Wikipedia:WikiProject Medicine/Translation task force/RTT/Simple Pterygium (conjunctiva)
|Pterygium growing onto the cornea|
|Symptoms||Pinkish, triangular tissue growth on the cornea|
|Risk factors||UV light, dust, genetics|
|Differential diagnosis||Pinguecula, tumor, Terrien's marginal degeneration|
|Treatment||None, eye lubricant, surgery|
|Frequency||1% to 33%|
A pterygium is a pinkish, triangular tissue growth on the cornea of the eye. It typically starts on the cornea near the nose. It may slowly grow but rarely grows so large that the pupil is covered. Often both eyes are involved.
The cause is unclear. It appears to be partly related to long term exposure to UV light and dust. Genetic factors also appear to be involved. It is a benign growth. Other conditions that can look similar include a pinguecula, tumor, or Terrien's marginal corneal degeneration.
Prevention may include wearing sunglasses and a hat if in an area with strong sunlight. Among those with the condition, an eye lubricant can help with symptoms. Surgical removal is typically only recommended if the ability to see is affected. Following surgery a pterygium may recur in around half of cases.
The frequency of the condition varies from 1% to 33% in various regions of the world. It occurs more commonly among males than females and in people who live closer to the equator. The condition becomes more common with age. The condition has been described since at least 1000 BC.
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