Wikipedia:WikiProject Missing encyclopedic articles/DNB Epitome 51

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This listing page belongs to Wikipedia:WikiProject Dictionary of National Biography, spun out of the “missing article” project, and is concerned with checking whether Wikipedia has articles for all those listed in the Dictionary of National Biography (DNB), a 63-volume British biographical dictionary published 1885-1900 and now in the public domain. This page relates to volume 51 running from name Scoffin to name Sheares.

Scope of the subproject

It is envisaged that the following work will be done:

  • Checks made that links on this page point to a wikipedia article about the same person;
  • Addition of new articles for all red-links based on DNB text;
  • Checking whether blue-linked articles would benefit from additional text from DNB.

Listings are posted as bulleted lists, with footnotes taken from the DNB summaries published in 1904. The listings and notes are taken from scanned text that is often corrupt and in need of correction. Not all the entries on the list correspond to actual DNB articles; some are “redirects” and there are a few articles devoted to families rather than individuals.

If you are engaged in this work you will probably find quite a number of unreferenced articles among the blue links. You are also encouraged to mention the DNB as a reference on such articles whenever they correspond to the summary, as part of the broader campaign for good sourcing. A suggested template is {{DNB}}.

Locating the full text

DNB text is now available on Wikisource for all first edition articles, on the page s:Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Vol 51 Scoffin - Sheares. Names here are not inverted, as they are in the original: Joe Bloggs would be found at Wikisource s:Bloggs, Joe (DNB00). The text for the first supplement is available too: NB that this Epitome listing includes those supplement articles also.

List maintenance and protocols

List maintenance tasks are to check and manipulate links in the list with piping or descriptive parenthetical disambiguators, and to mark list entries with templates to denote their status; whilst as far as possible retaining the original DNB names:

  • piping: [[Charles Abbot]] -> [[Charles Abbot, 1st Baron Colchester|Charles Abbot]]
  • descriptive parenthetical disambiguators [[Charles Abbot]] -> [[Charles Abbot (botanist)]]
  • both combined [[Charles Abbot]] -> [[Charles Abbot (botanist)|Charles Abbot]]

The work involves:

  • Checking that bluelinks link to the correct person; if so, {{tick}} them. If not, try to find the correct article and pipe or disambiguate the link.
  • Check whether redlinks can be linked to an article by piping or disambiguation.
  • Create articles based on the DNB text for redlinks for which no wikipedia article can be found
  • Check whether existing blue-linked articles could benefit from an input of DNB text (e.g. the article is a stub), and if so, update the article from DNB

A number of templates are provided to mark-up entries:

  • {{mnl}} the link runs to a wrong person; - produces the text: [link currently leads to a wrong person]. It is preferable to amend the link by adding a disambiguator to make it red, if an article for the correct person cannot be found
  • {{dn}} the link runs to a dab page - produces the text [disambiguation needed]. It is preferable to amend the link by adding a disambiguator to make it red, if an article for the correct person cannot be found
  • {{tick}} the link has been checked and runs to the correct person - YesY
  • {{tick}} {{tick}} the text of the linked article has been checked against DNB text and would not benefit from additional DNB text - YesY YesY
  • {{tick}} {{cross}} the text of the linked article looks short enough to suggest it would benefit from additional DNB text - YesY N

Note that before creating new articles based on DNB text you should undertake searches to check that the article's subject does not already have an article. It is easily possible that the disambiguation used in this page is not the disambiguation used in an existing wikipedia article. Equally, feel free to improve upon the disambiguation used in redlinks on this page by amending them.

Supplement articles

Because of the provenance of the listing, a number of the original articles will not in fact be in the announced volume, but in one of the three supplement volumes published in 1901. Since the DNB did not include articles about living people, this will be the case whenever the date of death is after the publication date of the attributed volume. In due course there will be a separate listing.

General thoughts

This project is intended as a new generation in “merging encyclopedias”, as well as being one of the most ambitious attempted. For general ideas of where we are, and some justification of the approach being taken, see the essay Wikipedia:Merging encyclopedias.








