Wikipedia:WikiProject Medicine/Translation task force/RTT/Simple Strep throat

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Streptococcal pharyngitis
A set of large tonsils in the back of the throat covered in white exudate
A culture positive case of streptococcal pharyngitis with typical tonsillar exudate in a 16 year old.
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 J02.0
ICD-9-CM 034.0
DiseasesDB 12507
MedlinePlus 000639
eMedicine med/1811

Streptococcal pharyngitis or strep throat is a type of throat infection caused by the bacteria group A streptococcus. It affects the throat including the tonsils and possibly the voice box. Common symptoms include fever, sore throat, and enlarged lymph nodes. It is the cause of 37% of sore throats among children[1] and 5-15% in adults.[2]

Strep throat is a contagious infection, spread through close contact with an infected individual. A definitive diagnosis is made based on the results of a throat culture. However, this is not always needed as treatment may be decided based on symptoms. In highly likely or confirmed cases, antibiotics, such as penicillin are useful to both prevent complications and speed recovery.[3] Complications of untreated strep throat may include rheumatic fever.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shaikh N, Leonard E, Martin JM (September 2010). "Prevalence of streptococcal pharyngitis and streptococcal carriage in children: a meta-analysis". Pediatrics. 126 (3): e557–64. PMID 20696723. doi:10.1542/peds.2009-2648. 
  2. ^ Shulman, ST; Bisno, AL; Clegg, HW; Gerber, MA; Kaplan, EL; Lee, G; Martin, JM; Van Beneden, C (Sep 9, 2012). "Clinical Practice Guideline for the Diagnosis and Management of Group A Streptococcal Pharyngitis: 2012 Update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America". Clinical infectious diseases. 55 (10): e86–102. PMID 22965026. doi:10.1093/cid/cis629. 
  3. ^ Choby BA (March 2009). "Diagnosis and treatment of streptococcal pharyngitis". Am Fam Physician. 79 (5): 383–90. PMID 19275067.