Wikipedia:WikiProject Missing encyclopedic articles/DNB Epitome 16

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This listing page belongs to Wikipedia:WikiProject Dictionary of National Biography, spun out of the “missing article” project, and is concerned with checking whether Wikipedia has articles for all those listed in the Dictionary of National Biography (DNB), a 63-volume British biographical dictionary published 1885-1900 and now in the public domain. This page relates to volume 16 running from name Drant to name Edridge.

Scope of the subproject

It is envisaged that the following work will be done:

  • Checks made that links on this page point to a wikipedia article about the same person;
  • Addition of new articles for all red-links based on DNB text;
  • Checking whether blue-linked articles would benefit from additional text from DNB.

Listings are posted as bulleted lists, with footnotes taken from the DNB summaries published in 1904. The listings and notes are taken from scanned text that is often corrupt and in need of correction. Not all the entries on the list correspond to actual DNB articles; some are “redirects” and there are a few articles devoted to families rather than individuals.

If you are engaged in this work you will probably find quite a number of unreferenced articles among the blue links. You are also encouraged to mention the DNB as a reference on such articles whenever they correspond to the summary, as part of the broader campaign for good sourcing. A suggested template is {{DNB}}.

Locating the full text

DNB text is now available on Wikisource for all first edition articles, on the page s:Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Vol 16 Drant - Edridge. Names here are not inverted, as they are in the original: Joe Bloggs would be found at Wikisource s:Bloggs, Joe (DNB00). The text for the first supplement is available too: NB that this Epitome listing includes those supplement articles also.

List maintenance and protocols

List maintenance tasks are to check and manipulate links in the list with piping or descriptive parenthetical disambiguators, and to mark list entries with templates to denote their status; whilst as far as possible retaining the original DNB names:

  • piping: [[Charles Abbot]] -> [[Charles Abbot, 1st Baron Colchester|Charles Abbot]]
  • descriptive parenthetical disambiguators [[Charles Abbot]] -> [[Charles Abbot (botanist)]]
  • both combined [[Charles Abbot]] -> [[Charles Abbot (botanist)|Charles Abbot]]

The work involves:

  • Checking that bluelinks link to the correct person; if so, {{tick}} them. If not, try to find the correct article and pipe or disambiguate the link.
  • Check whether redlinks can be linked to an article by piping or disambiguation.
  • Create articles based on the DNB text for redlinks for which no wikipedia article can be found
  • Check whether existing blue-linked articles could benefit from an input of DNB text (e.g. the article is a stub), and if so, update the article from DNB

A number of templates are provided to mark-up entries:

  • {{mnl}} the link runs to a wrong person; - produces the text: [link currently leads to a wrong person]. It is preferable to amend the link by adding a disambiguator to make it red, if an article for the correct person cannot be found
  • {{dn}} the link runs to a dab page - produces the text [disambiguation needed]. It is preferable to amend the link by adding a disambiguator to make it red, if an article for the correct person cannot be found
  • {{tick}} the link has been checked and runs to the correct person - YesY
  • {{tick}} {{tick}} the text of the linked article has been checked against DNB text and would not benefit from additional DNB text - YesY YesY
  • {{tick}} {{cross}} the text of the linked article looks short enough to suggest it would benefit from additional DNB text - YesY N

Note that before creating new articles based on DNB text you should undertake searches to check that the article's subject does not already have an article. It is easily possible that the disambiguation used in this page is not the disambiguation used in an existing wikipedia article. Equally, feel free to improve upon the disambiguation used in redlinks on this page by amending them.

Supplement articles

Because of the provenance of the listing, a number of the original articles will not in fact be in the announced volume, but in one of the three supplement volumes published in 1901. Since the DNB did not include articles about living people, this will be the case whenever the date of death is after the publication date of the attributed volume. In due course there will be a separate listing.

General thoughts

This project is intended as a new generation in “merging encyclopedias”, as well as being one of the most ambitious attempted. For general ideas of where we are, and some justification of the approach being taken, see the essay Wikipedia:Merging encyclopedias.







