC). I spoke to Rich Farmbrough and he said the bias was "mostly" edited away but that "It should still touch on the alcohol problems in post-communist Russia, and the treatment, self-help and diagnosis have a Western bent, but nothing like what it was 5 years ago." Cloveapple (talk) 06:59, 17 May 2011 (UTC)
  • Korean War The editorial bias in this article needs be corrected. (Postdoc 04:48, 12 August 2007 (UTC)).
  • Africa - there is an ongoing problem with an editor who wants to blank out all mention of the Ethiopian famine in 1984, in which almost a million Africans perished, for obviously political reasons because the facts are inconvenient and make Marxism–Leninism look bad. This cannot be tolerated and the continuous edit warring needs to stop. Til Eulenspiegel (talk) 12:46, 8 June 2008 (UTC) As of May 2011 the famine is mentioned.Cloveapple (talk) 16:40, 17 May 2011 (UTC)
  • Groupuscule's userspace list of articles formerly citing Third World Traveler, now in need of attention
  • Donghak Peasant Revolution This article has been edited by a single South Korean user (myself), AWB, three non-AWB users, and bots since January 8 2013, with 267 of 290 edits being made by the single South Korean user. I would not have sent Jimbo something like this if somebody else than me was editing it.
  • Lavdrim Muhaxheri The Lavdrim Muhaxheri biography article needs to be reviewed for NPOV, bias and libel, which has become an issue in recent versions.KewinRozzKewinRozz (talk) 11:23, 2 February 2016 (UTC)

Satisfactory Developing World articles[edit]

  • Yoweri Museveni was a featured article.
  • Second Congo War has been up for peer review and failed a FAC nomination, somewhat narrowly.
  • Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla - not sure if Mexico is in the "developing world", but this man is an absolute legend in Mexico, and his article is embarrassingly short. Batmanand | Talk 23:19, 16 September 2006 (UTC) This is now B Class. Cloveapple (talk) 18:57, 12 May 2011 (UTC)
  • Ringley Old Bridge Seems to be a historic bridge in England?? Is there another with this name somewhere else? Or was this added to the list by accident?Cloveapple (talk) 13:34, 26 May 2011 (UTC)
since there was a picture i made it. class ii structure, notable. if anything adds to bias of anglophile old stonework.Slowking4 (talk) 15:20, 1 July 2011 (UTC)

Featured Developing World articles[edit]

Art and Design[edit]

As of May 2011

Requested articles[edit]

  • The Beauty Myth, a review of Western ideals of corporeal beauty, how that contrasts with those of other cultures, and effects of acculturation. I moved the article that was there on the Naomi Wolf book to The Beauty Myth. Beauty myth now redirects there. The blue link here should not be taken to mean that someone has started an article on the concept apart from Wolf's book. Jkelly 07:43, 23 September 2005 (UTC)

Requests for expansion[edit]

See also: Category:Art stubs, Category:Artist stubs, Category:Art organization stubs, Pages needing attention/Culture and Arts

Requests for review/attention[edit]

  • The arts and Art need a lot of whole lot of work. There are also several open questions about categorization - see their talk pages. Clubmarx 17:48, Nov 27, 2004 (UTC)
  • Chord (music) and Interval (music) have both been described as Eurocentric and are specifically biased towards European classical music. Hyacinth 19:53, 13 Mar 2005 (UTC)
  • Physical attractiveness and Facial symmetry articles purport to be universal but appear to perpetuate Western aesthestic ideals of physical beauty.
  • Red squirrel, at least a section on conservation is written from an almost entirely UK-centric point of view. --Eleassar Slovenia flag 300.png my talk 10:03, 28 August 2005 (UTC) The article is on a UK species. As of May 2011 there's a redirect to the US species.Cloveapple (talk) 17:39, 19 May 2011 (UTC)
  • Harp, Lyre, Flute, Drum and Musical notation are all eurocentric and need to be split into a general part with a globalized view and special articles on special European forms of the topic. This is probably also true for other music-related articles (I am currently checking this). Nannus 18:12, 8 August 2006 (UTC)
    • Harp Looks like there's been an attempt to make it more global but sections on Africa, Asia, and Latin America need expansion and references. Cloveapple (talk) 05:30, 20 May 2011 (UTC)
    • Lyre has a "Lyres around the world" section that's only a list of links. (Looks like a useful list and could form the start of a separate list article but it doesn't balance the fully written text of other sections.) Cloveapple (talk) 05:30, 20 May 2011 (UTC)
    • Flute covers a number of regional variations now, with "western concert flutes" just one variation among many. Chinese and Japanese sections could use expansion and a picture. Cloveapple (talk) 05:42, 20 May 2011 (UTC)
    • Drum looks satisfactory now. (A music expert might see more that needs doing.) Cloveapple (talk) 05:55, 20 May 2011 (UTC)
  • My Girlfriend's Boyfriend (2010 film) seems to be written from the perspective of the producer/director.

Women and women's studies[edit]

Logo for Gender gap task force
As of July 2013

Increasing number and quality of biographies of women, issues regarding women or under-covered topics of interest to women, as well as improving Wikilinks, categorization, etc. regarding women.

See also articles listed at Wikipedia:WikiProject Gender Studies, Wikipedia:WikiProject Feminism and WikiProject_Women's_History. Note that Wikipedia Gender gap task force additionally encourages more women to start and keep editing Wikipedia.

Requested articles[edit]

Requests for expansion: biographies[edit]

  • Jessie H. Bancroft (1867–1952) was an American educator, a pioneer of physical education
  • Eugénie Potonié-Pierre
  • Anne Koedt (wrote The Myth of the Vaginal Orgasm)
  • Kat Cole, CEO of Cinnabon. There are 50 listed American women chief executives, out of 1,800 American chief executives. The article is written and referenced, and is waiting for an AfC reviewer to accept it. Now an article Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 00:31, 23 September 2020 (UTC)
  • Czech feminists Eliška Krásnohorská, Anna Bayerová, Alice Masaryková
  • Sady Doyle, an American feminist journalist for The Guardian and blogger for her Tiger Beatdown blog
  • Gisella Floreanini, alias Amelia Valli, communist, antifascist, minister in the Republic of Ossola, first woman to be a minister in Italy, only member Republic of Ossola government to rejoin the guerrilla rather than flee to Switzerland after it fell to the Nazis, member of parliament after World War II. it:Gisella Floreanini Braga, Antonella (2015). Gisella Floreanini. Unicopli. ISBN 8840018557..
  • Rachel Foster Avery, corresponding secretary of the National American Woman Suffrage Association
  • Marie-Louise Berneri, anarchist writer and activist
  • Marilyn French, American author
  • Adrienne Monnier major figure from the 1930s Paris scene
  • Bertha von Suttner, Austrian pacifist and Nobel Peace Prize winner
  • Helen Lynd, American sociologist
  • Judy Chicago arguably the U.S.'s most famous specifically feminist artist
  • Kartini - Indonesian feminist and anti-colonialist
  • Shidzue Katō one of the first post-war feminists in Japan
  • Martha Griffiths, US politician, made sure women were included in the civil rights bill
  • Mary Butts - important modernist writer.
  • Mary Daly major feminist thinker, we have little but a list of publications.
  • Min Jiayin - her work is based on feminist Riane Eisler's
  • Rosalind Miles very important women's history author, wrote The Women's History of the World
  • Oriana Fallaci
  • Yenlin Ku Taiwanese feminist
  • Yvonne Vera female author from Zimbabwe
  • Yoshioka Yayoi (1871-1959) Japanese woman educator & physician
  • Maiden of Ludmir (1805-1888) "one of the few female rebbes in the history of the Hasidic movement."
  • Ruth R. Benerito scientist
  • Cynthia Kenyon scientist
  • Susan Solomon scientist
  • Jean Macnamara scientist
  • Elizabeth F. Neufeld
  • Isabella Karle
  • Marjorie Lee Browne African-American mathematician
  • Esther Lederberg
  • Evdokia Anagnostou Greek-Canadian neuroscientist

Requests for expansion: topics[edit]

Non-English language literature[edit]

As of May 2011

Non-English language literature (particularly writers whose work is unavailable or not widely available in English). See also List of African writers by country.

