Wikipedia:WikiProject Ecoregions

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Welcome to WikiProject Ecoregions. This is a group dedicated to organizing Wikipedia's ecology and geography articles in terms of ecoregions. If you would like to join us, please add your name to the list of project members!

Strategy and scope[edit]

An ecoregion, sometimes called a bioregion, is "a relatively large area of land or water that contains a geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities." Ecoregions are an obvious and objective way to understand physical geography. They also enable organization of ecology and climate data, including ranges of animals and plants.

This WikiProject will create articles on all the terrestrial, marine, and freshwater ecoregions on Earth using a consistent naming scheme.

Link to these ecoregion articles when you need to describe broad-scale ecology. This may be from articles on protected areas, mountains, rivers, lakes, and countries.

The project will allow users to navigate logically from the entire planet Earth down into the ecozones and ecoregions, and their bordering rivers, seas, and oceans.

Open tasks[edit]

Create missing ecoregion articles[edit]

Fill in ecoregion red links with articles. There are still plenty of ecoregion articles to be created.

The lists of ecoregions include links to lists of all the ecoregion articles on Wikipedia. More specifically, we need articles for the ecoregions in these lists:

Link to ecoregion articles[edit]

When an article for a country, protected area, mountain range, water body, etc. needs general information on its environment and ecology, link to the appropriate ecoregion(s). Similarly, articles for plants, animals, etc. should also refer to ecoregions when describing their range.

Ecoregion maps[edit]

Images showing ecoregion boundaries on NASA's Blue Marble earth imagery, for example, are very useful.

Databasin's Terrestrial ecoregions of the world has both the map and a dataset for terrestrial ecoregions.

Useful resources[edit]

Text and content[edit]

  • The Encyclopedia of Earth contains articles for many ecoregions, the text of which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 Generic license. This license is compatible with Wikipedia's and the text can be re-used here.




We should use the World Reference Base for Soil Resources (WRB) (External link), as it is a worldwide soil classification system, widely accepted and translated in many languages. As of 2006, it is the pre-eminent soil classification system, replacing the previous FAO soil classification.

The WRB borrows from modern soil classification concepts, including USDA soil taxonomy. The classification is based mainly on soil morphology as an expression pedogenesis. A major difference with USDA soil taxonomy is that soil-related climate regimes, such as xeric, ustic, and udic, are not part of the system, except insofar as climate influences soil profile characteristics (see climate guide-lines).

Useful citations[edit]

Ecoregion ranges. When claiming that a country, state, landform, or protected area is in a WWF ecoregion, you can copy-paste the following citation to the original paper:

{{cite journal |author = Olson, D. M, E. Dinerstein |title = Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth |journal = [[BioScience]] |year = 2001 |volume=51 |issue=11 |pages= 933–938 |url = |doi = 10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2 |display-authors=etal}}

It will appear as follows:

Olson, D. M, E. Dinerstein; et al. (2001). "Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth". BioScience. 51 (11): 933–938. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

Ecoregion statistics. The Atlas of Global Conservation from The Nature Conservancy has various statistics for all the WWF ecoregions, valid as of 2010. These include numbers of bird, mammal, and threatened species, percent habitat loss, and percent area formally protected. Just copy-paste the following if you use their stats:

{{cite book |last1 = Hoekstra |first1 = J. M. |last2 = Molnar |first2 = J. L. |last3 = Jennings |first3 = M. |last4 = Revenga |first4 = C. |last5 = Spalding |first5 = M. D. |last6 = Boucher |first6 = T. M. |last7 = Robertson |first7 = J. C. |last8 = Heibel |first8 = T. J. |last9 = Ellison |first9 = K. |title = The Atlas of Global Conservation: Changes, Challenges, and Opportunities to Make a Difference |publisher = [[University of California Press]] |editor1-last = Molnar |editor1-first = J. L. |year = 2010 |isbn = 978-0520262560 |url = }}

It will appear like this:

Hoekstra, J. M.; Molnar, J. L.; Jennings, M.; Revenga, C.; Spalding, M. D.; Boucher, T. M.; Robertson, J. C.; Heibel, T. J.; Ellison, K. (2010). Molnar, J. L. (ed.). The Atlas of Global Conservation: Changes, Challenges, and Opportunities to Make a Difference. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0520262560.


Add the {{User WikiProject Ecoregions}} template your user page.

Add the {{Infobox ecoregion}} template to all ecoregion articles and fill out as many fields as possible.

Add the {{WikiProject Ecoregions}} template to the top of the talk page of any article which is in the scope of this project.


Ecoregion articles should use the names given them by their defining organizations (WWF, EPA, CEC, etc). When there are differences with Wikipedia conventions, default to Wikipedia conventions regarding capitalization, and create redirects for all likely variations in naming and capitalization.


An ecoregion article will typically contain the following sections:


  • The ecoregion infobox template contains various fields for describing an ecoregion. Please fill out as many as possible.