  1. ^ Augusta Theodosia Drane (1823–1894), historian and poet; brought up in established church, but joined Roman catholics, 1860; postulant, 1852, in Dominican convent, Clifton (removed to Stone, 1853): pronounced vows, 1866; prioress, 1872-81; mother provincial of order, 1881-94: published numerous historical, biograplrcul, and poetical works, chiefly of a religious tendency.
  2. ^ Thomas Drant (d.1578?), divine and poet; B.A. and fellow, St. John's College, Cambridge, 1561; M.A., 1564; domestic chaplain to Archbishop Grindal: B.D., 1569; prebendary of St. Paul's, 1569; prebendary of Chichester, 1571; archdeacon of Lewes, 1570-8; translated Horace's epistles, satires, and Ars Poetica into English verse, 1667; published Sylva, a collection of Latin poems, c. 1576; advocated the use of classical metres in English verse.
  3. ^ Jan Drapentier (ft. 1674–1713), engraver: native of Dordrecht: engraved portraits for London booksellers and views for Chauncy's Hertfordshire; engraver to the mint.
  4. ^ Edward Alured Draper (1776–1841), colonel; cousin of Sir William Draper: educated at Eton: page of honour to George III; lieutenant and captain, 3rd foot guards, 1796; brevet-major and military secretary to Lieutenant-general Grinfield, 1802, bringing home despatches after capture of St. Lucia, 1803; executive official in Mauritius, taking the popular side in opposing the home government's nomination ot a Mr. Jeremie as procureur-general, 1832; recalled: subsequently colonial treasurer of Mauritius.
  5. ^ Mrs Eliza Draper (1744–1778). friend of Laurence Sterne; born at Aujeugo in India: daughter of May Sclater: married at Bombay Daniel Draper, H.E.I.C.S. (17257-1805); met on a visit to London, 1766-7, Sterne, who addressed to her amorous letters and a Journal to Eliza: returned, 1767, to India, where she lived unhappily with her husband, and ran away from him, finally settling in England; eulogised by Abbe Raynal and James Forbes in Oriental Memoirs; died at Bristol and buried in cathedral cloisters there.
  6. ^ John William Draper (1811–1882), chemist; studied at the London and Pennsylvania universities: M.D. Pennsylvania, 1836; professor of chemistry and physiology, Hampden Sidney College, Virginia, 1836, and at New York, 1839; LL.D.; first to produce daguerreotype portraits, 1839: president of the New York University, 1850-73; brought outScientific Memoirs, hciiiLr Experimental Contributions to a Knowledge of Radiant. Energy 1878; devoted special study to ultra-violet rays of spectrum; published historical works.
  7. ^ Sir William Draper (1721–1787), lieutenantgeneral; educated at Eton and King's College, Cambridge; fellow of King's College; M.A., 1749; ensign in Lord Henry Beauclerk's regiment, 1744: adjutant, 1st foot guards, 1746: lieutenant and captain, 1749; commanded the 79th regiment, raised by himself, at the siege of Fort St. George, 1758-9; colonel, 1762; captured Manilla, 1762, ransoming it for 1,000,000. in bills on Madrid, which was never paid; colonel, 16th foot, 1765: K.B., 1766; defended the Marquis of Grauby against Junius 1769; lieutenant-general, 1777; lieutenant-governor of Minorca, 1779-82; preferred unfounded charges of misconduct against Lieutenant-general Hon. James Murray, who had suspended him, 1782; reprimanded by a general court-martial, 1783.
  8. ^ Thomas Draxe (d. 1618), divine; B.D. Christ's College, Cambridge; vicar of Dovercourt-cum-Harwich, 1601; author of Treasurie of Ancient Adagies and Sententious Proverbes, 1633, and other works.
  9. ^ Anthony Draycot (d. 1571), divine; principal of White Hall and Pirye Hall, Oxford; doctor of canon law, 1522; rector of Draycot; prebendary of Lincoln, 1539, of Lichfield, 1566; chancellor of Lincoln, Coventry, and Lichfield; stripped of all his preferments except Draycot, 1559.
  10. ^ Michael Drayton (1563–1631), poet; at one time probably page to Sir Henry Goodere of Powlesworth; published Idea. The Shepheards Garland. Fashioned in nine Eglogs 1593: published three historical poems, Piers Gaveston 1593, Matilda (Fitz water), 1594, and The Tragicall Legend of Robert, Duke of Normandie 1596; composed in rhymed heroics Endymion and Phoebe c. 1594: published Ideas Mirrovr, a series of sonnets in honour of a lady otherwise unknown, 1594; republished his Mortimeriados as The Barrens Wars 1603; collaborated in dramatic work with Henry Chettle , Thomas Dekker, and John Webster (1580?-1625 ?): possibly employed by Queen Elizabeth on a diplomatic mission to Scotland; published The Owle, a satire, 1604; produced, e. 1605, Toemes Lyrick ami Pastorall containing the famous Ballad of Agincourt; published ( 1 (07)The Legt;nd ir.-at romwell included in the 1610 edition of Mirour for Magistrates; finished Poly-Olbion, a long poetic topography of England, 1622; published Nimphidia and other poems, 1627; friend of Shakespeare; highly esteemed by Drummond of Hawthornden.
  11. ^ Nicholas de Drayton (fl. 1376), ecclesiastic and judge: warden of King's College, Cambridge, 13C3; imprisoned for heresy, 1369: exchequer baron, 1376.
  12. ^ Cornelis Drebbel (1672–1634), philosopher and scientific inventor; born at Alkmaar; invented machine for producing perpetual motion, which he presented to his patron, James I; visited the court of Kudolph II; imprisoned on the capture of Prague by the elector palatine, 1620: released at James I's intercession; sent in charge of fireships on the Kochelle expedition, 1G27; credited with invention of telescope, microscope, and thermometer; author of a Dutch work on the Nature of the Elements 1608.
  13. ^ Lord Dreghorn (1734–1796). See John Maclaurin.
  14. ^ Peter Drelincourt (1644–1722), dean of Armagh: son of a Huguenot minister: M.A. Trinity College, Dublin, 1681: LL.D., 1691; archdeacon of Leighlin, 1683: dean of Armagh, 1691-1722.
  15. ^ William Drennan (1754–1820), Irish poet; M.A. Glasgow, 1771; M.D. Edinburgh, 1778; formulated original prospectus of the Society of United Irishmen, 1791; chairman, 1792 and 1793; tried for sedition, and acquitted, 1794; writer of patriotic lyrics; first Irish poet to call Ireland the Emerald Isle
  16. ^ Edward Drew (1542?–1598), recorder of London ; scholar, Exeter College, Oxford; admitted Inner Temple, 1560; serjeant-at-law, 1689; M.P. for Lyme Regis, 1584, for Exeter, 1586 and 1588; recorder (1592-4) and M.P. for London, 1592; queen's Serjeant, 1596.
  17. ^ Frederick Drew (1836–1891), geologist ; studied at Royal School of Mines; joined geological survey, 1855; entered service of maharajah of Kashmir, 1862, and became governor of province of Ladakh; F.Q.S., 1858; science master at Eton, 1875-91; published geographical and geological writings.
  18. ^ George Smith Drew (1819–1880), Hulsean lecturer; B.A. St. John's College, Cambridge, 1843; M.A., 1847; vicar of Holy Trinity, Lambeth, 1873-80; Hulseau lecturer (1877) onThe Human Life of Christ revealing the order of the Universe 1878.
  19. ^ John Drew (1809–1857), astronomer ; schoolmaster at Southampton, c. 1847: part founder of the Meteorological Society, 1860; doctor in philosophy, Bale. His works includeChronological Charts illustrative of Ancient History and Geography 1835, and a Manual of Astronomy 1845.
  20. ^ Samuel Drew (1765–1833), metaphysician; of humble origin; Wesleyan preacher, 1788: published Remarks upon Paines " Age of Reason," 1799; styled theCornish metaphysician" on the publication of an 'Essay on the Immateriality and Immortality of the Soul 1802; superintendent from 1819 of the Caxton press, first at Liverpool and then in London.
  21. ^ Rawlins Dring (fl. 1688), physician ; fellow and M.A. Wadham College, Oxford, 1682; medical practitioner at Sberborne; endeavoured to disprove invariability of configurations assumed by crystallising salts,
  22. ^ John Drinkwater (1762–1844). See John Drinkwater Bethune.
  23. ^ John Droeshout (1596–1652), engraver; brother of Martin Droeshout; engraved a set of plates for De Souza's Lusitauia Liberata
  24. ^ Martin Droeshout (fl. 1620–1651), engraver; born in London, of Flemish parentage; engraved portrait of Shakespeare prefixed to First Folio, 1623.
  25. ^ Drogheda, first Marquis and sixth Earl of (1730-1822). See Charles Moore.
  26. ^ Viscounts Drogheda . See MOORE, SIR GARRET, first VISCOUNT, 1560?-1627; MOORE, SIR CHARLES, second Visrorxr, 1603-1643.
  27. ^ John de Drokensford (d. 1329), bishop of Bath ami Wells; accompanied Edward I against the Scots, 1291, 1296, and probably also in 1304; rector of Droxford, Hampshire, and prebendary of Southwell, Lichfield, Lincoln, and Wells; chancellor of the exchequer, 1307; bishop of Bath and Wells. 1309-29: petitioned for ap, poiutment of oniainers, 1310; regent, 1313; took oath to support Queen Isabella and her eon Edward III, 1327.
  28. ^ Thomas Dromgoole (1750?–1826?), Roman catholic agitator; native of Ireland; M.D. Edinburgh; I settled as a physician in Dublin: denounced in 1813 all i compromise in struggle for Catholic Emancipation, thereby delaying its grant by parliament; died at Rome.
  29. ^ Francis Drope (1629?-1671), arboriculturist; demy of Magdalen College, Oxford, 1645; ejected, 1648; M.A., 1660; fellow, 1662; B.D., 1667: prebendary of Lincoln, 1670; his Short and Sure Guide in the Practice of Raising and Ordering of Fruit-trees published, 1672.
  30. ^ John Drope (1626–1670), physician and poet; brother of Francis Drope: demy of Magdalen College, Oxford, 1642; fought for Charles I in the garrison of Oxford; fellow, 1647; master at John Fetiplace's school, Dorchester, c. 1654; M.A., 1660; physician at Borough, Lincolnshire; published poems.
  31. ^ John Drout (fl. 1570), poet; attorney, of Thavies Inn; issued, 1570, a poetic tale from the Italian.
  32. ^ Thomas Drue (fl. 1631), author of 'The Life of the Dvtches of Svffolke', an historical play, 1631.
  33. ^ The Druid (pseudonym) (1822–1870). See Henry Hall Dixon.
  34. ^ Robert Druitt (1814–1883), medical writer; F.R.C.S., 1845; F.R.C.P., 1874; M.D. Lambeth; editor of the Medical Times and Gazette 1862-72; president of the Metropolitan Association of Medical Officers of Health, 1864-72; published The Surgeon's Vade-Mecum 1839, and other writings.
  35. ^ Lord Drumcairn, Earl of Melrose (1563–1637). See Sir Thomas Hamilton.
  36. ^ Alexander Drummond (d. 1769), published 'Travels through.... Germany, Italy, Greece, and parts of Asia 1754; consul at Aleppo, 1754-6.
  37. ^ Annabella Drummond (1350?–1402), queen of Robert III of Scotland; daughter of Sir John Drummond of Stobhall; married John Stewart of Kyle (afterwards Robert III), 1367: crowned queen, 1390; proposed a marriage between a relation of Richard II and one of the royal children of Scotland, 1394. David Stewart, duke of Rothesay, her son, was murdered, while regent, shortly after her death.
  38. ^ Edward Drummond (1792–1843), civil servant: private secretary to the Ear 1, of Ripon, Canning, Wellington, and Sir Robert Peel; shot, in mistake for Peel, by one Macnaghten.
  39. ^ George Drummond (1687–1766), six times lord provost of Edinburgh; said to have calculated financial details for the union, 1705; accountant-general of excise, 1707-15; raised a company of volunteers for service against the Earl of Mar, 1715; member of council, Edinburgh, 1715; lord provost, 1725, 1746, 1760-1. 1754-5, 1758-9, and 1762-3: established a medical faculty and five professorships in Edinburgh University: joined Sir John Cope, 1745; organised schemes for improvement of Edinburgh.
  40. ^ Sir Gordon Drummond (1772–1854), general; lieutenant, 41st regiment, 1791; lieutenant-colonel, 8th regiment, 1794; distinguished himself at Nimegueu; colonel, 1798; fought at the capture of Alexandria and Cairo, 1801: major-general, 1805; commanded division in Jamaica, 1805; lieutenant-general, 1811; defeated Americans at Niagara, 1814; general, 1825; G.C.B., 1837.
  41. ^ Henry Drummond (1786–1860), politician; studied at Harrow and Christ Church, Oxford: M.I, Plympton Earls, 1810; carried an act against embezzlement by bankers of securities entrusted to their safekeeping, 1812: settled near Geneva, and continued Haldane's movement against Soeini;mism in the venerable L-ompanv and the consistory; founded professorship of political economy at Oxford. 1825; joint-founder of the Irvingite church; M.P., West Surrey, 1847-60.
  42. ^ Henry Drummond (1851–1897), theological writer; educated at Edinburgh University; studk-d divinity at New College, Edinburgh; joined, 1873, evangelical movement initiated by Dwight L. Moody and IraD. Sankey; lecturer in natural science at the Free Church College, Glasgow, 1877: published Natural Law in the Spiritual World 1883: made scientific exploration of Lake Nyasa and Tanganyika district for African Lakes Corporation, 1883-4, and publishedTropical Africa 1888; proftssor of theology in New Church, 1884; ordained in College Free Church, 1884; supported studentsmission in Edinburgh and Glasgow, and made tour of American and Australian colleges: published 4 Ascent of Man 1894.
  43. ^ James Drummond , first Baron Maderty (1540?-1623), commmendator of Inchaffray; lord of the bedchamber to James VI, 1585; made depositions concerning the so-called Gowrie plot, 1600.
  44. ^ James Drummond , fourth Earl and first titular Duke of Perth (1648–1716) ; educated at St. Andrews ; supported Laudenlale's policy of giving up the disaffected western shires of Scotland to highland raids, 1677; member of Lauderdale's Scottish privy council, 1678; subsequently joined Hamilton's faction; partner with William Penn in the settlement of East New Jersey, 1681; justicegeneral, 1682; extraordinary lord of session, 1682: lord chancellor, 1684; introduced use of thumb-screw; converted to Roman Catholicism; K.T., 1687; imprisoned in Stirling Castle, 1689; released on a bond to leave the kingdom, 1693: created K.G. by the exiled James IT; ereated Duke of Perth by James II's will; died at St. Germain.
  45. ^ James Drummond , fifth Earl, and second titular Duke of Perth (1675–1720), eldest son of James Drummond, fourth earl; studied at Paris; imprisoned as a Jacobite, 1708; commanded rebel cavalry at Sheriff muir, 1715; attainted; attended James Edward, the Old Pretender, on the continent; died at Paris,
  46. ^ James Drummond, sixth Earl and third titular Duke of Perth (1713–1747), eldest sou of James Drurnmond, fifth earl; educated at Douay: styled himself Duke of Perth in spite of his father's attainder; eluded government attempt to arrest him, 1745; surprised camp of Lord London, a royalist leader, 1746; commanded the Young Pretender's left wing at Culloden, 1746.
  47. ^ James Drummond (1784?–1863), botanical collector; elder brother of Thomas Drummond (d, 1835) ; associate of Linnean Society, 1810; made up sets of the indigenous vegetation of Western Australia for sale: died in Western Australia.
  48. ^ James Drummond (1816–1877), subject and history painter; academician, Royal Scottish Academy, 1852; curator of the National Gallery, 1868; painted scenes from later Scottish history.
  49. ^ James Lawson Drummond (1783–1853), professor of anatomy; brother of William Hamilton Drummond; navy surgeon in Mediterranean. 1807-13; M.D. Edinburgh, 1814; first professor of anatomy at the Academical Institution, Belfast, 1818-49; published botanical and anatomical works.
  50. ^ John Drummond , first Baron Drummond (d. 1519), statesman; commissioned to negotiate a marriage between James, prince of Scotland, and Annede la Pole, 1484; created Baron Drummond, 1488; privy councillor, 1488; justiciary of Scotland, 1488; routed the rebel forces under the so-called Earl of Lennox, 1489; imprisoned by Albany (1515), really for opposing his election as regent, nominally for striking Lyon king-at-arms; forfeited, but soon reconciled to Albany (1516), whom he supported against Henry VIII and the queen-dowager Margaret,
  51. ^ John Drummond , first Earl and titular Duke of Melfort (1649-1714), lieutenant-general and master of ordnance, 1680: secretary of state for Scotland, 1684; created Earl of Melfort, 1686; converted to Roman catho j licisin: together with his brother James, fourth Karl of Perth, practically ruled Scotland: advocated a wholesale seizure of iufiuential whigs, 1688; attended James 11 for a time in Ireland; Jacobite envoy to Rome: made K.G. at St. Germain, 1691; attainted, 1695; wrote to his brother, then at St. Germain, a letter from Paris, which was intercepted in London, ascribing to LOUIS XIV the intention of restoring James II, 1701; suspected of treachery to Jacobite interests, and sent to Angers; died at Paris.
  52. ^ John Drummond, fourth Duke of Perth (d. 1747), brother of James, sixth earl of Perth; educated at Douay; raised the Royal Scots regiment, and was sent from France to join Prince Charles Edward, 1745; called on six thousand Dutch soldiers to withdraw, as having previously capitulated in Flanders; mainly contributed to the Jacobite victory at Falkirk, 1746; fought at Culloden, 1746; died before Bergen-op-Zoom.
  53. ^ Margaret Drummond (1472?–1501), mistress of James IV of Scotland; daughter of John, first baron Drummond; poisoned, together with her two sisters, one of them being wife of Lord Fleming, 1501. The triple murder has been sometimes attributed to Lord Fleming.
  54. ^ Peter Robert Drummond (1802–1879), biographer; bookseller at Dundee; farmer, and collector of pictures and engravings: chief works, Perthshire in Bygone Days 1879, andThe Life of Robert Nicoll, poet (published 1884).
  55. ^ Robert Hay Drummond (1711–1776), archbishop of York; educated at Westminster, where Queen Caroline remarked him, and at Christ Church, Oxford; M.A., 1735; royal chaplain, 1736; took the additional surname of Drummond, 1739; attended George II on his German campaign, 1743; D.D., 1745; bishop of St. Asapb, 1748-61; successfully defended Bishop Johnson of Gloucester and two other friends on a charge of Jacobitisin, 1753; bishop of Salisbury, 1761; archbishop of York, 1761-76; made additions to the archiepiscopal palace.
  56. ^ Samuel Drummond (1765–1844), portrait and historical painter; exhibited at the Royal Academy after 1791; A R.A., 1808; curator of the Royal Academy painting school.
  57. ^ Thomas Drummond (d. 1835), botanical collector; brother of James Drummond (1784 ?-1863); assistant-naturalist in Sir John Franklin's second (1825) land expedition; made a botanical tour in Texas, sending collections of plants to England; died at Havana.
  58. ^ Thomas Drummond (1797–1840), engineer and administrator; studied at Edinburgh University; entered the royal engineers, 1815; introduced Drummond limelight; improved heliostat; head of the boundary commission in connection with the great Reform Bill; undersecretary at Dublin Castle, 1835-40; organised the Dublin police and appointed stipendiaries to control the local I magistrates: told the landlords that property had its duties as well as its rights; supported by O'Connell; his i administration vindicated by a commission of inquiry, ! 1839.
  59. ^ William Drummond, of Hawthornden (1585–1649), poet; related to the royal family of Scotland through Aunabella Drummond; M.A. Edinburgh, 1606; attended law lectures at Bourges and Paris, 1607 and 1608; laird of Hawthornden, 1610; lamented Prince Henry in Tears on the Death of Meliades 1613: friend and correspondent of (Sir) William Alexander of Menstrie and of Michael Drayton, and an acquaintance of Ben Jonsou; issued * Flowers of Zion (religious verse), andThe Cypresse Grove a prose meditation on death, J 1623; patented sixteen mechanical inventions, comprising weapons and scientific instruments, 1627; drew up a genealogy of the Drummoud family, and sent Charles I a manuscript tractate, in which he rebutted the claim of William Graham, seventh earl of Menteith, to the earldom of Struthearu, 1632; wrote History of Scotland (first printed 1656); wroteIrenein the interest of concord during the Scottish political of 1(338: protested against the solemn league and covenant in Remoras for the National League between Scotland and England 1643; wrote in favour of negotiation with Charles 1, 1646; his death ascribed to grief for Charles I's execution. The first collected edition of his poems issued in 1656. As a sonnetteer Drummond was much influenced by Guarini. He invented the metre employed in Milton's Hymn of the Nativity
  60. ^ William Drummond, first Viscount of Strathallan (1617?-1688), royalist general; studied at St. Andrews; commanded royalist brigade at battle of Worcester, and was taken prisoner, 1651; escaped and entered the Russian service, becoming lieutenant-general of the strangers and governor of Smoleusko; majorgeneral of the forces in Scotland, with seat on the council, 1666; popularly supposed to have introduced the thumbscrew; urged the necessity of a standing army upon Charles II, 1667; knighted, c. 1680; represented Perthshire in Scottish parliament, 1669-74, 1678, 1681-2, and 1685-6; lieutenant-general of the forces in Scotland, and treasury lord, 1685: created Viscount Strathallau and Baron Drummond of Cromlix, 1686; disapproved James Il's proposal of exclusive toleration for Romanists, 1686.
  61. ^ William Drummond , fourth Viscount of Strathallan (1690–1746), Jacobite ; taken prisoner at Sheriff muir, 1715; released by the act of grace, 1717; killed while commanding under the Young Pretender at Cullodeu, 1746.
  62. ^ Sir William Drummond (1770?–1828), scholar and diplomatist; M.P., St. Mawes, 1795, Lostwithiel, 1796 and 1801: F.R.S., 1799; D.O.L. Oxford, 1810; privy councillor, 1801; minister plenipotentiary to Naples, 1801 and 1806; ambassador to the Porte, 1803-6; his chief works, Origines 1824-9. and Oidipus Judaicus which explained Old Testament stories as astronomical allegories, 1811.,
  63. ^ William Abernethy Drummond (1719?-1809), bishop of Edinburgh; of the Abernethy family at Salton; M.D.; episcopalian minister at Edinburgh; assumed his father-Lu-law's surname of Drummond, 1760; bishop of Brechin, 1787; bishop of Edinburgh, 1787-1805; urged episcopalians to submit to Hanoverian dynasty after Prince Charles Edward's death, 1788.
  64. ^ William Hamilton Drummond (1778–1865), poet and controversialist; educated at the Belfast Academy and Glasgow College; ordained by the Antrim presbytery to Second Belfast, 1800; D.D. Marischal College, Aberdeen, 1810; colleague to James Armstrong at Strand Street, Dublin, 1815; defended unitarianism in his 4 Doctrine of the Trinity 1827, and wrote an enthusiastic life of Servetus, 1848; published poems and (1862) Ancient Irish Minstrelsy.
  65. ^ John Hay Drummond-Hay (1816-1893), diplomatist; educated at Charterhouse; attache at Con stantinople, 1840; consul-general at Morocco, 1845, charge d'affaires, 1847-60, minister resident, 1860-72, and minister plenipotentiary, 1872-86: K.C.B., 1862; G.C.M.G., 1884; privy councillor, 1886; published Western Barbary and
  66. ^ Hew Dalrymple, Lord Drummore (1690-1765). See Hew Dalrymple.
  67. ^ Sir Dru Drury, or DRue (1631?–1617), courtier ; brother of Sir William Drury; gentleman-usher of the privy chamber to Elizabeth and James I; knighted, 1579; joint-warder of Mary Queen of Scots at Fotheringay, 1586.
  68. ^ Dru Drury (1725–1803), naturalist ; silversmith in the Strand; entomological collector; F.L.S.: correspondent of Linnaeus, Kirby, and Fabricius; wrote on natural history and entomology and published Thoughts on the Precious Metals 1801.
  69. ^ Henry Drury (1812–1863), archdeacon of Wilts : educated at Harrow and Oaius College, Cambridge: Browne medallist, 1833 and 1835: M.A., 1840; classical lecturer at Caius, 1838-9: prebendary of Salisbury, 1865: chaplain to the House of Commons, 1867; archdeacon of Wilts, 1862-3; projected and published Arundines Cami 1841.
  70. ^ Henry Joseph Thomas Drury (1778–1841), scholar; son of Joseph Drury; educated at Eton and King's College, Cambridge; fellow of Kind's; M.A., 1804; master of Harrow lower school; edited for Harrow selections from the classic*.
  71. ^ Joseph Drury (1750–1834), head-master of Harrow; scholar of Westminster, 1765; elected to Trinity College, Cambridge, 1 768; assistant-master at Harrow, 1769; head-master, 1785-1805; D.D., 1789: helped to establish Edmund Keau, at Drury Lane Theatre; prebendary of Wells. 1812; repeatedly mentioned as a great schoolmaster by his pupil Byron.
  72. ^ Sir Robert Drury (d. 1536), speaker of the House of Commons; educated at Cambridge; barrister-at-law of Lincoln's Inn; governor, 1488-9, 1492-3, and 1497; knight of the shire for Suffolk; speaker, 1495; took part in attempts to conciliate the Scottish borderers, 1510-13; knight for the body, 1516; commissioner for collection of loan for French war, 1524; member of legal committee of privy council.
  73. ^ Robert Drury (1567–1607), Roman catholic divine; educated at Douay; ordained priest at Philip Il's College, Valladolid; missioner in London, 1593; subscribed protestation of allegiance, 1603; executed for remaining in England contrary to 27 Eliz.
  74. ^ Robert Drury (1587–1623), Jesuit; son of William Drury (rf. 1589); studied in London, and at Douay, St. Omer, and Posua; rector of the college at St. Omer, 1620; missioner in England; Jesuit professed of the four vows, 1622; lost his life at the Fatal Vespers when the floor of a room in the French ambassador's residence at Blacktriars collapsed, 1623.
  75. ^ Robert Drury (fl.1729), traveller; forced to laud in Androy, Madagascar, on his return from Bengal, the ship being disabled; escaped from the massacre of his comrades, and subsequently from slavery; captured by the Sakalavas; ransomed by his father; made a subsequent voyage to Madagascar as a slave trader; published a narrative of his travels, 1729.
  76. ^ Sir William Drury (1527–1579), marshal of Berwick, and lord-justice to the council in Ireland; educated at Gonville Hall, Cambridge; took part in sieges of Boulogne and Montreuil, 1544; assisted in suppressing Devonshire rising, 1549; declared for Queen Mary, 1553, but, being a protestant, retired into private life; marshal and deputy-governor of Berwick, 1664-76; with Earl of Sussex raided Scotland, 1570; knighted, 1570; commissioned to negotiate a peace in the interest of James Vl's party in Scotland, 1571 and 1572; narrowly escaped assassination on several occasions; reduced Edinburgh Castle, 1573; president of Munster, 1576-8; suppressed the practice of coyne and livery; lord-justice, 1578.