Requested articles[edit]

These include all of the nonexistent links listed under "Literature by country or language"

Requests for expansion[edit]



Many linguistic articles are written exclusively or largely from an Indo-European point of view. In some cases this becomes apparent in the examples provided (Onomatopoeia seems an irredeemable example), while others treat grammatical categories and linguistic terms as if they pertain to English or other well-known Indo-European languages only. This is something that needs to be remedied in an encyclopedia of international scope.

Requested articles[edit]

Requests for expansion[edit]

(The most common request is to correct a limited (usually Indo-European) point of view.)


  • Affix. Uses English examples only (!!?). Needs work.
    • Now also includes a Native American language. Still needs work. Johnny Au (talk) 21:59, 27 December 2007 (UTC)
  • Augmentative. Needs more work since there is only one heading, no English examples, and needs more examples from non-Indo-European languages. Currently a stub. Johnny Au 19:05, 24 July 2007 (UTC)
  • Closed class. English-based. Cross-linguistically, there are interesting differences here. In many African languages for example, the class of adjectives is a closed class. On a sidenote, cognitive linguistic views of reasons for the distinction between closed and open classes (e.g. Talmy 2000:413, Langacker) are also worth mentioning.
This is very interesting. I would love to see some references of how adj's are in the closed class. While the open-closed distinction forms the basis for Talmy's model of form (grammatical) vs content, I am not sure where Langacker refers to this. Certainly it is not very prominent in his 1987/1991 texts. mukerjee (talk) 07:22, 18 November 2006 (UTC)
  • Continuous and progressive aspects. First a section on 'the English continuous', then a section treating some other languages, predominantly Indo-European. Issues like this can only be fixed by taking a broader approach to tense and aspect. Overlapping terms would be durative or continuative. — mark 16:24, 22 April 2006 (UTC)
    • Added information about how continuous and progressive aspects are not the same in some languages, and gave Chinese as an example. —Umofomia 12:27, 11 June 2006 (UTC)
I think I will make some additions here, the Sanskrit tradition had a lot to say on this which remains germane today. mukerjee (talk) 07:22, 18 November 2006 (UTC)
  • Determiner (linguistics). Really should be renamed to 'Determiner (English)' or something like that. Interesting things could be said about determiners and definiteness cross-linguistically.
    • Reworded a bit, less LPOV, de-emphasized English. Desperately needs contrasting examples (please not plain ol' Western IE languages isomorphic with English). --Pablo D. Flores 15:38, 18 Apr 2005 (UTC)
  • Diminutive. Oh boy, look at the structure. First, English is treated, and then a few other languages (predominantly European) are lumped together under a heading "non-English languages". This needs quite some work. — mark 16:17, 22 April 2006 (UTC)
    • The headings are now appropriate, since there are headings based on language families and English is now grouped with other Germanic languages. However, non-Indo-European languages are grouped together. Johnny Au 19:02, 24 July 2007 (UTC)
  • Function word. English only. It should be noted that the term 'function word' is per definition largely restricted to isolating languages (and as such is inevitably LPOV, like many Indo-European-inspired linguistic terms).
  • Grammatical tense. Only about the English tense system, only English examples. Should be renamed Grammatical tense (English) or something like that. There is also some overlap with English grammar. Steverapaport fixed this, but it still needs non-English examples. The table of tenses and their uses is a bit unwieldy and hopelessly LPOV. Useful examples: periphrastic/idiomatic "tenses" in Eurolangs; lack of distinction in Chinese; aspect emphasized over tense ibidem. --Pablo D. Flores 15:52, 14 Jan 2005 (UTC)
See also its talk page. Additionally, cross-linguistic data collection and some brainstorming is going on at Grammatical tense/multilingual sources mark 21:58, 14 Jan 2005 (UTC)
  • Grammatical aspect. Although the term is based on the work of Indo-European grammarians, it has been used in linguistics worldwide. At present, the article contains mainly English examples and some Serbian ones. Nothing is said about application of the term in linguistics outside the Indo-European language family.
  • Grammatical particle. English-only. Contains a list of English parts of speech considered 'grammatical particles'. I gave it a start by toning down the misleadingly strict definition a bit, but it still needs lots of work. mark 23:35, 2 Feb 2005 (UTC)
I just made a start on this one - please review it and suggest improvements on its talk page! mark 22:05, 10 Dec 2004 (UTC)


  • Language revitalization Has many links to current developments; needs copyediting attention to remove ugly cleanup tags at the top! (A non-linguist who can summarize and add references could handle this.) Djembayz (talk) 01:14, 25 November 2012 (UTC)
  • List of retronyms. Has many US only examples with some UK only examples. Other countries have their retronyms, especially non-English speaking countries. Johnny Au (talk) 19:05, 2 March 2008 (UTC)
  • Metathesis (linguistics). Universal phenomenon. Mainly covers some English sound changes. Could use cross-linguistical examples.
    • Provided examples from Navajo (Athabaskan) and Saanich (Salishan). The Klallam example is not just phonological but grammatical (I dont explain the phono part since it would be complicated). — ishwar  (SPEAK) 03:36, 2005 Mar 28 (UTC)
  • Palatalization. Not bad, but could be more outspoken on occurences of palatalization troughout the world (Berber, Bantu, to name a few). Especially in Bantu, interesting morphophonological things happen involving (among other processes) palatalization.
  • Pleonasm. There was actually an edit warrior who wanted to remove the non-English examples from this article. Fortunately he is gone, but in the aftermath of the battle, this article is in pretty lousy shape, and still needs some non-Indo-European examples.
  • Possessive case. This is actually a fairly good article, even including non-Indo-European concepts like alienable/inalienable possession. The problem is its context and naming. Case is defined as a feature of inflecting languages. Indeed, many languages do not express possession by inflecting the noun (like the case article would suggest). It would be better to merge much of the content of the Possessive case article to something like Possession (linguistics) and to reserve the Possessive case article for languages that actually do show a possessive case. Additionally, all those articles could do with more cross-linguistic examples.
  • Prefix. Indo-European perspective.
  • Reflexive pronoun. Mostly English, mentions three other Indo-European languages and one constructed language. Nothing on non-IE languages, no typological perspective (Schladt (1999)'s 'The typology and grammaticalization of reflexives' would be a good source).
  • Rhetoric. Nothing on rhetoric in (say) Sanksrit, or other Indian languages, or for that matter any non-European (e.g. Chinese) culture. The talk page mentions this.
  • Root (linguistics). Corrected and added examples, though a few more would be nice. Someone with more than amateur knowledge of linguistics, please correct me. Added a hook to word stem -- which BTW is not a synonym for root and needs a formal definition. -- Pablo D. Flores 15:17, 7 Dec 2004 (UTC)
  • Tone (linguistics). Universal phenomenon. In desperate need of a good definition. Is too Mandarin/Chinese minded. Check the 'what links here' of that page and see why.
    • Improved it by adding a section on different notational systems. Still needs much work. — mark 16:07, 13 Mar 2005 (UTC)
  • Question. The paragraph on grammar seems OK, albeit fairly short. However, the mentioning of just the Indo-European intonation pattern and the English-only examples narrow the scope.
    • Fleshed it up a bit, though examples are still welcome. --Pablo D. Flores 15:17, 7 Dec 2004 (UTC)
  • Relative pronoun could use some information on non-Germanic languages. The long English section is justified as these really are tricky in English, especially for foreign learners, but it's not meant to be an article just on English grammar. --Doric Loon 18:16, 21 Mar 2005 (UTC)
    • It's severely skewed towards IE-style relativisation in general. I turned "Relative pronoun" into a stub, and kept the original Relative clause that "Relative pronoun" redirected to, which however, and rather unfortunately, treats the whole subject mostly focusing on relative pronouns. I think the whole topic should be addressed abstractly, and English should be treated along with other languages, of which more variety should be present. Hebrew was already there, and I added Japanese (which is important as a contrast because the relative clause goes before the noun it modifies, without a relative pronoun, or conjunctions, or any marks of relativisation other than word order). Chinese, I think, does the same, but it should be there too. --Pablo D. Flores 15:58, 17 Apr 2005 (UTC)
    • Me again: Relative pronoun filled up, Relative clause cleaner (theory only), created English relative clauses for specific English usage. Some more theory, examples and illustrating trivia needed.