  1. '^ William Scoffin (1655?-1732), nonconformist minister at Sleaford; published religious and other works.
  2. ^ Henry Scogan or Scoggin (1361 M407), poet; disciple of Chaucer; tutor to four sons of Henry IV; succeeded his brother John as lord of Haviles, 1391; some of hie poems have been accepted as Chaucer's.
  3. ^ Scogan lf, JOHN (Jt. 1480), fool at court of Edward IV; perhaps M.A. Oriel College, Oxford, and fool at Edward IV'i court, whence he was temporarily banished to France. It is not improbable that his biography, which in supplied in his Jeste, 1 said to have been compiled by Andrew Boorde, is apocryphal and that Scogan is a fictitious hero.
  4. ^ Joseph John Scoles (1798–1863), architect; studied abroad with Joseph Bonomi the younger; practised in London; P.R.I.B.A., 1885; published topographical and archaeological works.
  5. ^ Anthony Scoloker O*. 1548), printer and translator; established printing press in London, 1547, and at Ipswich, 1648; translated works into English from German, Dutch, and French.
  6. ^ Anthony Scoloker (. 1604), author of 'Daiphantus, or the Passions of Loue which contains references to Shakespeare. 1604.
  7. ^ Sir Robert de Scorburgh (d. 1340), baron of the exchequer; baron of exchequer and knight, 1332; chief baron of exchequer at Dublin, 1334; justice of king's bench In Dublin, 1387. J
  8. ^ William Scoresby (1760-1829), arctic navigator; apprenticed on vessel trading to Baltic, 1780employed in Greenland whale fishery, 1785-90; captain, 0: retired, 1823. In 1806 he reached the latitude of U 80longitude, long the highest reached by any ship.
  9. ^ 7, J, LLIAM 0789-1867), son of WUHam (1760-1829); served under his father between 1800 and 1806; studied at Edinburgh University; volunteered for service with fleet at Copenhagen, 1807; served as captain in Greenland fishery, made several scientific observations, and occupied himself with arctic problems; F.K.S. Edinburgh, 1819; entered QueensCollege, Cambridge. 1823; F.R.S., 1824; chaplain of mariners church, Liverpool, 1827; incumbent of Bedford Chapel, Exeter, 1832; B.D., 1834; D.D., 1839; vicar of Bradford, 1839-47; made a voyage to Australia to carry out magnetic observations, 1856; published scientific works relating chiefly to the Arctic seas.
  10. ^ Robert Edmund Scoresby-Jackson (1835–1867).
  11. ^ John Scory (d. 1585), bishop successively of Rochester, Chichester, and Hereford; Dominican friar at Cambridge, c. 1530; B.D., 1539; chaplain to Craumer, 1541; examining chaplain to Ridley, c. 1550; bishop of Rochester, 1551; translated to Chichester, 1552; deprived on Queen Mary's accession, but recanted and officiated in London diocese; retired to Emden, Friesland; returned, 1558; bishop of Hereford, 1559-85; published religious works.
  12. ^ David Scot (1770?–1834), divine; educated at Edinburgh; licensed preacher, 1795; M.D., 1812; studied oriental languages; held living of Corstorphine, 1814-33; professor of Hebrew, St. Mary's College, St. Andrews, 1833; published miscellaneous works.
  13. ^ Henry of Scotland (1114?–1152). See
  14. ^ Sir John of Scotstarvet (1585–1670). See Sir John Scott.
  15. ^ Alexander Scott (1525?–1584?), poet; probably lived in or near Edinburgh; wrote short poems preserved only in Bannatyne manuscript, compiled, 1568.
  16. ^ Alexander John Scott (1768–1840), naval chaplain; of Charterhouse School and St. John's College, Cambridge; B.A., 1791; chaplain with Captain Sir John Collins, 1793, and of Sir Hyde Parker's flagship, 1795; accompanied Parker to West Indies, and held living in Jamaica; joined Parker at Copenhagen and was secretary to conference on shore; accompanied Nelson to Mediterranean (1803) as private secretary and interpreter, and was chaplain of the Victory; attended Nelson at his death; D.D. Cambridge; presented to crown living of Catterick, and appointed chaplain to George, prince regent, 1816.
  17. ^ Alexander John Scott (1805–1866), divine; M.A. Glasgow, 1827; assistant in London to Edward Irving, 1828; received invitation to pastorate of Scottish church at Woolwich, 1830, but refused subscription to Westminster confession of faith and was deprived of license, 1831; minister of congregation at Woolwich till 1846; professor of English language and literature, University College, London, 1848; first principal of the Owens College, Manchester, 1851-7; took part in starting Manchester Working Men's College.
  18. ^ Andrew Scott (1757–1839), Scottish poet; son of a labourer; enlisted and served in American war of independence, and was subsequently a farm labourer at Bowden; published several volumes of poems,
  19. ^ Benjamin Scott (1788–1830), divine ; youngest son of Thomas Scott (1747-1821); M.A. Queens College, Cambridge, 1813; vicar of Bidford and of Priors Salford, 1828; wrote sermons, published, 1831.
  20. ^ Benjamin Scott (1814–1892), chamberlain of London; junior clerk In office of chamberlain of London; chief clerk, 1841; chamberlain of London, 1853 and 1858 till shortly before death, his financial knowledge being of great value to the corporation; social reformer and author of miscellaneous works.
  21. ^ Caroline Lucy Scott, Lady Scott (1784-1857), novelist; daughter of Archibald, first baron Douglas (1748-1827); married Admiral Sir George Scott, 1810; published novels and other works.
  22. ^ Cuthbert Scott or Scot (d. 1564), bishop of Chester; fellow, Christ's College, Cambridge, 1637; M.A., 1538, D.D., 1547; prebendary of York; master of. _. **_ Christ's College, Cambridge, 1663-6; D.D. Oxford, and I Bocclencb.1761; prebendary of St. Paul's, London, 1664; of Cambridge, 1564 and 1566: bishop of Chester, 1666; opposed ecclesiastical changes under Queen Elizabeth, was fined and imprisoned in Fleet, 1669-63; retired to Louvain, where he died.
  23. ^ Daxikl Scott (1694–1769), theological writer; educated at Merchant TaylorsSchool, London, at for ministry at Gloucester and Leyden; LL.D. Leyden, 1719; joined Mennonite communion at Utrecht: probably exercised ministry at Colchester and in London; publishes! theological works and an appendix nus's Thesaurus.
  24. ^ David Scott (1806–1849), painter ; son of Robert Scott (1777-1841); worked as an engraver, but took to painting, and was one of founders of Edinburgh Life Academy Association, 1827; exhibited at Scottish Academy from 1828, and at Royal Academy, 1840 and 1846; In Italy, 1832. Among his best works are illustrations to the 4 Ancient Mariner and Professor Nichol's Architecture of the Heavens.
  25. ^ Elizabeth Scott (1708?–1776), sister of Thomas Scott (1705-1775); wrote, before 1750, many hymns, which subsequently were published in various collections.
  26. ^ George Scott or Scot (d. 1685), author; son of Sir John Scott or Scot; published, 1688, Model of Government of East New Jersey, America for which he received a grant of land from the proprietors of East New Jersey; died on outward voyage.
  27. ^ Sir George Gilbert Scott (1811 -1878), architect; grandson of Thomas Scott (1747-1821) q. v.; in office of Henry Roberts, a pupil of Sir Robert Smirke, 1832-4; practised independently and in partnership with W. B. Moffat, 1834-45, and erected many buildings of the workhouse class; won open competition for church of St. Nicholas at Hamburg, 1844; appointed restoring architect to Ely Cathedral, 1847, and subsequently to cathedrals of Hereford, Lich field, Salisbury, and Ripon, and executed restorations at many other cathedrals; architect to dean and chapter of Westminster Abbey, 1849; R.A., 1861; appointed architect for India office, 1858, and was compelled to abandon his original Gothic design for one in the Italian manner; subsequently commissioned to complete the block of buildings by the erection of the home and colonial offices: carried out Albert Memorial, 184; designed St. Pancras station and hotel, London, 1865, and at about the same time buildings of Glasgow University; president of Royal Institute of British Architects, 1873 6: professor of architecture at Royal Academy from 1868; knighted, 1872; buried in Westminster Abbey. His excessive energy in restoration and renovation led to the establishment, in the hut year of bis life, of the Society for Protection of Ancient Buildings. He published works and pamphlets on architectural subjects.
  28. ^ George Lewis Scott (1708–1780), mathematician; barrister. Middle Temple; F.S.A., 1736: F.R., 1737; sub-preceptor to Prince George (afterwards George IIIX 1760; commissioner of excise, 1768-80; pupil of De Moivre and a celebrated mathematician.
  29. ^ Gregory Scott or Scot (d. 1676), divine; of Eton and King's College, Cambridge: M.A., 1667; prebendary of Carlisle, 1664; chancellor of Carlisle, 1669, and vicar-general, 1570.
  30. ^ Harriet Anne Scott , Lady Scott (1819–1894), nee Shank; married Sir James Sibbald David Scott, 1844; published novels.
  31. ^ Helenus Scott (1760–1821), physician ; on medical staff of East India Company at Bombay, and subsequently at Bath; M.D. In practice, Aberdeen, 1797; L.R.C.P., 1816; wrote paper on use of nitromuriatic acid in medicine.
  32. ^ Henry Scott, first Earl of Deloraine (1676-1730), son of James Scott, duke of Monmouth; created Earl of Deloraine, 1706; chosen one of Scottish representative peers, 1715, 1722, and 1727; received Order of Bath, 1725, and was gentleman of bedchamber to George I.
  33. ^ Henry Scott, third Duke of Buccleuch and fifth duke of Queensberry 1761; educated at Eton; trav0td abroad with mith, author of the Wealth of Nations  ;.-.-:,..,...:,. -.;-........ .:..., r.i y -,....:..-.... lr LdMI -M..V. as tutor -.first! 1783: K.T M 17b..-...,... fourth duke of Qimudxirj. a. fifth duk*. lilO: Us*: m ITaCrMI 2*
  34. ^ 800TT, HENRY YOUNG DARRACOTT (18H-1883), Academy, Woolwich; first lieutenant, royal engineers, . 18U; tenter iMtrootor In odd works at Woolwich, 18*1; i London; j first captain and Instructor IB surveying at BrompUm, tenant-colonel, 1863: constructed Albert Hall, Kensington, 1866: C.B.,1871; retired M honorary major-general,! 871: r.i:.-.. tin i: fan. tottefeml *! bltion commissioner*; wrote on engineering subject*. PL* 1872 X divine; M.A. Aberdeen: -. iMfc ibtr, m !! n,
  35. ^ Hew (1791 preferred to charge of West Andrews; published Fasti KcclesUe Scotican* 18M-71. lH.t7