  77. ^ William Drury (d. 1589), civilian; LL.B., Trinity Hall, Cambridge, 1553; regius professor of civil law; LL.D., 1560; advocate at Doctors' Commons; consulted by Elizabeth on points of international law raised by the intrigues of the Bishop of Ross on behalf of Mary Stuart, 1571; master of the prerogative court of Canterbury, 1577; master in chancery, 1585.
  78. ^ William Drury (fl. 1641), Latin dramatist ; imprisoned as a Roman catholic, but released through intercession of the Spanish ambassador, c. 1616; taught poetry and rhetoric at the English College, Douay, 1618; author of two Latin tragi-couiedies 'Mora' a Latin farce.
  79. ^ Sir Richard Dry (1815–1869), Tasmaniau statesman; born at Elphin, Tasmania; nominated to the old council (1844) by Lieuteuant-Govemor Sir John Eardley Wilmot; opponent of Wilmot's financial schemes, and one of the patriotic six: member for Launceston in new legislative council, 1851; speaker of new legislative council, 1851-5; procured abolition of transportation, 1853; knighted, 1858; colonial secretary and premier, 1866-9.
  80. ^ Jonas Dryander (1748–1810), botanist: native of Sweden, and graduate of Lund; original fellow and librarian of the Royal Society; vice-president of the Linnean Society; compiled a valuable Catalogus Bibliothecae Historico-Naturalis Josephi Banks, Baronetti 1790-1800.
  81. ^ Charles Dryden (1666–1704), chamberlain to Pope Innocent XII: eldest son of John Dryden (1631-1700); educated at Westminster and Trinity College, Oxford: translated Juvenal's seventh satire for bis father's version, 1692: his horoscope calculated by his father; drowned in the Thames.
  82. ^ Sir Erasmus Henry Dryden (1669–1710), third son of John Dryden (1631-1700); scholar at the Charterhouse; studied at Douay; sub-prior of the convent of Holy Cross, Bornheim, 1697-1700; missioner in Northamptonshire; baronet by succession, 1710.
  83. ^ John Dryden (1631–1700), poet ; scholar of Westminter and Trinity College, Cambridge: B.A., 1654; clerk to his cousin, Sir Gilbert Pickering, Cromwell's chamberlain: bewailed Cromwell's death in Heroic Stanzas 1658; published *Astnea Redux 1660, and a 'Panegyric* in honour of the Restoration, 16(51: M.R.S., 1662: failed in his first play, The Wild Gallant 1663; brought out the * Rival Ladies," 1663, and the Indian Emperor 1665; wrote Annus Mirabilis in 1666 or 1667, and published an Essay on Dramatic Poesy defending the use of rhyme in tragedy, 1668; M.A. Lambeth, 1668; poet laureate and historiographer, 1670; wrote about fourteen plays between 1668 and 1681; produced Amboyna a tragedy designed to exasperate England against the Dutch, 1673, andThe Spanish Friar an attack on the papists, 1681; wrote Tyrannic Love and Almanzor and Almahide 1669 and 1670; produced France; temporarily assisted (Sir) Nicholas Dorigny Aurengzebe his last rhymed tragedy, 1675; planned an engraving the cartoons of Raphael at Hampton Court, epic poem; produced All for Love his finest play, 1678; adapted Shakespeare'sTempest and (1679) Troilus and Cressida; his rhyming tragedies ridiculed in the Rehearsal 1671; involved in a literary controversy with Elkanah Settle, 1673; assaulted, probably at the instigation of John Wilmot, second earl of Rochester, 1679; satirised Shaftesbury in Absalom and Achitophel 1681: published The Medal a satire on the ignoramus of the grand jury at Shaftesbury's trial, 1682; lampooned his detractor, Shadwell, in Mac Flecknoe 1682; revised the whole of the second part of Absalom and Achitophel 1682; defended Anglicanism in his poem Religio Laici 1682; collector of customs in the port of London, 1683; panegyrised Charles II in Albion and Albaniusand King Arthur two operas, 1685; converted to Roman Catholicism, 1686: employed by James II to answer Stillingfleet; published The Hind and the Panther 1687; deprived of the laureateship, 1689; finished his career as a playwright withLove Triumphant a tragi -comedy, 1694; translated Juvenal and Persius, 1693; published a translation of Virgil which pleased the public, but was sharply criticised by Swift and Bentley, 1697; wrote Alexander's Feast for a London musical society, 1697; publishedFables, Ancient and Modern 1700.
  84. ^ John Dryden (1668–1701), writer: second son of John Dryden (1631-1700); educated at Westminster and University College, Oxford: died at Rome; translated Juvenal's fourteenth satire for his father's version, and wrote one mediocre comedy.
  85. ^ John Drysdale (1718–1788), Scottish divine; entered Edinburgh University, 1732; presented to Lady Yester's Church, Edinburgh, 1762; D.D. Marischal College, Aberdeen, 1765: minister of the Tron Church, Edinburgh, 1767; royal chaplain; principal clerk of the general assembly, 1785; friend of Adam Smith
  86. ^ Matthew Duane (1707–1785), coin collector, antiquary, and conveyancer: F.R.S. and F.S.A.; published Explication de quelques Medailles Pheuiciennes du i Cabinet de M. Duane 1774.
  87. ^ Dubhdalethe (rf. 1064), primate (comharb) of , Armagh, 1049; made war on the abbot of Clonard, 1055: wrote Annals of Ireland adopting chronology of the Christian era.
  88. ^ Charles Dubois (d. 1740), treasurer to the East India Company: cultivated exotics at Mitcham, Surrey; contributed observations to the third edition of Ray's 'Synopsis 1724.
  89. ^ Lady Dorothea Du Bois (1728-1774), authoress; daughter of Richard Annesley, sixth earl of Anglesey , who repudiated his marriage and disinherited his children, 1740; married Du Bois, a French musician 1752; exposed her father's heartlessness in Poems by a Lady of Quality 1764; published Theodora(novel), 1770, and The Lady's Polite Secretary 1772.
  90. ^ Edward Du Bois (1622–1699?), painter; brother of Simon Du Bois; studied antiques in Italy, and executed some works for Charles Emmanuel, duke of Savoy; painted landscapes and historical subjects.
  91. ^ Edward Du Bois (1774-1860), wit and man of letters; barrister, Inner Temple, 1809; conducted the European Magazine and edited the Lady's Magazine and the Monthly Mirror: friend of Sir Philip Francis; assistant judge in the court of requests; treasurer and secretary of the Metropolitan Lunacy Commission, 1833-46. His works include tales, verses, and a satire on Sir John Carr's travels, entitled My Pocket-book 1807, which Jed Carr to bring against him a lawsuit which failed, 1808.
  92. ^ Simon Du Bois (d. 1708), painter; of Dutch or Flemish origin; took to painting cattle pictures after a course of instruction from Wouvermans; sold many of his pictures as the works of the great masters; came to England as a portrait-painter, 1686: befriended by Lord Chancellor Somers. Among his sitters were Archbishop Tenison and William Bentinck, first earl of- Portland.
  93. ^ Edward Du Bois (1682-1 745?), engraver 3; born in Legion 1696. Raphael at Hampton 1712: engraved plates illustrative of the battles of Marlborough and Prince Eugene, 1714-17.
  94. ^ Isaac Dubourdieu (1597?-1692?), French protestant minister at Montpellier; minister of the Savoy Chapel, London: publishedA Discourse of Obedience unto Kings and Magistrates 1684.
  95. ^ Jean Dubourdieu (1642?–1720), French protestant minister; son of Isaac Dubourdieu; pastor at Montpellier; argued with Bossuet on mariolatry, 1682; Duke of Schomberg's chaplain at the battle of the Boyne, 1690; chaplain to his son, Duke Charles, at Marsiglia, 1693: pastor of the French church in the Savoy: published An Historical Dissertation upon the Thebean Legion,' 1696.
  96. ^ Jean Armand Dubourdieu (d. 1726), controversialist; son or nephew of Jean Dubourdieu; pastor of the Savoy French church; rector of Sawtrey Moynes, 1701; cited before the bishop of London for lampooning Louis XIV, 1713; published pamphlets and sermons.
  97. ^ George Dubourg (1799–1832), author of 'The Violin, being an account of that leading Instrument and its most eminent Professors 1836; grandson of Matthew Dubourg.
  98. ^ Matthew Dubourg (1703–1767), violinist; played a solo at the Lincoln's Inn Fields Theatre, 1715: master of the viceroy of Ireland's band, 1728-67: played at Handel's Oratorio concerts at Co vent Garden, 1741 and 1742; on one occasion loudly applauded by Handel; master of George IPs band, 1752.
  99. ^ Dubricius (in Welsh Dyfrig), Saint (d. 612), ss: twelfth century Lectiones de vita Sancti Dubricii describe him as founder of a university at Henllan on the Wye, and grandson of Pebiau, a British king. Geoffrey of Monmouth fabulously state? that he crowned Arthur king of Britain and was archbishop of Caerleon.
  100. ^ Dubthach Maccu Lugir (5th cent,), chief poet and brehon of Laogaire, king of Ireland; baptised by St. Patrick; author of three poems on Leinster history preserved in theBook of Leinsterand a poem in the Book of Rights one of the nine who drew up theSon cli us Mor code (completed A.I). 441).
  101. ^ Andrew Coltee Ducarel (1713–1785), civilian and antiquary; born in Normandy: scholar at Eton and gentleman commoner. St. John's College, Oxford: D.C.L., 1742; member of the College of Advocate?, 1743; commissary and official of the city and diocese of Canterbury. 1758; F.S.A., 1737; F.R.S., 1762: keeper of the Lambeth library from 1757 until his death: arranged the archives office (1763) and augmentation office; made frequent antiquarian tours. Among his printed works isA Tour through Normandy ITS I. He left in MS.Tcstaim-nta LumbethuiKi (1312-1636)
  102. ^ James Duchal (1697-1761). Irish presbytrrian divine; M.A. (tlasirow ll--: Imdor of the non-subscribing presbyterians in Antrim, 17:10; D.D. Glasgow, :v; renowned as a liberal thinker and sermon-writer.
  103. ^ Ducie, second Earl of (1802–1853). See Henry John Reynolds-Morton.
  104. ^ Sir Arthur Duck (1580–1648), civilian: B.A. Exeter College, Oxford, 1599; M.A. Hart Hall, 1602; fellow of All Souls 1604; LL.D., 1612; advocate at Doctors' Commons, 1614; M.P.. Minehead, 1624 and 1640; chancellor of the diocese of London, c. 1628; chancellor of Bath and Wells. 1635; pleaded an ecclesiastical case on behalf of Laud, 1633; master in chancery, 1645: published a Latin Life of Chichely 1617. A book by him on Roman civil law appeared 1653.
  105. ^ Sir John Duck, first baronet (d. 1691), mayor of Durham; mayor, 16HO: created baronet. 1686; his prosperity said to have been prognosticated by a raven dropping a gold Jacobus at his feet.
  106. ^ Nicholas Duck (1570–1628), lawyer; entered Exeter College, Oxford, 1584; barrister of Lincoln's Inn; governor of the Inn, 1615-28; recorder of Exeter, 1618.
  107. ^ Stephen Duck (1705–1756), poet; agricultural labourer in Wiltshire: made yeoman of the guard by Queen Caroline. 1733: published Poems on Several Occasions 1736; rector of Byfleet, 1752: wrote, in imitation of Denham, Caesar's Camp on St. George's Hill 1755; drowned himself in a fit of dejection.
  108. ^ Robert Duckenfield (1619–1689), colonel in the parliamentarian army; defeated at Stockport bridge, 1644; governor of Chester, 1650; reduced the Isle of Man. when governor designate, 1651; M.P., Cheshire, 1653; assisted in suppressing Sir George Booth's Cheshire Rising 1659; imprisoned, 1665-c. 1667.
  109. ^ Andrew Ducket (d. 1484). See Doket.
  110. ^ George Duckett (d. 1732), author; M.P., Calne, 1705, 1708, and 1722; commissioner of excise, 1722-32: issued, perhaps in conjunction with Sir Thomas Burnet (1694-1753), Homerides, an unfavourable criticism of Pope's Hind 1715; published A Summary of all the Religious Houses in England and Wales (anonymous), 1717.
  111. ^ James Duckett (d. 1601), bookseller : hanged for having Roman catholic books in his possession.
  112. ^ John Duckett (1613–1644), Roman catholic priest: educated at the English college, Douay; misBioner in Durham; executed by the parliamentarians.
  113. ^ William Duckett (1768–1841), United Irishman; contributor to the revolutionary Northern Star; outlawed by the Irish parliament; settled in Paris (1796), where he was regarded with unfounded suspicion by Wolfe Tone: professor at the resuscitated college Sainte Barbe, Paris, c. 1803; issued a Nouvelle Grammaire Anglaise 1828.
  114. ^ Sir John Thomas Duckworth, first baronet (1748-1817), admiral: left Eton, and served as a volunteer at the battles of Lagos Bay and Quiberon Bay, 1759; lieutenant, 1771; flag-captain to Rear-admiral Sir Joshua Rowley in Jamaica, 1780; officially mentioned by Howe after action off Usbant, 1794; rear-admiral of the white, 1799; took possession of St. Bartholomew, St. Thomas, and other Swedish and Danish possessions in West Indies, 1801; K.B., 1801: commander-in-chief at Jamaica, 18031805; acquitted by court-martial of the charge of usintr the frigate Acasta as a private merchantman, 1806; completely defeated French squadron off San Domineo. 1806; sent to dictate conditions at Constantinople, but prevented by local circumstances from approaching within eight mile? of the city, 1K07: governor and commanderin-chief of Newfoundland, 1810-13; admiral, 1810; created baronet, 1813.
  115. ^ Richard Duckworth (d. 1695), author of works on campanology; M.A. New Inn Hall, Oxford, 1653; B.D. and fellow of Brasenoee; rector of Steeple Aston, Oxfordshire, 1679; principal of St. Alhan Hall, 1692.
  116. ^ Andrew Ducrow (1793–1842), equestrian performer; son of a Flemish strong man: chief equestrian at Astley's, 1808: pantomimist at the Royal Circus, St. George'ri Fields, 1813; travelled professionally through Francf and Flmiders; pnxluoed spectacles at Drury Lane, 1833; patronised by William IV.
  117. ^ William Dudgeon (fl. 1765), philosophical writer.
  118. ^ William Dudgeon (1753?-1813), poet and farmer: author of The Maid that tends the Goats and other songs; commended by Robert Burns.
  119. ^ Viscounts Dudhope . See STRYNHU'OUH, JOHN, d. 1643; SCKYMOKOUR. JAMKS, second VISCOUNT, rf. 1044; SCRYMOKOUR, JOHN, third VISCOUNT, d. 1668.
  120. ^ Dudley, first Earl of (1781–1833). See Ward, William John.
  121. ^ Alice Dudley, Duchess Dudley (d. 1669), wife of Sir Robert Dudley (1573-1649): deserted by her husband, 1605; created Duchess Dudley in her own right, 1645.
  122. ^ Ambrose Dudley, Earl of Warwick (1528?–1590), third son of John Dudley, duke of Northumberland ; knighted, 1549: convicted of treason for supporting his sister-in-law. Lady Jane Grey, but pardoned, 1554; assisted Spaniards at siege of St. Quentin, 1557: master of the ordnance, 1660; succeeded his father as Earl of Warwick, 1561: sent to help the protestants of Havre, 1562: expelled the inhabitants of Havre, his life being threatened: besieged in Havre, Prince Cond6 having come to terms with the catholics, 1563; capitulated, 1563; M.A. Cambridge, 1564; D.C.L. Oxford, 1666; privy councillor, 1573: lieutenant of the order of the Garter, 1575: took part in the trial of Mary Queen of Scots, who appealed to his sense of justice, 1586.
  123. ^ Lady Amye Dudley (1532?–1560), nee Robsart : married Robert Dudley, afterwards earl of Leicester, 1550; found dead at the foot of a staircase in Cumnor Hall, Oxfordshire, where she was residing; her death probably due to suicide, though laid by common report to Leicester's charge.
  124. ^ Sir Andrew Dudley (d. 1559). adherent of Lady Jane Grey: son of Edmund Dudley; admiral of the northern seas, 1547; knighted, 1547; keeper of the palace of Westminster and captain of Guisnes; K.G., 1653: condemned for supporting Lady Jane Grey, but set at liberty, 1555.
  125. ^ Dud Dudley (1599–1684), ironmaster : summoned from Balliol College, Oxford, to superintend his father's ironworks at Pensnet, Worcestershire, 1619: first to use pit-coal successfully in smelting iron ore: patentee, 1619 and 1639: colonel under Charles I: general of the ordnance to Prince Maurice; condemned, but not executed, 1648; published Metallum Martis 1665.
  126. ^ Edmund Dudley (1462?–1510), statesman and lawyer; student at Oxford, 1478; studied law at Gray's Inn; privy councillor, 1485?; under-sheriff of London, 1497; associated Sir Richard Empson with himself in work of rearranging taxes and feudal dues under Henry VII; speaker in the House of Commons, 1504; ; suspected of corruption: argued for absolute monarchy in his Tree of Commonwealth (privately printed, 1859); I executed on a charge of constructive treason, 1510, inconsequence of his having bidden his friends arm themselves i in the event of Henry VII's death.
  127. ^ Edward Dudley , fourth Baron Dudley (d. 1586); served in Ireland (1536) and Scotland (1546); knighted, 1563; lieutenant of Hampnes, Picardy, 1556-8; entertained Queen Elizabeth at Dudley Castle, 1576.
  128. ^ Lord Guildford Dudley (d. 1554), husband of : Lady Jane Grey: fourth son of John Dudley, duke of j Northumberland; married to Lady Jane Grey in I accordance with the self-aggrandising policy of Northumberland, 1553: beheaded, 1654.
  129. ^ Lord Henry Dudley (1531?–1557), fourth son of John Dudley, duke of Northumberland; arrested for complicity in his father's conspiracy, 1553, but pardoned, 1654; killed at battle of St. Queutin.
  130. ^ Sir Henry Dudley (rf. 1565?), conspirator ; son of John (Sutton) de Dudley, sixth baron Dudley: captain of guards at Boulogne, 1547; captain of the guard, 1550; captain of Guisnes, 1551; knighted, 1551; vice-admiral of the Narrow Seas, 1652; devised plot to rob exchequer, marry Princess Elizabeth to Courtt-nuy, and depose Philip and Mary, 1556; proclaimed traitor iu England, but received by French king, Henry II, and continued intrigues in France; probably returned to England before 1564, and died c. 1565.
  131. ^ Sir Henry Bate Dudley , first baronet (1745–1824), journalist; curate of Hendon, c. 1773; editor of the Morning Post; started theMorning Herald 1780; nicknamed the Fighting Parson; imprisoned, 1781, for libel on Duke of Richmond; bought the advowson of Brad well- juxta-Mare, Essex, 1781, but, in consequence of charges of simony, was never instituted: chancellor of Ferns, 1805; created baronet, 1813; prebendary of Ely, 1817; author of a satire, comic operas, and dramatic adaptations.
  132. ^ Howard Dudley (1820–1864), wood engraver; wrote, printed, and engraved description of part of Sussex and Hants, 1835, and a similar work, 1836.
  133. ^ Lady Jane Dudley, (1537–1554), commonly called Lady Jane Grey, daughter of Henry Grey, duke of Suffolk; Greek scholar and humanist; married to Lord Guildford Dudley, in pursuance of plot for altering succession from Tudor to Dudley family, 1553; proclaimed queen, 1553; her short and unsought sovereignty ruined on the dispersion of the troops under her father-in-law, Northumberland, 1553; executed, after Wyatt's rebellion, 1554.
  134. ^ John (Sutton) de Dudley, sixth Baron Dudley (1401?-1487), statesman; regularly summoned to parliament from 1440 to 1487; viceroy of Ireland, 1428-30; employed on various diplomatic missions; K.G., 1451; taken prisoner by the Yorkists at the battle of St. Albnns, 1455; received into favour by Edward IV.
  135. ^ John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland (1502?-1553), son of Edmund Dudley; knighted by the Duke of Suffolk in France, 1523; deputy-governor of Calais, 1638; warden of the Scottish marches, 1542; created Viscount Lisle; great admiral, 1542-7; privy councillor and K.G., 1543; led the assault on Boulogne, 1544; governor of Boulogne, 1544-6; joint-regent, acquiescing in Somerset's sole protectorate, 1547: created Karl of Warwick, and high chamberlain of England, 1647; defeated the Scots at Pinkie, 1547, and Ket's followers at Dussindale, 1549: created earl marshal and Duke of Northumberland, 1551; procured the execution of Somerset, 1552; chancellor of Cambridge University, 1552; obtained from Edward VI letters patentfor the limitation of the crown and, with the same object of altering the succession, married his son. Lord Guildford Dudley, to Lady Jane Grey, 1553; executed for resisting actively the succession of Mary to the throne, 1553; avowed himself a Roman catholic upon the scaffold.
  136. ^ John Dudley, Lord Lisle and Earl of Warwick (d. 1554), son of John Dudley, duke of Northumberland; master of the horse to Edward VI, 1552; condemned to death as a supporter of Lady Jane Grey, but pardoned, 1554.
  137. ^ John Dudley (1762–1856), miscellaneous writer ; second wrangler, Clare College, Cambridge, 1785; fellow, 1787; tutor and M.A., 1788; vicar of Sileby, 1795-1856; chief works, Naology 1846, and The An ti- Materialist 1849.
  138. ^ Lettice Dudley, Countess of Leicester (1541?-1634), eldest daughter of Sir Francis Knollys; married as her first husband Walter Devereux, first earl of Essex; married as hor second husband Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester, 1578.
  139. ^ Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester (1532?-1588), Queen Elizabeth's favourite; fifth son of John Dudley, duke of Northumberland; knighted in Edward VI's reign: married Amye Robsart, 1560 see DUDLEY, AMYE, LADY: M.P., Norfolk, 1553; proclaimed his sister-in-law, Lady Jane, at King's Lynn, 1553; pardoned by Queen Mary for supporting Lady Jane, 1554; master of the ordnance before St. Quentin, 1557: K.f}. and I privy councillor, 1559; favourite of Queen Elizabeth, who, to encourage him, affected to disdain the suit of the Archduke Charles, 1660; supposed by some, including the author of Leicester's Commonwealth (printed 1584), to have brought about the murder of his wife Amye, 1660; attempted, with the queen's consent, to obtain Spanish support for his projected marriage with Elizabeth at the price of acknowledging the papal supremacy, 1561; displeased Elizabeth by his presumptuous behaviour, 1563; high steward of Cambridge University, 1562; created Baron Denbigh and Earl of Leicester, 1564; his efforts for the hand of Elizabeth opposed by Cecil and the nobility; chancellor of Oxford University, 1564; induced by his dislike of Cecil to abet the rebellion of the northern earls, 1569: secretly married Lady Sheffield, 1573, whose husband he was said to have poisoned; entertained the queen with masques at Kenilworth, 1575; took part in Drake's expedition, 1577; married Lettice Knollys, countess of Essex, 1578; charged by Elizabeth with being in league with the Prince of Orange, an imputation which he admitted, 1581; suggested association for the protection of the queen's person, 1584; commanded expedition to assist United Provinces against Spain, 1585, and was chosen absolute governor, 1586; allowed by Elizabeth, after some insincere manifestations of displeasure, to remain in the post; carried on an indecisive campaign against the Spaniards; finally recalled, 1587; diedof a continual fever or, according to some authorities, of poison, 1588. Roger Ascham credits him with literary taste. He showed interest in the drama.
  140. ^ Sir Robert Dudley , styled Duke of Northumberland and Earl of Warwick (1573–1649), naval commander and inventor; son of Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester; entered Christ Church, Oxford, 1587; explored Guiana, 1594; knighted by Essex at Cadiz, 1596; repudiated his marriage with Alice Leigh, 1605, and settled at Florence with one Elizabeth Southwell; refused to return and answer a charge of having assumed the title of Earl of Warwick, 1607; suggested the building of a new class of warships, called Gallizabras, for the English navy, 1612; created Earl of Warwick, and Duke of Northumberland in the Holy Roman Empire, 1620; drained the morass between Pisa and the sea; died at Villa Castello, the gift of Cosmo II, duke of Tuscany. Chief work, DellArcano del Mare dealing with naval architecture, navigation, and kindred subjects, published 1646 and 1647.
  141. ^ Thomas Dudley (fl. 1670–1680), engraver; executed etchings representing the life of Aesop, 1678, and portraits of John IV and Peter II of Portugal.
  142. ^ William Dudley (rf. 1483), bishop of Durham ; son of John (Sutton) de Dudley, sixth baron: M.A. University College, Oxford, 1457; prebendary of St. Paul's, 1468-73; dean of Windsor, 1473; prebendary of Wells, 1476; bishop of Durham, 1476; chancellor of Oxford University, 1483.
  143. ^ William Duesbury (1725–1786), china manufacturer; learnt the art of making china figures from Andrew Planche, a French refugee; founded the Derby ceramic industry.
  144. ^ William Duesbury (1763-1796), china manufacturer; son of William Duesbury (1725-1786); proprietor of the Duesbury China Works, Derby.
  145. ^ Duff (Dubh, the Black) (d. 967), king of Celtic Alban (Scotland): killed at Forres, fighting against the usurper Colin. There is a legend that the sun did not shine till his body was found and buried.
  146. ^ Alexander Duff (1806–1878), missionary; studied at St. Andrews: opened mission school at Calcutta, 1830; encouraged by Lord William Cavendish Bentinck i governor-general: wrote against Lord Auckland's policy of making a compromise betweenOrientalist* and European education for India, 1839; chairman of the general assembly of the Free church, 1861; D.D. Aberdeen: LL.D. New York, 1864; condemned Canning's policy inThe Indian Mutiny: its Causes and Result 1868; assisted in framing the constitution of Calcutta University; founded missionary chair in New College, Edinburgh; first missionary professor: published pamphlets ou the church of Scotland aud higher education iu India.
  147. ^ Andrew Ualliday Duff (1830–1877). See Halliday.
  148. ^ James Duff, second Earl of Fife (1729-1809), M.P. for Banff, 1754, 1761, 1768, 1774, and 1780, for Elgin county, 1784; created Baron Fife, 1790; lord-lieutenant of county Banff; did much for the improvement of agriculture and cattle-breeding.
  149. ^ Sir James Duff (1752–1839), general: lieutenant and captuin, grenadier guards, 1775; knighted, 1779; major-general, 1794; received command of Limerick ill trict, 1797; kept Limerick quiet during insurrection of 1798; general, 1809.
  150. ^ James Duff , fourth Earl of Fife (1776–1857), Spanish general: volunteered to help the Spaniards against Napoleon; fought at Talavera as major-general in the Spanish service, 1809; fourth Earl of Fife In Scottish peerage. 1811; M.P., Banffshire, 1818; created Baron Fife in British peerage and K.T., 1827.
  151. ^ James Grant Duff (1789–1858), historian; educated at Marischal College, Aberdeen; East India cadet, 1805; adjutant and Persian interpreter, Bombay grenadiers; assistant to Mountstuart Elphiustone, resident of Poona: served against the Peishwa Bajee Rao; resident of Sattara, 1818-22: published in Scotland a History of the Mahrattas 1826.