Requests for review/attention[edit]


  • Inflection. Quote from the article: 'Various major languages, including English, German, Russian, Spanish, French, and Hindi - all Indo-European languages - are inflected to a greater or lesser extent. Other languages [sic!] use almost no inflection, Chinese and Vietnamese among them.' The definition used in the article is part of the problem. More historical background should be given and current, cross-linguistical use of the term should be covered. Fixed by Steverapaport 15:39, 1 Dec 2004 (UTC), probably could be removed from this list. --Pablo D. Flores 15:52, 14 Jan 2005 (UTC)
  • Mama. Currently a dab, but surely we should have an article about the striking cross-linguistical similarities in the basic word for mother (cf. Jakobson 1962 etc.). It currently reads that 'mama' is a slang word for 'mother' - speaking about LPOV! See Mama and papa --Pablo D. Flores 14:21, 14 Jan 2005 (UTC)
  • Papa. Currently a dab, but surely we should have an article about the striking cross-linguistical similarities in the basic word for father (cf. Jakobson 1962 etc.) See Mama and papa.
  • Reduplication. Universal phenomenon. Needs a better definition, a more logical structure and more examples. Note the phrase 'most notably in Malayo-Polynesian' (other language-families or areas are not even mentioned).
    • Cleaned it up a little -- Pablo D. Flores 15:17, 7 Dec 2004 (UTC)
    • Provided biblio. The linked OT papers have many examples from unrelated langs. — ishwar  (SPEAK) 03:39, 2005 Mar 28 (UTC)
    • exanded (with organization). kind of a redupl. typological survey. now includes langs from all continents (i.e. N. America, Central America, S. America, NE Africa, Siberia, E. Asia, SE Asia, Papua New Guinea, & Australia) & a few major lang families (i.e. Salishan, Siouan, Tibeto-Burman, Tupí, Pama-Nyungan, Chukotko-Kamchatkan, Austro-Asiatic, Mayan, Cushitic, & Uto-Aztecan). is this enough? peace — ishwar  (SPEAK) 15:18, 2005 Apr 28 (UTC)
      • Much improved thanks to Pablo & Ish. — mark 16:15, 25 February 2006 (UTC)
  • Spatial tense. This article should be written from a Lojban grammar perspective, and certainly should not start with the sentence: Spatial tenses are a category of tenses not found in English. See its talk for an extensive discussion.
    • Done from a Lojban perspective, still needs natural language examples (if Hopi does indeed have spatial tense). --Pablo D. Flores 14:38, 20 Apr 2005 (UTC)
      • You've done great work. I don't think natural languages have it and I think I made a clear case on why not at its talk page. I think this one can be moved to 'Satisfactory'. — mark 15:48, 20 Apr 2005 (UTC)
  • Onomatopoeia. Universal phenomenon. Very stubby, needs cleanup. What is worse, at present it only includes English examples (mainly sounds of animals).
    • Not anymore, since it includes many non-English examples, as well as popular cultural references, which are mainly from Western and Japanese comic books, comic strips, animated television programs, and manga. Johnny Au (talk) 22:02, 27 December 2007 (UTC)
  • Pronoun. English only.
    • Taken care of by adding links to non-English pronoun articles. Johnny Au (talk) 21:47, 2 March 2008 (UTC)

Agriculture and horticultural studies[edit]

Agriculture etc.
As of May 2011

Agricultural and horticultural studies. Not typically a 'geek' concern, especially outside of botany as such.

Requested articles[edit]

Requests for expansion[edit]

Requests for review/attention[edit]

  • Farmer - modern and Western (esp. US) bias, nothing on pre-modern farming, farming in the rest of the world
  • Slaughterhouse -- Some debiasing is done. Global and historical persp. needed
  • Food science
  • Dairy science
  • Meat science was listed as needing attention but as of May 2011 it's a redirect to Meat. (should it be a separate topic?)
  • Wool -- the current article is about sheep wool, rather than an overview, while limited information about alpaca wool is relegated to the alpaca article, and other animals such as goats are merely mentioned as alternative sources. As of May 2011 it's still almost all sheep and Oceania.
  • Threshing board - great job recently done translating this from Spanish, but inevitably it show a Spanish/Iberian bias in terminology, coverage, selection of sources, etc. It's a featured article in Spanish, and it's easy to see why, but it will takes some work to get it there in English. - 19:06, 28 December 2006 (UTC)

Ethnic minorities or majorities[edit]

Under-represented ethnic minorities in the developed world etc. (and other related topics)

List is accurate as of 19 July 2009

Requested articles[edit]

  • The Long Road to Freedom: 5 CD compilation of "the heritage of enslaved Africans"; Harry Belafonte started this project in 1961, it was completed only in 2001. Our article on Belafonte mentions it only in passing; I also found a mention of it in Daniel Brown, "Songs of Slavery", Index on Censorship, Volume 36, Number 1, 2007, p. 138–140, but not enough to write from. If someone is familiar with this collection, we should certainly have an article. - Jmabel | Talk 20:56, 4 June 2007 (UTC)

Requests for expansion[edit]

Requests for review/attention[edit]


Labor issues[edit]


Labor related issues. See also Wikipedia:WikiProject Organized Labour.

Here are some tasks awaiting attention:

Requested articles[edit]

Requests for expansion[edit]

Requests for review/attention[edit]

  • Bill Haywood Important leader in the IWW in the early 20th century. I've made a to-do list; once these items are addressed, I plan on putting it in for peer review and eventually pursuing featured article status. I've pretty much been the sole contributor to this article for quite some time, so any help would be greatly appreciated! --JerryOrr 21:41, 31 March 2006 (UTC)

Limited geographic scope[edit]

Limited geographic scope

Most of the articles listed on Open Tasks are neglected because of their subject matter. The articles below are internally biased. In other words, they currently deal only with matters in certain countries, and/or often have a U.S. or developed country perspective rather than a global one. Once they have been edited to remove the geographic bias, please place them in the Satisfactory section. The list is split up by groups of letters of the alphabet for ease of navigation and editing.