  36. ^ Sir James Scott ( f. 1 679-1 606 X politician : grandson of Sir William Scott or Scot. lord Balwearle (d. 1632 ) ; knightal, 1690; assisted Botbwell In attempt to seize James VI of Scotland at Falkland Palace, 1692: imprisoned at Edinburgh for complicity with Botbwell, Angus, Enroll, and Hnntly, in plot against James VI, 1694. fined, but obtained remission.
  37. ^ James Scott (known as FITZKOY and as Crofts, Duke of Monmouth, (1649–1686), natural sou of Charles II. by Lucy.daogbter of Richard Walters of Haverfordwest: born at the Hague: entrusted on his mother's death to the care of Lord Croft*. M whose kinsman he passed: instructed in protestant religion; acknowledged by Charles II as bis son, 1663, and made Baron Tyndaie, Earl of Doncaster, Duke of Monmouth. awl K.G.: married Anne Scott, countess of Bocckach, and took surname of Scott, 1663; captain of Charles IT* lifeguard of hone, 1668; privy councillor, 1670; captaingeneral of Charles II's force*, 1670: served against Dutch, 1672 and 1673: chancellor of Cambridge University. 1674; served against the French at Ostend and MODS, 1678: identified himself with protestant movement In England; quelled insurrection which ensued In Scotland on murder of Archbishop Sharp, 1679: deprived of commission as general. In consequence of reaction in favour of Duke of York, and banished, 1679; retired to Holland, but returned immediately and was deprived of all offices; deprived of chancellorship of Cambridge, 1682; made proof England, and was arrested at gress through Taunton, but released on ball: joi d BmveU, Bc at and ,.. Sidney in plot to murder Charles II and Duke of York: in conjunction with Essex, Howard, Russell, Hampden, and Sidney arranged for risings in England and Scotland: was promised pardon, having revealed to Charles II all be knew of the conspiracy after ito discovery, but was banished from the court; retired to Zealand, 1684; treated with marked r dismissed him Argyll and Ferguson Lyme Regis, 11 June 1688, and captain-general of protestant forces of the 4 legitimate and legal right to the crown: was proclaimed king at Taunton, 20 June: defeated by Feverham and Churchill at Sedgemoor. 6 Jnly: escaped, but was captured; executed in the Tower of London, 16 July. Portrait* of him by Lely and W. Wisaing are In the National Portrait Gallery.
  38. ^ James Scott H73S-1814), political writer: of 84. Catharine Hall ami Trinity College, Cambridge: MJL, 1760; D.D., 1776; fellow of Trinity 1768; lecturer at St. John's, Leeds. 1768-69: College. Cambridge, 419: political and Edmonton, 1760-1; published writings In verse and prose.
  39. ^ Sir James Scott (1790?–187t), admiral; navy, 1803: lieutenant, 1809: flag-capUin to Sir George Cockburn (1772-1863) in West Indie*. 18t4-, and to Rear-admiral ROM in Pacific, 1837-40; on China sUtion. 1840-1; K.O.B., 1882; admiral, 1866.
  40. ^ James Robert Hope Scott - (1811–1873). 19*
  41. ^ Scott " 8COTT. Sin JAMES SIBBALD DAVID, second baronet ( 1X14-1885), antiquary: B.A. Oirit Jinr.-h. Oxford, 1835: succeeded to baronetcy, 1851: F.S.A.: pub'The BritUh Army: its Origin, Progress, and LMB-M,
  42. ^ Sir John Scott (. 1485), of Scot's Hall: son of Sir William Soott (rf. 1350); sheriff of Kent, 1460; knijrht awl comptroller of Edward IV's household, 1461: engaged in diplomatic missions; M.P., Kent, 1467: lieatenant of Dover Oastle, warden of Cinque ports, and marshal of Calais, 1470.
  43. ^ Scott or SCOT, JOHN (.ft. 1530), printer in Lonapprenticed to Wynkyn de Worde; printed 1621 and 1537.
  44. ^ Sir John Scott (1484?-1533), son of Sir William Scott ( 146JM524): knighted for distinguished service in Low Countries, 1511; sheriff of Kent, 1527.
  45. ^ Scott or SCOT, JOHN (.4. 1552–1571), printer in Edinburgh and St. Andrews; his first dated book published in 1552, bis last in 1571.
  46. ^ Sir John Scott (1570–1616), son of Sir Thomas Scott (1635-1594): served in Low Countries, and was knighted, 1588: M.P., Kent, 1604-11. Maidstone, 1614: member of council of Virginia, 1607; councillor of Virginia Company of London, 1609.
  47. ^ Scott or SCOT, SIR JOHN (1585–1670), Scottish lawyer: succeeded to family office of director of chancery, 1606! educated at St. Leonard's College, St. Andrews; banister, 1606; knighted and made privy councillor, 1617; ordinary lord of session, 1632; accepted covenant; served on war committee during war with England, 1648 and 1649; lost offices of judge and director of chancery during Commonwealth, and retired to Scotstarvet, where he attracted round him as a liberal patron the learned Scotsmen of the time. He established a professorship of Latin at St. Andrews. His first wife (of three) was Anne, sister of William Drummond of Hawthorndeu.
  48. ^ John Scott (1639–1695), divine; B.D. and D.D. New Inn Hall, Oxford, 1685; held rectories in London; canon of St. Paul's, London, 1685-95; published religious works.
  49. ^ John Soott (fl. 1654–1696), adventurer: arrested by Dutch for treasonable practice with English on Long island. New Netherlands, 1654; president of provisional government formed by English settlers on Long island, 1663; joined Titus Gates in accusing Pepys and Sir Anthony Deane of betraying admiralty secrets to French, 1677.
  50. ^ John Scott (1730–1783), qnaker poet ; contributed toGentleman's Magazinefrom 1753; acquaintance of Dr. Johnson; works include Poetical Works (1782) and 4 Critical Essays (posthumously, 1785).
  51. ^ John Scott , EARL of CLONMELL (1739–1798), Irish judge; studied at Trinity College, Dublin, and at Middle Temple; called to Irish bar, 1765: M.P., Mullingar, 17G9; K.C., 1770; solicitor-general, 1774; attorney-general and privy councillor, 1777; dismissed from office for denying right of Great Britain to bind Ireland by acts of parliament, 1782; chief-justice of king's bench in Ireland, 1784; created Viscount Cloumell, 1789, and earl, 1793; won considerable unpopularity by tyrannical treatment of the defendant John Magee (i. 1809), 1789.
  52. ^ John Scott afterwards John Scott-Waring (1747-1819), agent of Warren Hastings; brother of Jonathan Scott; entered service of East India Company, c. 1766, and became major in Bengal division of forces; commanded battalion of sepoys at Chanar, 1780; sent (1781) a political agent to England by Warren Hastings, whose affairs he conducted with great industry and small judgment, and whose impeachment was probably due to his injudicious zeal in his behalf; M.P., West Looe, 1784-90, Stockbridge, 1790; assumed name of Waring, 1798; published political writings.
  53. ^ John Scott (1783–1821) journalist; educated at Marischal College. Aberdeen: employed in war office, London: editor, 1813-f. 1816, ofDrakard's Newspaper afterwards (1814) "The Champion: travelled on continent, and published TOiooMS nteting to his tours; first editor ( 1820-1 ) of London Magazine to which Lamb and other illustrious writers contributed; died from wounds received in a duel with Jonathan Christie, a friend of Lockhart. whom Scott had attacked in the magazine.
  54. ^ John Scott (1774–1827), engraver; studied drawing and engraving, and was employed by Robert Pollard : executed portraits of racehorses for Sporting Magazine.
  55. ^ John Scott (1777–1834), divine; son of Thomas Scott (1747-1821); M.A. Magdalene College, Cambridge, 1803; held successively several preferments in Yorkshire; published a Life of his father.
  56. ^ John Scott , first EARL OF EMON (1751–1838), fellow, University College, Oxford, 1767: M.A., 1773; hich steward of the university and D.C.L., 1801; barrister, .Middle Temple, 1776, bencher, 1783, and treasurer, 1797; pupil of Matthew Duane; K.O., 1783; M.P., Weobley, 1783-96, Boroughbridge, 1796; chancellor of county palatine of Durham, 1787; knighted and appointed solicitor-general, 1788; defended government scheme for providing for regency by means of a bill passed by fictitious commission under great seal; attorney-general, 1793; serjeant-at-law, privy councillor, member of board of trade, and lord chief-justice of common pleas, 1799; created Baron Eldon of Eldou, 1799; lord chancellor, 1801; surrendered seals after Pitt's death, 1806; acted aa adviser of Caroline, princess of Wales, 1806; resumed great seal in Portland administration, 1807; pursued vigorous policy for subjugation of Napoleon I; transferred his counsels from Princess Caroline to her husband, Prince of Wales, afterwards George IV; received titles of Viscount Encombe and Earl of Eldon, 1821; succeeded on woolsack by Lord Lyndhurst, 1827; actively opposed parliamentary Reform Bill. His decrees were seldom appealed from and hardly ever reversed. He was F.R.S., F.S.A., a governor of the Charterhouse, London, and a trustee of the British Museum.
  57. ^ John Scott (1798–1846), surgeon: educated at Charterhouse, London: apprenticed to Sir William Blizard : L.S.A., 1819; M.R.O.S., 1820; surgeon to Ophthalmic Hospital, Moorfields, 1826: surgeon to London Hospital, 1831-45; introduced passive treatment of diseased joints; published surgical works.
  58. ^ John Scott (1794–1871), horse-trainer: rode as light-weight jockey for several owners; trainer to Mr. Houldsworth of Rockhill, 1815, and to Hon. E. Petre at Mansfield, c. 1822; purchased training stables at Whitewall House, Malton, 1825, and resided there till death.
  59. ^ Jonathan Scott (1754–1829), orientalist ; brother of John Scott, afterwards Scott-Waring; served in 29th native infantry in Carnatic and was captain, 1778; Persian secretary to Warren Hastings; returned to England, c. 1785; published translations of several oriental works, and translated and revised Galland's French version of theArabian Nights 1811: professor of oriental languages at Royal Military College, 1802-5, and at East India College, Haileybury; honorary D.C.L. Oxford, 1805.
  60. ^ Joseph Nicoll Scott (1703?–1769), dissenting minister; assisted his father in dissenting ministry at Hitchin, c. 1725-38; adopted Arian views and became lecturer at French church, St. Mary-the-Less: studied medicine at Edinburgh; M.D., 1744; practised in Norwich; published theological writings.