  152. ^ Robert Duff (d. 1787). vice-admiral ; when senior officer of a squadron on the south coast of Bretagne, drew the French into the main body of the English fleet, the battle of Quiberon Bay ensuing, 1759; commander-in-chief at Newfoundland, 1775-7; vice-admiral, 1778; co-operated at siege of Gibraltar, 1779.
  153. ^ Sir Robert William Duff , for some time styled Robert William Duff Abercromby (1835–1895), governor of New South Wales; entered navy, 1848, and was commander, 1865: liberal M.P. for Banffshire, 1861-93: junior lord of treasury and liberal whip, 1882-5; junior lord of admiralty, 1886; privy councillor, 1892; G.C.M.G. and governor of New South Wales, 1893-6.
  154. ^ William Duff (1732–1815), miscellaneous writer : M.A.; appointed to the ministry of various parishes by the Scottish presbytery; father of the synod; published 'An Essay on Original Genius 1767, and Rhedi, an oriental tale, 1773, and ethical writings.
  155. ^ Lady Lucie Duff-Gordon, or Lucy (1821–1869), author and translator; only child of John Austin (1790-1869); married Sir A. O. Duff -Gordon, bart., 1840; their house in London a rendezvous for English and foreign celebrities; lived in Egypt from 1862 and died at Cairo; translated Niebuhr'sAncient Greek Mythology (1839), Meinhold's Mary Schweidlet (1844). Ranke's Memoirs of the House of Brandenburg (1847), and Ferdinand I and Maximilian II (1863), and Moltke's Russians in Bulgaria (1854); edited Van Sybel's History of the Crusades(1861); published Letters from Egypt
  156. ^ Lady Dufferin (1807–1867). See Helen Selina Sheridan.
  157. ^ Thomas Duffet (fl. 1678), dramatist; travestied contemporary plays, including Dryden and D'Avenant's alteration of Shakespeare's Tempest 1675.
  158. ^ Alexander James Duffield (1821–1890), Spanish scholar; engaged as mining chemist in Bolivia and Peru: travelled widely in Spain and in various parts of the world; published a valuable translation of Don Quixote 1881, and other writings, including novels and works relating to his travels.
  159. ^ William Duffield (1816–1863). still-life painter; studied at the Royal Academy, and worked under Baron Wappers at Antwerp.
  160. ^ Edward Duffy (1840–1868), Fenian leader in Connaught; sentenced to fifteen years penal servitude, 1867.
  161. ^ Nicolas Gouïn Dufief (1776?–1834), French teacher; native of Nantes; served under Count d'Hector, 1792; emigrated to America, 1793; taught French in America and England; chief work, Nature displayed iu her Mode of teaching Language to Man Itflb.
  162. ^ Samuel Dugard (1645?-1697), divine : scholar of Trinity College, Oxford, 1662: fellow and M.A., 1667; rector of Forton; prebendary of Liohneld, 1097; ethical writings.
  163. ^ William Dugard (1606–1662), schoolmaster : M.A. Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, 1630; master of Stamford (1630), and Colchester grammar schools, 1637143; head- master of Merchant Taylors 1644-50: dismissed and imprisoned by council of state for printing Salmasius's Defensio regia pro Carolo priino 1650; reinstated by Bradshaw, 1650; dismissed by the governors, 1661; published works on Latin and Greek,
  164. ^ John Dugdale (1628–1700), herald ; son of Sir William Dugdale: Norroy herald, and knighted, 1686; wrote continuation of his father's autobiography first published in 1827.
  165. ^ Richard Dugdale (fl. 1697), Surey demoniac : enabled by his liability to hysterical fits to pose as a prophet.
  166. ^ Stephen Dugdale (1640? –1683), informer ; steward to Lord Aston at Tixall, Staffordshire, 1677; intimate with Romanist priests; speciously pretended knowledge of the Popish plot 1678; appeared airainst hia old associate, Stephen College, 1681.
  167. ^ Sir William Dugdale (1605–1686), Garter king-of-arms; employed by Sir Symon Archer, to collect material for a history of Warwickshire; Rouge Croix pursuivant, 1639; commissioned to prepare drawings of monuments and armorial bearings in Westminster Abbey, St. Paul's, and other churches, 1041; accompanied Charles I to Oxford; M.A., 1642: Chester herald. 1644: brought out the first volume of Monasticon Anglicanum conjointly with Roger Dodsworth, 1655 (second volume, 1661); issuedAntiquities of Warwickshire 1656; proclaimed Charles II at Coleshill, 1660: Norroy, 1660: produced a History of Imbanking and Drayuing of divers Fenns and Marshes 1662, and Originee Juridteiales, 1666; brought out the third volume of Monasticon 1673; theMonasticon admitted as circumstantial evidence in the courts at Westminster; Garter king-ofarms and knighted, 1677; published theBaronage of England 1676-6; correspondent of Sir Thomas Browne
  168. ^ Gabriel Dugres (. 1643), grammarian ; born at Saumur; Huguenot refugee, 1631; taught French at Cambridge, and subsequently at Oxford: best known by hisRegulae Pronunciandi 1652, and other works on French grammar.
  169. ^ Louis Du Guernier (1677-1716), engraver: born in Paris; member of the Great Queen Street academy: assisted Claude du Bosc in engraving Marlborough's battles, 1714.
  170. ^ Bartholomew Thomas Duhigg (1750?–1813), Irish legal antiquary; librarian to King's Inns, Dublin; assistant-barrister for co. Wexford: wrote on the insolvent laws and (1806-6) the history of Kind's Inns.
  171. ^ Patrick Duigenan (1735–1816), Irish politician; scholar of Trinity College, Dublin, 1756; M.A. and fellow, 1761-71; LL.D., 1765: called to Irish bar, 1767; king's counsel; king's advocate-general of the high court of admiralty of Dublin, 1785; vicar-general of Armagh, Meath, and Elphin; judge of the consistorial court of Dublin; M.P. for Old Leighlin in Irish House of Commons, 1790; privy councillor of Ireland: professor of civil law, Trinity College, Dublin; M.P. for the city of Armagh in the first united parliament, 1801; violently opposed catholic emancipation in Ireland.
  172. ^ Edward Duke (1779–1862), antiquary ; M.A. Magdalen Hall, Oxford, 1807; Wiltshire magistrate: .subsequently engaged in clerical work; fellow of the Linnean Society"; P.S.A.; maintained the existence of a vast planetarium on the Wiltshire downs in Druidical Temples of the County of Wilts 1846.
  173. ^ Richard Duke (158–1711), poet and divine.: educated at Westminster and Trinity College, Cambridge; M.A., 1682; fellow, 1683; prebendary of Gloucester, 1688; chaplain to Dr. Jonathan Trelawney, 1707, who (1710) grave him the living of Witney; queen's chaplain; fru-n I of Atterbury and Prior; published occasional poems, including a satiricalPanegyrick upon Gates and (1683) an Ode on the Marriage of Prince George of Denmark and the Lady Anne
  174. ^ Philip Dumaresq (1650?–1690), seigneur of Samares, Jersey; navy captain; jurat of the royal court, 1681: presented James II with a manuscript account of the Channel islands, 1685; friend and correspondent of John Evelyn.
  175. ^ George Louis Palmella Busson Du Maurier (1834–1896), artist in black and white and novelist; born in Paris, where he was educated; studied chemistry at University College, London, 1851; studied art under Gleyre in Paris, 1856-7, and under De Keyser and Van Lerius at Antwerp, 1857-60; worked at book illustrations in London, 1860; contributed occasional drawings to Punch 1860; joined regular staff of Punch 1864, as successor to John Leech, and beuwn literary contributions, in verse and prose, 1865; illustrated stories for Cornhill Magazine 1863-83. He published, in the first instance serially, in Harper's Magazine three novels, Peter Ibbetson (1891), Trilby (1894), and The Martian (posthumously, 1896), the first two of which recorded numerous incidents in his own life; Trilby was dramatised and produced at the Haymarket, London, 1895. His artistic work for Punch chiefly satirised middle-class society in the spirit of Thackeray.
  176. ^ Earl of Dumbarton (1636?–1692). See Lord George Douglas.
  177. ^ John of Dumbleton (fl. 1340), schoolman; of Dnmbleton. Gloucestershire; incumbent of Rotherfield Peppard, 1332-4; fellow of Queen's College, Oxford, 1341, also of Merton College; left manuscripts including 'Summa Logicae et Naturalis Philosophiae.
  178. ^ Sir David Dumbreck (1805–1876), army medical officer; licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeons, Edinburgh, 1825; M.D. Edinburgh, 1830; surgeon-major in the army, 1847-54; senior deputy inspector-general during the Russian war of 1854-5: inspector-general of the medical department, 1859-60; K.C.B., 1871.
  179. ^ Lord Dun (1670–1758). See David Erskine.
  180. ^ Sir Daniel Dun (d. 1617).
  181. ^ Finlay Dun (1795–1853), musician; educated at Edinburgh University; first viola player at the San Carlo Theatre, Naples; published solfeggi, 1829; edited collections of Scottish songs.
  182. ^ John Dun (1570?–1631). See Dunne.
  183. ^ Sir Patrick Dun (1642–1713), Irish physician ; probably studied at Aberdeen and on the continent; five times president, Dublin College of Physicians; M.D. Dublin; M.P. in Irish House of Commons for Killileagh, 1692, for Mulliugar, 1695 and 1703; obtained new charter for Dublin College of Physicians, 1692; knighted, 1696; physician-general to the army, 1705; left money to found professorship of physic in Dublin College of Physicians; his portrait painted by Kneller.
  184. ^ Dunan or Donat (1038–1074), first diocesan bishop of Dublin; an Easterling: founded Christ Church, Dublin, c. 1040.
  185. ^ Earl of Dunbar (d. 1611). See Sir George Home.
  186. ^ Dunbar, first Viscount (d. 1646). See Henry Constable.
  187. ^ Agnes Dunbar, Countess of Dunbar, called Black Agnes (1312?-1369), daughter of Sir Thomas Randolph, first earl of Moray q. v.; married Patrick, tenth earl of Dunbar; spiritedly defended Dunbar Castle against the English, 1338, when her husband rebelled against Edward III.
  188. ^ Columba Dunbar (1370?–1436), bishop of Moray: grandson of Patrick and Agnes, earl and countess of Dunbar; dean of St. Mary Magdalene, Bridgnorth, c. 1403; bishop of Moray, 1422; restored Elgin Cathedral.
  189. ^ Gavin Dunbar (1455?–1532), bishop of Aberdeen; dean of Moray, 1487; clerk register and privy councillor in Scotland, 1503; confirmed a league between Scotland and France, 1512; bishop of Aberdeen, 1518; imprisoned for his, adherence to the regent Albany by the queen-mother, 1524; released, on the remonstrance of Pope Clement VII, 1524; completed Bishop Elphinstone's bridge across the Dee, and improved St. Machar's Cathedral,
  190. ^ Gavin Dunbar (d. 1547), tutor of James V; nephew of Gavin Dunbar (1455V-1532); educated at Glasgow University; dean of Moray and tutor to James V; archbishop of Glasgow, 1525-47; solicited Pope Clement VII for exemption from the jurisdiction of the archbishop of St. Andrews; privy councillor, 1526; lord high chancellor, 1628-39; a lord of the regency, 1536; resigned the chancellorship to David Beaton, cardinal archbishop of St. Andrews, 1539.
  191. ^ George Dunbar (1774–1851), classical scholar; of humble origin; M.A. and professor of Greek, Edinburgh, 1807-51; edited Herodotus, 1806-7; endeavoured to derive Sanscrit from Greek, 1827; compiled Greek lexicon, with E. H. Barker, 1831.
  192. ^ James Dunbar (d. 1798), philosophical writer; regent at King's College, Aberdeen, 1766; LL.D.; wrote on primitive man, 1780.
  193. ^ Patrick Dunbar, tenth Earl of Dunbar and second Earl of March (1285-1369), sheltered Edward II after the battle of Bannockburn, 1314; put himself under Edward Ill's protection, 1333; renounced his allegiance to Edward III, 1334; fought against English at Durham, 1338; rebelled against David II, king of Scotland, 1363; surrendered his earldoms to his son George, 1368.
  194. ^ Robert Nugent Dunbar (d. 1866), poet ; wrote in verse of the West Indies, where he had resided.
  195. ^ William Dunbar (1465?–1530?), Scottish poet; possibly M.A. of St. Andrews; wrecked off Zealand while carrying out a diplomatic mission for James IV; for a time a Franciscan friar; pensioned, 1500; accompanied embassy to negotiate marriage between James IV and Margaret Tudor: wrote The Thrissill and the Rois his first great poem, hi 1503; produced a satire, entitled The Dance of the Sevin Deidly Synnis between 1503 and 1508, The Goldyn Targe (allegorical poem), and the Lament for the Makaris a magnificent elegy; described Queen Margaret's visit (1511) to the North of Scotland inThe Quenis Progress at Aberdeen; by some supposed to have fallen at Flodden (1513), by others to have written the Orisone after 1517.
  196. ^ Baron Dunboyne (d. 1800). See John Butler.
  197. ^ Duncan I (d. 1040), king of Scotland ; probably appointed king over the Strathclyde Welsh, c. 1018; his Cumbrian subjects harried by Eadulf, earl of the Northumbrians, 1038; made yearly progresses through Scotland to restrain oppression; defeated and slain, some say assassinated, by Maelbaethe or Macbeth, mormaer of Moray.
  198. ^ Duncan II (d. 1094), king of Scotland; eldest son of Malcolm Canmore; released from captivity in Normandy and knighted by Robert, William I's son, 1087; supported by the Normans against the usurpation of his uncle. Donald Bane, but compelled, when conqueror, to dismiss his allies; treacherously slain at Donald Bane's instipation.
  199. ^ Adam Duncan, Viscount Duncan (1731–1804), admiral; naval lieutenant, 1755; present at the blockade of Brest, 1769: commanded the Royal Exchange, a hired i vessel, employed hi petty convoy service, till it was put I out of commission, 1769-60; helped to reduce Belle Isle, i 1761, and Havana, 1762; eat on the court-martial on Keppel, with whom he showed much sympathy, and on i that on Sir Hugh Palliser, 1779; admiral, 1795; commander- in-chief in the North Sea, 1795-1801; prevented the mutiny of 1797 from extending to his flagship, the Venerable; defeated the Dutch admiral, Le Winter, off Camperdowu, 1797; created Baron Duncan of Lundie and Viscount Duncan of Camperdown, 1797.
  200. ^ Andrew Duncan, the elder(1744–1828), physician and professor, Edinburgh University; M.A. St. Andrews, . tiiiii-s pivMlrnt. of tin- Koyal Medical Sncu-ty; surgeon on board the East ludiaman, Asia, bound for Cli ina, 1708; M.D. St. Andrews, 1769; founder of the Koyal 1'ublic Dispensary, Edinburgh (incorporated, 1818); instituted Medical and Philosophical Commentaries a quarterly journal, 1773; president of the Edinburgh College of Physicians, 1790 and 1824; professor of physiology, Edinburgh, 1790-1821; obtained charter for erecting public lunatic asylum in Edinburgh, 1807; published 'Elements of Therapeutics 1770, and other works.
  201. ^ Andrew Duncan, the younger (1773–1832), physician and professor, Edinburgh University; son of Andrew Duncan the elder; M.A. Edinburgh, 1793; M.D., 1794; studied on the continent; F.C.P. of Edinburgh; first professor of medical jurisprudence and medical police at Edinburgh, 1807-19; joint-professor with his father of the institute of medicine (physiology), 1819; professor of materia medica, 1821-32; discovered the isolability of cinchonin; published medical works.
  202. ^ Daniel Duncan (1649–1735), physician; born at Montauban; M.D. Montpellier, 1673; physician-general to the army before St. Omer; assisted the French refugees; professor of physic at Berlin and physician to Frederick I of Prussia, 1702-3; settled in England (1714), where he refused all fees; published iatro-chemical works.
  203. ^ Edward Duncan (1804–1882), landscape-painter, etcher, and lithographer; exhibited at the Old Water Colour Society, 1859 and 1860.
  204. ^ Eleazar Duncan (d. 1660).
  205. ^ Francis Duncan (1836–1888), colonel; M.A. Marischal College, Aberdeen, 1855; obtained commission in royal artillery, 1855; served in Nova Scotia and Canada, 1857-62; captain, 1864; major, 1874; instructor in gunnery at the repository, Woolwich, 1877; chairman of committee of management of Oxford military college, 1877; lieutenant-colonel, 1881; commanded Egyptian artillery, 1883-5; colonel and C.B., 1885; conservative M.P. for Holborn division of Finsbury, 1885 and 1886; LL.D. Aberdeen; D.C.L. Durham.
  206. ^ Henry Duncan (1774–1846), founder of savings banks: studied for two sessions at St. Andrews; minister of Ruthwell, Dumfriesshire, 1798-1846; brought Indian com from Liverpool in a time of scarcity; instituted at Ruth well the first savings bank, 1810; D.D. St. Andrews, 1823; discovered the Ruthwell runic cross; pointed out the footmarks of quadrupeds on the new red sandstone of Corncockle Muir; moderator of the general assembly, 1839; published The Sacred Philosophy of the Seasons 1835-6, and other works.
  207. ^ James Matthews Duncan (1826–1890), physician; M.A. Marischal College, Aberdeen, 1843; M.D., 1846; assistant in Edinburgh to James Young Simpson , 1847; F.R.C.P. Edinburgh, 1851; lectured on midwifery; physician for diseases of women in Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, 1861; obstetric physician at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, 1877; F.R.C.P. London, and F.R.S., 1883; published works relating principally to obstetrics.
  208. ^ John Duncan (1721–1808), miscellaneous writer ; grandson of Daniel Duncan; educated at Merchant TaylorsSchool and St. John's College, Oxford; M.A., 1746; chaplain of the forces during the siege of St. Philip's, Minorca; D.D., 1757; incumbent of South Warnborough, 1763-1808; wrote Essays on Happiness (verse) and on religious philosophy.
  209. ^ John Duncan (1805–1849), African traveller; sailed on the Niger expedition of 1842 as master-at-arms in the Albert; wounded by a poisoned arrow in the Capo de Verde isles; reached Adofidiah in Dahomey, 1845; published Travels in Western Africa in 1845 and 1846 1847; made vice-consul at Whydah, 1849, but died at sea on voyage out.
  210. ^ John Duncan (1796–1870), theologian ; studied at Marischal College, Aberdeen; ordained to Milton Church, Glasgow, 1836; LL.D., 1840; appointed missionary to the Jews at Pesth, 1840; professor of oriental languages at New College, Edinburgh, 1843-70; edited Robinson's Lexicon of the Greek New Testament 1838.
  211. ^ John Duncan (1794–1881), weaver and botanist ; appreuticed to a Drumlithie weaver; formed herbarium, which he presented to Aberdeen University, 1880; founded by will prizes for the encouragement of natural science in schools of the Vale of Alford.
  212. ^ John Shute Duncan (fl. 1831), writer; brother of Philip Bury Duncan; keeper of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, until 1826; chief work, Analogies of Organised Beings 1831.
  213. ^ Jonathan Duncan, the elder (1756–1811), governor of Bombay; resident and superintendent at Benares, 1788; first resident to combat infanticide at Benares; governor of Bombay, 1795-1811; instituted in the Bombay presidency the policy of recognising petty chieftains as sovereign princes.
  214. ^ Jonathan Duncan , the younger (1799–1865), currency reformer; son of Jonathan Duncan (1756-1811) ; B.A. Trinity College, Cambridge, 1821; denounced S. J. Loyd's monetary system and the silly sophisms of Peel in Jarrold's Weekly News. His works include, The Religions of Profane Antiquity:... founded on Astronomical Principles 1830 ?, and The National Anti-Gold Law League 1847.
  215. ^ Mark Duncan (1570?–1640), professor of philosophy in the university of Saumur; a native of Maxpoffle, Roxburghshire; M.D.; published Institutiones Logicae 1612; irritated the clergy in his Discours de la Possession des Religieuses Ursulines de Loudun, 1634, by ascribing to melancholia some reputed cases of demoniacal possession.
  216. ^ Mark Duncan, who adopted the additional surname of De Cérisantis (d. 1648), diplomatist and Latin poet; son of Mark Duncan (1570 ?-1640); agent of Richelieu at Constantinople, 1641; left the French for the Swedish service; Swedish ambassador resident in France, 1645; secretary to the Duke of Guise, 1647; mortally wounded in an engagement with the Spaniards, 1648.
  217. ^ Peter Martin Duncan (1821–1891), geologist ; M.B. London, 1846; practised at Colchester, 1848-60, and at Blackheath, 1860; professor of geology. King's College, London, 1870, and at Cooper's Hill College, c. 1871; F.G.S., 1849, secretary, 1864-70, and president, 1876-8; Wollaston medallist, 1881; F.Z.S., F.L.S.; F.R.S., 1868; made a special study of corals and echinids.
  218. ^ Philip Bury Duncan (1772–1863), keeper of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford; educated at Winchester and New College, Oxford; fellow of New College, 1792; M.A., 1798; called to the bar, 1796; keeper of the Ashmolean, 1826-55, in succession to his brother John Shute Duncan; honorary D.O.L., 1855; established at Bath and Oxford a savings bank and a society for the suppression of mendicity; published Reliquiae Romanse 1836.
  219. ^ Thomas Duncan (1807–1845), painter ; studied at the TrusteesAcademy, Edinburgh, eventually becoming head-master; professor of colour, and subsequently professor of drawing, to the Scottish Academy; A.R.A., 1843; exhibited portraits, genre pictures, aiid scenes from Scottish history at various institutions.
  220. ^ William Duncan (1717–1760), professor of philosophy at Aberdeen; M.A. Mariscbal College, Aberdeen, 1737; professor of natural and experimental philosophy, Marischal College, 1753-60; translated Caesar's Commentaries 1753, and edited, with a translation, Cicero's Select Orations
  221. ^ William Augustine Dunoan (1811–1885), journalist; studied at the Scots Benedictine College, Ratisbon, and the new Blairs College, Kincardine; emigrated to Sydney, New Bouth Wales, 1838; editor ofAustralasian Chronicle,* a newly established Roman catholic journal, 1839-43; issued Duncan's Weekly Register oi Politics, Facts, and General Literature 1843; collecto of customs for New South Wales, 1859-81; O.M.G., 1881; translated a treatise of 1610 on Australia by Pedro Fernaudes de Queiros, 1874.
  222. ^ Barons Duncannon . See PONSONBY, JOHN William, first BARON, 1781–1847 ; PONSONBY, FRE George Brabazon Derick , third BARON, 1816–1895.
  223. ^ Robert Duncanson (d. 1705), colonel; second in command to Lieutenant-colonel James Hamilton: delegated conduct of Glencoe massacre, with which he was entrusted, to Captain Robert Campbell, 1692; colonel, 33rd regiment, 1705; fell before Valencia, 1705. xvi. 1741
  224. ^ Edmund Dunch (1657–1719), politician and bonvivant; M.P.. Cricklade, 1701-2, and 1705-13, Boroughbridge, 1713-15, and Wallingford, 1715-19; master of the royal household, 1708, 1714; member of the Kit-Cat Club.
  225. ^ Henry Dunckley (1823–1896), journalist; studied for baptist ministry at Accrington, Lancashire; M.A. Glasgow, 1848; LL.D., 1883; baptist minister at Salford, 1848-55; editor of Manchester Examiner and Times fliberal), 1855-89: contributed a number of letters, signed Verax on constitutional and political questions to Manchester Weekly Times and Manchester Guardian successively, from 1877.
  226. ^ John Duncomb (1765–1839). See Duncumb.
  227. ^ Sir Charles Duncombe (d. 1711), banker and politician; apprenticed to Edward Backwell, a London goldsmith; receiver of the customs under Charles II and James II, annoying the latter monarch by refusing 1,6001. to carry him over sea 1688; M.P., Downton, 1695-8, and 1702-11; opposed, for party reasons, the inception of the Bank of England; expelled from parliament, 1698, for having falsely endorsed certain exchequer bills; tried, and acquitted through a mistake in the information, 1699; knighted, 1699; nominated lord mayor, 1700 and 1701; elected, 1708; died the richest commoner in England.
  228. ^ John Duncombe (1729–1786), miscellaneous writer: son of William Duncombe; M.A. Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, 1752; fellow of Corpus; held livings of St. Andrew and St. Mary Bredman, Canterbury; one of the six preachers of Canterbury Cathedral; wrote on Kentish archaeology and other subjects.
  229. ^ Susanna Duncombe (1730?–1812), poetess and artist; nit Higbmore; wife of John Buncombe; wrote Fidelio and Honoria for the Adventurer; furnished a frontispiece to John Duncombe'sLetters of John Hughes 1773, and contributed to thePoetical Calendar
  230. ^ Thomas Slingsby Duncombe (1796–1861), radical politician; educated at Harrow; lieutenant, 1815; retired from the army, 1819; M.P. for Hertford, 1826, 1830, and 1831; radical M.P. for Finsbury, 1834; exerted himself in defence of Lord Durham, 1838; presented chartist petition, 1842; concerned in Prince Louis Napoleon's escape from Ham, 1846; member of council of 1 Friends of Italy 1851; worked on behalf of Kossuth in the matter of the Hungarian notes, 1861.
  231. ^ William Duncombe (1690–1769), miscellaneous writer; clerk in the navy office, 1706-25: part proprietor of Whitehall Evening Post; wrote against the Beggar's Operaas immoral, 1728, thereby gaining the friendship of Dr. (afterwards Archbishop) Herring; brought out Lucius Junius Brutusat Drury Lane, 1734; reprinted a sermon (of Arbuthnot's) on the evil of rebellion, 1745; unsuspectingly compiled (1749) from the fraudulent lips of Archibald Bower a narrative of Bower's pretended escape* from the inquisition.
  232. ^ Edmund Duncon (d. 1673), clergyman ; brother of Eleazar Duncon; sent by Nicholas Ferrar to visit George Herbert in bis last illness; promoted the publication of Herbert's A Priest to the Temple: LL.B.; rector of Friern Barnet, Middlesex, 1663-73.
  233. ^ Eleazar Duncon (d. 1660), royalist divine; B.A. Caius College, Cambridge: fellow of Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, 1618; prebendary of Durham, 1628, of Winchester. 1629; D.D., 1633; prebendary of York, 1640; chaplain to Charles I; stripped of all his preferments by parliament; died at Leghorn.
  234. ^ John Duncon (fl. 1648), biographer; brother of Eleazar Duncon; held a cure in Essex, c. 1646; wrote a religious biography of Lettice, viscountess Falkland, 1648.
  235. ^ Samuel Duncon (fl. 1600–1659), political writer; thrice distrained on for refusing to pay ship-money, n;-H):damnified about 300 by the commissariescourt and the court of arches; high collector of assessments for the parliament; suggested in two tracts, 1651 and 1659, appointment of peacemakers or public arbitrators as a means of lessening litigation.
  236. ^ John Duncumb (1765–1839), topographer: M.A. Trinity College, Cambridge, 1796; editor and printer of 1'ugh's Hereford Journal 1788-90; incumbent of varioas parishes; engaged (1790) by Charles, duke of Norfolk, to compile a history of Herefordshire (second volume completed, 1866, third volume issued by Judge W. H. Cooke); published a General View of the Agriculture of Hereford 1805.