  • Academic dishonesty All but one of the modern examples and studies are American (the one non-American example is for other countries, with an emphasis on Japan, which is only one sentence long). Johnny Au (talk) 22:21, 8 January 2008 (UTC)
  • Adoption Lacks perspective of countries that are the sources of international adoption.
  • Interracial adoption is solely from a U.S. perspective, is from a white adoptive family perspective, and lacks information on international adoptions (which can in some cases also be considered interracial).
  • Anti-siphoning law Do non-English-speaking countries (as well as Canada) force the broadcast of major sporting events on terrestrial television? Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 03:25, 1 August 2015 (UTC)
  • Battle axe Lacks examples from Sub-Saharan Africa, even given that the Kongo and the Zulus (Zulu battle axes are called "imbazo") were among the best known Sub-Saharan African peoples to use them for example. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 02:15, 16 July 2013 (UTC)
  • Battlement As if the concept is only relevant in medieval western European architecture. Lacks a global point of view, although it mentions the Great Wall of China (at the very least, Islamic architecture should be added). See also its talk.
  • Beekeeping Has been a subsistence method from time immemorial for some societies. Article makes it almost look like a Western hobbyist practice.
  • Bimetallism Deals almost exclusively with bimetallism in U.S. history; could use information on Islamic bimetallism and any other non-US historical/modern examples that may exist. Another editor removed {globalize/USA} tag when I added it to the article (twice) but raises no objection to having the tag on the talk page. --Eloil 22:40, 22 March 2007 (UTC)
It still is completely American. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 01:35, 3 July 2011 (UTC)
  • Block party What about those taken place outside of the United States and Europe, respectively? Here is a source documenting block parties in Canada and the Caribbean: Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 00:01, 21 July 2012 (UTC)
  • Block programming What about a few non-American examples? Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 01:46, 6 April 2014 (UTC)
  • Bogeyman What mythical being is used in places, such as Africa and China, and among the indigenous peoples of Oceania and the Americas, is used to frighten children into being obedient? Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 20:20, 19 April 2011 (UTC)
  • Bomb disposal This article is heavily Anglo-centric. Other definitions of domain terminology is also American. Drdan 18:06, 9 April 2006 (UTC) - It was invented by the British, and refined to where it is today by the Americans. There hasn't been significant additions by other countries because most of the second and third world countries today send their Technicians to UK or US schools for training. It's not a topic many can speak about with authority. What about a topic that has systemic bias because it is monosystemic in nature? Shawn 11:42 15 April 2006 (EDT)
  • Breakfast Scant references to non-western practices. Much added on Latin America, Asia and the Middle East. Still lacking anything on Africa. 6 African examples as of May 2011
  • Cannabis rescheduling is unashamedly about various bits of legislation in the United States, and has nothing to say on Cannabis legislation anywhere else. Gareth Hughes 18:21, 16 Feb 2005 (UTC)
  • Channel drift It seems that only American television channels are affected from this phenomenon. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 00:50, 9 January 2011 (UTC)
  • Civilian control of the military I'm in the process of expanding this article but will be the first one to admit that my examples and structure draws heavily on the American philosophy and practice (this could be my limited perspective showing, but I think the term is probably used most frequently in this context as it is). I've attempted to add some mentions of Maoist theories and the Soviet commissars, but would really appreciate any input from editors who can contribute more material on theories of civilian control in other countries. MC MasterChef :: Leave a tip 09:22, 1 November 2005 (UTC)
  • Columbus Day - suggests that Columbus Day has only ever been celebrated in the United States, and that opposition to the concept is limited to the United States - Now mentions similar holidays in several other countries, especially in Latin America, but none in Canada, although very few people in the latter celebrates the holiday. Examples of opposition from US and US Virgin Islands only.
  • Community service needs more examples from outside the Anglosphere (and needs a few Commonwealth examples as well); the article also implies that Christianity is the only religion in existence. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 02:59, 27 August 2014 (UTC)
  • Contract Based almost exclusively on the law of common law nations, mostly the U.K. Even non-Anglophone common law countries like India are barely mentioned. The article also suffers from serious perspective bias in that it only treats the "legal" aspects of contract and ignores perspectives from other disciplines. Elliotreed (talk) 04:54, 30 September 2009 (UTC)
  • Countermovement reads as if non-American countermovements don't exist (the article also looks like an essay for a school assignment). Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 23:30, 21 April 2014 (UTC)
  • Counterprogramming has no non-American examples (of either American shows outside the United States or non-American shows). Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 01:53, 6 April 2014 (UTC)
  • Cronyism - only gives examples from the Bush presidency, where politicians all round the world hire their mates for the best jobs.
  • Crossover (fiction) Too many US examples, with some Canadian examples, and few British and Japanese examples; needs much more non-US examples, especially from outside the Anglosphere and Japan. Johnny Au (talk) 02:28, 15 March 2008 (UTC)
  • Culture war focuses on the Anglosphere with a very short section mentioning Imperial Germany. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 03:10, 24 January 2018 (UTC)
  • Cyberbullying Seems as if that only occurs in the United States, United Kingdom, Hong Kong, Australia, and Canada. Johnny Au 18:00, 29 July 2007 (UTC)
  • Cyberstalking legislation It seems that governments outside of the United States do not take cyberstalking seriously. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 01:33, 3 July 2011 (UTC)
  • Dayparting mostly has American and Australian examples with very few British or Canadian examples. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 01:51, 6 April 2014 (UTC)
  • Dead mall It seems that shopping malls outside the United States and the People's Republic of China never declined. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 03:15, 15 April 2012 (UTC)
  • Death Legal definition section should be expanded.
  • Derivative work Originally US-only, but now contains Canadian law; other countries are definitely needed. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 03:04, 18 June 2008 (UTC)
  • Dinner Focuses on North America and the U.K.
  • Discount store is missing examples of discount stores in the Global South, as well as those in Canada and some European countries such as France, Italy, and Spain. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 02:18, 20 December 2015 (UTC)
  • Editorial cartoon Has only examples from the United States and Canada from the past supporting the war effort. Should need current editorial cartoons from other countries regarding other issues.
  • Education reform The article is USA-centric, and is lacking information about education reforms from the rest of the world. (talk) 22:07, 5 March 2019 (UTC)