  61. ^ Scott or SCOT, MICHAEL (1175?–1234?), scholar ; of Scottish birth; studied at Oxford and on continent, writing an Abbreviatio Avicennae at Toledo; attached to court of Emperor Frederick II, to whom he was probably official astrologer, and at whose request many of his works were written; possibly held benefices in Italy: sent by Frederick, c. 1230, on mission to universities of Europe to communicate to them versions of Aristotle made by Michael and others; probably died in Italy. Several legends of liis demon horse and demon ship have given a theme for literary treatment to many great writers from Dante Inferno c. xx.) to Sir Walter Scott Lay of Last Minstrel). His works, which have been printed, include: Liber Physiognomies,* 1477; a translation of Aristotle'sDe Animalibus published perhaps separately, 1493, and with Aristotle's works at Venice, 1496; andQutestio Curiosa de Natura Soils et Luna? printed in Theatrum Chemicum vol. v., Strasburg, 1622. Works on astronomy and alchemy, besides various translations, still remain in manuscript.
  62. ^ Scott M1CHABL( 1789–1835 X author; educated at Glasgow; went to Jamaica, 1806, and entered. Kingstown, bu*ine involving irjuent jourw and road, which supplied him with materials Cringle's Lo published in Hlackwood's 1829-33 (priuuxf anonymously in book form at Parts. 1836).:,..
  63. ^ Patrick Scott or Scot (fl. 1620), author; in service of James 1, 1618; probably occasionally tutor to Prince Charles: published The Tillage of Light an 1623, and moral writings. fll. ) practical treatise on bop col.
  64. ^ Reginald Scott or Scot, or Reynold, (1538?-1599), author; educated at Hart Hall, oxford: M.P., New Romney, 1588-9: published Perfect Platform of a Hopgarden 1574 (the first pract urc in Eng ,-aias icture of the wi CM. , turc in England X and The Disoouerie of Witchcraft UM,i srarf !.:. WM mA*m vttk to aim d,,r,..,.: ing persecution of poor, aged, and were popularly believed to be witches. from the Utter work hint, for his picture of in Macbeth.
  65. ^ Robert Scott (1777–1841), articled as engraver at Edinburgh, where be subsequently dently; executed plates for several pi theScote Magazine
  66. ^ Robert Scott Church, Oxford, 1833 and tutor, 1835; prebendary of Exeter, 1845-66; master of Balliol College, 1854-70: Dean Ireland's professor of exegesis, 1861-70: dean of Rochester, 1870-87; collaborated with Dr. H. 0. Lidddl In the Greek-English lexicon published 1843.
  67. ^ Robert Bi Scott 88ET (1774–1841), military writer; lieutenant in Tower Hamlets militia, 1807: started weekly paper, The Military Register 1814; Miguel i:
  68. ^ Robert (1811–1887), divine: B.A. Christ brd, 1833: fellow of Balliol College, Oxfonl, Ml ? 0m 9mt rt -; I fti ,,:,ut...... !, r,-t.::.-. M,.::.:. E.-. t!. - -....
  69. ^ Robert Eden Scott (1770–1811) philosopher : M. A. University and King's College, Aberdeen, 1785; coprofessor of natural philosophy and, later, professor of Greek, mathematics, and moral philosophy, Aberdeen; published philosophical works.
  70. ^ Samuel Scott (1710?-1772), marine painter ; contributed, with William Hogarth. illustrations to Five DaysPMSjjllnsdlnii in Isle of Sheppey, written (1732) by Ebenezer Forrest and published, 1782.
  71. ^ Samuel Scott (1719–1788), brother of John Scott (1730-1783); quaker minister at Hertford. His diary was published, 1809. i. i.-.,-,....: -.,.-...-..-.:;. M.PVlor Wvcombe lnlrotoeto?s first parliament, tad was excluded from boose for refusing to acknowledge Prelector; M.P., Aylcsbury, 1666,and was again excluded UH 1658; M.P., Wycombi (In Richard Cromwell's parliament); member of council of state, 1659; received charge of Intelligence department, 1660, and, later, was secretary of state; supported Monok; fled to Flanders, bat surt.. barls i: n.:-.. Bn: few fM and executed.
  72. ^ Sarah Scott (. 1795) novelist: q. v.): married, e. 1751, George Lewis Scott from whom she separated, living with Lady Barbara Montagu, sister of George Montagu Dunk, second earl of Halifax : published novels and historical works, including Life of Theodore Agrippa d'Anbigne* (1772).
  73. ^ Thomas Scott or Scot (d. 1660) regicide; educateed at Westminster School and aft Cambridge: M.P., eated at Mill against Dom Miguel in Portugal, 1830: published
  74. ^ Thomas (1705–1775), divine; brother of Joseph Nicoll Scott (q.v.: colleague to Bamoe! Baxter at St. Nicholas Street Chapel, Ipswich, 1734, and sole pastor. 1740 till 1761. when he received a colleague: minister at Hapton, 1774; published hymns and other poetical writings. 1 72)
  75. ^ Thomas Scott (1747–1821), divine; apprenticed as surgeon and apothecary at Alford, but wn dismissed for misconduct; employed as a grazier: studied private; joint-chaplain at Lock Hospital, London, 1785, and sole chaplain. 1W2; produced, 1788-92, In weekly parta. a commentary on the bible, the publication of which involved him In pecuniary difficulties until 1813; rector of Aston Snudford, 1H01-21: published religions writings, five volumes of Theological Works appearing, 1805-8.
  76. ^ Thomas Scott (1780–1835), divine; son of Thomas religious writings. 1833; published daughter of Matthew Robinson: sister of Mrs. Elizabeth Montagu
  77. ^ Thomas Scott or Scot (1423–1500). See
  78. ^ Thomas Scott or Scot, Lord Petgorno (1480?-1539), judge; son of Sir William Scott, Lord Balwearie ; appointed ordinary judge, 1632: justice clerk, 1636.
  79. ^ Sir Thomas Scott (1535–1594), grandson of Sir John Scott (1484?-1533); knighted, 1571: high sheriff of Kent, 1576, and knight of shire in parliaments of 1671 and 1588; chief of Kentish force to Spanish Armada.
  80. ^ Thomas Scott or Scot (fl. 1605) poet; perhaps identical with Thomas Scott (1580?-1626) q. v.: published Four Paradoxes 1602, and Philomythie or PhilomytholoKie 1610, a satire, of which a -Second Part appeared in 1616.
  81. ^ Thomas Scott (1580?–1626), political writer; B.D. and chaplain to James I in 1616: incorporated B.D. Peterbonse, Cambridge, 1620; rector of St. Saviour's, Norwich: published, 1620,Vox Populi, a tract directed against the Spanish marriage, containing a fictitious
  82. ^ Thomas Scott (1746–1842), general; ensign, 1761; lieutenant, 1765: captain, 1777: In Netherlands under Sir Ralph Abercromby, 1 793; lieutenant-colonel, 1794; took part in campaign against Tipu Sultan, 1799; brevet colonel, 1801; deputy inspector-general of recruiting service in North Britain, 1803; lieutenant-general. 1813; general, 1830. U. 76)
  83. ^ Thomas Scott (1806–1878), freethinker; educated in France as Roman catholic at court of Charles X: issued, between 1862 and 1877, many tracts and works by various hands advocating free thought. li. 76)
  84. ^ Sir Walter Scott ( 1490?–1552), Scottish chieftain; succeeded his father. Sir Walter Scott of Boccleocb, 1504; knighted, 1613: fought at Flodden, 1613; joined party of John Stewart, duke of Albany q. v.l, 1611. and maintained opposition to Queen Margaret and her government; defeated by Angus near Mdrote, 1626: took refosjf in France, 162-8; joined party opposing marriage of Infant Queen Mary of Scotland to an English prince. 1542; fought at Ancrum, 1546, and Pinkie, 1647: killed by of Ker of Cessford, with whom he had CU.76
  85. ^ Walter Scott , first BARON SCOTT of Buccleugh (1566-161 IX ton of sir Walter Scott of Buocleucb (*. 1574); summoned before privy council with other border chiefs to answer for good rote on borders. 1587: knighted, 1690; keeper of Uddesdale, 1691; gave oath to concur in pumutof Bothwell, but his Oddity being doubted was banished, 1691; returned, 1692; member of livered William Armstrong of Kinmont O. 1696) q. *) from Carlisle Castle, 96: tried! bv joint **%* Scottish commission and sent abroad, 1697; commanded regiment of borderers under Maur MSjMl iBMlMil in Mtatadftj Scott of Bnodeuch, 1606.
  86. ^ Walter Scott (1650?-1629?X of Harden, freebooter; assisted Francta Stewart, fifth earl of Bothwdl fq. v.1 In his plundering exploit*: joined Sir Walter Scott, nrst Baron Scottof Booc4eochq.v.),ln reset* rfWHUam Armstrong of Kinmont (. 1696). 1596.
  87. ^ Walter Scott , EARL OK TARRAS (1644–1693), erandson of Walter Scott (1560 7-1629 ?); married Ladv Mary 8cott, countfss of Huccleuch, 1669, and received dignity for life of Earl of Tarras, 1660: condemned for complicity in plots for exclusion of Duke of York from throne, 1686, but was pardoned.
  88. ^ Walter Bcott , of Satchells (1614?-1694?), i MDfcain and irenealogist; served under Walter Scott, first eSoT Buocleuch, inHolland, 1629; author of metrical bis- j tory of family of Scot, 1688, which he dictated, being Ignorant of writing.
  89. ^ Sir Walter Bcott (1771–1832), novelist and poet ; born in College Wynd, Edinburgh; son of Walter Scott (1T29-17WX a writer of the signet; educated at the high. school and university, Edinburgh, and was apprenticed to i hi* father, 1786, as writer to the signet; called to bar, 1792- formed close friendship with William Erskine (afterwards Lord Kinneder); made numerous excursions, collecting ballads and exploring the country; began study of German, 1792; became quartermaster of a body of volunteer cavalry raised in 1797; met Charlotte Mary Carpenter, whom he married, 1797; settled in Edinburgh: published a translation of Burger's Lenore and other ballads, which met with some success, 1799; appointed sheriff-depute of Selkirkshire, 1799; published Border Minstrelsy 3 vols., 1802-3, andLay of Last Minstrel 1806; took up residence at Ashestiel on the Tweed, near Selkirk, 1804; obtained one of clerkships of quarter session, 1806; became secretly a partner in Ballantyne's printing business, 1805, and arranged that bis books should be printed by Ballantyue: secretary to parliamentary commission on Scottish jurisprudence, 1807; published Marmion 1808, and edition of Dryden with Life 1808; assisted in scheme for starting Quarterly Review," 1808-9; supplied half capital for new publishing firm of John Ballautyne & Co., 1809; published Lady of the Lake 1810; purchased Abbotsford on the Tweed, 1812; published Rokeby 1812, and Triermain 1813; on dissolution of Ballantyne's publishing firm (1813), made John Ballantyne his agent for managing the printing business, which involved him in considerable financial difficulties; issued edition of Swift, 19 vols., 1814; publishedLord of the Isles 1815, andHarold the Dauntless(his last poem of any length), 1817; published anonymously the novels Waverley 1814,Guy Mannering 1815, The Antiquary 1815,The Black Dwarfand 'Old Mortality (together as the first series ofTales of my Landlord, 1816,Rob Roy 1817,Heart of Midlothian 1818 (second series of Tales of my Landlord), Bride of LammermoorandLegend of Montrose ( third