  237. ^ Charles Dundas, Baron Amesbury (1751–1832), twice M.P. for Richmond; barrister; M.P. for Orkney and Shetland, 1781-4, and for Berkshire, 1794-1832; was nominated speaker in opposition to Abbot, but withdrew from the contest, 1802; created Baron Amesbury, 1832.
  238. ^ Sir David Dundas (1735–1820), general; lieutenant fireworker in the royal artillery, 1754: lieutenant, 56th regiment, 1766; present at the attack on St. Malo, the capture of Cherbourg, and the fight at St. Cas: served in Cuba, 1762; colonel, 1781: major-general, 1790; wrote drill-books which were issued as the official orders for the army: defeated the French at Tuyl, 1794; lieutenantgeneral, 1797; accompanied Duke of York to the Helder, 1799; general, 1802; K.B., 1804; commander-in-chief, 1809-11; privy councillor, 1809; tactician of Frederick the Great's school in his Principles of Military Movements, chiefly applicable to Infantry 1788.
  239. ^ Sir David Dundas (1799–1877), statesman ; educated at Westminster and Christ Church, Oxford; student, 1820: M.A., 1822; barrister, Inner Temple, 1823; went the northern circuit; M.P., Sutherlandshire, 1840-52, and 1861-7; Q.C., 1840; knighted, 1847; judge-advocategeneral and privy councillor, 1849.
  240. ^ Francis Dundas (d. 1824), general : son of Robert Dundas, Lord Arniston the younger; lieutenant and captain, 1st foot guards, 1778: surrendered with Cornwallis at York Town, 1781; took part as adjutant-general in capture of Martinique and Guadaloupe, 1794: acting governor of the Cape, 1798-9, and 1801-3; general, 1812.
  241. ^ Henry Dundas, first Viscount Melville (1742-1811), son of Robert Dundas. Lord Arniston the elder ; educated at Edinburgh High School and University; member of the Faculty of Advocates, 1763; solicitorgeneral for Scotland, 1766: M.P. for Midlothian, 1774-90, except for few months in 1782 when he sat for Newtown, Isle of Wight: lord advocate, 1775-83; supported Powys's amendment for the repeal of the Massachusetts charter, 1778; lord rector of Glasgow University, 1781-3; carried resolution that Warren Hastings be recalled from India, 1782; privy councillor and treasurer of the navy, 1782-3 and 1784-1800; keeper of the Scottish signet, 1782; defended Hastingss Rohilla war, 1786; chancellor of St. Andrews, 1788; LL.D. Edinburgh, 1789; M.P., Edinburgh, 1790-1802; home secretary, 1791-4; president of the board of control, 1793-1801; spoke in support of the East India Company, 1793; secretary of war, 1794-1801: keeper of the privy seal of Scotland, 1800; planned and carried out the Egyptian campaign of 1801 against the opinion of Pitt and the king; created Viscount Melville of Melville, and Baron Dunira, 1802; first lord of the admiralty, 1804-5; erased from the roll of the privy council, 1805, and impeached, 1806, for malversation: guilty of negligence, but acquitted, 1806; restored to the privy council, 1807.
  242. ^ Henry Dundas, third Viscount Melville (1801–1876), general; son of Robert Saunders Dundas, second viscount Melville; captain, 83rd regiment, 1824: active in suppressing the Canadian rebellion, 1837; colonel and aide-de-camp to Qneen Victoria, 1841; second in command at the capture of Multan, 1847; general, 1868; G.O.B., 1870.
  243. ^ Sir James Dundas, Lord Arniston (d. 1679), educated at St. Andrews; knighted, 1641: M.P., Edinburgh, 1648; member of committee of estates, 1648; lord of session as Lord Arniston, 1662-3; refused to renounce the covenant, and resigned, 1663.
  244. ^ James Dundas (1842–1879), captain, royal engineers; V.C. for distinguished bravery in storming a blockhouse in Bhootan, 105; killed in attempt to blow up a fort near Kabul, 1879.
  245. ^ Sir James Whitley Deans Dundas (1786–1862), admiral; commander in the Baltic, 18u7; took the surname of Duudas, 1808; frequently sat for Greenwich after the passing of the Reform Bill; C.B., 1839; viceadmiral, 1852; remiss, when in command of the chief naval operation* in the Russian war, 1854; G.C.B.; admiral, 1857.
  246. ^ Sir Richard Saunders Dundas (1802–1861), vice-admiral; son of Robert Saunders Dundas, second vi.-rotmt Melville; educated at Harrow; navy captain, 1824; O.B. for his services in the first Chinese war, 1841; junior lord of the admiralty, 1853-61; commanderin-chief of the Baltic fleet, 1855-61; K.O.B., 1866; grand officer of the Legion of Honour; vice-admiral, 1858.
  247. ^ Robert Dundas, Lord Arniston (d. 1726), ordinary lord of session; eldest sou of Sir James Dundas (i. 1679); M.P., {Midlothian, 1700-2, and 1702-7; Jord of session, 1689.
  248. ^ Robert Dundas, Lord Arniston, the elder (1685-1753), judge; second son of Robert Dundas (d. 1726); solicitor-general for Scotland, 1717-20; lord advocate, 1720; dean of the Faculty of Advocates, 1721; M.P., Midlothian, 1722-7, 1727-34, and 1734-7; chief adviser of Lord Ilay's opponents; lord president of session, 1748-53; re-introduced into Scottish juries the possible findingsguiltyornot guiltyas againstproven* or not proven 1728.
  249. ^ Robert Dundas, Lord Arniston, the younger (1713-1787), judge; eldest son of Robert Dundas, Lord Arniston the elder; educated at Edinburgh University; studied Roman law at Utrecht; solicitor-general for Scotland, 1742-6; lord-advocate, 1754; M.P., Midlothian, 1754; lord-president of session, 1760; lost popularity by giving his casting vote against Archibald (Stewart) Douglas in the Douglas peerage case, 1767.
  250. ^ Robert Dundas, of Arniston (1758–1819), judge; son of Robert Dundas, Lord Arniston, the younger ; solicitor-general for Scotland, 1784; lord advocate, 1789; M.P., Edinburghshire, 1790-6; chief baron of the exchequer in Scotland, 1801.
  251. ^ Robert Saunders Dundas, second Viscount Melville (1771–1851), statesman; son of Henry Dundas, first viscount; M.P., Hastings, 1794, Rye, 1796; keeper of the signet for Scotland, 1800; M.P., Midlothian, 1801; privy councillor, 1807; president of the board of control, 1807 and 1809; Irish secretary, 1809; first lord of the admiralty, 1812-27; chancellor of St. Andrews University, 1814; K.T., 1821. Melville Sound was so named in recognition of his interest in Arctic exploration.
  252. ^ Thomas Dundas (1750–1794), major-general; served as major, 65th foot in America and the West Indies; M.P. for the stewartry of Orkney and Shetland, 1771, 1774, and 1784; joint-commissioner for arranging the capitulation at York Town, 1781; major-general, 1793; died at Quadaloupe after distinguished services in the West Indies, 1794.
  253. ^ William Dundas (1762–1845), politician ; son of Robert Dundas, Lord Arniston, the younger; barrister, Lincoln's Inn, 1788; M.P. for Kirkwall, Wick, Dornoch, Dingwall, and Tain, 1796 and 1797; privy councillor, 1800; M.P., Sutherland, 1802 and 1806, Cullen, 1810, and Edinburgh, 1812-31; secretary-at-war, 1804-6; keeper of the signet, 1814; lord clerk register, 1821.
  254. ^ Dundee, first Viscount (1649?-1689). See John Graham.
  255. ^ Earls of Dundonald . See Cochrane, Sir William, first Earl d. 1686 ; COCHRANE, ARCHIBALD, ninth EARL, 1749-1831; COCHRANE, THOMAS, tenth EARL, 1775-1860.
  256. ^ Lord Dundrennan (1792–1851). See Thomas Maitland.
  257. ^ Earls of Dunfermline . See SETON, SIR Alexander, first EARL, 1555?–1622 ; SKTON, CHARLKS, second EARL, d. 1673.
  258. ^ Baron Dunfermline (1776–1858). See James Abercromby.
  259. ^ Dungal (fl. 811–827), Irish monk in deacon's orders; driven from Ireland by the Danish invasions; invited by Charlemagne (81 1) to explain two rumoured solar eclipses of 810; recognised as an authoritative teacher at Pavia in a capitular of Lothair, 823.
  260. ^ Viscounts Dungannon . See TREVOR, MARCUS, first VISCOUNT of the first creation, 1618-1670; TREVOR, ARTHUR HILL-, third VISCOUNT of the second creation, 1798-1862.
  261. ^ Robley Dunglisson (1798–1869), medical writer; M.D. Erlangen, 1824; professor in the university of Virginia, 1825-33; professor of the institutes of medicine in Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, 1836-68; published a Human Physiology, a History of Medicine and other medical works.
  262. ^ Samuel Astley Dunham (d. 1868), historian; LL.D.; author of works published in Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopaedia including (1832-3) a famous History of Spain and Portugal
  263. ^ George Montagu Dunk, second Earl of Halifax (1716-1771); educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge; colonel, 1745; president of the board of trade, 1748-61; privy councillor, 1749; aided foundation of colony of Nova Scotia, the town of Halifax being thereupon named after him, 1749; styled the 'Father of the Colonies' for his success in extending American commerce; lieutenant-general, 1759; lord-lieutenant of Ireland, 1761-3; first lord of the admiralty, 1762; secretary of state, 1762; triumvir with Lords Egremont and Grenville, 1763; K.G., 1764; lord privy seal, 1770; secretary of state, 1771.
  264. ^ Robert Dunkarton (fl. 1770–1811), engraver of portraits in mezzotint.
  265. ^ Alfred John Dunkin (1812–1879), antiquary and historian; son of John Dunkin; educated at the Military College, Vendome; original member of the British Archaeological Association; wrote on old English customs and the antiquities of Kent; printed and translated the works of Radulphus, abbot of Coggeshall, supposing himself the original editor, 1856.
  266. ^ John Dunkin (1782–1846), topographer ; original member of the British Archaeological Association; published Outlines of the History and Antiquities of Bromley in Kent 1815, and other antiquarian works.
  267. ^ William Dunkin (1709?–1765), poet; B.A. Trinity College, Dublin, 1729; D.D., 1744; received an annuity from Trinity College, Dublin, as stipulated in the will of his aunt, a benefactor of the college; ordained, 1735; master of Portora Royal School, Enniskillen, 17461765; friend of Swift; author of some clever poems in English and Latin, including Boeotia 1747, and Vindication of the Libel, a poem attributed to Swift.
  268. ^ Alexander Dunlop (1684–1747), Greek scholar ; son of William Dunlop, the elder; professor of Greek in Glasgow University, 1706-42; published a Greek grammar, 1736.
  269. ^ Alexander Colquhoun-Stirling-Murray-Dunlop (1798–1870), church lawyer and politician; earnestly supported the non-intrusion party in the church, which he professionally defended on all occasions; M.P., Greenock, 1852-68; carried bill abolishing Gretna Green marriages; attacked government of Lord Palmerston, 1861, for tampering with the despatches of Sir Alexander Burnes, envoy at the Afghan court in 1839; published a treatise on the law of Scotland relating to the poor, 1825, another on the law of patronage, 1833, and a third on parochial law.
  270. ^ Frances Anne Wallace Dunlop (1730–1815), friend of Robert Burns; nte Wallace; married John Dunlop of Dunlop, Ayrshire, 1747; became a correspondent and friend of Bums on the publication of his Cottar's Saturday Night but afterwards deserted him.
  271. ^ James Dunlop (rf. 1832), of Dunlop* Ayrshire, lieutenant-general; accompanied the old 82ud foot to Nova Scotia; lieutenant, 1779; despatched to Charlestown with the news of seizure of Chesapeake estuary, 1781; subsequently stationed at Halifax; served against Tippoo Sultan, 1791; lieutenant-colonel, 1795; commanded brigade at Sedaseer and at capture of Seriugapatnm, 1799; brigadier-general, 1805; M.P. for the stewartry of Kirkcudbright, 1813-26; commanded 6th division at Fuenfcesde Ouoro, 1811; lieutenant-general, 1817.
  272. ^ James Dunlop (1795–1848), astronomer; keeper (1823-7) of the Brisbane observatory at Paramatta; made most of the observations for the Brisbane Catalogue of 7,385 southern stars (completed 1826); gold medallist of the Astronomical Society, 1828; F.R.A.S., 1828; the number of nebulae claimed as his discoveries subsequently found to be greater than that actually existing; director of the Paramatta observatory, 1829-42; author of An Account of Observations made in Scotland on the Distribution of the Magnetic Intensity 1830.
  273. ^ John Dunlop (1756–1820), song-writer; lord provost of Glasgow, 1796; collector of customs at Borrowptounness and subsequently at Port Glasgow; author of the well-known lyrics Oh dinna ask me gin I lo'e ye and Here's to the year that's awa.
  274. ^ John Colin Dunlop (d. 1842), author ; son of John Dunlop; advocate, 1807; sheriff depute of Renfrewshire, 1816-42; published a learned History of Fiction which was criticised with unwarranted severity by Hazlitt, 1814, a History of Roman Literature, from the earliest period to the Augustan Age 1823-8, and Memoirs of Spain during the Reigns of Philip IV and Charles II 1834.
  275. ^ William Dunlop , the elder (1649?–1700), principal of Glasgow University; emigrated to California, remaining there till 1688; minister of Ochiltree and afterwards of Paisley; principal of Glasgow University, 1690; director of the Darien Company; historiographer for Scotland, 1693.
  276. ^ William Dunlop , the younger (1692–1720), professor of church history in Edinburgh University; son of William Dunlop the elder; licensed by the presbytery of Edinburgh, 1714; appointed by George I professor of divinity and church history, Edinburgh.
  277. ^ Viscounts Dunluce . See MACDONNELL, Sir Randal, first VISCOUNT, d. 1636 ; MACDONNKLL, RANDAL, second VISCOUNT, 1609-1683.
  278. ^ Earls of Dunmore. See MURRAY, LORD Charles, first EARL, 1660–1710 ; MURRAY, JOHN, fourth Earl 1732–1809.
  279. ^ Sir Daniel Dunn (d. 1617). See Donne.
  280. ^ Robert Dunn (1799–1877), surgeon ; licentiate of the Society of Apothecaries, 1825; F.K.C.S., 1852; contributed to medical and psychological reviews.
  281. ^ Samuel Dunn (d. 1794), mathematician; inventor of the universal planispheres, or terrestrial and celestial globes in piano 1757; master of an academy at Ormond House, Chelsea, 1758-63; mathematical examiner to the East India Company. His works include The Navigator's Guide to the Oriental or Indian Seas 1775, and The Astronomy of Fixed Stars part L 1792.
  282. ^ Samuel Dunn (1798–1882), expelled Wesleyan minister; first Wesleyan minister in the Shetland islands, 1822; supposed to have taken part in the publication of theFly Sheets pamphlets advocating reforms in the Wesleyan governing body, 1847; called upon to discontinue his monthly Wesley Banner and Revival Record and expelled for contumacy, 1849; D.D. of one of the United States universities.
  283. ^ William Dunn (1770–1849), mechanic and agriculturist; proprietor of the Dalnotter Ironworks, 1813; built mills at Duntocher for cotton-spinning and weaving.
  284. ^ Gabriel Dunne (d. 1558). See Donne.
  285. ^ John Dunning, first Baron Ashburton (1731-1783), barrister, Middle Temple, 1756; drew up a defence of the English East India Company against the Dutch, 1762; solicitor-general, 1768-70; M.P. for Calne in whig interest, 1768; re-elected for Calne, 1774; carried a resolution that the influence of the crown has increased, is increasing, and ought to be diminished 1780; again returned for Calne, 1780; privy councillor, 1782; created Baron Ashburton bf Ashburton, 1782; author of anInquiry into the Doctrines lately promulgated concerning Juries, Libels, &c. 1764, which Horace Walpole consideredthe finest piece... written for liberty since Lord Somers.
  286. ^ Dunraven, third Earl of (1812–1871). See Edwin Richard Windham Wyndham Quin.
  287. ^ Joannes Scotus Duns, known as the Doctor Subtilis (1265?–1308?), schoolman ; said, without evidence, to have been fellow of Merton College. Oxford, and in 1301 professor of divinity at Oxford; stated to have beenregentof Paris University; nicknamed Doctor Subtilis; possibly died at Cologne, there being a tradition that he was buried alive. Duns was the author of a philosophic grammar, entitled,De Modis Significandi sive Grammatica Speculative(printed, 1499), of logical Quaestiones (edited, 1474), of a work on metaphysics called De Rerum Principle (edited, 1497), and of the Opus Oxoniense (printed, 1481), a commentary on the Sententiee of Peter Lombard. A conceptualist in logic, he borrowed from Ibn Gebirol (fi. 1045) the theory of a universal matter, the common basis of all existences, while in theology he denied the possibility of rationalism.
  288. ^ Dunsany, ninth Baron (d. 1668). See Patrick Plunket.
  289. ^ Lord Dunsinane (1731?–1811). See Sir William Nairne.,
  290. ^ John Dunstable (d. 1453), musician and mathematician; mentioned in the Proportionale of Johannes Tinctoris (1445-1611) as the chief musician in England; mentioned in a Seville manuscript of 1480; compiler of a manuscript collection of latitudes and longitudes, 1438.
  291. ^ John Dunstall (fl. 1644–1675), engraver; published two drawing-books.
  292. ^ Saint Dunstan (924–988), archbishop of Canterbury; educated by Irish scholars at Glastonbury Abbey; favourite of King j&thelstan; falsely accused of being a wizard, and expelled the court; made his profession of monastic vows to Elfheah, bishop of Winchester; practised the arts of metal-working, painting, and transcription; councillor of King Eadmund, narrowly escaping a second dismissal on false charges; abbot of Glastonbury c. 945; laid the foundation of a new church, and modified the constitution of the abbey, making it also a famous school; treasurer and chief adviser of King Eadred: procured arrest of Wulfstan, archbishop of York and leader of the Danish insurgents, 962; rebuked King Edwy for leaving the coronation feast to visit a mistress; retired to Flanders in disgrace, 956, Count Arnulf I assigning him a residence at Ghent; appointed by Eadgar bishop of Worcester, 957; bishop of London, retaining Worcester, 959-61; archbishop of Canterbury, 961; concentrated his energies on making the Danes an integral part of the nation; in company with Oswald, archbishop of York, crowned Eadgar at Bath, 973; imposed penance on Eadgar for incontinence; sympathised with the Benedictine movement and the abolition of secular monasteries; formulated ecclesiastical discipline in the Pemtentiale; averted civil war by crowning Eadward, 975; foretold to King Ethelred the calamities by which the nation would expiate the murder of Eadward.
  293. ^ Dunstan alias Anthony Kitchin (1477–1563). See Kitchin.
  294. ^ Jeffrey Dunstan (1759?–1797), 'mayor' of Garrett; brought up as a foundling; dealer in old wigs; elected, in 1785, mock mayor, according to custom, of the Garrett association for protecting Garrett common from encroachment; successful at three successive elections.
  295. ^ Baron Dunstanville (1757–1836). See Francis Basset.
  296. ^ Charles Dunster (1750–1816), miscellaneous writer; B.A. Oriel College, Oxford, 1770; rural dean of West Sussex; published works on the gospels and an attempt (1800) to demonstrate Milton's obligations to Josuah Sylvester,
  297. ^ Henry Dunster (d. 1659), president of Harvard College in Massachusetts; M.A. Magdalene College, Cambridge, 1634: emigrated to America, 1640; president of Harvard College, 1640, resigning (1654) as an anti-paidobaptist; procured the Harvard charters of 1642 and 1650, revised Eliot's Bay Psalm-Book
  298. ^ Samuel Dunster (1675–1754), translator of Horace; educated at Merchant Taylors' School and Trinity College, Cambridge; M.A., 1700; D.D., 1713; prebendary of Salisbury, 1717-48, of Lincoln, 1720;. vicar of Rochdale, 1722-54; author of Anglia Rediviva 1699: translated into mechanical verse The Satyrs and Epistles of Horace 1710, publishing a second edition, Including the Art of Poetry 1717.
  299. ^ Edward Dunsterville (1796–1873), commander R.N. and hydrographer; second master of H.M.S. Valorous, 1824; completed survey of Mosquito coast, 1833-5 lieutenant in operations off Syria, 1840; hydrographer's assistant at the admiralty, 1842-70: produced 'Admiralty Catalogue of Charts, Plans, Views, and Sailing Directions 1860.
  300. ^ William Dunthorn (d. 1489), town clerk of London; fellow of Peterhouse. Cambridge, 1455; common clerk of London, 1461; compiled the extant Liber Dunthorn; a devoted Yorkist.
  301. ^ John Dunthorne (fl. 1783–1792), artist ; of Colchester; exhibited small genre pictures at the Royal Academv 1783-92; his son John was also an artist.
  302. ^ John Dunthorne , the younger (1798–1832), painter; son of John Dunthorne the elder: assisted the painter John Constable; exhibited landscapes at the Royal Academy, 1827-32.
  303. ^ John Dunthorne , the elder (1770–1844), landscape-painter; friend of the painter John Constable
  304. ^ Richard Dunthorne (1711–1775), astronomer ; butler of Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, and scientific assistant to Dr. Roger Long; worked on Long's 'Astronomy 1770; conducted a survey of the fens, when superintendent of the works of the Bedford Level Corporation; published The Practical Astronomy of the Moon 1739, arid assigned to the acceleration of the moon's mean motion the secular rate of 10"; expert in computing on the basis of mediaeval observations.
  305. ^ John Dunton (1659–1733), bookseller : educated for the church, but, being of a restless temperament, was apprenticed to a bookseller; emigrated, and wandered over New England, learning something of Indian customs; bookseller in London; issued theAthenian Gazette 1690-6; published The Dublin Scuffle narrating rambles in Ireland, to which domestic discomforts impelled him, 1699; published Life and Errors of John Dunton 1705; attacked Oxford and Bolingbroke in Neck or Nothing one of a large number of political satires; issued Athenianism, or the New Projects of John Dunton 1710; made a fruitless appeal for recognition (1723) to George I.
  306. ^ Gainsborough Dupont (1754?–1797), portraitpainter and me.zotint engraver; nephew of Thomas Gainsborough; first exhibited at the Royal Academy, 1790; engraved in mezzotint from portraits by Gainsborough; painted landscapes in the style of Poussin.
  307. ^ James Duport (1606–1679), master of Magdalene College, Cambridge; son of John Duport; educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge; fellow of Trinity, 1627; M.A., 1630; regius professor of Greek, 1639-54; prebendary of Lincoln, and archdeacon of Stow, 1641; Lady Margaret's preacher, 1646; ejected from his professorship by the parliamentarians, 1654; vice-master of Trinity College, Cambridge, from 1655; king's chaplain, and again regius professor, 1660; D.D., 1660; dean of Peterborough, 1664; master of Magdalene College, Cambridge, 1668; vice-chancellor, 1669; benefactor of Magdalene College and Peterborough grammar school. His works consist of translations Into Greek verse of parts of the Old Testament, Latin lectures on Theophrastus, a Homeri Gnomologia 1660, and Latin poems.
  308. ^ John Duport (d. 1617), biblical scholar ; of Norman extraction; M.A. and fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge, before 1580; rector of Fulham, 1583: precentor of St. Paul's, 1586; D.D.; master of Jesus College, 1590; four times vice-chancellor of Cambridge, and (1609) prebendary of Ely; one of the translators of the bible (1611).
  309. ^ Brian Duppa (1688–1662), bishop of Winchester: educated at Westminster: student of Christ Church, 1605, and fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, 1612; M.A., 1614; D.D., 1626; dean of Christ Church, 1629-38; vicechancellor, 1632 and 1633; chancellor of Salisbury, 1634; tutor to the Prince of Wales and the Duke of Gloucester; bishop of Chichester, 1638-41: bishop of Salisbury, 1641; corresponded with Sheldon and Sir Edward Hyde on the re-establishment of episcopacy, 1659; bishop of Winchester, 1660; lord almoner; benefactor of his colleges and bishoprics.
  310. ^ Richard Duppa (1770–1831), artist and author; student of the Middle Temple, 1810; LL.B. Trinity Hall, Cambridge, 1814; F.S. A.; published the Life and Literary Works of Michael Angelo Buonarotti 1806, Classes and Orders of Botany 1816, and other works.
  311. ^ Thomas Sanders Dupuis (1733–1796), musician; M.R.S.M., 1758; organist and composer to the Chapel Royal, 1779-96; Mus. Doc. Oxford, 1790; composed cathedral music.
  312. ^ David Durand (1680–1763), French protestant minister and author; born at Sommieres; taken prisoner at Almanza, fighting among French refugees, 1707: pastor at Rotterdam; successively pastor of Martin's Lane and the Savoy French churches after 1711; F.R.S., 1728; chief works, a history of the sixteenth century (1725-9), and a history of painting in antiquity, 1725, both in French.
  313. ^ Sir Henry Marion Durand (1812–1871), major-general royal engineers; second lieutenant, Bengal engineers, 1828: blew up Cabul gate of Ghazni, 1839: private secretary to Lord Ellenborough, 1841; captain, 1843; commissioner of Tenasserim provinces, 1844-6: served in the Sikh war; political agent at Gwalior and Bhopal; appointed to Central India agency, 1857; held Indore and reconquered Western Malwa, 1857; C.B.; member of council of India, 1859; foreign secretary in India, 1861; major-general and K.C.S.I., 1867; lieutenantgovernor of the Punjab, 1870-1.
  314. ^ John Durant or Durance (fl. 1660), puritan divine; denounced in Edwards's Gangraena: ordered to discontinue his preaching in Canterbury Cathedral, c. 1660; published theological works.
  315. ^ Louis Duras or Durfort, Earl of Feversham (1640 ?-1709), general: Marquis de Blanquefort in tie French peerage; naturalised in England, 1665; colonel ot the Duke of York's guards, 1667; created Baron Durus of Holdenby, 1673; English ambassador at Nimeguen, 1676; succeeded as Earl of Feversham, 1677; submitted proposals at French court for treaty of peace with Flanders, 1677; lord chamberlain to the queen, 1680; privy councillor, 1685; commanded James II's troops at the battle of Sedgemoor, 1685; K.G., 1685: commander-inchtef of James IPs forces, 1686; voted for a regency, 1689.
  316. ^ Sir Benjamin D'Urban (1777-1849), lieutenantgeneral; captain queen's bays, 1794; served in the Netherlands, Westphalia, and (1796) San Domingo; major, 25th light dragoons; superintendent of the junior department of the Royal Military College, 1803-5; majorgeneral in the Portuguese, and colonel in the English, army, 1813; K.C.B.; K.C.H., 1818; lieutenant-governor and commander-in-chlef of British Guiana, 1821-5, of Barbados, 1825-9; lieutenant-general, 1837: G.C.B., 1840; governor and commander-in-chief of the Cape, 1848-7: occupied Natal, 1843; died at Montreal in command of the forces in Canada.