  • Famine Focuses mostly on the European experience, with fairly limited discussion of the modern phenomenon.
  • Fan loyalty It seems that it only exists in the United States, as if teams participating in international competitions had no fanbases. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 03:55, 3 December 2011 (UTC)
  • Freedman USA-centred. Roman and Greek societies had such a term, to mention a quick example. Article should be rewritten as to broaden the meaning and put USA particularities in relevance proportional to the... extent to which the word refers to USA-terms. Or something, better words lacking. --portugal (talk) 09:29, 29 July 2008 (UTC)
  • Freedom of speech Developed World examples only. Short paragraphs on the situation in India, in Asia in general and in Africa. Much potential for expansion.
  • Friday night death slot Aside from the obvious, do any other countries' television networks have this or similar death slots? Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 03:45, 6 April 2012 (UTC)
  • Friendly political wager needs significant work, with more examples from outside the United States, Oceania, and Germany. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 16:58, 19 November 2015 (UTC)
  • Gang Deals almost exclusively with the U.S.
  • General strike - Rome, North America, Europe have narrative sections, nowhere else does. Note that largest general strikes have probably been in India.--Carwil (talk) 02:50, 1 February 2012 (UTC)
  • Ghosting (identity theft) The characterization deals with the U.S. as if understood, the rest is not much better.
  • Grade retention Most examples and statistics are from the United States, with a little from Canada, and much less for other countries
  • Grazing rights - mostly U.S. and a little Brit. Needs expansion for the many other countries that have domesticated grazing animals
  • Harp, Lyre, Flute, Drum and Musical notation are all eurocentric. Nannus 18:18, 8 August 2006 (UTC)
  • Height restriction laws Has only examples from US, Canada, Europe, Hong Kong, Bali, and Singapore.
  • Homeschooling Much of the article deals with homeschooling in the United States, especially with the statistics.
  • Homework History section only deals with the United States.
  • Honor system primarily deals with the United States. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 04:19, 31 May 2013 (UTC)
  • Hotelling's law has American examples (in the Applications and Real Life sections) and one image showing a Polish example. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 22:47, 27 January 2016 (UTC)
  • Illegal immigration Only U.S. references. (Although the French Wikipedia's Sans-papiers article does not seem to have that much to add, it might at least provide a starting point for a European perspective. However, this article needs much more than that.)
  • Infomercial What about those outside the United States? Information about infomercials outside the United States, but is only one paragraph long. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 04:42, 22 December 2008 (UTC)
    • There is now a (short) section on informercials outside the United States, but definitely needs expanding. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 20:20, 20 September 2009 (UTC)
  • Information and media literacy Are Canadians the only ones who are media literate? Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 01:17, 2 November 2008 (UTC)
It is more balanced, but what about continental Europeans, Africans, or Oceanians? Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 21:24, 4 February 2010 (UTC)
  • Labour law Limited to U.S. and U.K. mostly, misses the fact that there are international labor standards.
    • Trade union Some general history, but country-specific information for U.S., UK and Sweden only (excluding half a sentence mentioning China in the introduction).
  • Land mine. Almost entirely about the mines themselves and the countries that make and remove them. Countries plagued by mines are mentioned only in passing.
  • Lawyer/Solicitor Lead has U.S. perspective, only deals with the U.S., UK and Poland.
  • Locomotive and the related Electric locomotive and Diesel locomotive. Articles need added material on European history and usage, without Euro-biased suppression of North American experience. (This problem affects almost every article about rail technology, though most commonly it's the North American side that's missing.)
  • Manga, specifically the International Influences section, which is mostly American with a bit of Europe. ColourBurst 04:47, 16 August 2006 (UTC)
  • Marathon (media) has no non-American examples. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 01:47, 6 April 2014 (UTC)
  • Market town You wouldn't know that trade existed outside of Europe.
  • Marriage too much bias on same-sex marriage—western countries are minority against China, India, Japan and Third World/South America. Article "s.s. marriage already exists". People may consider it "annoying information", just looking for man/woman marriage information. Wikipedia is not a "political platform".
  • Media bias Mainly concerns itself with the U.S. liberal vs. conservative bias discussion.
  • Military cadence Do armed services outside the United States have these?
  • Minor party There are minor political parties in many multi-party states outside of the United States and Australia as well. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 20:15, 25 September 2015 (UTC)
  • Mixed-sex education Brief discussion of history in U.S. only, and some lists. Needs internationalization in any case, and might the subject of women's education in Muslim and developing countries be appropriate here? As of May 2011 there's very brief sections for Hong Kong and France. The UK and China have 3-4 paragraphs. Cloveapple (talk) 18:56, 17 May 2011 (UTC)
  • Model minority Yes, there is information about model minorities outside the United States, but information about the United States takes up the bulk of the article. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 21:41, 22 July 2011 (UTC)
  • Modesty - passes beyond systemic bias into outright chauvinism: modesty norms outside the industrialized Western world are only discussed (and then only briefly) in comparison and contrast to the average Western norm. Even that norm is generalized and ignores real variations between countries, regions, and ethnicities. Discussions of religious and cultural norms are no longer based on mere comparison to the average Western norm. However, still biased heavily in its general discussion of modesty toward generally accepted Western norms. Still needs work.
  • Music genre only US/West, doesn't even mention that there is music in Africa, or that people who are not Western have music at all. More discussion about "honky tonk" than about entire continents!