series of Tales of my Landlord), 1819, Ivanhoe 1820, really 1819,Monastery 1820,AbboV 1820, Kenilworth 1821,Pirate 1821,Fortunes of Nigel 1822,Peveril of the Peak 1823,Quentin Durward 1823,St. Ronan's Well 1823,Red Gauntlet 1824, Tales of the Crusaders The Betrothed and The Talisman 1826, Woodstock 1826, Chronicles of the Canongate: Two Drovers; Highland Widow; Surgeon's Daughter 1827,Tales of a Grandfather(first series, 1828, second series, 1829, third series, 1830, fourth series, 1830),Chronicles of the Canongate (second series), I St. Valentine's Day, or Fair Maid of Perth 1828, Anne of Geterstein 1829, Tales of my Landlord (fourth series),; Count Robert of Paris Castle Dangerous 1832; created baronet, 1820; president of Royal Society of Scotland, I 1820; member of Roxburghe Club, 1823; founded Bannatyne Olub, 1823; ruined (1826) by the stoppage of payment by Hurst, Robinson & Co., which involved the fall of Constable and Ballantyne (Scott's publisher), whom he had again taken into partnership in 1822, the catastrophe being probably In a Urge measure due to his extravagance; thenceforth worked heroically to meet his creditors till his death, when the balance of debt was paid off with rams realised on the security of copyrights. He attacked, 1826, the proposal of government to suppress circulation of small bank-notes, In Thoughts on proposed change of Currency three letters by Malachi Malagrowther to Edinburgh Weekly Journal published Life of Napoleon 1827; published collected edition ofWaverley Novels with notes, 1829-33; died at Abbotsford after suffering from apoplexy and paralysis, and having travelled on the continent for his health. A monument to him was inaugurated in Edinburgh, 1846. His life by John Gibson Lockhart, husband of Scott's daughter, Charlotte Sophia, was published in 1837. He is now lineally represented by the family of his granddaughter, the Hon. Mrs. Mary Monica Maxwell Scott.
  90. ^ Walter Francis Scott , fifth DUKE of Buccleugh and seventh DUKE OF QUEENSBERRY (1806-1884), grandson of Henry Scott, third duke of Buccleuch, succeeded to titie, 1819; M.A. St. John's College, Cambridge, 1827; lord privy seal, 1842-6; lord president of council, 1846; hon. D.C.L. Oxford, 1834; built the pier and breakwater at Granton, 1835-42; lion. LL.D. Cambridge, 1842, and Edinburgh, 1874; chancellor of Glasgow University, 1877.
  91. ^ Sir William Scott (d. 1350), judge; serjeant-at-law, 1336; knight and justice of common pleas, 1337; probably built Scot's Hall at Orlestone.
  92. ^ Sir William Scott (1459–1524), of Brabourne; K.B., privy councillor, and comptroller of Henry VII's household, 1489; lieutenant of Dover Castle, warden of Cinque ports, and marshal of Calais, 1491; sheriff of Kent, 1491, 1501, and 1516.
  93. ^ Sir William Scott or Scot, Lord Balwearie (d. 1532), Scottish judge: accompanied James IV on expedition into England, 1513; chosen commissioner to parliament and appointed one of lords of articles for the barons. 1524; styled justice, 1524; nominated first justice on temporal side on institution of college of justice, 1532.
  94. ^ Sir William Scott, Lord Clerkington (d. 1656), lord of session; knighted, 1641; clerk of session; ordinary lord of session, 1649; M.P., Haddingtonshire, 1645.
  95. ^ Sir William Scott (1674?–1725), of Thirlestane; member of Faculty of Advocates, 1702; contributed to Dr. Archibald Pitcairne's Selecta Poemata published, 1726.
  96. ^ William Scott , Baron Stowell (1745–1836), maritime and international lawyer; scholar of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, 1761; fellow and tutor of University College, Oxford, 1765; M.A., 1767; B.C.L., 1772; Camden reader in ancient history, 1773-85; intimate with Dr. Johnson; D.C.L. and member of Faculty of Advocates at DoctorsCommons, 1779; barrister, Middle Temple, 1780; advocate-general for office of lord high admiral, 1782; appointed registrar of court of faculties, 1783; judge of consistory court of London, 1788-1820; knighted, 1788; George III's advocate-general, 1788; vicar-general for province of Canterbury, 1788; commissary of city and diocese of Canterbury; chancellor of diocese of London; master of faculties, 1790; bencher of his inn, 1794, and treasurer, 1807; privy councillor, 1798; judge of high court of admiralty, 1798-1828; M.P., Downton, 1784, but unseated on petition; regained and held seat, 1790; M.P., Oxford University, 1801-21, in the main opposing reform; created Baron Stowell of Stowell Park, 1821. On many maritime points his judgments are still the only law.
  97. ^ William Scott (1797–1848), jockey ; brother of John Scott (1794-1871), with whom he was from 1825 in partnership at the Whitewall training stables; obtained between 1825 and 1847 many successes as jockey; bred Sir Tatton Sykes, his own horse, 1843.
  98. ^ William Scott (1813–1872), divine; of Merchant Taylors School, London, and Queen's College, Oxford; M.A., 1839: vicar of St. Olave's, Jewry, London, with St. Martin Pomeroy, London, 1860; active member of high church party; co-editor, and for some time sole editor, of Christian Remembrancer 1841-68; one of founders of, and constant contributor to, Saturday Review; president of Sion College, 1858; edited Laurence's Lay Baptism invalid 1841, and published religious writings,
  99. ^ William Bell Scott (1811–1890), poet and painter; son of Robert Scott (1777-1841); studied drawing at TrusteesAcademy, Edinburgh, and in London: exhibited at Royal Academy, 1842-69; master in government schools of design, Newcastle-on-Tyne, 1843-64; artist employed in decoration and examiner in art schools, South Kensington, 1864-85; published five volumes of verse, the best of which is of a mystical and metaphysical character, and works relating to art; he edited a series of English poets.
  100. ^ Joshua Scottow (1618–1693), colonist; wait to i.ttt, r. 1634; member of old church at Boston, 1039; a shipowner and merchant; published pamphlets on colonial affairs.
  101. ^ SCOTUS, DUNS (1J6* ? - 1808 ?). See Duns, Joannes Scotus.
  102. ^ 8COTTJ8 or ERIOENA, JOHN (Jl. 8*XX philosopher: of Irish origin: employed as teacher at court of Km.Charles the Bald, afterwards emperor, e, 847; produced; 851, at instance of Hincmar, archbishop of Rbeims, De PoBdestinatione 1; probably engaged in controversy touching the Holy Communion which agitated the Prankish domain, e. 840-W; made, probably before 819, of Charles the Bald, translations of the book* lerarobiade Ecclesiastica lerarchiade lnibus de MytUoa Theologia andEpisascribed to Dtonytius the Araopagito: per i domain, e. 844 by command of Charles the Bald, translations of the book* !. (Ms* Divinis Nominibus," tolas falsely ascribed haps identical with one Johnwho went to England with Grimbald on a request from Alfred for Gaul, and was established at Malmesbury. All his known works, which include a series of commentaries on Dionyslus the Areopagite, and translations, were collected by H. J. Floss in Mlgne'sPatrologia Latina cxxii. (1858); two other works claiming his authorship have since come to light The leading principle of his philosophy is that of the unity of nature, proceeding from (1) God, the first and only real being; through (*) the creative ideas to (8) the sensible universe, which ultimately is resolved into (4) its first Cause.
  103. ^ Maoarius Scottjs (d. 1153).
  104. ^ 8COTU8, MARIANUS( 10*8-108*?).
  105. ^ Henry Scougal (1650–1678), Scottish divine ; son of Patrick Scougal; MJL King's College, Aberdeen, 1668; professor; precentor in cathedral of Aberdeen, 1672-3; professor of divinity at King's College, Aberdeen, 1673-8; chief work, with preface by Gilbert Burnet, k Life of God in the Soul of Man (anonymous, 1677), which has become a religious nlasjjft
  106. ^ Scougal or 8COUGALL. JOHN (1645?-1730?), portrait-painter; lived at Advocates Close, Edinburgh, where he fitted up a picture gallery.
  107. ^ Scougal or SCOUGALL, PATRICK (1607?-168*), bishop of Aberdeen: graduated at Edinburgh. 1684; presented to parish of Leuchars, 1644; assisted Charles II in Scotland, 1650; received living of Salton, 1658: bishop of Aberdeen, 1664-82; maintained firm opposition to Test Act, 1681.
  108. ^ John Scouler (1804–1871), naturalist: M.D. Glasgow, 1827; LL.D., 1850; made voyage under Hudson's Bay Company, as surgeon and naturalist, to Columbia river, 1824-5; practised medicine at Glasgow: professor of geology in Andersonian University, 1829, and of mineralogy, and subsequently geology, zoology, and botany, to Royal Dublin Society, 1834; P.L.8., 18*9; published papers on natural history, and was joint-founder ofGlasgow Medical Journal
  109. ^ Sir George Scovell (1774–1861), general ; cornet and adjutant, 1798; went with 57th foot to Peninsula, 1808, and served in quartermaster-general department throughout the war; lieutenant-colonel, 1818; commanded staff corps of cavalry, 1813, and in Waterloo campaign, when be was assistant quartermaster-general; colonel, 1825; general, 1854; lieutenant-governor of military college, Sandhurst, 1829-37, and governor, 1837-56; O.O.B., 1860.
  110. ^ Sir Peteu Henry Scratchley (1835–1885), major-general; born in Paris; studied at Royal Military Academy, Woolwich; lieutenant, royal engineers. 1854; In Crimea, 1855-6: adjutant of royal engineers at Cawnpore, 1857; accompanied Brigadier-general Walpole to Itawa, Manipuri, and Fathgarh, 1857-8; at siege of Lucknow, 1858; adjutant of engineers under Sir Hope Grant, and commander of engineers under Wetherall in Oudh campaigns, 1858-9; superintended defence works at Melbourne, 1860-3. and was colonial engineer and military storekeeper; returned to England, 1863; asaUtant-intpector of works for manufacturing departments of army, 1864, and subsequently inspector of works; lieutenantcolonel, 1*77; accompanied Sir William Jervois to Australia to advise on defences of Australian colonies, Ties-president of commission to report on military of New Sooth Wales, 1881: major-general, 188*;  ::,:.:;--:.-.:.,,.-:.. east New Guinea, 188?; K.C.M.O., 188f.
  111. ^ SCRIBA or THE SCRIBE. ROBERT (Jt. 1160-1170*.
  112. ^ 8CRIMOEOUR..-:u JAMES ( 1510 7-161*). Set ScmnioBotm.
  113. ^ 8CRIMOEE, HENRY (1504-157*). See *,-*,,
  114. ^ EDWARD (1775-1841 Robert Thew; various publication*, IndodingBrtUsh Gallery o traits 180t-lT.