  317. ^ John Durel (1625–1683), dean of Windsor; entered Merton College, Oxford, 1640; M.A. of the Sylvanian College, Caen, 1644; assisted in the royalist defence of Jersey, 1647; founded the Savoy French episcopal chapel, 1660; became first minister, 1660; selected by Charles II to translate English prayer-book into French for use in Channel islands; king's chaplain, 1662; prebendary of Salisbury, 1663, of Windsor, 1664; completed translation of revised prayer-book, 1670; prebendary of Durham, 1668; D.D., 1670; dean of Windsor and Wolverhampton, 1677; published Sanctac Ecclesiae Anglican... Vindiciae 1669.
  318. ^ David Durell (1728–1776), divine; M.A. Pembroke College, Oxford, 1753; fellow, and from 1757 principal of Hertford College; D.D., 1764; vicar of Ticehurst; prebendary of Canterbury, 1767: vice-chancellor of Oxford, 1766 and 1767; published works includingThe Hebrew Text of the Parallel Prophecies of Jacob and Moses relating to the Twelve Tribes with the SamaritanArabic and Arabic versions, 1763. D'URFEY, THOMAS (1653-1723), poet and dramatist; generally known as Tom Durfey; by descent a French Huguenot; wrote a bombastic tragedy, entitled 4 The Siege of Memphis 1676; produced Madam Fickle 1677, and The Virtuous Wife 1680: lampooned by Tom Brown (1663-1704); incidentally replied to the strictures of Jeremy Collier in his Campaigners a comedy, 1698; author of Wonders in the Sun a comic opera, in which an imaginary picture of bird-life was presented; issued various recensions of hia songs and poems, first using the title, An Antidote against Melancholy, made np in Pills in 1661; published an Elegy upon Charles II and a Panegyric on James II 1685; issued Tales, Tragical and Comical 1704, and Tales, Moral and Comical 1706; wrote The Modern Prophets and The Old Mode and the New two social comedies, 1709: satirised Bellarmine, Porto-Carrero, and the HarleyBolingbroke ministry; buried in St. James's church, Piccadilly, at the expense of the Earl of Dorset. He had been an intimate of Charles II and James II. Many of his burlesque poems and songs are still heard in Scotland.
  319. '^ Durham, first Earl of (1792–1840). See John George Lambton.
  320. ^ James Durham (1622–1658), covenanting divine : studied at St. Andrews; captain of a troop in the civil war; divinity student at Glasgow; chaplain to the king; professor of divinity, Glasgow, 1650; inducted into the Inner Kirk Glasgow; traditionally reported to have impressed Cromwell by his preaching; published religious works.
  321. ^ Joseph Durham (1814–1877), sculptor; A.R.A., 1866; his finest work, Leander and the Syren exhibited at the Royal Academy, 1875; excelled in figures of boy athletes,
  322. ^ Sir Philip Charles Henderson Calderwood Durham (1763–1845), admiral; acting-lieutenant of the Victory, 1781; saved from the sinking of the Royal George, 1782; present at the relief of Gibraltar, and battle off Cape Spartel; brought home convoy from Mediterranean, 1794; took part in French defeat off Tory island, 1798; fought in the action off Cape Finisterre, 1805; wounded at Trafalgar, 1805; rear-admiral, 1810; commander-in-chief of the Leeward islands station, 1813-16: co-operated in reduction of Martinique and Guadaloupe, 1815; G.C.B. and admiral, 1830.
  323. ^ Simeon of Durham (fl. 1130). See Simeon.
  324. ^ William of Durham (d.1249). See William.
  325. ^ William Durham (1611–1684), divine; M.A. New Inn Halt, Oxford, 1633; preacher at the Rolls Chapel; B.D., 1649; ejected from his living of Tredington at the Restoration; rector of St. Mildred's, Bread Street 1663-84; published a life of Robert Harris, D.D., 1660.
  326. ^ William Durham (d. 1686), clergyman : son of William Durham (1611-1684); scholar of the Charterhouse and Corpus Ohristi College, Oxford; M.A., 1660; univeraity proctor, 1668; rector of Leteomb-Bassett, Berkshire, and chaplain to James, duke of Monmouth; D.D. Cambridge, 1676; published sermons.
  327. ^ Lords Durie . See GIBSON, SIR ALEXANDER, . 1644; GIBSON, SIR ALKXANDER, d. 1666.
  328. ^ Andrew Durie (d. 1558), bishop of Galloway and abbot of Melrose; brother of George Durie; appointed by Archbishop James Beaton ((. 1639) to the abbacy of Melrose, 1526, against the will of James V, and by means of forged letters of recommendation to the pope; bishop of Galloway, 1541; persecuted the protestants.
  329. ^ George Durie (1496–1561), abbot of Dunfermline and archdeacon of St. Andrews; brother of Andrew Durie; abbot of Dunfermline under the direction of his uncle, Archbishop James Beaton (d. 1539); independent abbot on the archbishop's death, 1539; endeavoured to avenge Cardinal Beaton's murder, 1546; sat in parliament, 1640, 1542, 1543, and 1554: keeper of the privy seal, 1564; member of the regent Arran's privy council, 1645; Scottish privy councillor, 1547; forced on the battle of Pinkie, 1547; deputed to the French court to represent the situation of the Scottish catholics, 1560: attempted to stir up Mary Stuart's religious zeal, 1560; beatified, 1563.
  330. ^ John Durie (d. 1687), Scottish Jesuit; son of George Durie; educated at Paris and Lou vain; joined the Society of Jesus; assailed the theological position of William Whitaker, 1582.
  331. ^ John Durie (1537–1600), presbyterian minister; suspected of heresy when a monk at Dunfermline, and condemned to imprisonment for life; escaped at the time of the Reformation; minister at Leith, ardently supporting John Knox; minister at Edinburgh, e. 1573; imprisoned for inveighing against the court; ordered to leave Edinburgh for reflecting on Lennox, 1682; was soon afterwards accorded an ovation by the people of Edinburgh; pensioned by James VI, 1590.
  332. ^ John Durie (1596–1680), protestant divine; son of Robert Durie; minister to the English Company of Merchants at Elbing, West Prussia, 1628-30; formed scheme for uniting all the evangelical churches, which Gustavus Adolphus, whom he visited, approved, but Oxenstiern disallowed; ordained priest, 1634; king's chaplain; worked at his idea without success in Sweden and Denmark, but was welcomed by the Dukes of Brunswick, Hildesheim, and Zelle; chaplain and tutor to Mary, princess of Orange, at the Hague; favourably received in Switzerland, the Netherlands, and North Germany, having the approbation of Cromwell and the English universities, 1664-7; his plans finally rejected by the Great Elector, 1668; published theological treatises and writings on Christian unity, including Maniere d'expliquer 1'Apocalyse 1674.
  333. ^ Robert Durie (1555–1616), presbyterian minister; son of John Durie (1537-1600); studied at St. Mary's College, St. Andrews; minister of Abercrombie, Fifeshire, 1588, of Anstruther, 1690; visited the island of Lewis on a civilising and Christianising mission, 1598: banished (1606) for attending the prohibited general assembly at Aberdeen, 1605; first minister of the Scots church at Leyden.
  334. ^ Anthony William Durnford (1830–1879), colonel, royal engineers; second lieutenant, royal engineers, 1848; served in Ceylon, 1851-6: adjutant at Malta; major, 1871; accompanied mission appointed to attend Cetshwayo's coronation; sent to seize Bushman's River pass on revolt of Ama Hlubi tribe, 1873; nearly killed by his horse falling over a precipice, 1873; demolished Drakensberg passes, 1874; lieutenant-colonel, 1873; colonel, 1878; raised a Basuto column, 1879; killed while covering the retreat at Isandhlwana, 1879.
  335. ^ Richard Durnford (1802–1895), bishop of Chichester; educated at Eton and Magdalen College, Oxford; one of the founders of the Oxford Union, and was first president, 1823; M.A., 1827; fellow of Magdalen College, 1828, and honorary fellow, 1888; ordained priest, 1831; held living of Middleton, Lancashire, 18331870; rural dean and honorary canon of Manchester, c. 1848; archdeacon of Manchester, 1867; canon residentiary of Manchester Cathedral, 1868; bishop of Ohichester, 1870-95.
  336. ^ James Durno (1750?-1795), historical painter: assisted his master, Benjamin West, in preparing repetitions of his pictures: member of the Society of Incorporated Artists; died at Rome.
  337. ^ Alan Durward, Earl of Atholl, otherwise known as Alanus Ostiarius, Hostarius, Drywart 'Le Usher' (d. 1268); justiciar of Scotland before 1246: leader of the English party after the death (1249) of Alexander II; accused of treason for attempting to get his children by a natural daughter of Alexander II legitimatised, 1261; fled to England, 1252; attended Henry III on his Gascon expedition, 1253; member of the new rouncil appointed under English auspices to gorru Scotland for seven years, 1255; again high justiciar, 1255; shielded by Henry III from the consequences of Alexander III's new anti-English policy, 1258; one of the four temporary regents of Scotland, 1260; Earl of Atholl by marriage.
  338. ^ Thomas Dusgate (d. 1532), protestant martyr ; scholar of Christ's College and fellow of Corpus Christi, Cambridge; M.A., 1524; dissuaded by Luther from becoming a priest; put up bills on the doors of Exeter Cathedral denouncing the Roman catholic doctrines preached there; burned near Exeter, 1532.
  339. ^ Olivia Dussek afterwards Buckley (1799–1847). See Olivia Buckley.
  340. ^ Sophia Dussek (1775–1830?), musician and composer; daughter of Domenico Corri; deserted by her husband, 1800; performed as a harpist and pianist iu Ireland and Scotland, appearing for one season in opera.
  341. ^ Louis Dutens (1730–1812), diplomatist and man of letters; Huguenot refugee; chaplain to the embassy at Turin, 1758; charge d'affaires at Turin, 1760-2 and 1763-6; presented by the Duke of Northumberland to the living of Elsdon, 1766; historiographer to the king, and F.R.S.; nominated secretary to Lord Walsingham's embassy to Spain, 1786, but did not actually go, Walsingham's appointment being cancelled; edited Leibnitz, 1769, and published (1805) Memoires d'un Voyageur qui se repose; wrote also works on literary and philosophical topics, which appeared first in French.
  342. ^ Charles Allen Duval (1808–1872), painter; exhibited portraits and subject-pictures at the Royal Academy, 1836-72; best-known works, a characteristic portrait of Daniel O'Oonnell and The Ruined Gamester, a subject-picture from which Punch designed a cartoon caricaturing Sir Robert Peel.
  343. ^ Claude Duval (1643–1670), highwayman : born at Domf ront, Normandy; came to England at the Restoration in attendance on the Duke of Richmond; took to the road, and became notorious for his gallantry and daring; captured in London and executed. Samuel Butler satirically commemorated his death in a Pindaric ode.
  344. ^ Lewis Duval (1774–1844), conveyancer; LL.B. Trinity Hall, Cambridge, 1796; fellow of Trinity Hall; barrister, Lincoln's Inn, 1804; famous as a chamber practitioner; acknowledged to be facile prin&ps of contemporary conveyancers: placed on the real property commission, writing the greater part of its second report, 1830.
  345. ^ Philip Duval (d. 1709?), painter; of French nationality; settled in England, c. 1670; painted a picture of Venus receiving from Vulcan the armour for Aeneas 1672; received an annuity from the Hon. Robert Boyle
  346. ^ Robert Duval (1644–1732), painter; born at the Hague; director of William Ill's collections; sent over to England to assist in cleaning and repairing Raphael's cartoons; director of the Hague Academy,
  347. ^ Sir Fortunatus William Lilley Dwarris (1786-1860), lawyer; born in Jamaica; educated at Kugby and University College, Oxford; B.A., 1808; barrister, Middle Temple, 1811; commissioner to inquire into law of West Indies, 1822; knighted, 1838; master of the queen's bench; treasurer of the Middle Temple, 1859; F.R.S.; F.S.A.; vice-president of the Archaeological Association; author of A General Treatise on Statutes 1830-1, some books on the law of the West Indies, Alberic, Consul of Rome (drama, 1832), and Some New Facts and a Suggested New Theory as to the Authorship of Junius 1850, with other works.
  348. ^ John Dwight (fl. 1671–1698), potter; B.C.L. Christ Church, Oxford, 1661; patentee for the manufacture of porcelain 1671 and 1684; established works at Fulham; achieved production of ware resembling oriental porcelain; executed stoneware statuettes of contemporaries and mythological figures (Mara and Meleager), for which he is doubtfully said to have employed Italian modellers.
  349. ^ Samuel Dwight (1669?-1737), physician ; son of John Dwight; educated at Westminster School and Christ Church, Oxford; M.A., 1693; L.R.C.P., 1731; practised at Fulham: published De Hydropibus 1725, and other medical works.
  350. ^ Lewis Dwnn, or more properly Lewys ap Rhys ap Owain (d. 1616 ?), deputy-herald for Wales (1586) and bard. His collections of pedigrees, interspersed with poems by himself, were edited by Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick in 1846. Transcripts by him of bardic verses are among the Peniarth MSS.
  351. ^ Michael Dwyer (1771–1826), Irish insurgent: took part in insurrections of 1798 and 1803, but disapproved Emmet's attempt upon Dublin, 1803; surrendered, 1803: sentenced to transportation, dying, according to Grattan, before leaving Britain, though, according to Ross, he was subsequently for eleven years high constable of Sydney.
  352. ^ Alexander Dyce (1798–1869), scholar; educated at the Edinburgh High School and Exeter College, Oxford; B.A., 1819; held two country curacies; published 'Specimens of British Poetesses 1825; edited Collins's poems, 1827; edited George Peele, 1828 and 1839; published Demetrius and Enanthe (Fletcher's Humorous Lieutenant), 1830; published edition of Shakespeare in nine volumes, 1857. He edited also the works of Thomas Middleton, 1840, Beaumont and Fletcher, 1843-6, Marlowe, 1850, Gifford's Ford, 1869, Robert Greene, 1831, John Webster, and others. His library was bequeathed to Victoria and Albert Museum, South Kensington,
  353. ^ William Dyce (1806–1864), painter; cousin of Alexander Dyce; M.A. Marischal College, Aberdeen, 1822; studied at the Royal Academy and at Rome; first exhibited at the Royal Academy, 1827; originated pre-Raphaelite school of painting in England with Madonna and Child 1828; Blackwell prizeman at Marischal College for essay on Electro-magnetism; F.R.S. of Edinburgh, 1832; director and secretary to council of school of design, 1840-3; professor of fine arts, King's College, London, 1844; R.A., 1848; was entrusted with the decoration in fresco of the House of Lords, 1846, and of the queen's robing-room, 1848, but did not fully carry out the former contract; an accomplished musician and glass painter; leader in the high church movement. His paintings comprise both portraits and historical subjects; his frescoes consist largely of allegorical and sacred figures.
  354. ^ David Ochterlony Dyce-Sombre (1808-1851), an eccentric character; born at Sirdhana, Bengal; great-grandson of one Walter Reinhard, a native of Strasburg, who became satrap of Sirdhana under the Mogul emperor, 1777; inherited a large fortune from his fostermother, the Begum Sombre, 1836; chevalier of the order of Christ; M.P., Sudbury, 1841; unseated for bribery, 1842; held to be of unsound mind by a commission de luncUico inquirendo, 1843; published a refutation of the charges of lunacy previously advanced against him, 1849; lived mainly in France; died in England, on a visit undertaken in the hope of obtaining a superseded!, 1861.
  355. ^ Thomas Dyche (fl. 1719), schoolmaster; master of Stratford Bow school after 1710; convicted of libel for attempting to expose the peculations of the notorious John Ward of Hackney, 1719; compiled English and Latin grammars and vocabularies.
  356. ^ Sir Edward Dyce (d. 1607), poet and courtier ; educated either at Balliol College or Broadgates Hall, Oxford; introduced at court by the Earl of Leicester, at one time falling under the displeasure of Queen Elizabeth; commissioner for the attachment of forfeited lands in Somerset, 1586; sent on a diplomatic mission to Denmark, 1589; chancellor of the order of the Garter, and knighted, 1596; intimate friend of Sir Philip Sidney; reputed Rosicrucian. His most famous poem is the description of contentment beginning My mind to me a kingdom is. Meres mentions him as famous for elegy and, according to Collier, he translated part of Theocritus.
  357. ^ George Dyer (1755–1841), author; educated at Christ's Hospital and Emmanuel Gollege, Cambridge; B.A., 1778: usher at Dedham grammar school, 1779, subsequently in a school at Northampton; converted to unitarianism by Robert Robinson (1735-1790): mentioned by Charles Lamb aa a gentle and kindly eccentric; nearly drowned in the New River while in a fit of abstraction, 1823. His works include The Complaints of the Poor People of England 1793,Poems 1801, and Poems and Critical Essays 1802.
  358. ^ Gilbert Dyer (1743–1820), antiquary and bookseller; formed collection of theological works when bookseller at Exeter; published A Restoration of the Ancient Modes of bestowing Names on the Rivers, Hills, AT. of Britain tracing back their names to the Gaelic, 1805, Vulgar Errors, Ancient and Modern and a pamphlet against atheism 1796.
  359. ^ Sir James Dyer (1512–1582), judge; barrister, Middle Temple, c. 1537; M.P., Cambridgeshire, 1547; king's Serjeant and knighted, 1552; M.P., Cambridgeshire and speaker of the House of Commons, 1553; judge of the queen's bench; president of the court of common pleas, 1559; compiled what Coke thought fruitful and summary collections of cases covering the period 1573-82, reports which constitute the transition from the yearbook to the modern system.
  360. ^ John Dyer (1700?–1758), poet ; educated at Westminster School; itinerant artist in South Wales, publishing his poem of Grongar Hill in 1727; studied painting in Italy; returned to England and held various livings; LL.B. Cambridge, 1752; published The Fleece 1757.
  361. ^ Joseph Chessborough Dyer (1780–1871), inventor; born at Stonnington Point, Connecticut; devoted himself to naturalising American inventions in England; patented improvement of Danforth's roving frame for cotton-spinning, 1825; joint-founder ofNorth American Review 1816, and of Manchester Guardian 1821; aided in establishing Royal Institution and Mechanics Institution at Manchester; abolitionist and free trader.
  362. ^ Samuel Dyer (1725–1772), translator: matriculated at Leyden, 1743; translated the lives of Pericles and Demetrius for Tonson's Plutarch's Lives 1758; F.R.S., 1761; obtained war office appointment; lived on intimate terms with Burke, who wrote an obituary notice of him; believed by Sir Joshua Reynolds and Malone to have written Junius's Letters.
  363. ^ Thomas Henry Dyer (1804–1888), historian; contributed to Dr. William Smith's classical and biographical dictionaries; published Tentamina Eschylea 1841; published A History of the City of Rome 1865, andThe History of the Kings of Rome 1868, the latter to confute Niebuhr; LL.D. St. Andrews; explored and published accounts of sites in Pompeii and Athens; investigated origin and nature of European concert in his History of Modern Europe 1861-4.
  364. ^ William Dyer (d. 1696), nonconformist divine ; minister of Ohesham, and subsequently of Cholesbury, Buckinghamshire; ejected, 1662; published theological treatises resembling in literary style those of John Bunyan.
  365. ^ Dyfrig (d. 612). See Dubricius.
  366. ^ John Dygon (fl. 1512), Benedictine monk and musician; Mus. Bac. Oxford, 1512: possibly prior of St. Augustine's Monastery, Canterbury; composer of a piece printed in John Hawkins's History of Music ii. 518.
  367. ^ Daniel Dyke (d. 1614), puritan divine ; B.A. St. John's College, Cambridge, 1596; M.A. Sidney Sussex College, 1599; follow of Sidney Sussex, and B.D. 1606; minister of Coggeshall, Essex; suspended, 1583; his restoration refused, though Lord Burghley interceded for him; published theological tracts.
  368. ^ Daniel Dyke (1617–1688), baptist divine: son of Jeremiah Dyke; M.A. Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge; rector of Great Hadham, Hertfordshire, 1645-60; chaplain in ordinary to Oliver Cromwell, 1651; trier for the approval of ministers, 1653.
  369. ^ Jeremiah Dyke (d. 1620?), puritan divine: brother of Daniel Dyke (d. 1614); graduate of Sidney Sussex Collage, Cambridge; incumbent of Epping, 1009 till death; published tracts.
  370. ^ John Bacchus Dykes (1823–1876), musician and theologian; grandson of Thomas Dykes; senior optime, St. Catherine's College, Cambridge, 1847; minor canon, 1849, and precentor of Durham, 1849-62; Mus. Doc. Durham; vicar of St. Oswald's, Durham, 1862; composed numerous hymn-tunes.
  371. ^ Thomas Dykes (1761–1847), divine; B.A. Magdalene College, Cambridge; built St. John's Church, Hull, 1791; first incumbent, 1792; founder of female penitentiary, Hull, 1812; master of the Charterhouse at Hull, 1833; a moderate Calvinist; published sermons.
  372. ^ Roger Dymock (d. 1395), theologian ; D.D. Oxford; possibly a Dominican friar; author of an unpublished treatise,Ad versus dnodecim errores et haereses Lollardorum
  373. ^ James Dymocke (d. 1718?), Roman catholic divine; missioner in England; prior of St. Arnoul, near Ohartres; chief work, Le Vice ridicule et la Vertu louee 1671.
  374. ^ Sir Henry Dymoke, first baronet (1801–1865), king's champion at George IV's coronation, 1821; created baronet, 1841.
  375. ^ Sir John Dymoke (d. 1381), king's champion; owed his advancement to a marriage with Margaret de Ludlow; knighted, 1373; M.P., Lincolnshire, 1372, 1373, and 1377; claimed, as lord of the manor of Scrivelsby, to act as king's champion at the coronation of Richard II; his right challenged by Sir Baldwin de Freville, but upheld by a decision of the lord steward.
  376. ^ Sir Robert Dymoke (d. 1546), king's champion; son of Sir Thomas Dymoke; knight-banneret; sheriff of Lincolnshire, 1484, 1502, and 1509; champion at the coronations of Richard III, Henry VII, and Henry VIII; distinguished himself at the siege of Tournay.
  377. ^ Robert Dymoke (d. 1580), son of Sir Robert Dymoke; imprisoned for recusancy at Lincoln.
  378. ^ Sir Thomas Dymoke (1428?–1471); aided his brother-in-law, Sir Robert Wells, in collecting a Lancastrian force in Lincolnshire, 1471; beheaded, 1471.
  379. ^ Jonathan Dymond (1796–1828), quaker moralist; founded an auxiliary peace society at Exeter, 1825: chief work, Essays on the Principles of Morality and on the Private and Political Rights and Obligations of Mankind (published 1829), written against Paley's utilitarianism.
  380. ^ Saint Dympna (6th or 9th cent.), Christian daughter of a pagan king in Ireland; fled to Antwerp from the incestuous designs of her father; overtaken and slain by her father with his own hand.
  381. ^ William Dyott (1761–1847), general ; lieutenant, 4th regiment, 1782; major, 103rd regiment, 1794; commanded 25th regiment at capture of Grenada, 1796; colonel, 1800; aide-de-camp to George III, 1801; commanded brigade in battle of Alexandria, 1801, and in Walcheren expedition, 1809; lieutenant-general, 1813.
  382. ^ Dysart, first Earl of (1600?–1651). See William Murray.
  383. ^ Countess of Dysart (d. 1697). See Elizabeth Murray.
  384. ^ Charles Dyson (1788–1860), professor of Anglo-Saxon at Oxford; grandson of Jeremiah Dyson; scholar of Corpus Christi College, Oxford; friend of Keble and Arnold; M.A., 1816; Rawlinsonian professor of Anglo-Saxon, 1812-16; incumbent successively of Nunburnholme, Nasing, and Dogmersfield.
  385. ^ Jeremiah Dyson (1722–1776), civil servant and politician; studied at Edinburgh University; matriculated at Leyden, 1742; settled a pension on his friend Mark Akenside; friend of Richardson; purchased clerkship of House of Commons, 1748; became a tory after George III's accession; discontinued the practice of, selling the clerkships subordinate to his office: M.P., Yarmouth, Isle of Wight, 1762-8, Regis, 1768-74, and Horsham, 1774; commissioner for the board of trade, 1764-8; a lord of the treasury, 1768-74; privy councillor, 1774; supported Lord North's treatment of the American colonies: nicknamed Mungo (the ubiquitous negro slave in Isaac Bickerstaffe's Padlock) from his omnipresence in parliamentary business;, defended Akenside's Pleasures of Imagination against Warburton.
  386. ^ Sir Lewis Dyve (1599-1669), royalist; knighted, 1620; attended Prince Charles at Madrid; M.P., Bridport; Weymouth and Melcotnbe 1625,1626, Weymouth, 1628; arrested by Hotham, governor of Hull, for conspiracy with ultimate object of admitting Charles I into that town, 1642; fled to Holland; returned, , and was wounded at skirmish at Worcester, 1642; fought under Rupert at relief of Newark, 1644; sergeant-major general of Dorset, 1644, storming Weymouth, 1645; imprisoned in the Tower, 1645-7; served in Ireland, publishing (1650) an account of events there from 1648 1650; finally took refuge in France.
  387. ^ John Eachard (1636?–1697), master of Catharine Hall, Cambridge; fellow of Catharine Hall, 1658; M.A., Ibbu: master, 1675-97; D.D., 1676; vice-chancellor of Cambridge, 1679 and 1695; appointed to justify the vicechancellor's action in disobeying the mandamus of James II to confer the degree of M.A. without oaths on the Benedictine monk, Alban Francis, 1687; published two Dialogues on the philosophy of Hobbes, 1672 and 1673, and a satirical work entitled The Grounds and Occasions of the Contempt of the Clergy aud Religion enquired into 1670.
  388. ^ Laurence Eachard (1670?–1730). See Laurence Echard.
  389. ^ Eadbald, Aeodbald, Aethelbald or Auduwald (d. 640), king of Kent ; son of Ethelberht broke off his incestuous connection with his father's wife on being converted to Christianity; said to have built a church at Canterbury and another church for Folkestone nunnery; married his sister Ethelburh to the Northumbrian king Eadwine on condition of her being allowed to remain a Christian.
  390. ^ Eadbert or Eadbehrt, Saint(d. 698), bishop of Lindisfarne, 688; buried in the grave which had held St. Cuthbert, whose remains he had translated,
  391. ^ Eadbeet or Eadbehrt (d. 768), king of the Northumbrians; divided the government between himself and his brother Ecgberht, archbishop of York; made alliances with the Franks and Picte; reduced Dumbarton, 756; joined the monastery of St. Peter's, York, in grief for the destruction of his army in 756.
  392. ^ Eadbeet or Eadbryht Praen (fl. 796), king of Kent; forsook the cloister and headed a revolt against Mercia, founding the independent kingdom of Kent, 796; defeated and mutilated by Cenwulf of Mercia, 798.