  • Naming rights All of the examples in this article are US only. Johnny Au (talk) 05:07, 16 March 2008 (UTC)
    • This article now has one Canadian example and a few British examples. More outside the United States are needed. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 20:26, 20 September 2009 (UTC)
  • List of cultural entities with sole naming rights Most of the examples in this article are Canadian with some US examples. Johnny Au (talk) 05:11, 16 March 2008 (UTC)
    • It now has examples from Chile, Japan, Mexico, and the Philippines as well, though more examples from other countries are needed. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 04:42, 5 November 2015 (UTC)
  • Narrative evaluation seems to be almost absent from outside the United States (aside from a department within Oxford University). Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 01:51, 17 May 2013 (UTC)
  • Native American mascot controversy The article mentioned the case in Canada, but not Latin America, in the introduction, yet the article lacked any Canadian or Latin American examples. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 03:30, 28 April 2009 (UTC)
  • Nonviolent video game mainly focuses on the American context, nothing much about non-American non-violent video games Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 03:28, 9 March 2013 (UTC)
  • Nudity, especially Various modern-era attitudes has only Western perspectives, plus a short sentence on Islam, and a bit on Japan, but nothing from Central/South America, Africa, or most of Asia.
  • Nursery rhyme solely deals with songs sung to children from a French and English perspective, and one sentence on indigenous cultures. Nothing from the rest of the world.
  • List of oldest continuously inhabited cities — Very uneven coverage; several major cities in the Americas, including Cusco, are nowhere to be found.--Carwil (talk) 02:47, 1 February 2012 (UTC)
  • One-way traffic Seems as if one-way traffic is only used in Lima, Peru; much of the United States; Canada; and Europe.
  • Parking lot Seems as if parking lot legislation only exists in Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States, though there are examples of parking lots in Japan and Canada.
  • Partial cloverleaf interchange (Parclo) mainly has Canadian examples. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 02:22, 26 March 2015 (UTC)
  • PC Engine This article, which is about a 16-bit videogame console by NEC, is almost exclusively American-centric. It presents the US model of this system (the TurboGrafx) as an international reference. As discussed in the Talk page of the article, evidence clearly proves that this NEC console was known and distributed in Europe under its original Japanese name, and the name "TurboGrafx" was largely ignored there. The article doesn't need a rewrite: it mostly needs to be split into two distinct items. Kaminari (talk) 20:14, 14 February 2010 (UTC)
  • Peasant — Focused on Europe, but most peasants don't live there.--Carwil (talk) 02:49, 1 February 2012 (UTC)
  • Physician Generally lacking, as it currently deals mainly with training, but only covers the U.S., the UK and France.
  • Pizza delivery -- This article has become very American centric. It focuses entirely on pizza delivery in the United States. Some effort should be made to include pizza delivery in European and Asian countries as well. (RaF (talk) 16:23, 28 January 2010 (UTC))
  • Plastic surgery has a section on cosmetic surgery which deals entirely with regulatory issues in the US
  • Police Mostly U.S. and UK (for historic reasons) references. Nothing on the role of the police force in neither democratic nor oppressive developing countries.
  • Proof coinage Article reads like the world has only two countries (One is Bulgaria, guess which is the other).
  • Property law Article has almost exclusive focus on the common law tradition, with a few isolated references to other European legal systems (the civil law and Roman law). There's no discussion of non-European legal traditions and none of contemporary European-derived property law outside the Anglosphere. Elliotreed (talk) 15:17, 28 September 2009 (UTC)
  • Public relations Almost exclusively uses U.S. examples and figures.
  • Public transport, vitally important throughout the developing world but the details focus on the decision to implement mass transit in industrialized countries
  • Rape Western perspective. Discusses the legal definitions of the U.S. and the UK only. Apart from brief mentions of the social consequences of rape in "societies with strong sexual customs and taboos", and rape as a means of torturing detainees in some countries, the rest of the article deals with the U.S. situation. No mention of the practice of rape as a war crime.
  • Repossession only has examples from the United States, United Kingdom, and Germany. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 02:28, 18 May 2014 (UTC)
  • Rubbing alcohol Laws and uses are only mentioned in UK and US contexts Johnny Au 17:22, 19 September 2007 (UTC)
  • Sandpit Mostly general, but lack details about its use in playgrounds outside North America; before my edit, it was US only. Johnny Au 03:09, 31 July 2007 (UTC)
  • Satire mainly focuses on those of the Western and Islamic traditions, with examples of Horatian and Juvenalian satire being primarily Western, with modern examples mainly from the Anglosphere. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 02:23, 14 August 2015 (UTC)
  • Saturday-morning cartoon Do non-American television networks have such a programming block? It lists Canada (as Nelvana) and Japan (as anime) as "foreign" sources of programming for Saturday morning cartoons, but it mentions nothing about those countries having such programming blocks on their networks. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 15:48, 10 July 2011 (UTC)
  • Secondary education The "in various countries" section almost entirely excludes Africa.
  • Social promotion Most examples and perspectives come from the United States with little from Canada and none elsewhere
  • Special needs consists of (a) American general view (b) American legal minutiae
  • Spontaneous order is nearly entirely about economists' views, there is short shrift given to political applications at the core of the spontaneous order concept, and even worse, little to no coverage given to the Chinese philosophers who birthed the concept of spontaneous order over two millennia ago. This is a serious problem of WP:Systemic_bias, and since Confucius and Confucianism played such a huge role in creating spontaneous order (arguably inventing the concept) failure to include this is especially problematic.
  • State of emergency only deals with the US. Still deals mainly with the U.S., although info on other Western democracies have been added. - 25 countries now.
  • Street suffix What about street suffices outside of North America? Before my edits, they were US-centric (I added a few Ontario-specific street suffixes to counter the bias somewhat). Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 03:26, 8 January 2012 (UTC)
  • Student activism and Youth activism Deals with the U.S. only. Nothing is said about the leading role students often take in protesting against oppressive societies, as in Czechoslovakia in 1968 (see Jan Palach), Myanmar (esp. 1988), China (1989 Tiananmen Square protests), Iran (Iran student protests, July 1999), Serbia during Milosevic (see Otpor) and Indonesia (History of Indonesia). Also, the student protests of 1968 in places like Paris (May 1968 events in France) and Mexico City (Tlatelolco massacre) should also be mentioned.
    • I've reworked this page to give it a more international scope - US-specific stuff is in its own section now, and I've added a skeletal Indonesia section. More to do - the above is a great (inspiring!) list of places where student activists have (usually) made changes. - Cdc 20:10, 27 Nov 2004 (UTC)
      • I've added a small bit on France. The May 1968 events in France page is extremely thorough, so all we need here is a brief overview to show the context of it in student activist history. Leyanese 17:35, 19 Feb 2005 (UTC)
  • Store brand and Generic brand both lack non-American examples, though the latter has a few British examples (and See also links to a Canadian, a Japanese, and a fictional American generic brand). Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 03:14, 6 January 2014 (UTC)
  • Lists of most common surnames is split up by region and has many uncovered countries
    • no lists at all for popular African surnames as of May 2011
    • Central America only lists common surnames in Nicaragua as of May 2011
  • Theme music only has examples for the United States and the United Kingdom (though the video game section has only a single example, one from a Japanese video game series) Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 00:05, 17 December 2013 (UTC)
  • Tort This article almost exclusively discusses the common law system of the Anglosphere, contains only brief mention of the civil law, and ignores other legal systems entirely. Elliotreed (talk) 20:00, 28 September 2009 (UTC)
  • Town drunk only has examples from the United States and the British Isles (with Shakespeare being the earliest listed example); there should be plenty of fictional alcoholics depicted in non-Anglophone media, but they aren't mentioned at all for some inexplicable reason. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 02:10, 2 July 2017 (UTC)
  • Traffic congestion This article mainly focuses on traffic in the United States. It contains only a small mention of traffic in the UK, Iran, China (including Hong Kong), Australia, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, New Zealand, the Netherlands, and Venezuela, with images from Russia, India, Thailand, Taiwan, Germany, and Portugal.
  • Transportation planning Only focuses on the United Kingdom and the United States. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 04:03, 6 June 2009 (UTC)
  • Unemployment Focused on the U.S., with a lengthy discussion on the U.S. definition and little or no mention of unemployment in other parts of the world.
    • Underemployment, a much more widespread problem than unemployment in the developing world doesn't have an article at all, although it could be treated as part of the unemployment article if it was revised. --Sepa 21:51, 18 April 2006 (UTC)
      • Actually, there is an article for Underemployment, albeit a poor-quality one. --JerryOrr 16:52, 19 April 2006 (UTC)
  • Urban planner There are many more urban planning institutes than those listed in the article, especially in countries that are not listed. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 20:17, 20 September 2009 (UTC)
  • Variety show needs examples from other countries as well, such as from Canada, Brazil, and all of Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and South and Southeast Asia (aside from the Philippines). Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 22:10, 11 February 2014 (UTC)
  • Veneration of the dead focusses on Chinese and East Asian practices, with nothing on Africa or Amerindians (do they have ancestor worship?) --Taejo 09:39, 24 September 2005 (UTC)
    • Expanded, but still nothing on Indigenous Americans. Johnny Au (talk) 22:06, 27 December 2007 (UTC)
  • Video game controversies It seems that much of the article focuses on the American perspective. All of the legal cases are in the United States. There is almost nothing about video game controversies outside of the United States (aside from a few publicized incidents). Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 02:35, 1 July 2011 (UTC)
  • Video scaler It seems that non-American television channels are not too fond of this. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 02:46, 23 April 2012 (UTC)
  • Warship Virtually all information is about Europe.--Cúchullain t/c 20:39, 8 August 2006 (UTC)
  • Water resources "The problem: Human populations in some areas (e.g. southern California, Israel, and Florida) are growing from 1 to 3% per year, while fresh water supplies are remaining constant or shrinking." Ever heard of a place called Africa? This article hasn't.
    • I've re-written and re-focused this article. As it stands, there are no explicit geographical references - don't know if that'll make you guys happy or sad. In the process of further refining this article, I expect specific geographical references will be worked back in or linked to. Toiyabe 19:44, 5 May 2005 (UTC)
  • Wedding. Western perspective, although some four sentences are included on non-Western traditions. Pretty comprehensive now (talk) 10:05, 14 April 2008 (UTC)
  • Wordfilter is mainly about its uses in Anglophone online and video gaming media, especially in the implementation section, which mainly consists of video games from the United States (and to some extent, the United Kingdom). All of the examples in the article are applicable to English-language filters. There is completely nothing about wordfilters for other languages. Johnny Au (talk/contributions) 02:32, 7 April 2012 (UTC)


Islam, Muslims, the Muslim World, and Baháʼí[edit]

See also: Wikipedia:WikiProject Islam, Wikipedia:List of missing Middle Eastern topics
  • Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy Who would have guessed Wikipedia might attract writers with a pro-free-speech POV? Editors of this article have slanted it heavily toward describing the controversy as between religious zealotry and the ideal of free speech, and have excluded content that explains the context of ethnic hate speech or current regional conflict. Dirinici 07:11, 22 February 2006 (UTC)
  • Istihlal is something like the crime of making up an Islamic law, recently in the news when a group of Spanish Muslims accused Osama bin Laden of the crime. --Dmcdevit 23:49, 14 Mar 2005 (UTC)
  • List of Islamic educational institutions: created this and would like people to add and expand it. There are almost no resources on the web--or anywhere that I can find, actually, on institutions like the Haqqania madarassa in northern Pakistan, where the Taliban leadership was educated. Or the historical universities in the Muslim world--other than Al-Azhar University.iFaqeer (Talk to me!) 20:36, Mar 1, 2005 (UTC)
  • Should we also have a Wikipedia:Islam and Muslim World-regional notice board? I would want to do that, but only if we can get people with more than one kind of POV involved.iFaqeer (Talk to me!) 20:36, Mar 1, 2005 (UTC)
See Wikipedia talk:WikiProject Islam#Theology-centrism?iFaqeer (Talk to me!) 22:41, Mar 1, 2005 (UTC)