  115. ^ Frederick Henry Ambrose Scbivener (1813-1891 X divine: M.A. Trinity College, Cambridge.  ;;; hn&pMtard lUmott nbooUMi wi w Mrtf St. Gerrans, Cornwall, 18*: prebendary of Exeter, 1874; vicar of Hendon, 1876; LL.D. St. Andrews, 187*; D.C.L. Oxford, 1876; assisted in revised version of New Testament, 1870-8*; published works relating to text of New Testament
  116. ^ Matthew Scrivener (. 1660), divine: of Catharine Hall, Cambridge; vicar of Haslingfldd: pnbfctaAnlctoM -.M.rk-. U.i*6)
  117. ^ 8CROOOB, SIR WILLIAM (16*3 7-1683), lawyer; M.A. Pembroke College, Oxford, 1643; barrister. Gray's Inn, 1658; knighted after Restoration: elected bencher of Gray's Inn. 1649; king's Serjeant, 1669; justiceof common pleas, 1676: lord chief-justice of England, 1678; presided at trials of several victims of Titus Oates's plot, andthough be displayed brutal zeal for the protestant cause on many occasions, be was fruitlessly charged by Oates and Bedlce before the privy council with depreciating their evidence and setting at liberty persons accused upon oath before him of high treason; subsequently impeached before the House of Commons and removed from office, 1681.
  118. ^ 80&OOOB, SIR WILLIAM (165* 7-1895 X lawyer; son of Sir William Scroggs (1623 7-1683); B.A. Magdalen College, Oxford, 1673: barrister, Gray's Inn, 1676, bencher. 1681, and treasurer, 1687-8; appointed K.C. and knighted, 1681.
  119. ^ Laurence Scroop (1577–1643).
  120. ^ Scrope or 8CROOPE, ADRIAN (1601–1660), regicide; of Hart Hall, Oxford: entered Middle Temple, 1619; major in Colonel Richard Oraves's regiment of horse, 1646, and succeeded to command, 1647; at siege of Colchester, 1648; defeated and captured Earl of Holland at St. Neots; signed Charles I's death-warrant; governor of Bristol, 1649-55: member of council for government of Scotland, 1655; surrendered on Charles II's proclamation, 1660, and though House of Commons voted that be should have benefit of act of Indemnity, was excepu-d from pardon by the Lords; executed at Charing Cross, London.
  121. ^ Scrope or SCROOPE.SiR ADRIAN (.. 1667), soldier: sometimes confused with his distant kinsman Adrian Scrope (1601-1660) served in Charles 1's army during civil war; K.B., 1660.
  122. ^ Scrope or SCROOP, SIR CARR, first baronet ( 1649–1680), uou of Sir Adrian Scrope (d. 1667); M.A. , Wadhuui College, Oxford, 1667: created baronet, 1667; went to London, became one of companions of Charles II, and was well known as a versifier and man of fash. on.
  123. ^ Sir Geoffrey Lr Scrope (d. 1340). judge; brother of Sir Henry le Scrope (d. 1886); king's serjeant, 1316; accompanied Edward H in campaign against barons. 13*1-2: judge of common plea*, 18*1: chief- justice of king's bench, 13*4: removed from office after Edward I I's deposition, but pardoned and reinstated. 13*8: resigned office, 1338; Edward Ill's secretary, 1889; at siege of Tournay, 1840; died at Ghent.
  124. ^ George Julius Poulbtt Scrope (1 797–1876 1 geologist and political economist: brother of Charles Edward Poulett Thomson, baron Sydenliam: of Harrow, Pembroke College, Oxford, and St. John's College, Cambridge; B.A., 1821: travelled in Italy, Sicily, and Germany, i and studied volcanic district*; married daughter v i liam Borope (1772-185*) and assumed her name, 4 F "2 1821: joint-secretary of Geological Society, 1825: publUbed Important geological works; M.l.Mroul, 1S33-68; published Tolumes and pamphlets a.lvix-ating free trade and various social reforms, especially that of the poor law; Wollaston medallist, Geological Society, 18G7.
  125. ^ Sir Henry Le Scrope (rf. 1336), judge : brother of Sir Geoffrey le Scrope; was an advocate in 1307; justice of common pleas, 1308; attached himself to Edward II: chief-justice of king's bench, 1317-23; justice of forests north of Trent, c. 1323; second justice of common pleas, 1327; chief-baron of exchequer, 1330-6.
  126. ^ Henry Lk Scrope , first BARON SCROPE OF Masham (1315–1391), son of Sir Geoffrey le Scrope : fought at Halidon Hill, 1333, and Sluys, 1340; served with Edward III in Brittany, 1342, in Flanders, 1345, in Picardy, 1355, and at Paris, 1360: at siege of Calais, 1347; warden of Calais and Guisnes, 1361-70; joint- warden of west march towards Scotland, 1370; steward of household, 1371.
  127. ^ Henry Le Scrope , third BARON SCROPE OF Masham (1376?–1415), grandson of Henry le Scrope, first baron Scrope of Masham; succeeded his father, 1406; went on mission to France with Henry Beaufort, 1409; treasurer and K.G., 1410; superseded on Henry V's accession, but entrusted with several delicate foreign negotiations; executed, and his estates forfeited for complicity in plot discovered at Southampton to dethrone Henry V.
  128. ^ Henry Le Scrope , ninth BARON SCROPE OF Bolton (1534-1592) marshal of army sent by Queen Elizabeth to assist Scottish protestants at Leith, 1560; governor of Carlisle and warden of west marches, 1562-92: took charge of Mary Stuart at Bolton, 1568; suppressed rising of Earls of Northumberland and Westmoreland in favour of Mary Stuart, 1569; member of council of north, 1574; K.G., 1584.
  129. ^ John Le Scrope , fifth BARON SCROPE OF BOLTON (1435-1498), supported Yorkists; fought with Warwick at Northampton, received Garter from Edward IV; went on mission with Earl Rivers to Rome, 1474; constable of Exeter Castle; governor of the fleet; assisted in raising siege of Norham Castle, 1497.
  130. ^ John Scrope (1662?–1752), judge : entered service of Duke of Monmouth; barrister, Middle Temple, 1692; baron of the court of exchequer in Scotland, 17081724; commissioner of great seal, 1710: M.P., Ripon, 1722, Bristol, 1727, Lyme Regis, 1734-52; secretary to treasury, 1724-52; recorder of Bristol; a staunch supporter of Walpole.
  131. ^ Richard Le Scrope , first BARON SCROPE OF Bolton (1327?–1403), lawyer : son of Sir Henry le Scrope (. 1886); knighted at Neville's Cross; served with John of Gaunt at Najara, 1367, and in many subsequent expeditions till 1385; treasurer, 1371-5: joint-warden of west marches against Scotland, 1375: steward of household to Richard II; chancellor, 1378-80 and 1381-2; sided with Richard II's opponents in crisis of 1386-9, but was pardoned by him, 1397.
  132. ^ Richard Le Scrope (1350?–1405), archbishop of York; son of Henry le Scrope, first baron Sorope of Masham; probably graduated in law at Cambridge; LLD., 1386; presented to rectory of Ainderby Steeple, near Northallerton, 1367; chancellor of Cambridge University, 1378; dean of Chlchester, c. 1383; elected bishop of :hichester, 1385, but Thomas Rushook substituted for him by Richard II; notary of the curia and bishop of Coventry and Lichfleld, 1386; archbishop of York, 1398; supported revolution of 1399: resisted spoliation of the church proposed byunlearned parliament,* 1404, and took up arms at York in concert with Northumberland and Bardolf, who raised standard of rebellion eyond the Tyne; induced by treachery to surrender to Westmoreland at Shipton Moor; condemned and executed Bt York; popularly known in the north as Saint Richard Scrope.
  133. ^ Thomas Scrope (d. 1491), divine ; also called Bradley from his birthplace ; Carmelite at Norwich : became anchorite before 1426; sent as papal legate to Rhodes; consecrated at Rome by Nicholas V bishop of Ireland, 1450; vicar-general of bishop of Norwich, 1450, and was suffragan till 1477; held livings in Norfolk; wrote religious and historical works.
  134. ^ William le Scrope, Earl of Wiltshire (1361?-1399), son of Richard le Scrope, first baron Scrope of Bolton; served with John of Gaunt at Harfleur r 1369, in Guienie, 1373 and 1378, and with Charles, duke of Durazzo, at Venice, 1379; seneschal of Gascony 13831392; captain of Cherbourg, 1386-9, and of Brest, 1389; vice-chamberlain of Richard II's household, 1393; bought Isle of Man, 1393; K.G. and constable of Beaumui i-= and of Dublin Castle, 1394; chamberlain of household and of Ireland, 1395; assisted Richard II, 1397, against his antagonists of 1388, and received earldom of Wiltshire; ambassador to Scotland and captain of Calais Castle, 1398; treasurer of England, 1398; left by Richard II to assist regent (Duke of York) during his absence in Ireland, 1399; arrested by Henry IV at Bristol and executed.
  135. ^ William Scrope (1772–1852), artist and sportsman; exhibited views at Royal Academy and British Institution; F.L.S.; published works on deerstalking; and salmon-fishing.
  136. ^ Henry Scrymgeour or Scrimger (1506–1572), professor of civil law at Geneva; studied philosophy at St. Andrews, proceeded to university of Tuns. and subsequently read civil law at Bourges; secretary to Bernard Bocnetel, bishop of Rennes; abandoned Roman Catholicism for protestantism; professor of philosophy, and (1565) of civil law at Geneva; member of council of forty, 1570: companion of Calvin, Beza, George Buchanan, and other leading reformers: left in manuscript valuable notes on works of several classical authors. li. 150}
  137. ^ Sir James Scrymgeour (1550?–1612), of Dudhope, constable of Dundee; succeeded to hereditary offices of standard-bearer and constable of Dundee, 1576; favourite of James VI; banished from three kingdoms for joining with the Gowrie party, 1582, but fled to England, and in 1586 was again James VI's favourite; provost of Dundee, 1588; M.P., Dundee, 1600 and 1605, Forfarshire, 1605 and 1607.
  138. ^ James Scrymgeour , second VISCOUNT DUDHOPE. (d. 1644), royalist; son of John Scrymgeour, first viscount Dudhope; killed at Marston Moor.
  139. ^ John Scrymgeour , first Viscount Dudhope (d. 1643), M.P., Forfarshire, 1612, 1617, and 1621, Argyllshire, 1628-33; created Viscount Dudhope, 1641.
  140. ^ John Scrymgeour , third VISCOUNT DUDHOPE and first EARL OF DUNDEE (d. 1668), royalist leader: son of James Scrymgeour, second viscount Dudhope; served at Preston and Worcester, 1651, and in north with Middleton, 164; made privy councillor and created Earl of Dundee, 1660. li. 152J
  141. ^ Sir Charles Scudamore (1779–1849), physician ; studied at Guy's and St. Thomas's hospitals, London: M.D. Glasgow, 1814; admitted L.R.O.P., 1814; pra. in London; physician to Prince Leopold of Saxe-Gotlia. 1820; attended Duke of Northumberland at Dublin when lord-lieutenant, 1829, and was knighted; published medical works.