  393. ^ Eadburga, or Eadbugh, Bugga or Bugge, Saint (d. 751), abbess of Minster ; daughter of Centwine , king of the West-Saxons; abbess of the nunnery founded in Thanet by the mother of St. Mildred, near which she built a new convent: friend and correspondent of St. Boniface; taught Lioba the art of poetry.
  394. ^ Eadburga, Eadburgh or Eadburh (fl. 802), queen of the West-Saxons; daughter of Offa; prepared poison for a favourite of her husband Beorhtric. king of the West-Saxons, which the king accidentally drank himself, 802: fled to the court of Charlemagne, who made her abbess of a nunnery; expelled for unchastity and reduced to beg in the streets of Pavia.
  395. ^ Eadfrid or Eadfrith (d. 721), bishop of Lindisfarne, 698: ruled as a monastic bishop of the Celtic type, though following Rome on points of ritual; promoted the committal of his master St. Cnthbert's acts to writing; began the compilation of the Lindislarne gospels manuscripts.
  396. ^ John Eadie (1810–1876), theological author : studied at Glasgow University: minister of the Cambridge Street united secession congregation, Glasgow, 1835; professor of biblical literature in the United Secession Divinity Hall, Glasgow, 1843-76; LL.D. Glasgow, 1844; D.D. St. Andrew's, 1850; moderator of synod, 1857; author of a popularBiblical Cyclopaedia 1848, and an Analytical Concordance 1856; published commentaries on the Greek text of the Epistles to the Ephesians(1854), the Colossians (1856), the Philippians (1857), the Galatiaus (1869), and the Thessalonians (the last appearing posthumously).
  397. ^ Eadmer or Edmer (d. 1124?), historian : monk of Canterbury; biographer of St. Anselm; chronicler of contemporary events in Historia Novorum; elected archbishop of St. Andrews, but, in consequence of the rivalry between the northern and southern primates, never consecrated.
  398. ^ Eadnoth (d. 1067), staller, or master of the horse, under Eadward the Confessor and William I; slain in battle with the sons of Harold, 1067.
  399. ^ Eadric. See Edric.
  400. ^ Eadsige, Eadsine, Edsie, or Elsi (d. 1050), archbishop of Canterbury; one of the chaplains of Cnnt: archbishop, 1038; crowned Harthacnut; said to have helped Earl Godwine to seize Folkestone.
  401. ^ John Eager (1782–1853?), organist ; organist to the corporation of Yarmouth, 1803-33; defended and introduced J. B. Logier's chiroplast to the public; wrote pianoforte sonatas, songs, and glees.
  402. ^ John Eagles (1783–1855), artist and author ; son of Thomas Eagles; admitted to Winchester College, 1797; studied art in Italy, trying to form his style on Gaspard Poussin and Salvator Rosa; M.A. Wadham College, Oxford, 1818; took orders; contributed to Blackwood's Magazine 1831-55; wrote sonnets and a Latin macaronic poem; translated Odyssey books i. and ii. and five cantos of Orlando Furioso.
  403. ^ Thomas Eagles (1746–1812), classical scholar; entered at Winchester College, 1757; merchant and collector of customs at Bristol; F.S.A., 1811; translated part of Athenaeus; contributed toThe Crier a periodical essay (in Felix Farley's Bristol Journal), and left dissertations on the Rowley controversy.
  404. ^ Ealdulf (d. 1002). See Aldulf.
  405. ^ John Eames (d. 1744), dissenting tutor; educated at Merchant TaylorsSchool; theological tutor in the Fund Academy, Moorfields; F.RJS.,and friend of Sir Isaac New-ton; edited Isaac Watts's Knowledge of the Heavens and Earth made easy 1726.
  406. ^ Eanbald I (d. 796), archbishop of York; with Alcuin superintended rebuilding of York Minster; archbishop, 780; crowned Eardwulf, 796.
  407. ^ Eanbald II (d. 810?), archbishop of York ; sent by the church of York to consult his master, Alcuin, on the succession, 796; archbishop, 796; helped Cenwulf of Mercia to depose Eardwnlf of Northumbria, 807; received letters of advice from Alcnin.
  408. ^ Eanflaed (d. 626), queen of Northumbria; first Northumbrian to be baptised, 626; brought up at the court of her uncle Eadbald, king of Kent; married to Oswiu of Northnmbria, 643; hastened the synod of I Whitby by her adherence to the Roman ritual, while her j husband practised the Celtic; joint-abbess of Whitby with her daughter Inaed, c. 685.
  409. ^ Sir Culling Eardley Eardley (1805–1863), religious philanthropist; educated at Eton and Oriel College, Oxford; M.P., Pontefract, 1830: founded the Evan 1 gelical Alliance, 1846. Under his direction the Alliance secured the independence of the Bulgarian church, 1861, and the abolition of the penal laws against Roman catholics in Sweden, 1858; he obtained firmans of religious liberty from the sultan of Turkey (1866) and from the khedive of Egypt.
  410. ^ Eardwulf or Eardulf (d. 810), king of Northnmbria; said to have been executed by order of Ethelred. but to hare been miraculously restored to life; king of Northumbria, 796; expelled by Alfwold, 808, but restored (809) by Charlemagne.
  411. ^ Erasmus Earle (1590–1667), serjeant-at-law; barrister of Lincoln's Inn; bencher, 1635-41: reader, 1639; M.P., Norwich, 1647; serjeantrat-law, 1648 and 1660; counsel to the state, 1653.
  412. ^ Giles Earle (1678?-1758), politician and wit; colonel in the army and follower of John, second duke of Argyll; M.P., Chippenham, 1715-22, Malmesbury, 1722-1747; clerk-comptroller of the king's household, 1720; treasury lord, 1737-42; chairman of committees of election, 1727-41; boon companion of Walpole.
  413. ^ Henry Earle (1789–1838), surgeon; third son of Sir James Earle; M.R.C.S., 1808; surgeon to St. Bartholomew's Hospital, 1827: professor of anatomy and surgery at the Royal College of Surgeons, 1833; president of the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society, 1835-7; surgeon-extraordinary to Queen Victoria, 1837; published Practical Observations in Surgery 1823: maintained, against Sir Astley Paston Cooper, the possible uniting of fracture of the neck of the thigh-bone.
  414. ^ Jabez Earle (1676?–1768), presbyterian minister; pastor in Drury Street, Westminster, 1706; established a Thursday-morning lecture at Hanover Street; D.D. Edinburgh, 1728; D.D. King's College, Aberdeen; chaplain to Archibald, duke of Douglas (1694-1761); published sermons and religious poems.
  415. ^ Sir James Earle (1755–1817), surgeon ; surgeon to St. Bartholomew's Hospital, 1784-1815; surgeonextraordinary to George III; president of the College of Surgeons and knighted, 1802; lithotomist; improved treatment of hydrocele; chief work, A Treatise on the Hydrocele 1791.
  416. ^ John Earle (1601?–1665), bishop of Salisbury ; B.A. Merton College, Oxford, and fellow, 1619; M.A., 1624; rector of Bishopston, Wiltshire, 1639; tutor to Charles, prince of Wales, 1641; D.D. Oxford, 1640: unexpectedly appointed one of the Westminster Assembly of Divines, 1643; chancellor of Salisbury, 1643; deprived, as a malignant; chaplain and clerk of the closet to Charles II in France; dean of Westminster, 1660; bishop of Worcester, 1662-3; bishop of Salisbury, 1663-5; opposed both the Conventicle and the Five-mile acts; author of Microcosmographie 1628, and Hortus Mertonensis a Latin poem.
  417. ^ John Earle (1749–1818), Roman catholic divine ; educated at the English college, Douay; priest at Spanish ambassador's chapel, Dorset Street, Manchester Square, London; published poem on Gratitude 1791, and critique (1799) on Geddea's translation of the bible.
  418. ^ William Earle (1833-1 885), major-general; educated at Winchester; lieutenant, 49th regiment, 1854; promoted captain in the Crimea, 1855; captain and lieutenant-colonel, grenadier guards, 1863; served in Nova Scotia, 1862 and 1863; colonel, 1868; military secretary to Lord Northbrook in India, 1872-6; C.S.I., 1876; majorgeneral, 1880; commanded garrison of Alexandria, 18821884; O.B.; killed at Kirbekan during the war in the Soudan.
  419. ^ William Benson Earle (1740–1796), philanthropist; educated at Salisbury Cathedral school, Winchester College, and Merton College, Oxford; M.A., 1764; published descriptions of continental tour extending from 1765 to 1767; bequeathed large sums to learned and charitable institutions.
  420. ^ Richard Earlom (1743–1822), mezzotint engraver; studied under G. B. Cipriani, admiration for whose allegorical paintings on the lord mayor's state coach induced him to become an artist; achieved a fine style in the chalk manner, and in mezzotint representation of the texture of flowers; executed prints after Claude Lorraine to further the detection of spurious works.
  421. ^ Laurence Earnshaw (d. 1767), mechanician ; constructed an astronomical clock; invented a machine to spin and reel cotton simultaneously, 1753, which he destroyed, under the impression that it would lessen the demand for labour.
  422. ^ Thomas Earnshaw (1749–1829), watchmaker ; first to bring chronometers within the means of private individuals; invented cylindrical balance spring and detached detent escapement.
  423. ^ John Parsons Earwaker (1847–1895), antiquary; M.A. Merton College, Oxford, 1876; studied at Middle Temple; honorary secretary of Oxford Archaeological Society; F.S.A., 1873; published East Cheshire 1877-81, and other writings, relating chiefly to Cheshire and Lancashire; edited Court Leet Records of Manor of Manchester 1884-90.
  424. ^ Sir Edward Hyde East (1764–1847), chief-justice of Calcutta; born in Jamaica; barrister. Inner Temple, 1786; M.P., Great Bedwin, 1792; knighted; chief-justice of the supreme court at Fort William, Bengal, 1813-22; chief promoter of the Hindoo College; created baronet, 1823; M.P., Winchester, 1823-30; member of judicial committee of privy council; F.R.S., and bencher of the Inner Temple; published Pleas of the Crown 1803; compiled case reports.
  425. ^ Sir James Buller East (1789–1878), barrister : eldest son of Sir Edward Hyde East; educated at Harrow and Christ Church, Oxford; M.A., 1824; D.C.L., 1834; barrister, Inner Temple, 1863; reader, 1869; M.P., Winchester, 1830-2 and 1835-64; deputy-lieutenant for Gloucestershire.
  426. ^ Michael East (also spelt Est, Este, and Easte) (15807-1680?), musical composer; probably son of Thomas East; wrote Hence, stars too dim of light a madrigal, for the Triumphs of Oriana (printed, 1601); choirmaster of Lichfield Cathedral, c. 1618; author of Madrigales pastorals, Neopolitanes and anthemes His hist book, comprising Duos for two Base Viols and Ayerie Fancies of 4 parts appeared in 1638.
  427. ^ East (also spelt EST, ESTK, and EASTB), THOMAS (1540 ?-1608 ?), printer and music-publisher; published Burd's Bassus 1587; printed a new edition of Damon's psalter, showing the ancient and modern methods of harmonising tunes for congregational use, 1591; edited 'The Whole Booke of Psalmes an early example of 'score 1592; published (1603)The Triumphs of Oriana,* a collection of madrigals in honour of Queen Elizabeth; connected with most of the musical publications of the time.
  428. ^ Kings of East Angles. See REDWALD, d. 627? ; , SIGEBKRT, d. 637?; ETHELBERT, rf. 794; EDMUND, 841i 870.
  429. ^ Richard Eastcott (1740?–1828), writer on music; deprecated the custom of writing fugal music for voices in Sketches of the Origin, Progress, and Effects of Music 1793; chaplain of Livery Dale, Devonshire.
  430. ^ Richard Eastcourt (1668–1712). See Estcourt.
  431. ^ Lord Easter Kennet (d. 1594). See Alexander Hay.
  432. ^ Sir John Easthope (1784–1865), politician and journalist; M.P., St. Albans, 1826-30, Banbury, 1831, and Leicester, 1837-47; magistrate for Middlesex and Surrey, and chairman of various companies; purchased the Morning Chronicle 1834; created baronet, 1841.
  433. ^ Sir Charles Lock Eastlake (1793–1865), president of the Royal Academy; entered Charterhouse j School, 1808; studied art under Benjamin Robert Haydon and in the Royal Academy schools; returning J from studying the Louvre masterpieces (1816) to Plymouth, was enabled to visit Italy by the proceeds of a 1 portrait of Napoleon I, devoting himself to landscapepainting at Rome; visited Athens, Malta, and Sicily, on a sketching tour; exhibited banditti pictures at the British Institution, 1823; exhibited at Koyal Academy after 1827; praised by Haydon for the Titianesque simplicity of his Champion; twice refused the chair of fine arts at the London University, 1833 and 1836; secretary of the Fine Arts Commission; commissioner for the exhibition of 1851; president of the Royal Academy, 1850-65; director of the National Gallery, 1855; died at Pisa; F.R.S. and honorary D.C.L. Oxford; published 4 Materials for the History of Oil-painting some books of art criticism, aud a translation of Goethe's Theory of Colours 1840.
  434. ^ Lady Elizabeth Eastlake (1809–1893), authoress; daughter of Edward Rigby (1747-1821); travelled in Germany and Russia, and published, 1841, A Residence on the Shores of the Baltic; contributed, from 1842, numerous articles to Quarterly in one of which (1848) she attacked Jane Eyre; married Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, 1849. Her works include translation of Waagen's 4 Treasures of Art in Great Britain 1864-7, Five Great Painters 1883, and a revised edition of her husband's issue of KUgler's Handbook of Painting: Italian School? 1874. Her 4 Journals and Correspondence appeared, 1895.
  435. ^ William Eastmead (d. 1847?), dissenting minister; pastor at Kirkby Moorside, Yorkshire; publihed two theologico-moral essays, also (1824) Historia Rievallensis
  436. ^ Adam Easton (d. 1397), cardinal: of humble parentage; doctor in theology, Oxford; erroneously described as bishop of Hereford or of London; cardinal-priest after 1381; nominated by papal provision to the deanery of York, 1382; thrown into a dungeon at Nocera by Urban II for being concerned in the cardinalsplot against the pope's despotic rule, 1385; liberated by the intervention of Richard II, but degraded from the cardinalate; reinstated by Boniface IX, 1389; prebendary of Salisbury before 1392; incumbent of Hecham; died at Rome. Of his numerous writings, among which may be mentionedPerfectio Vitse Spiritualis and 4 Hebraica Saraceui none are extant.
  437. ^ Kings of East Saxons. See SEBEKT, -. 616? ; Skxked d. 626 ; SIGEBKRT, ft. 626 ; SIGKBKRT, ft. 653 ; Sighkri !. 665 ; SKBBI, d. 695? ; SIGHARD,.*. 695 ; OFFA, ft. 709; SKLRKD, d. 746; SIGKRED,J. 799.
  438. ^ Edward Backhouse Eastwick (1814–1883), orientalist and diplomatist; educated at Charterhouse and Merton College, Oxford; given political employment in Kattiawar and Sindh; professor of Hindustani at the East India College, Haileybury, 1845; assistant political secretary at the India Office, 1859; barrister, Middle Temple, 1860; secretary of legation to the Persian court, 1860-3; commissioner for arranging a Venezuelan loan, 1864 and 1867; O.B.; M.P., Penryn and Falmouth, 1868-74: translated Sa'di's 4 Gulistan 1852, and some Hindustani classics, besides writing works dealing with his diplomatic experiences.
  439. ^ Jonathan Eastwood (1824–1864), topographer; M.A. St. John's College, Cambridge, 1849; incumbent of Hope, Staffordshire; wrote a 4 History of the Parish of Ecclesfield in the County of York 1862, and a 4 Bible Word-book published 1866.
  440. ^ Eata (d. 686), bishop of Hexham and Lindisfarne ; disciple of St. Aidan and, in 651, abbot of Melrose; consecrated bishop of the Bernicians, 678; b}shop of Lindisfarne alone, and subsequently of Hexham alone, his see having been divided in 681.
  441. ^ Mrs Charlotte Ann Eaton (1788–1859). See Waldie.
  442. ^ Daniel Isaac Eaton (d. 1814), bookseller; indicted for selling the second part of Paine's Rights of Man 1793, and for a supposed libel on George III in 4 Politics for the People 1794, but acquitted: fled to America, and was outlawed, 1796; translated Helvetia's 4 True Sense and Meaning of the System of Nature 1810; pilloried, 1812: tried, for publishing 4 Ecoe Homo 1813, but, being an old man, was not brought up for judgment.
  443. ^ John Eaton (fl. 1619), divine ; M.A. Trinity College, Oxford, 1603; vicar of Wickham Market, Suffolk, 1604-19; deprived, as a suspected antinomian, 1619; imprisoned; published works including The Honey-Combe of Free Justification by Christ alone 1642.
  444. ^ Nathaniel Eaton (1609?–1674), president-designate of Harvard College, Massachusetts; brother of Theophilus Eaton; educated at Westminster and Trinity College, Cambridge: emigrated to America, 1637; president-designate of Harvard College, 1638-9; dismissed by order of the court at Boston for cruelty to his pupils aud ushers, 1639; doctor of philosophy and medicine, Padua, 1647; vicar of Bishops Castle, Shropshire, 1661; rector of Bidefoni, 1668; died a prisoner for debt in the king's bench.
  445. ^ Samuel Eaton (1596?–1665), independent divine: M.A. Magdalene College, Cambridge, 1628; brother of Theophilus Eaton; colleague of John Davenport at New Haven; returned to England (1640) for the purpose of gathering a company to settle Toboket, but did not go back to America; assistant to the parliamentary commissioners of Cheshire; an influential preacher: teacher of a congregational church at Dukinfield, Cheshire; wrote against the Socinians and quakers.
  446. ^ Theophilus Eaton (1690?-1658), first governor of New Haven; friend of John Davenport, at New Haven; deputy-governor of the East Land Company; agent of Charles I to the court of Denmark; original patentee and magistrate of Massachusetts, 1629; founded settlement of New Haven, 1638; annually reelected governor of New Haven, 1639-58; drew up the 4 blue code of laws, so named from its whimsicality and severity (printed 1656); treated Dutch and Indians fairly and prudently.
  447. ^ Ebba or Aebbe, Saint (d. 679?), abbess of Coldingham; daughter of Ethelfrith, king of Northumbria; founded monastery at Ebchester on the Derwent; abbess of Coldiugham, Berwickshire, a mixed monastery of monks and nuns, which was burnt down in 679 as a divine punishment on the disorderliness of its inmates, according to the dream of a monk named Adamnan; said to have healed Queen Eormenburh of a malady caused by demoniacal possession.
  448. ^ Ebba (ft. 870), abbess of Coldingham when the house was destroyed by the Danes.
  449. ^ Thomas Ebdon (1738–1811), organist of Durham Cathedral, 1763-1811. His 4 Morning, Communion, and Evening Service in C is still occasionally heard.
  450. ^ John Ebers (1785?–1830?), operatic manager; lessee of the King's Theatre, opening it in 1821 with 4 La Gazza Lad ru; produced, with alternate success and failure, representative Italian operas; sublet the theatre to Beuelli, his assistant stage. manager, who absconded in 1824; ruined by the enormous rent of the theatre, 1826: became a bookseller, publishing Seven Years of the King's Theatre 1828.
  451. ^ Eborard or Everard (1083?–1150), second bishop of Norwich; archdeacon of Salisbury in 1121: consecrated bishop of Norwich, 1121; one of the bishops who attested the great charter issued by Stephen, 1135; deposed, according to Henry of Huntingdon, for his cruelty, c. 1145; built the church of Fontenay Abbey; died, a Cistercian monk, at Fonteuay, 1150.
  452. ^ Eborius or Eburius (fl. 314), bishop of Eboracum or York; one of the three bishops from the Roman province of Britain who attended the council of Aries, 314.
  453. ^ Joseph Ebsworth (1788–1868), dramatist and musician; baritone singer at Covent Garden Theatre; actor and prompter at the Theatre Royal, Edinburgh; abandoned the stage to become choir-leader at St. Stephen's Church; friend of Charles Dibdin the younger; author of numerous short dramas and a collection of songs in manuscript.
  454. ^ Mary Emma Ebsworth (1794–1881), dramatist ; wA? Fairbrother; married to Joseph Ebsworth, 1817; author of works published in Cumberland's Acting Drama.
  455. ^ Baron Ebury (1801–1893). See Robert Grosvenor.
  456. ^ John Giles Eccardt (Johannes Aegidius) (d. 1779), portrait-painter; native of Germany; succeeded to the practice of his master, Vanloo; painted portraits of Bentley, Gray, and Mrs. Woffington.
  457. ^ Ambrose Eccles (d. 1809), Shakespearean scholar; educated at Trinity College, Dublin; editedyiiiH-line 1793,King Lear 1793, and Merchant of Venice 1805, transposing scenes which he thought wrongly placed.
  458. ^ Henry Eccles (fl. 1720), violinist : son of Solomon Eccles; member of the king's baud, 16941710; member of the French king's band; published in Paris Twelve Excellent Solos for the Violin 1720.
  459. ^ John Eccles (d. 1735), musical composer ; son of Solomon Eccles; contributed songs to about fortysix plays; master of Queen Anne's band, 1704; composed new-year and birthday songs for the court,
  460. ^ Solomon Eccles (1618–1683), musician and quaker; abandoned music on bacoming a quaker, 1660; wandered naked through London streets, prophesying divine wrath, during the plague of 1665; accompanied George Fox to the West Indies, 1671; banished from New England, 1672, and from Barbados, 1680; published A Musick-Lector 1667, and The Quakers Challenge 1668, the latter making physical endurance in spiritual exercises a proof of the true religion.
  461. ^ Thomas of Eccleston (fl. 1250), Franciscan; studied at Oxford; wrote De Adventu Fratrum Minorum in Angliam (printed 1858).
  462. ^ Thomas of Eccleston (1659–1743), Jesuit; educated at St. Omer and the English college, Rome: captain in James II's army after 1688; professed of the four vows, 1712; missioner in Yorkshire; chaplain to Lord Petre.
  463. ^ William Ecclestone or Egglestone (fl.–1605-1623), actor; joined the king's company of actors associated with the Blackfriars and Globe theatres after 1605, performing in Jonson'sAlchemist 1610; joined Henslowe's company at the Fortune Theatre, 1611.
  464. ^ Laurence Echard (1670?–1730), historian; M.A. Christ's College, Cambridge, 1695; prebendary of Lincoln, 1697; archdeacon of Stow, 1712-30; F.S.A.; chief work, A History of England 1707 and 1718; translated Terence and part of Plautus, 1694, writing also various compendiums; translated D'Orleans History of the Revolutions in England (1603-1690) (second edition, 1722).
  465. ^ Robert Echlin (d. 1635), bishop of Down and Connor; M.A. St. Andrews, 1596; in charge of second congregation of Inverkeithing, 1601; bishop of Down and Connor, 1613; procured commission to inquire into causes of impoverishment of his diocese, 1615; abandoned policy of toleration and deposed (1634) the presbyterian ministers, Livingstone and Robert Blair.
  466. ^ John Ecton (d. 1730), compiler ; receiver of the tenths of the clergy in Queen Anne's Bounty office; F.S.A., 1723; bequeathed his manuscripts and books to Oxford University; author of two works of reference in connection with Queen Anne's Bounty Fund.
  467. ^ Saint Edburge (d. 751).
  468. ^ Eddi, Aedde, or Eddius (fl. 669), biographer; assumed the name of Stephanus, probably on taking orders; brought to Northumbria by Bishop Wilfrid to teach the Roman method of chanting, 669; monk at Ripon; wrote a Vita Wilfridi Episcopi which William of Malmesbury consulted.
  469. ^ Eddisbury, first Baron (1802–1869). See Edward John Stanley.
  470. ^ Saint Edelburge (d. 676?). See Ethelburga.
  471. ^ Gerard Edema (1652–1700?), landscape-painter : native of Friesland; travelled in Guiana, Norway, and Newfoundland; came to England, c. 1670. His paintings of novel and unknown scenery earned for him the title of the Salvator Rosa of the North
  472. ^ Sir Ashley Eden (1831–1887), Indian official; third son of Robert John Eden; educated at Rugby and Winchester; magistrate at Moor.shedabad, 1856, doing much to prevent disaffection there, 1857; secretary to the governor of Bengal, 1860-71; envoy to Bhutan, where he was constrained to sign a disadvantageous treaty, 1863; chief commissioner of British Burmah, 1871; lieutenant-governor of Bengal, 1877-82; K.C.S.I., 1878; member of the secretary of state's council, 1882.
  473. ^ Charles Page Eden (1807–1885), clerical author and editor; bible clerk, Oriel College, Oxford, 1825; B.A., 1829; Ellerton and chancellor's prizeman; fellow 01 Oriel, 1832; vicar of St. Mary's, Oxford, 1843-50; prebendary of York, 1870; edited Gunning's Paschal or Lent Fast 1845, Andrewes's Pattern of Catechistical Doctrine 1846, and Jeremy Taylor's works,
  474. ^ Emily Eden (1797–1869), novelist and traveller; daughter of William Eden, first baron Auckland; accompanied her brother, George Eden, to India; published Portraits of the People and Princes of India 1844, Up the Country 1866, and two novels, The Semidetached House 1869, andThe Semi-attached Couple I860.
  475. ^ Sir Frederick Morton Eden (1766–1809), writer on the state of the poor; nephew of William Eden, first baron Auckland; M.A. Christ Church, Oxford, 1789; chairman of the Globe Insurance Company; applied the principles of Adam Smith to investigations into the condition of the poor; chief work, The State of the Poor; or an History of the Labouring Classes in England from the Conquest to the present period 1797.
  476. ^ George Eden, first Earl of Auckland (1784-1849), statesman and governor-general of India; second son of William Eden, first baron Auckland; M.A. Christ Church, Oxford, 1808; barrister, Lincoln's Inn, 1809; M.P., Woodstock, 1810-12, re-elected, 1813; president of the board of trade, 1830-4 and 1835, and master of the mint, 1830-4; first lord of the admiralty, 1834; G.C.B.; governor-general of India, 1836; instituted famine relief works in the north-west provinces, 1838; adopted the policy of reinstating Shah Shuja as ameer of Afghanistan, 1837; created Earl of Auckland on successful termination of first Afghan campaign, 1839; recalled by Peel after catastrophe of November 1841; first lord of the admiralty, 1846; president of the Royal Asiatic Society and of the senate of University College, London.
  477. ^ Henry Eden (1797–1888), admiral; cousin of George Eden; navy lieutenant, 1817; commanded the Martin off the coast of Greece during the Greek revolution, 1822-4; flag-captain to Sir Graham Moore, commander-in-chief at Plymouth, 1839-42; admiralty 1 lord, 1855-8; rear-admiral, 1854; admiral, 1864.
  478. ^ Morton Eden , first Baron Henley (1752–1830), diplomatist; matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford, 1770; minister plenipotentiary to the elector of Bavaria; envoy extraordinary at Copenhagen, 1779, at Dresden, 1782; K.B., 1791; ambassador to the Austrian court, 1793; privy councillor, 1794: envoy extraordinary to Vienna, 1794-9: created peer of Ireland as Baron Henley of Chardstock, Dorset, 1799; F.R.S.
