Wikipedia:WikiProject Library of Congress Country Studies/Albania

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Country study[edit]

   *  Albania
   * Foreword
   * Acknowledgements
   * Preface
   * Table A. Chronology of Important Events
   * Country Profile
         o Country
         o Geography
         o Society
         o Economy
         o Transportation and Telecommunications
         o Politics and Government
         o National Security 
   * Introduction 
   * Chapter 1 - Historical Setting (Charles Sudetic)
         o The Ancient Illyrians
         o The Barbarian Invasions and the Middle Ages
         o The Albanian Lands Under Ottoman Domination, 1385-1876
               + The Ottoman Conquest of Albania
               + Albanians under Ottoman Rule
               + Local Albanian Leaders in the Early Nineteenth Century 
         o National Awakening and the Birth of Albania, 1876-1918
               + The Rise of Albanian Nationalism
               + The Balkan Wars and Creation of Independent Albania
               + World War I and Its Effects on Albania 
         o Interwar Albania, 1918-41
               + Albania's Reemergence after World War I
               + Social and Economic Conditions after World War I
               + Government and Politics
               + Italian Penetration
               + Zog's Kingdom
               + Italian Occupation 
         o World War II and the Rise of Communism, 1941-44
               + The Communist and Nationalist Resistance
               + The Communist Takeover of Albania 
         o Communist Albania
               + Consolidation of Power and Initial Reforms
               + Albanian-Yugoslav Tensions
               + Deteriorating Relations with the West
               + Albania and the Soviet Union
               + Albania and China
               + The Cultural and Ideological Revolution
               + The Break with China and Self-Reliance 
   * Chapter 2 - The Society and its Environment (Walter R. Iwaskiw)
         o Physical Environment
               + National Boundaries
               + Topography
               + Drainage
               + Climate 
         o The Albanian People
               + Population
               + Ethnicity
                     # Gegs and Tosks
                     # Greeks and Other Minorities
                     # Albanians in Kosovo 
               + Languages and Dialects
               + Settlement Patterns 
         o Social System
               + Traditional Social Patterns and Values
               + Social Structure under Communist Rule 
         o Religion
               + Before 1944
               + Hoxha's Antireligious Campaign
               + The Revival of Religion 
         o Education
               + PreCommunist Era
               + Education under Communist Rule 
         o Health and Welfare
               + Medical Care and Nutrition
               + Housing
               + Social Insurance 
   * Chapter 3 - The Economy (Charles Sudetic)
         o Economic Policy and Performance
               + The Precommunist Albanian Economy
               + Imposition of the Stalinist System
               + Dependence on Yugoslavia, 1945-48
               + Dependence on the Soviet Union, 1948-60
               + Dependence on China, 1961-78
               + Isolation and Autarky 
         o Economic System
               + Governmental Bodies and Control
               + Ownership and Private Property
               + Enterprises and Firms
               + Finance and Banking
               + Currency and Monetary Policy
               + Government Revenues and Expenditures
               + Savings 
         o WORK FORCE AND STANDARD OF LIVING
               + Prices and Wages
               + Domestic Consumption
               + Standard of Living
               + Population and Work Force
               + Women in the Work Force
               + Trade Unions 
         o Agriculture
               + The Land
               + Land Distribution and Agricultural Organization
               + Structure and Marketing of Agricultural Output
               + Livestock and Pasturelands
               + Mechanization
               + Fertilizers, Pesticides, and Seeds
               + Forests
               + Fisheries 
         o Industry
               + Energy and Natural Resources
               + Manufacturing
                     # Chemicals
                     # Engineering
                     # Light Industry
                     # Food Processing 
               + Construction
               + Environmental Problems 
         o Transportation and Telecommunications
               + Road Transportation
               + Railroads
               + Air Transportation
               + Water Transportation
               + Telecommunications 
         o Retail Trade, Services and Tourism
               + Retail Trade and Services
               + Black Market
               + Tourism 
         o Foreign Economic Relations
               + Foreign Trade Organization
               + Foreign Trade Balance and Balance of Payments
               + Trade Partners
               + Commodity Pattern of Trade
               + Activities of Foreign Companies in Albania
               + Foreign Assistance 
         o Prospects for Reform 
   * Chapter 4 - Government and Politics (Amy Knight)
         o Origins of the Political System
               + Albania after World War II
               + The Hoxha Regime
               + Alia Takes Over 
         o Albania's Communist Party
         o The Government Apparatus
               + People's Assembly
               + Council of Ministers and People's Councils
               + Courts 
         o Mass Organizations
               + Democratic Front
               + Union of Albanian Working Youth
               + Union of Albanian Women
               + United Trade Unions of Albania 
         o Mass Media
         o Reform Politics
               + Initial Stages
               + Human Rights
               + Further Moves Toward Democracy
               + Multiparty System
               + The Coalition Government of 1991 
         o Foreign Policy
               + Shifting Alliances
               + Changes in the 1980s
               + Alia's Pragmatism
               + Albania Seeks New Allies 
   * Chapter 5 - National Security (Karl Wheeler Soper)
         o Development of The Armed Forces
               + From Independence to World War II
               + World War II
               + Postwar Development 
         o Evolution of National Security Policy
         o Defense Organization
               + Political Control
               + People's Army
                     # Ground Forces
                     # Air and Air Defense Forces
                     # Naval Forces 
               + Military Manpower
                     # Conscript Training
                     # Paramilitary Training
                     # Military Schools 
               + Military Budget and the Economy 
         o Internal Security
               + Domestic Repression under Hoxha and Alia
                     # Penal Code
                     # Penal System 
               + Security Forces
                     # Directorate of State Security
                     # Frontier Guards
                     # People's Police
                     # Auxiliary Police 
   * Appendix. Tables
   * Bibliography
   * Glossary 

Country profile[edit]

None.

Other PD docs[edit]