  142. ^ Frank Ives Scudamore (1823–1884), postoffice reformer and writer; educated at Christ's Hospital, London; entered postoffice, 1841; chief examiner of unite.! departments of receiver-general and accouutant-genrnil, 1852; receiver and accountant-general, 1856; instrumental in elaborating scheme for government savings bank, founded 1861; chief agent for government in negotiations for acquiring telegraphs, 1865-70; assistantsecretary, 1863, and subsequently second secretary of post office; C.B., 1871; resigned, 1876; engaged by Ottoman government to organise Turkish international post office.
  143. ^ John Scudamore , first Viscount Scudamore (1601-1671), son of Sir James Scudamore, whose warlike deeds are celebrated in the Faerie Queene (book iv.); M.A. Magdalen College, Oxford, 1642; captain of horso in Herefordshire; created baronet, 1620: M.P., Herefordshire, 1620 and 1624, Hereford, 1626 and 1628: member of council of the marches, 1623; created Baron Dromore and Viscount Scudamore of Sligo, 1628; ambassador at Paris: joint-ambassador, 1636-9: high steward of Hereford city and cathedral, 1639: surrendered to Waller at Hereford, 1643; kept in confinement till 1647; devoted later years to study and to relieving impoverished divines.
  144. ^ William Edward Scudamore (1811-1881), divine; fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge, 1837; M.A., 1838; rector of Ditchingham, 1839-81; his opinions fashioned in some degree by the Oxford movement; published devotional works, including Steps to the Altar 1846, and Incense for the Altar 1874.
  145. ^ Henry Scudder (d. 1652), divine; of Christ's College, Cambridge: presented to living of Coilingbourne-Ducis, 1633; member of committee for scriptures, 1648; published religious works, including The Christian's Daily Walke In Holy Securitie and Peace (6th edit 1635).
  146. ^ Dbs Ys Scully ( 1773–1830), Irish political writer; of Trinity College, Dublin; called to IrUh bar, 1798; one of the leading catholic agitator-; published political writings.
  147. ^ Vincent Scully (1810–1871), Irish political writer: wnof Deny* Scully; of Trinity College, Dublin, and Trinity College, Cambridge; called to Irish bar, IMS; Q.C., 1840; M.I, Cork, 1852-7 and 1859-65; published political pamphlets.
  148. ^ 8EAFIELD, EARL* or. gee OOILVY. JAMB*, first EARL, 1664-1730; OOILVY, James, third EAKL, 1714V1770.
  149. ^ SEAFORD, BARONS. S ELLIS, CHARLKS ROHR, first BARON, 1771-1845: KLUS, CUARLES AUGUSTUS, second BARON, 1799-1868.
  150. ^ Earls Of Seaforth . See MACKENZIE, KKNKKTH, fourth KARL,. 1701; MACKKNZIK, WILLIAM, fifth EARL, d. 1740.
  151. ^ Seaforth and MACKENZIE, BARON (1754–1814).
  152. ^ John Seagar (. 1656). M.A. St. Mary Hall, Oxford, 1600; received living of Broadclyst, 1631.
  153. ^ Charles Seager (1808–1878), orientalist; M.A. Worcester College, Oxford, 1839; pupil of Dr. Pusey, under whom he lectured in Hebrew; took orders in established church; tractarian; seceded to Rome, 1843: first professor of Hebrew and comparative philology at catholic university college, Kensington; member of council of Society of Biblical Archeology: works include a translation of Professor Simonia'sSmaller Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon 1832.
  154. ^ Edward Seager (1812-18*3), lieutenant-general; cornet, 1841; major, 1858; in Crimea, 1854-5; in Central India, 1858-9; lieutenant-colonel, 1864; quartermaster-general in Dublin district, 1870; inspector of yeomanry cavalry at York, 1873-8; lieutenant-general, 1881; C.B., 1877.
  155. ^ Francis Seager (fl. 1549–1563
  156. ^ Robert Seagrave (1693-1780?), divine: M.A. Clare Hall. Cambridge, 1718: joined Oxford methodist movement; preacher at Lorimer Hall, Cripplegate, London, 1739; published works in defence of Whitefield, besides hymns and other religious writings.
  157. ^ John Seally (1747?–1795), miscellaneous writer : perhaps identical with John Scaly: B.A. Hertford College, Oxford, 1764; established school in Brklgwatrr Square, Westminster, 1767; vicar of Kast Moon with Froxfield and Steep, Hampshire, 1790; P.R.8., 1791; M..V.; LL.D.; published mwcellaneous writings.
  158. ^ Lazarus Seaman (d. 1675), puritan divine; M.A. Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 1631: rector of Allhallows, Bread Street, London, 1642-62; member of Westminster Assembly of Divines, 1643: master of Peterbouse- Cambridge, 1644-80: signed Vindication by Cornelius Burgee, protesting against Charles I's trial, 1649: D.D., 1649; vice-chancellor. 1653, and visitor, ItiM, of his university; published religious writings.
  159. ^ William Seaman (1606–1680), orientalist; M.A. Balliol College, Oxford, 1626; rector of Upton-Scudamore, 1628-80: entered service of Sir Peter Wyrhe (d. 1643); lation of New Testament into Turkish, 168ft, a Turkish grammar. 1670, and other works.
  160. ^ (jr. 1711) See James Maccuairt.
  161. ^ Rowland Searchfield (1565?-1622), bishop of Bristol; of Merchant Taylors' School and St John's College, Oxford; M.A., 1590; D.D., 1608; vicar of Charlbury, 1606; bishop of Bristol, 1619-22.
  162. ^ Thomas Bearle (1777–184I) rear-admiral; entered navy, 1789; commander. 17*9: served on north coast of France, 1804-8: in Mediterranean, 18U8-9 and 1811-12; C.b. 1815: in Channel. 1818-21; captain of Victory guardshlp at Portemouth, 1834-9 rear-admiral, IMA
  163. ^ Baiion Beaton (1778–1863). See CoLBORJnt, 8m
  164. ^ Edward Cator Seaton (181ft-1880), physician; M.II. Eiinburgh, 1837; surgeon to North Aylesford Union, Rochester; began practice in London, 1841; took part in founding Wwtern Medical Society: original mem. ber of Kpidemlological Society, for a committee of which he drew up report on small-pox and vaccination, presented to parliament, and resulting in Compulsory Vaccination Art, 1S53; inspector under general board of health, 1858; F.R.C.P., 1872: medical officer to local government board, 1876: published Handbook of Vaccination ( 1868) and other works.
  165. ^ John Thomas Seaton (fl. 1761–1808) portrait painter; member of Incorporated Society of Artists.
  166. ^ Thomas Seaton (1684–1741) divine; fellow and M.A. Clare Hall, Cambridge, 1708; vicar of Ravenstone, 1721-41; founded, by legacy, Seatonian prize for sacred poetry at Cambridge; published hymns and other religious writings.
  167. ^ Sir Thomas Seaton (1808-1876) major-general: cadet in East India Company's service, 1822; ensign in native infantry of Bengal army, 1823; captain. 1834; joined regiment at Kabul, 1H39: took part in defence of Jalalabad. 1841-2: C.B. awl major (local rankX 1842; regimental major, 1852; lieutenant-colonel in army, 1814; bis regiment in mutiny, 1887; lieutenant-colonel, 1st European fusiliers, 1857: held Fatehgarh and defeated ou.Hi mutineers at Bunhagong, 1858; K.C.U 1858; retired as major-general, 185U; publishedFrom Cadet to Colonel an autobiography, 1866.
  168. ^ John Seaward (1786–1858), civil engineer; began life as surveyor and architect: superintended construction of Gordon's, Dowson's, ami other Than** docks; made drawings for new London bridge. 1823: established Canal Ironworks, Uillwall, 1824; M.l.C.R, 1826; invented tubular boilers used in the navy.
  169. ^ Samuel Seaward (1800–1842), engineer; brother of John Seaward, with whom he worked from c. 1826, and brought out direct acting naval engines, 1836; F.R.S.; with his brother invented and improved many engineering contrivances.
  170. ^ Seaxburgh (d. 678). See Sexburga.
  171. ^ Sebbi, Saebbi or Sebba (d. 695?). became king of East-Saxons, c. 665. reigning conjointly with his nephew, Sigheri, under overiordship of king of Mercia: resigned crown awl took monastic habit, e. 698, dying soon afterwards; buried In St. Paul's Church, London.
  172. ^ Sebert, Sabaret or Saba (d. 616?). first Christian king of East-Saxons; received Mellitus as teacher and bishop; perhaps buried in Westminster A!.b.y.
  173. ^ Sir John Saunders Sebright], seventh baronet (1767-1846), politician and agriculturist. served in army on staff of Lord Amherrt: M.P.. Herefordshire. 1807 till rnd of first reformed parliament: practically an advanced whig, though disclaiming connection with any party; seconded Rnweirn motion for leave to bring In first Reform Bill, 1831; published works on animals.
  174. ^ Thomas Secker (1693–1768), archbishop of Canterbury; educated with view to dissenting ministry imdi-r i (1680?-1719); studied medicine in London and Paris, 1716-80; M.D. Leyden, 1721; graduated at Exeter College, Oxford; prebendary of Durham, 1727; chaplain to George II, 1732: D.C.L., 1733; bishop of Bristol, 1734, and of Oxford, 1737; dean of St. Paul's, London, 1760; archbishop of Canterbury, 1758; deprecated the progress of methodism, but did not persecute its adherents; published sermons, charges, and other works, including Lectures on the Church Catechism (posthamoasly, 1769).
  175. ^ William Secker (d. 1681?), divine : preached at Tewkesbury and afterwards at All Hallows, London Wall; published sermons.
  176. ^ Thomas Seckford or Sackford(1615?-1588), lawyer; barrister, Gray's Inn, 1540; Lent render, 1556; surveyor of court of wards and liveries; steward of court of Manhalsea: on commission for causes ecclesiastical, 1670; M.P., Ipswich, 1572.
  177. ^ John Securis (fl.–1566), medical writer; born in England: studied in Paris and afterwards at Oxford; probably licensed to practise physic by bishop of Salisbury, where he lived; published medical and other works.
  178. ^ Michael Securis or Hatchett (fl. 1545), doctor at Salisbury; left medical manuscripts,
  179. ^ Edmund Sedding (1836–1868), architect and musician; architect successively in Bristol, London, and Penzance; published carols and other musical compositions.
  180. ^ John Dando Sedding (1838–1891), architect; brother of Edmund Sedding; entered office of George Edmund Street, 1858; endeavoured to form a school of carvers and modellers from nature; F.R.I.B.A., 1874; diocesan architect for Bath and Wells; works by him published posthumously.
  181. ^ Felix John Vaughan Seddon (1798-1865), orientalist; registrar of Rangpur, Bengal, 1820; professor of oriental languages, King's College, London, 1833; preceptor to nawab Nizam; assisted in translating bible into some Indian language.
  182. ^ John Seddon (1644–1700), master of Sir John Johnson's writing school, Priest's Court, Foster Lane, Oheapside, London; published calligraphic works.