  479. ^ Richard Eden (1521?–1576), translator ; studied at QueensCollege, Cambridge, 1535-44; cited before Bishop Gardiner for heresy, and deprived of his place in the English treasury of the Prince of Spain; entered service of Jean de Ferrieres, vidame of Chartres, 1562; translated Mifnster'sCosmography 1553, and John Taisner's De Natura Magnetis 1574, and published 'The Decades of the Newe Worlde, or West India 1555. Me
  480. ^ Robert Eden (1804–1886), bishop of Moray, Roes, and Caithness; son of Sir Frederick Morton Eden; educated at Westminster and Christ Church, Oxford; B.A., 1827; bishop of Moray and Ross, 1851: D.D., 1851; primus of the Scottish church, 1862; founded St Andrew's Cathedral. Inverness; worked for recognition of Scottish orders by the English church; founder of the Representative Church Council; published tracts.
  481. ^ Robert Henley Eden, second Baron Henley (1789-1841), son of Morton Eden, first baron; M.A. Christ Church, Oxford, 1814; barrister of Lincoln's Inn, 1814; mastery in chancery, 1826-40; M.P., Fowey, 1826-30; wrote on bankruptcy laws and ecclesiastical questions.
  482. ^ Robert John Eden , third Baron Auckland (1799-1870), bishop of Bath and Wells; son of William Eden, first baron Auckland; M.A. Magdalene Col lege, Cambridge, 1819; D.D., 1847; royal chaplain, 1H31-7, and 1837-47; bishop of Sodor and Man, 1S47-54; bishop of Bath and Wells, 1854-09; published pamphlets and edited -Journal of William, lord Auckland, 1860.
  483. ^ Thomas Eden (d. 1645), master of Trinity Hall, Cambridge; scholar of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, 1696; fellow, 1699: LL.B., 1613; professor of law, Gresham Collcu". London, ItUGtO; member of College of Advocates at DoctorsCommons, 1615; LL.D., 1616; M.P. for Cambridge University, 1626, 1628, and 1640; master of Trinity Hall, 1626; chancellor of Ely, 1630; took the solemn national league and covenant, 1644; member of the admiralty committee, 1646; benefactor of Trinity Hall.
  484. ^ William Eden, first Baron Auckland (1744-1814), statesman and diplomatist: educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford; M.A., 1768; barrister, Middle Temple, 1769: under-secretary of state, 1772; M.P., Woodstock, 1774 and 1778-84; a first lord of the board of trade and plantations, 1776; privy councillor of Ireland; sat for Dungannon in the Irish parliament: established National Bank of Ireland; vice-treasurer of Ireland, 1783; privy councillor; M.P., Heytesbury, 1784; negotiated commercial treaty with France, 1786; created Baron Auckland in Irish peerage, 1789; concluded a treaty on the settlement of Holland with the Emperor Leopold and the king of Prussia, 1790; ambassador extraordinary at the Hague during the French revolution; created Baron Auckland of West Auckland, Durham, 1793; joint postmaster-general, 1798-1804, under both Pitt and Addington; excluded from Pitt's second administration, 1804; president of board of trade in Grenville's of All the Talents 1806-7; publishedPrinciples of Penal Law 1772, and a History of New Holland 1788.
  485. ^ Alfred Edersheim (1825–1889), biblical scholar; born of Jewish parents at Vienna; studied at Vienna University; embraced Christianity; studied theology in Edinburgh and Berlin; entered presbyterian ministry, 1846; preached as missionary at Jassy, Roumania; minister of free church, Old Aberdeen, 1848, and of presbyterian church at Torquay, 1861-72; held living of Loders, near Bridport, Dorset, 1876-82; Warburtonian lecturer at Lincoln's Inn, 1880-4; M.A. Oxford, 1881; select preacher to university, 1884-5; Grinfield lecturer on the Septuagint, 1886-8 and 1888-90; published Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah 1883, Bible History (of Old Testament), 1876-87, and other religious writings.
  486. ^ Richard Edes or Eedes (1555–1604), dean of Worcester; educated at Westminster and Christ Church, Oxford; student, 1571; M.A., 1578; D.D., 1590; prebendary of Sarum, 1584, of Christ Church Cathedral, 1586, and of Hereford, 1590; treasurer of Hereford, 1596; queen's chaplain; dean of Worcester, 1697; chaplain to James I; prevented by death from taking part in the translation of the bible.
  487. ^ Davod Aur Edeyrn , i.e. The Golden-Tongued (fl. 1270), Welsh bard and grammarian; said to have compiled a Welsh grammar and prosody.
  488. ^ Edgar or Eadgar (944–975), king of the English; younger son of Eadmund the Magnificent see EDMUND, 922 ?-946; chosen king of the land north of the Thames by the northern rebels, 957; appointed Dunstan his chief minister: chosen king by the whole people, 959; imposed on the rebellious prince of North Wales a tribute of three hundred wolvesheads for four years, c. 968; pacified Northumbria, 966: entrusted the province to Earl Oslac, 966; said to have purchased the goodwill of Kenneth, king of Scotland, by the grant of Lothian; allowed limited self-government to the Danes of the north; appointed Oswald, a Northumbrian Dane, archbishop of York, 972; solemnly crowned at Bath, possibly as an enunciation of the consummation of English unity 973; received homage of eight British princes at Chester, 973; made an alliance with the emperor Otto the Great; dispossessed clerks in favour of Benedictine monks at Chertsey, Milton, Exeter, Ely, Peterborough, Thorney, and throughout Mercia; organised a system of naval defence against the northern pirates, and used the territorial division of the hundred as the basis of an efficient police system; according to legend, was ordered by Dunstan to dp penance for incontinence; report* of the looseness of his private life probably exaggerated by the national party, which disliked hi* Danish sympathies.
  489. ^ Edgar (1072–1107), king of Scotland; sou of Malcolm Oanmore; fled to England on Donald Bane's usurpation 1093; placed on the Scottish throne by William Rufus, 1097; compelled by the Norwegian king Majmus Barefoot, to surrender all the western islands round which he could steer a helm-carrying vessel, 1098; friend to the church. xvi 3701
  490. ^ Edgar Atheling or Eadgar, the Aetheling (fl. 1066-1106), king-elect of England; son of Eadward the Exile; born in Hungary: chosen king by the two archbishops and the northern earls, Eadwine and Morkere, after Harold's defeat, 1066; compelled by defection of his supporters to submit to William I (1068), who received him graciously; took part in insurrections of 1068 and 1069; allied himself with the Danes, 1069; wandered about among the courts of Scotland, Flanders, and France lived at William I's court, c. 1074-86; joined the Normans in Apulia, 1086; resided at the court of Duke Robert of Normandy; led expedition to Scotland to set his nephew Edgar (1072-1107) on the throne, 1097: crusader, 1099; fought for Robert of Normandy against Henry I at Tenchebrai, where he was taken prisoner, 1106: released, 1106.
  491. ^ John Edgar (1798–1866), theologian and philanthropist; educated at Glasgow and Belfast universities; minister of a Belfast congregation, 1820-48; professor of theology in the secession branch of the presbyterian church, 1826: D.D. Hamilton College, U.S.A., 1836; moderator of the united presbyterian church, 1842; LL.D. New York, 1860; warmly championed temperance, although he disapproved of teetotal movement; visited America to enlist sympathy for the starving Irish peasants, 1859.
  492. ^ John George Edgar (1834–1864), miscellaneous writer; travelled on mercantile business in the West Indies; first editor of Every Boy's Magazine; published 'The Boyhood of Great Men 1853, and Footprints of Famous Men 1853.
  493. ^ George Edgcumbe , first Earl of Mount-Edgcumbe (1721–1795), son of Richard, first baron Edgcumbe; navy lieutenant, 1739; took part in blockade of Brest and battle of Quiberon Bay, 1759; lordlieutenant of Cornwall, 1761; admiral, 1778: created Viscount Mount-Edgcumbe, 1781, and Earl of Mount-Edgcumbe, 1789; one of the vice-treasurers of Ireland, 1771-3, and 1784-95.
  494. ^ Sir Piers Edgcumbe (d. 1539), son of Sir Richard Edgcumbe (d. 1489); K.B., 1489; sheriff of Devonshire, 1493, 1494, and 1497; made knight-banneret for his services at the battle of Spurs, 1513.
  495. ^ Sir Richard Edgcumbe or Edgecombe (d. 1489), statesman; M.P., Tavistock, 1467; escheator of Cornwall, 1467: took part in the Duke of Buckingham's rebellion, escaping to Brittany after its failure, 1484; knighted by Henry VII for valour at Bosworth Field, 1485; erected a chapel in honour of the victory; privy councillor and chamberlain of the exchequer; sheriff of DevonPhire, 1487; ambassador to Scotland; administered the oaths of allegiance in Ireland, 1488: despatched to negotiate truce with Anne, duchess of Brittany, 1488; died at Morlaix. <
  496. ^ Sir Richard Edgcumbe or Edgecombe (1499-1562), country gentleman, called the good old knight of the castle; son of Sir Piers Edgcumbe; knighted, 1537; sheriff of Devon, 1543 and 1544; commissioner of muster in Cornwall, 1557.
  497. ^ Richard Edgcumbe, first Baron Edgcumbe (1680-1758); M.A. Trinity College, Cambridge, 1698; M.P., Cornwall, 1701, Plympton and St. Germans, 1702; treasury lord, 1716 and 1720; vice-treasurer, receiver-general, treasurer of war, and paymaster-general of George I's revenues in Ireland, 1724; adherent of Walpole; raised to the peerage, 1742, to prevent his being examined as to the management of the Cornish boroughs; chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster, 1743-58; privy councillor, 1744.
  498. ^ Richard Edgcumbe, second Baron Edgcumbe (1716-1761), son of Richard, first baron: majorgeneral in the army; M.P., Lostwithiel, 1747-51, Penryn, 1754; admiralty lord, 1755-6: comptroller of his majesty's household, 1756; privy councillor, 1756: friend of Horace Walpole; one of the first to recognise the genius of Reynolds.
  499. ^ Richard Edgcumbe , second Earl of Mount-Edgcumbe (1764-1839), son of George, first earl; D.C.L. Christ Church, Oxford, 1793; M.P., Fowey, 17861795; captain of the band of gentlemen-pensioners, 1808-1812; privy councillor, 1808: wrote, for private circulation, Musical Reminiscences of an Old Amateur
  500. ^ Henry Essex Edgeworth De Firmont (1745-1807), confessor to Louis XVI; son of an Irish clergyman; educated by the Jesuits of Toulouse and at Paris; took name De Firmont when ordained; declined an Irish see, preferring to work among the poor of Paris: confessor to the French Princess Elizabeth, 179 1; attended Louis XVI on the scaffold as friend and confessor, 1793; eventually accepted Pitt's offer of a pension, from fear of becoming a burden to the exiled Louis XVIII, who had appointed him chaplain; died of a fever contracted while attending French prisoners at Mittau.
  501. ^ Maria Edgeworth (1767–1849), novelist; daughter of Richard Lovell Edgeworth; undertook her brother Henry's education; defended female education inLetters to Literary Ladies 1795; published, in conjunction with her father, two volumes on Practical Education 1798, adopting, with modifications, the ideas of Rousseau'sE"mile publishedCastle Rackreut 1800, and Belinda 1801; issued Essay on Irish Bulls 1802; published Moral Tales 1801: brought out Popular Tales and The Modern Griselda 1804, Leonora 1806, and two series ofTales of Fashionable Life 1809 and 1812; brought out her father's Memoirs amid the distractions of domestic troubles and society calls, 1820; complimented by Scott on her descriptions of Irish character, 1823; published Helen her last novel, 1834; did much to relieve the sufferers in the Irish famine, 1846; gave much literary advice to Basil Hall.
  502. ^ Michael Pakenham Edgeworth (1812–1881), botanist; son of Richard Lovell Edgeworth; studied at the Charterhouse and at Edinburgh; member of Indian civil service, 1831-81: contributedTwo HoursHerborization at Aden to the Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal describing forty species, eleven quite new, which, 1831, he had collected there; commissioner for the settlement of the Punjab, 1850; author of papers on the botany of India, a volume on Pollen 1878, and a Grammar of Kashmiri
  503. ^ Richard Lovell Edgeworth (1744–1817), author; fellow commoner, Trinity College, Dublin, 1761; left Dublin in disgust at his idleness, and entered Corpus Christi College, Oxford, 1761; led to invent a plan for telegraphing by a desire to know the result of a race at Newmarket; silver medallist of the Society of Arts for a new hind-measuring machine, 1768; friend of Thomas Day. Miss Seward, and Erasmus Darwin; visited Rousseau and settled at Lvons, 1771; settled on his estates in Ireland, 1782; aide-de-camp to Lord Charlemont, 1783; succeeded in getting a government telegraph line erected between Dublin and Galway, 1804; raised a corps against the rebels at Edgeworthstown, 1798, and sat in the last Irish parliament; served on a board for inquiring into Iri.-h education, 1806-11; four times married; published works on educational and mechanical subjects.
  504. ^ Roger Edgeworth (d. 1560), Roman catholic divine: B.A. Oxford, 1507; fellow of Oriel, 1608; D.D., 1526; prebendary of Bristol, 1542; canon of Wells and Salisbury; chancellor of Wells, 1554; prebendary of Salisbury; benefactor of Oriel College; published works on church discipline.
  505. ^ David Edguard (. 1532), anatomist ; educated at Oxford and Cambridge; published De Indiciis et Praecognitionibus 1532, and Introductio ad Anatomicen 1532.
  506. ^ Duke of Edinburgh (1844–1900). See Alfred Ernest Albert.
  507. ^ William of Edington (d. 1366), bishop of Winchester and chancellor: prebendary of Lincoln, 1342-6, of Salisbury, 1344-6; bishop of Wincliester, 1346; prebendary of Hereford, 1345; king's treasurer, 1345-66; carried out an issue of base coinage, 1351; chancellor, 1356-63; refused the archbishopric of Canterbury on account of illhealth, 1366; founded a college of reformed Austin friars at Westbury, Wiltshire, c. 1347; commenced recasing of Walkelin's nave in Winchester Cathedral.
  508. ^ Edith or Eadgyth, Saint (962?–984), daughter of kins; Eadgar and Wulfthryth by ahand-fastmarriage; built church at Wilton; greatly venerated as a saint. Ksulwii
  509. ^ Edith or Eadgyth (d. 1075), queen of Eadward the Confessor; daughter of Earl Godwine; divorced from King Eadward and immured either in Wherwell or Wilton nunnery, 1051; brought back to the court on the reconciliation of the king and Earl Godwine, 1052; obtained the abolition of the custom which empowered bishops and abbots to receive kisses from ladies; commended by the dying Eadward to the care of her brother Harold, whose cause she deserted, 1066.
  510. ^ Richard Edlin or Edlyn (1631–1677), astrologer; contributed to his noble science Observationes Astrological 1669, and Prae-Nuncius Sydereus 1664.
  511. ^ Sir Clement Edmondes (1564?–1622), clerk to the council; matriculated as chorister at All SoulsCollege, Oxford, 1586: fellow, 1590; M.A., 1593; remembrancer of the city of London, 1605-9: clerk of the council for life, 1609; mustermaster-general, 1613; commissioner to treat with Holland concerning disputes as to throwing open the East India trade and the Greenland fisheries, 1614; knighted, 1617; M.P., Oxford, 1620-1; nominated secretary of state, 1622; wrote mainly on military tactics.
  512. ^ Sir Thomas Edmondes (1563?–1639), diplomatist; English agent to Henry IV at Paris. 1592, 1597, and 1598; owed his advancement to Sir Robert Cecil; French secretary to Elizabeth, 1596; given a clerkship of the privy council for his careful negotiations with the Archduke Albert at Boulogne, 1598; M.P., Liskeard, 1601; knighted, 1603: M.P., Wilton, 1604; aimed at preserving peace between Spain and the States-General, when ambassador to the archduke at Brussels, 1605; suppressed a despatch instructing him to open negotiations for the marriage of Prince Charles with Princess Christina, sister of Louis XIII, immediately after the death of Prince Henry, 1612; privy councillor, 1616; treasurer of the royal household, 1618; succeeded by reversion to clerkship of crown in king's bench court, 1620; royalist M.P., Bewdley, 1620, Chichester, 1624, Oxford University, 1625, and Penryn, 1628.
  513. ^ Richard Edmonds (1801–1886), scientific writer; publishedThe Land's End District: its Antiquities, Natural History, Natural Phenomena, and Scenery 1862; attributed marine disturbances off the Cornish coast to submarine earthquakes; wrote also on antiquarian subjects,
  514. ^ Sir William Edmonds (d. 1606), Scottish colonel in the Dutch service; in command of a regiment of Scots foot cut to pieces at Leffingen, 1600; killed during defence of Rhineberg, 1606.
  515. ^ William Edmonds (1550?–1616). See Weston.
  516. ^ George Edmondson (1798–1863), promoter of education, originally a bookbinder's apprentice; master of a boarding-school at Broomhail; visited Russia as tutor to Daniel Wheeler's children, 1817; reclaimed the bog land round St. Petersburg, 1825; principal of Queenwood Hall, Hampshire, an Owenite school; added agriculture to the curriculum; an early promoter of the College of Preceptors.
  517. ^ Henry Edmondson (1607?–1659), schoolmaster : tabarder of Queen's College, Oxford; fellow of Queen's; M.A., 1630; master of Nort bleach free school, Gloucestershire, 1655-9; chief work Lingua Linguarum a method of learning languages, 1655.
  518. ^ Joseph Edmondson (d. 1786), herald and genealogist; led to study heraldry by his employment of emblazoning coat-armour on carriages: Mowbray herald extraordinary, 1764; F.8.A.; compiled Complete Body of Heraldry 1780, and genealogical works,
  519. ^ Thomas Edmondson (1792–1851), inventor; brother of George Edmondson; quaker; railway clerk at Milton, near Carlisle; inventor of printed railway tickets, 1837.
  520. ^ Arthur Edmondston (1776?–1841), writer on the Shetland isles; army surgeon in Egypt under Sir Ralph Abercromby; M.D.; subsequently surgeon at Lerwick; wrote two treatises on ophthalmia, and a View of the Ancient und Present State of the Zetland Islands 1809.
  521. ^ Laurence Edmondston (1795–1879), naturalist; brother of Arthur Edmondston: studied medicine at Edinburgh, and practised in Unst; M.D.; familiarised the public with the Shetland chromnte of iron; experimented in agriculture nnd acclimatised trees in the Shetlands; Scandinavian scholar, and author of scientific pamphlets.
  522. ^ Thomas Edmondston (1825–1846), naturalist; son of Laurence Edmouston, of Shetland; kept a herbarium, in which was found Arenaria nonxgica, then first discovered as a native plant; assistant-secretary to the Edinburgh Botanical Society; left Edinburgh University after a supposed aff ront; elected professor of botany and natural history in Anderson's University Glasgow, 1845; issuedFlora of Shetland 1845; naturalist on board the Herald; accidentally shot in Peru, 1846.
  523. ^ Sir Archibald Edmonstone , third baronet (1795-1871), traveller and author: B.A. Christ Church, Oxford, 1816; published account of his travels in Egypt, 1822,Tragedies 1837,Leonora 1832, and religious works.
  524. ^ Sir George Frederick Edmonstone (1813–1864), Indian civilian; sou of Neil Benjamin Edmonstone ; commissioner and superintendent of the CisSutlej states; secretary in foreign, political, and secret department, 1856; drew up proclamation confiscating the land of Oudh; lieutenant-governor of the north-western provinces, 1859-63; created new government of central provinces; K.C.B., 1863.
  525. ^ Neil Benjamin Edmonstone (1765–1841), Indian civilian; writer to the East India Company, 1783; Persian translator to government, 1794; accompanied Lord Morningtou's expedition against Tippoo Sultan, 1799, translating and publishing Tippoo's secret documents; secretary to the foreign, political, and secret department, 1801; probably suggested Lord Wellesley's policy of subsidiary treaties; chief secretary to government, 1809; member of the supreme council at Calcutta, 1812-17.
  526. ^ Robert Edmonstone (1794–1834), artist ; exhibited portraits at the Royal Academy, 1818; twice visited Italy; successful with child subjects.
  527. ^ Edmund or Eadmund (841–870), king of the East Angles, martyr and saint; born at Nuremberg; son of King Alkmund; adopted by Off a, king of the East Angles, c. 854; succeeded to Off a's throne, 855; defeated by the Danes at Hoxne (870), though according to another account he surrendered to avoid further slaughter; bound to a tree, scourged, and beheaded on refusing to renounce Christianity; interred at Hoxne; subsequently enshrined at Bury; canonised.
  528. ^ Edmund or Eadmund (922?–946), king of the English; son of Edward the elder; besieged the independent kings of the north, Olaf and Wulfstan, at Leicester, 943; after a truce expelled both of them from Mercia and the Five Boroughs, 944: handed over Cumbria to Malcolm of Scotland, on condition that he should be his fellow- worker 945; demanded the release of his nephew, King Lewis, from Hugh, duke of the French; named the deed-doer or the magnificent; stabbed by Liofa, a bandit. His laws were framed with a view to the reformation of manners of clergy and laity.
  529. ^ Edmund or Eadmund, called Ironside (981?-1016), king; son of jfithelred the Unready; married Ealdgyth, widow of the Danish earl Sigeferth, and received the submission of the Five Boroughs of the Danish confederacy, 1015; crowned in London, 1016: defeated Cnut at Peu in Somerset and at Sheraton, Wiltshire: utterly routed at Assandun (Ashington in Essex); gave the north of England to Cnut by a treaty made in Olney, island of the Severn, 1016; his death due to a sudden sickness, or possibly to the murderous resentment of Eadric (rf. 1017); famous for hia bodily strength.
  530. ^ Edmund (Rich ), Saint (1170?–1240), archbishop of Canterbury; brought up in ascetic habits; sent to study at Paris (? 1185-1190); taughtat Oxford, where he showed great tenderness towards his pupils(? 1195-1200); studied theology at Paris; returned to Oxford as a teacher of divinity; treasurer of Salisbury Cathedral, c. 1220; preached the crusade at Gregory IX's bidding, c. 1227 prebendary of Calne, c. 1233; archbishop of Canterbury, 1234; procured the dismissal of Heury III's favourites by the threat of excommunicating the king, 1234; bade Henry III interrogate his conscience when he disclaimed the murder of Richard, earl marshal, the recognised head of the national party, 1234; defended himself at Rome on charges arising out of the exercise of his archiepiscopal authority, 1238; acknowledged himself baffled by pope and king; died at Soisy while on his way to Pontigny to become a monk; canonised, 1248; author of Speculum Ecclesiae and other works.
  531. ^ Edmund, Earl of Lancaster (1245–1296). See
  532. ^ Lancaster
  533. ^ Edmund, second Earl of Cornwall (1250–1300), a younger son of Richard, earl of Cornwall, and nephew of Henry III; knighted, 1272; joint-guardian of the realm, 1272 and 1279; guardian and lieutenant of England, 1286-9.
  534. ^ Edmund of Woodstock Edmund, Earl of Kent (1301-1330), youngest son of Edward I; summoned to parliament, 1320; created Earl of Kent, 1321; joined Edward II in his war against the barons, 1322; besieged Lancaster's stronghold of Pontefract and witnessed his execution, 1322; lieutenant of the king in the northern marches, 1323; after showing himself a weak diplomatist at the French court, was made lieutenant of Aquitaine (1324), where he was soon invaded by Charles of Valois; joined conspiracy against Edward II, 1 326; one of the standing council appointed to govern for the young king, Ed. ward III, 1327; resisted the ascendency of Queen Isabella and Mortimer, who consequently lured him into treasonable designs against Edward III, and procured his execution.
  535. ^ Edmund surnamed de Langley, first Duke of York (1341–1402).
  536. ^ Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond (1420?–1456. See Tudor.
  537. ^ John Edmunds (d. 1544), master of Peterhouse; M.A., 1507; fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge, 1517, of St. John's, 1519; D.D., 1520; master of Peterhouse, 1522; vice-chancellor, 1623, 1528, 1529, and 1541-3; chancellor and prebendary of Salisbury; assisted in compilingThe Institution of a Christian Man
  538. ^ William Edmundson (1627–1712), quaker; fought in Cromwell's army at Worcester and in the Isle of Man, 1651; tradesman at Antrim; quaker, 1653; frequently imprisoned for religious reasons; worked with George Fox hi Virginia and West Indies, 1671; imprisoned for not paying tithes (1682), but released by the intervention of the bishop of Kildare; remonstrated with James II on the persecution of the Irish protestants, 1689; thrown into a dungeon at Athlone, 1690; worked against an act enabling the Irish clergyo recover tithes in the temporal courts; published quaker pamphlets; his Journal appeared, 1715.
  539. ^ Ednyved surnamed Vychan (Vaughan), i.e. the Little (fl. 1230-1240), statesman and warrior; signed a truce between Henry III and Llewelyn ab lorwerth, 1231; took part in the treatyapud Alnetum near St. Asaph, 1241; ancestor of the Tudors.
  540. ^ Edred or Eadred (d. 955), king of the English ; son of Edward the elder; crowned 946; burnt Ripon to punish the rebellion of Wulfstan, archbishop of York; caught and imprisoned Wulfstan when heading a second insurrection, 952; fought with Eric Bloodaxe, the Danish king of Northumbria, till Eric's death in 954; conferred, by the advice of Duustan, a limited autonomy on the Danes.
  541. ^ Edric or Eadric, Streona (d. 1017), ealdorman of the Mercians, 1007; married Eadgyth, a daughter of King Aethelred, 1009; frequently dissuaded Aethelred from attacking the Danes: treacherously slew Sigeft rth and Morkere, chief thegns of the Danish confederacy of the Seven (or Five) Boroughs,* 1015; said to have endeavoured to betray Edmund Ironside to Cnut. and poss.bly to murder him, 1015; marchei with ("nut into Mercia, 1016; reputed to have spread a rumour of Edmund's death during the battle of Sherston, in order to secure a victory for the Danes, as also at Assandun, 1016; proposal peace of Olney, 1016; probably planned murder of Edmund Ironside; slain by Cnut from fear of his treacherous character.
  542. ^ Edric or Eadric (fl. 1067–1072), called the Wild ; held lands in Herefordshire and Shropshire under Edward the Confessor; submitted to William I, 10G6, but joined the Welsh in ravaging Herefordshire, 1067, and burning Shrewsbury, 1069: accompanied William I on his Scottish expedition, 1072.
  543. ^ Henry Edridge (1769–1821), miniature-painter ; F.S.A., 1814; travelled in Normandy, 1817 and 1819; A.R.A., 1820; executed portraits, landscapes, and architectural studies.