Requests for expansion[edit]

  • Apparently a large & popular website and forum (most popular, according to Yahoo) regarding Shia Islam, but the article is severely a stub.
  • Shalash al-Iraqi - I started this article after reading about him on an Iraqi's blog, and after doing some research I was unable to find any information on him that wasn't from other bloggers. I ended up using these as references anyway, I know that's not the ideal Wikipedia standard, but the blogs seem to suggest that he's very notable in Iraq. Is there anyone who has read a print article about him or can translate better web sources from Arabic, perhaps? Also, I'd appreciate a message on my talk page if this article is nominated for deletion. --Grace 07:28, 13 November 2006 (UTC)

Requests for review[edit]

  • Sünbül Efendi - this article has been posted to VfD. I believe the topic is notable but there is an issue with transcription: apparently the correct spelling would be Sümbül Efendi (alternate Sünbül Efendi). Google returns 179 results but most of them not in English. There are also alternate spellings like Sümbül Efendi, Sünbül Efendi, Şeyh Sümbül, Sümbül Sinan, Sünbül Sinan etc.--AYArktos 22:09, 9 May 2005 (UTC)
  • Baháʼí Faith--Currently the editing of this entry (and related entries) is dominated by Baha'is, who take the opportunity to downplay criticisms and in general slant their information in predictable directions. Please consider this a call for non-Baha'i editors to come have a look at the site, and help ensure balance. Thank you. Dawud 10:44, 3 December 2005 (UTC)

Evangelical Protestantism[edit]

  • Carlton Pearson - Tulsa, Oklahoma-based African American preacher and theologian, long a protegé of Oral Roberts—also an advisor to Bush on faith-based initiatives, had a TV show, etc.,—whose theology began to change in the late 1990s, when he decided that there is no Hell (or, more precisely, turned around to a rather existentialist view of Hell being something we make on earth, but not part of the afterlife). This eventually evolved into the Doctrine of Inclusion: that everyone is saved. As a result, his enormous Higher Dimensions [4] megachurch slowly collapsed, though, with his new theology, he again has a congregation numbering at least into the hundreds. Fascinating figure. Recent hour-long radio story about him on This American Life [5], but as of when I'm writing they haven't archived it to a permanent address. Founder of a Christian music festival that I believe is called Azuza, as well. -- Jmabel | Talk 19:24, 17 December 2005 (UTC)

Giving undue weight to heterodox economics and pseudoeconomics[edit]

Since economics tend to be an issue mired in politics, pseudoeconomics are frequently invoked in political discourse and by many average people who discuss economic issues. On Wikipedia, the largest problem seems to be the promotiong of monetary crankery, by New World Order conspiracy theorists and Libertarian supporters of Austrian economics. Several articles on monetary theory currently violate WP:FRINGE. However, occasionally radical Marxists also abuse Wikipedia in the same way. Because the average person is not educated in economics, they may not be aware of the fringe-status of Austrian and Marxist arguments when they are presented, or that may not recognize a certain argument as "Marxist" or "Austrian" when it is presented. However, articles related to criticism of John Maynard Keynes and Keynesian economics could use expansion...

Requests for review[edit]

And any articles involved Austrian and Marxist economics.

Nature (biology, chemistry, physics and related)[edit]

Requested articles[edit]

Requests for expansion[edit]

  • mating - This article is a stub and should discuss more about animal mating, apart from copulation, like the behavior of animals that court or of social animals that nurture their offspring in pairs.
  • snail - This article is underdeveloped and doesn't discuss in more detail the different taxons of snails. Also, there may be some inaccuracies.
  • tool - The section regarding tool use in animals, while having numerous references, doesn't say much besides that monkeys & other primates, ravens, and sea otters have been observed using tools. Could be expanded.
  • Chinese astronomy - 3000 years of history and until recently was a single sentence. Above all, something should be added about astronomy in China today, to counter any perception that Chinese science is only about the past. Please help counter the bias against nonwestern science in this and other history of science articles.

Requests for review[edit]

  • Electrical engineering - This article is currently focusing on the North American meaning of the term. European and Global use seems to indictate the separation of the terms Electrical and Electronic into different fields.
  • sex - This article focuses too much on the human aspect of sex and does not discuss essential things about sex like genetics, biology, biological evolution and origin of sex, etc.
  • Pregnancy (mammals) - The word "pregnancy" instead of "gestation" in the title of the article is dubious.
  • sexual intercourse
  • sexual reproduction

Perspective biases[edit]

  • Australia national soccer team - Issues with lack of gender representation for women in topical articles that are gender neutral but where the sport is gender segregated by rule. --LauraHale (talk) 10:36, 4 December 2013 (UTC)
  • Soccer in Australia - Issues with lack of gender representation for women in topical articles that are gender neutral but where the sport is gender segregated by rule. --LauraHale (talk) 10:36, 4 December 2013 (UTC)
  • North Korean cult of personality - There are serious issues of systemic bias - specifically, assignment of negative characteristics through uncited author POV - with two sections of the entry: Holidays and International. Please see the Talk Page for more information on these issues. BlueSalix (talk) 19:00, 23 August 2013 (UTC)
  • Barack Obama -- Written from largely a liberal view, and not neutral. No handling of current policy criticisms. Paranormal Skeptic (talk) 18:25, 10 March 2009 (UTC)
    • I fail to see how this is written in a liberal view. It seems to be pretty matter-of-fact. If he advances a policy it is enough to say that he did so. It is a statement of fact not a statement of the benefits or detriments of the policy. As to current policy criticism, the place for that is on your favorite blog, not on Wikipedia. This is in line with the treatment of other US presidents. Look at Herbert Hoover. He was extremely unpopular, but you still don't have a huge portion of the article dealing with detailed policy criticism, when he is arguably the most deserving of it. What criticisms there are can be made with 80 years of insight and is backed up with historians as sources, not political analysts. Timothyjosephwood (talk) 19:25, 3 April 2015 (UTC)
  • Execution of Saddam Hussein -- Lack of sources other than main US news outlets such as CNN or in the case of a British news outlet, the BBC. US-sources dominate the article, and this reflects in the tone. Would need an array of both independent and international sources. Sfacets 02:30, 2 January 2007 (UTC) As of May 2011 there are a number of non-US-non-British sources.
  • Covance -- Focuses on animal testing information with an animal rights slant. Does not provide sufficient, accurate information on other areas of business, which include FDA nutritional testing and antibody development. Orcar967 17:27, 22 October 2007 (UTC)
  • paint -- only deals with the art aspect not the commercial painting aspect.
  • Pregnancy (mammals) - focuses too much on humans by using the word "pregnancy" instead of "gestation". This article was initially split from the article about human pregnancy. Also, doesn't define well which animals gestate and which not, and discounts gestation in other animals, if any.
  • Wikimedia movement is written from an insider point of view, without mentioning criticism made by MediaWiki developer User:Tim Starling. My edit which added it was removed by a sysop who used his revert power. Wikinerd 03:31, 16 August 2005 (UTC)
    • FWIW, "his revert power" consists of skipping a click: it is exactly the same ability anyone else has to revert an edit, just slightly more efficient. -- Jmabel | Talk 05:14, August 16, 2005 (UTC)
  • List of people who have been considered deities - Western bias in addressing the concept of God and divinity. Article is currently protected due to ongoing disputes. Please come and help out at the talk page. --ZappaZ Yin yang.svg 17:01, 14 September 2005 (UTC)
    • There is no more Western bias. Johnny Au (talk) 21:23, 27 December 2007 (UTC)
  • Robinson list -- mentions the US Do Not Call list, but then proceeds to deal with only email spam and talk about Robinson lists as if they were only for spam.
  • Myth and related articles -- some mythologies are treated differently from other mythologies. Problems with definition. Many editors have strong feelings about these articles. – ishwar  (speak) 05:13, 6 July 2006 (UTC)
  • The Democracy article needs attention to ensure that it does not suffer from a bias from the point of view perspective of liberal democracy. BruceHallman 19:16, 16 December 2006 (UTC)
  • All articles related to the creation–evolution controversy, including Intelligent design, and Objections to evolution, among several others. Particularly strident defense of bias on talk pages. Gnixon 23:52, 8 April 2007 (UTC)
  • 2003 invasion of Iraq media coverage - This article would benefit from a lot more information on how media outside of the U.S. and Britain covered the war. --Mackabean 22:29, 6 June 2007 (UTC)
  • Guantanamo Bay detention camp - The global perspective section of this article could be lengthened considerably. I don't know a lot about this, but my sense is that Guantanamo has received considerable attention from U.S. allies and opponents around the world. --Mackabean 22:36, 6 June 2007 (UTC)
  • Alternative education - It is heavily POV in favour of this type of education, since most authors of the article are pro-alternative education. I believe that there should be a section about the criticisms regarding this written by those who support traditional education. Johnny Au 00:09, 26 August 2007 (UTC)
  • Traditional education - There should be more background information regarding this topic rather than being mainly a comparison of the two types of education. Additionally, the article seems as if it were written by those who support alternative education. The article is also USA-centric. Johnny Au 00:16, 26 August 2007 (UTC)
    • It is no longer USA-centric. Johnny Au (talk) 21:19, 27 December 2007 (UTC)
  • Joseph McCarthy - Several editors continue to alter any edits to their POV introduction, calling those who oppose Communism "extreme", and that is just the tip of the iceberg. Judgesurreal777 20:11, 11 October 2007 (UTC)

