Wikipedia:WikiProject Medicine/Translation task force/RTT/Simple Strep throat
|A culture positive case of streptococcal pharyngitis with typical tonsillar exudate in a 16 year old.|
|Classification and external resources|
Streptococcal pharyngitis or strep throat is a type of throat infection caused by the bacteria group A streptococcus. It affects the throat including the tonsils and possibly the voice box. Common symptoms include fever, sore throat, and enlarged lymph nodes. It is the cause of 37% of sore throats among children and 5-15% in adults.
Strep throat is a contagious infection, spread through close contact with an infected individual. A definitive diagnosis is made based on the results of a throat culture. However, this is not always needed as treatment may be decided based on symptoms. In highly likely or confirmed cases, antibiotics, such as penicillin are useful to both prevent complications and speed recovery. Complications of untreated strep throat may include rheumatic fever.
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- Shulman, ST; Bisno, AL; Clegg, HW; Gerber, MA; Kaplan, EL; Lee, G; Martin, JM; Van Beneden, C (Sep 9, 2012). "Clinical Practice Guideline for the Diagnosis and Management of Group A Streptococcal Pharyngitis: 2012 Update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America". Clinical infectious diseases. 55 (10): e86–102. PMID 22965026. doi:10.1093/cid/cis629.
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