  • The name of the ecoregion.
  • The biome in which it is contained.
  • The countries it covers.


  • Physical area of the ecoregion, in square kilometers and square miles.
  • Bordering ecoregions.
  • The ecozone and bioregion in which it is contained.
  • Major geological/physiographic features of the ecoregion.
  • Soils.
  • The rivers that flow through it, and the watersheds it lies within, including freshwater ecoregions that it overlaps.
  • Any oceans or seas that it borders.
  • Alternative names for the ecoregion, including names in local languages, other biogeographic naming schemes.


  • Köppen climate classifications for parts of the ecoregion.
  • Statistics on rainfall and temperature throughout the year.
  • Important weather systems (i.e. monsoons, El Niño) that influence the climate.


  • An account of major plant communities or habitat types, including their structure and predominant or characteristic species.
  • The total number of plant species (by phylum, if known), and the number and percentage of endemic plant species.
  • The floristic region or regions it is a part of.
  • The origins of the flora, and the floral affiliations with and distinctions from with neighboring ecoregions.


  • An account of native animals organized from top predator down through lesser predators, then herbivore/prey animals and plants they feed on.
  • The total number of animal species (by phylum/class, if known), and the number and percentage of endemic animal species.
  • The zoogeographic region or regions it is a part of.
  • The origins of the fauna, and the faunal affiliations with and distinctions from with neighboring ecoregions.

Human use[edit]

  • An account of the history of human activity in the ecoregion.
  • The resources of the ecoregion: agriculture, fishing, timber, mining, industry.
  • Major cities in the ecoregion.

Conservation and threats[edit]

  • Local and global agents affecting the ecoregion's ecology, including:
    • Protected and natural areas.
    • Resource extraction, including hunting, fishing, logging, gathering.
    • Deforestation, soil degradation, and desertification.
    • Invasive plants and animals, and a description of how they have impacted native ones.
  • Conservation status as defined by... (need to establish whose conservation status to use).
  • Whether the region is part of the Global 200 or a biodiversity hotspot.


  • A list of article references.

External links[edit]

  • Link to the WWF scientific report, plus any other relevant links.

Article assessment[edit]

Article assessments help project members prioritise improvements to articles related to ecoregions. Project members should assess articles according to the importance and quality scales given at Wikipedia:WikiProject Ecoregions/Assessment, and then record the results using the {{WikiProject Ecoregions}} project template on the article talk page. E.g.

{{WikiProject Ecoregions|class=C|importance=mid}}

After assessing an article, you may want to place it on your watchlist for a while, and reassess the article if you see major improvements. New articles often take a few days or weeks before they stabilize, and may improve considerably during this period.


  • This WikiProject was proposed by Earth, itself, fed up by itchy humans on its surface.
  • Right. Earth ability is limited to do the job herself. And it fits very well in my biodiversity focus, so I'll help a bit User:anthere
  • Curious about how Earth proposed this. Though I recognize that she is fed up, which I suppose is enough. I will help. Sunray 17:26, 2004 Jan 15 (UTC)
  • Tom Radulovich
  • Ombudsman 22:19, 28 April 2006 (UTC)
  • User:Paleorthid - Soil scientist, working on WikiProject Soil. Project tast #5 is to work in support of this project.
  • User:1brettsnyder - I have created several ecoregion articles and will continue to do so, as well as improve any and all ecoregion articles I find lacking.
  • User:Every-leaf-that-trembles (2018) - writing WWF ecoregion articles, also filling out the WikiData items
  • JarrahTree (2019) - adding for the processes interconnected with biota in Oceania


  • Lots of work to do here, so i reckon I'm in. Oh BTW, see m:Ecoregion DTD on meta. Quinobi 20:55, 14 Jun 2005 (UTC)
  • -- bcasterlinetalk 04:37, 1 June 2006 (UTC) despite obvious inactivity. Articles on biogeography (still) badly need some sort of standardization.
  • Miguel.v will work on ecoregion articles as I look them up and find them lacking.
  • User:Kaarel - I am a biologist interested (among other things) in biogeography and improving the Wikipedia articles.
  • User:Bengrin85 I'd be glad to help in any way I can, but I'm no expert 02:00, 25 July 2008 (UTC)
  • User:Forstbirdo - forest engineer, translation of ecoregion articles into Esperanto.
  • Farjad0322 (talk|contribs) (31 August 2010) - I have joined this project so that I could learn more about deserts and xeric shrublands, woodlands, badlands, whatever. I am a coordinator of WP:Desert. I also created Ecoregions of Pakistan.
  • User:Gulivar - Interested in improving articles relating to ecoregions.
  • User:Cleveland13 - Interested in improving ecoregion articles for a college project.

Related Wikiprojects[edit]

See also[edit]

WikiProject Ecoregions : another way to see the World

Links to French-language Wikipedia[edit]

External watchlist[edit]