Soviet history[edit]

Many articles about the Soviet Union rely on information from anti-Soviet sources. Both pro- and anti-Soviet sources can be greatly biased. Where possible, cite the sources used, and try to find balance. GRuban 14:50, 1 March 2006 (UTC) (greatly condensing Paranoid 17:00, 17 July 2005 (UTC))

  • Please review Axis powers where Soviet Union is shown as an ally of Nazi Germany, while Spain even not shown as a Nazi collaborator state.--Certh 09:43, 20 February 2007 (UTC)
    • Um, did you read the article at all? It mentions that the Soviet Union was at one time an ally of Germany (which it was), but of course goes on to say how that changed after Operation Barabarosa. And there is a section discussion Spain's (and Portugal's) collaboration with Germany. I see no systemic bias in that article... --JerryOrr 12:26, 20 February 2007 (UTC)

People with disabilities; disability studies[edit]

I think most Wikipedians do not consider themselves people with disabilities. Therefore, things such as the sociology, history, psychology, language, etc. of disabilities do not get covered in too much detail. We do have a very nice, somewhat long List of disability rights activists, but a lot of the articles are redlinks. Some of the articles that are not redlinks go to articles about people other than the ones mentioned on the page, and need to be disambiguated; a few other are pages of politicians, whose pages need to be checked for mention in their involvement for disability rights. Also, the vast majority of people on the list, if not all of them, are from the Western world.

Requests for articles[edit]

Requests for expansion[edit]

  • William Stokoe major contributor to understanding of ASL (American Sign Language) only has a stub Cloveapple (talk) 06:29, 18 May 2011 (UTC)
  • ARC (formerly Association of Retarded Citizens) is tagged for reading like an advertisement. Needs better sources, most are the ARC itself. Cloveapple (talk) 06:29, 18 May 2011 (UTC)

Underrepresented occupations[edit]

*Pipefitter redirects to Plumber and pipefitting redirects to Pipefitter - fixed but needs expansion --Bookgrrl 05:01, 9 December 2006 (UTC) *Steamfitter - no article - redirected to pipefitting since everything I found everywhere including the trades description lumped the two together --Bookgrrl 05:01, 9 December 2006 (UTC)

General comment: one reason many of these articles do not exist, or are still stubs is that potential contributors have no model for a successful article on a profession. If one of the more complete articles could be improved into a featured article, this might help Wikipedians in filling these needs. -- llywrch 17:29, 19 June 2006 (UTC)
I agree, are there any jobs that are FA status? Engineer, or Software writer maybe? Kevlar67 02:36, 21 October 2006 (UTC)

Non-English-speaking Scientists[edit]

Numerous notable non-US/English scientists have no entries in Wikipedia. Ways to help include looking through award-winning scientists, Category:Awards by country, List of members of the National Academy of Sciences,

  • Uncredited scientific achievements should be credited in the appropriate articles, with links to the scientists.
  • Scientific "pedigrees" that include notable students or advisors should be added where appropriate. Generally advisors listed near the top with graduate and postdoc work. Notable students may be mentioned in a single paragraph about the lab and/or influences of the scientist.

Merging overrepresented content[edit]

In addition to adding new content to underrepresented areas, we should also work on minimizing content in overrepresented ones. It is easy to generate a hundred 1k articles out of 3k of text, if you break it up poorly and repeat yourself for a long intro paragraph in each of a hundred stubs, rather than making a single, concise page including them all.

Subjects to watch for:

  • Star Wars characters and locales
  • Star Trek characters and locales
  • J. R. R. Tolkien-related characters and locales
  • any modern television show (one article per episode summary, per throwaway character) -- particularly American and Japanese cartoons
  • any serialized media: comic strips, comic books, serial stories, 10-part novels. In each case, figure out what the right chunk-size is for the text...
  • slang or jargon (can be moved to Wiktionary, or combined into topical pages with the history of that jargon type, not one page per term)
  • Rapid transit, light rail transit, and bus rapid transit stations (should be combined into articles about individual rapid transit lines instead if the stations themselves are not notable)

These are all topics that should be in Wikipedia; and none of the existing content needs to be removed; but repeated content, and generation of hundreds of stubs rather than one or two good articles, is bad for readers, for categorizers, for quality-editors, and for the 'random article' feature.—Preceding unsigned comment added by Sj (talkcontribs)

Not really sure what this has to do with countering systemic bias... --JerryOrr 11:30, 8 May 2006 (UTC)
It is relevant to systemic bias - contributors' systemic bias leads to these short messy articles. It isn't really what this project focuses on, though, which is more to do with filling in neglected areas. See umpteen discussions about choosing a less misleading name if you're interested. --Cherry blossom tree 22:34, 8 May 2006 (UTC)
isn't this akin to granting equality to cripples by chopping everyone else's legs off? certain topics are under-represented, so let's lower the representation of others to match? why not leave the content alone, and add new content for the under-represented areas, even if they're just stubs (might entice new editors familiar in those topics)? --Dak (talk) 03:50, 13 January 2009 (UTC)

List of articles every Wikipedia should have[edit]

I'm not sure this belongs here, but it seems relevant to this WikiProject -- please feel free to move it to a more appropriate place (and drop me a note).

The meta:List of articles every Wikipedia should have is about as Eurocentric and USA-centric as it could be. I just added a comment at meta:Talk:List of articles every Wikipedia should have#Euro-centric arguing that this is a serious problem. Perhaps attention from people in this project with more experience in these matters might help.

Joriki (talk) 22:14, 2 January 2008 (UTC)