  183. ^ John Seddon (1719–1769), Unitarian divine ; educated at Glasgow University; assistant to Joseph Mottershead at Cross Street, Manchester; religious writings by him published posthumously.
  184. ^ John Seddon (1725-1770), dissenting minister; educated at Glasgow University; minister of Cairo Street Chapel, Warrington; secretary and librarian of Warrington academy, the scheme for promotion of which he had actively assisted, 1767; rector and professor of belles lettres, 1767; entered into controversy with John Taylor (1694-1761) respecting forms of prayer; editor and joint-author of A Form of Prayer and a New Collection of Psalms 1763.
  185. ^ Thomas Seddon (1753-1796), divine; of Hart Hall, Oxford; curate of chapelry of Stretford, near Manchester, 1777-96; incumbent of Lydgate, Saddleworth, 1789; published sermons and other works.
  186. ^ Thomas Seddon (1821–1856), landscape-painter; studied ornamental art in Paris; furniture designer in London; took part in establishing school of drawing and modelling, Oamden Town, London, 1850; exhibited at Royal Academy from 1862.
  187. ^ Adam Sedgwick (1786–1873), geologist; B.A. Trinity College, Cambridge, 1808; fellow, 1810; Woodwardian professor of geology at Cambridge, 1818; president of Geological Society, 1831; Wollaston medallist, 1861; F.R.S., 1830, and Copley medallist, 1863; president of British Association, 1833, and of geological section, 1837, 1845, 1863, and 1860; honorary D.C.L. Oxford, 1860 honorary LL.D. Cambridge, 1866; member of royal commission of inquiry into condition of Cambridge University, 2: made secretary to Prince Albert when elected chancellor of Cambridge University, 1847; prebendary of Norwich, 1834; published in scientific magazines papers dealing with geological and other subjects; did much to augment the geological collection of his university.
  188. ^ Amy Sedgwick (afterwards Mrs. Parkes, Mrs. Pembemberton and Mrs. Goostry) (1830–1897), actress ; appeared at Haymarket, London, 1857, and was original Hester Grazebrook in Taylor'sUnequal Match managed Hay market, 1866; appeared last in London at Hayinarket, 1877; subsequently instructed pupils and gave dramatic recitals.
  189. ^ Daniel Sedgwick (1814–1879), hymnologist; shoemaker in London; started as dealer in second-hand books, 1837; published reprints of hymn-writers of seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and catalogues of rare religious poetry; recognised as foremost living hymnologist.
  190. ^ James Sedgwick (1775–1851), author; of Pembroke College, Oxford; barrister, Middle Temple, 1801; commissioner of excise at Edinburgh, 1809, and chairman of excise board, 1811; examiner of droits of admiralty accounts, 1815; chairman of board of stamps, 1817-26; published works on legal and political subjects,
  191. ^ John Sedgwick (1601?–1643), puritan divine; M.A. Magdalen Hall, Oxford, 1625; B.D., 1638 (incorporated at Cambridge, 1638); rector of St. Alphege, London, 1641; chaplain to Earl of Stamford's regiment.
  192. ^ Obadiah Sedgwick (1600?–1658), puritan divine; brother of John Sedgwick; M.A. Magdalen Hall, Oxford, 1623; B.D., 1630; chaplain to Sir Horace Vere, baron Vere of Tilbury, whom he accompanied to Low Countries; chaplain to regiment of foot raised by Denzil Holies, 1642; member of Westminster Assembly, 1643; rector of St. Andrew's, Holborn, London, 1645-6, and of St. Paul's, Covent Garden, London, 1646-56; published religious works.
  193. ^ Robert Sedgwick (d. 1656), governor of Jamaica; brother of William Sedgwick; perhaps went to New England, 1635; freeman of Massachusetts, 1637; captain of Charlestown trained band; one of founders ofMilitary Company of Massachusetts 1638; major-general of Massachusetts forces, 1652; served against French in Acadia, which he added to British dominions, 1654; one of civil commissioners for government of Jamaica, 1655.
  194. ^ Thomas Sedgwick (. 1550–1565), Roman catholic divine; fellow successively of Peterhouse and Trinity College, Cambridge; D.D.; rector of Erwarton, 1552; Lady Margaret professor of divinity, Cambridge, 1554-6; incorporated D.D. Oxford, 1554; regius professor of divinity, 1557; vicar of Gainsford and rector of Stanhope.
  195. ^ William Sedgwick (1610?–1669?), puritan divine and mystic; M.A. Pembroke College, Oxford, 1681; incorporated M.A. Cambridge, 1635; chaplain to foot regiment raised by Sir William Constable, 1642; chief preacher in Ely, 1644-60; conformed and was rector of Mattishall Burgh, 1663; published religious works.
  196. ^ Catharine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester (1667-1717), only child of Sir Charles Sedley; mistress of Duke of York (afterwards James II), by whom she had several children: created Baroness of Darlington and Countess of Dorchester, 1686; married Sir David Colyear, second baronet, 1696; celebrated as a wit.
  197. ^ Sir Charles Sedley (1639?–1701), wit and dramatic author; of Wadham College, Oxford; entered parliament after the Restoration as one of members (barons) for New Romney: achieved notoriety as A fashionable profligate; wrote two tragedies and three comedies, besides prose pieces and poems (collected inA New Miscellany" and in aCollection of Poems 1701).
  198. ^ Sedulius (d. 828), biblical commentator ; probably of Irish birth; son of Feradach, abbot of Kildare; wrote Latin commentaries on St. Paul's Epistles and Gospel of St Matthew.
  199. ^ Henry Seebohm (1832-1895), quaker ornithologist; settled as manufacturer of steel at Sheffield; travelled abroad for purposes of ornithological study; British Ornithologists Union and Zooloftoal Society, 1873; F.H.OA, 1878, and secretarylWoT F.L,S., 1879; published ornithological works.
  200. ^ Jeremiah Seed (1700 -174?), divine; M.A. Queen's College, Oxfonl, 1726; fellow, 1782; rector of Knight's Enham, 1741-7; published religious writings,
  201. ^ Sir John Robert Seeley 1834–189s historian and essayist; son of Robert Benton Bssssy jq. v.); of City of London School and Christ's Cou cVmbridge: B.A., 1867: obtained senior chancellor's medal: fellow and classical lecturer; chief classical assistant at City of London School, 1869; professor of Latin at University OsUBfs, London, 1863; published, 1866, Boos Homo a work which attracted Immediate attention and provoked storm of controversy: professor of modern history at Cambridge, 1869-91: fellow of Gonvffle and Oaius College, Cambridge, 1881; K.O.M.G., 1894; died of oaneerTln I. - kSOfcOSJ } u,io;,t.,i. IBOBfk Bfl.1.1 U* (..riKulHt,-. th view thathistory is past politic*, and politic* present history His publieatious Include "The Life and Times of Stein 1878,The Expansion of EnglandThe Growth of British Policy IBMand Lectures on Pontt" 1895.
  202. ^ Leonard Benton Seeley (1831-1893), author; son of Robert Benton Seeley; educated at City of London School and Trinity College, Cambridge: fellow, 1864; M.A., 1866; barrister, Lincoln's Inn, 1866; pubUshedHorace Walpole and his Works 1884, and other volumes.
  203. ^ Robert Benton Seeley (1798-1886), publisher and author; served with his father, Leonard Benton Seeley, in bookselling and publishing business in Fleet Street, London, and, with partners, controlled publishing branch, 1816-67; connected with many religious and philanthropic movements. His publications were mainly confined to books expounding evangelical opinions. His original works include Essays on the Church 1834, and The Greatest of the Plan Uge net*, Edward I 1860.
  204. ^ Enoch Seeman (1694–1744), portrait-painter; born at Danzig, London. "
  205. ^ Berthold Carl Seeman (1816-1 871 X botanist and traveller; born at Hanover: graduated atGtittingen; studied botany at Kcw, 1844-6: naturalist to H.M.8. Herald in voyage* on west coast of America and in the Arctic seas, 1 847-61; published Narrative of the Voyage, 1 1888, and was made Ph.D. Gbttingen; joint-editor of German journal of botany,Bonplandia 1863-61; commissioned with Colonel Smythc, R.A., to report on Fiji islands, 1860; began publication of Journal of Botany 1868; subsequently travelled to Venezuela and Nicaragua; P.LA, 1862: vice-president, Anthropological Society: F.R.G.S.; published numerous scientific treatises; died at JavalL
  206. ^ Seffrid, Sefrid, Seinfrid, or Safred (d. 1204), bishop of Chichester; successively archdeacon, dean (1178), and bishop (1180) of Chichester; restored a large part of his cathedral church after the fire of 1187; sided with monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in quarrel with Archbishop Baldwin.
  207. ^ Francis Segar or Seagar (fl. 1549-1563), translator and poet; probably freeman of Stationers Company, 1667. His works includeOertayne Psalmes ... drawen into Engllshe metre 1663, and a poem on Richard Plantagenet in the Myrrour for Magistrates (1563).
  208. ^ Simon Segar (Jt. 1666–1712), author of Honores Anglicani; great-grandson of Sir William Segar; member of Gray's Inn, 1666: library keeper, 1674; published Honores Anglican!,* 1711.
  209. ^ Sir William Segar (d. 1633), herald; Portcullis pursuivant, 1688; Somerset herald, 1689; Norroy king-of-arms, 1693; appointed, 1603, Garter king-of-arms in succession to Sir William Dethick, who was, however, reinstated; returned to the office, 1607: knighted, 1616; works include Baronaginm Genealogicum: or the Pedigrees of the English Peers * (published, 1764-84)
  210. ^ Gilbert de Segrave (d. 1164), judge: son of Stephen de Segrave (d. 1241); justice of south of Trent, IMS: 1264; was captured by citizens of Pons and died in prison.
  211. ^ Gilbert de Segrave (d. 1313?).
  212. ^ Gilbert de Segrave (d. 1316), bishop of London.
  213. ^ Sir Hugh de Segrave (d. 1385?), keeper of castle of Brustwick.
  214. ^ John de Segrave, baron (1256?-1325), son of Nicholas de Segrave, first baron Segrave q. v.); against UyweTyn of Wales, IfTTabd 1181; employed in Scottish wan from 1191; attac _ _ to Roger Bigod, fifth earl of Norfolk q. v.T, 1J97: baronsletter to Pone Boniface Vlft, 1301; waNssi of Scotland, 1301-6; at siege of Stirling, 1304; appointed justice and captain in Scotland south of ForthontiS departure of Edward I: escorted Wallace to London. 130f; bead of commission for Wallace's trial; justice of I beyond Trent, e. 1307-10; warden of Scotland. 1309; joined barons against Gavetton, 1310; keeper of forests this side of Trent, 1311; fought at Bannockbnrn, 1314; member of continual council, 1818; joint-capUin of troops going to Gaseony under Edmund of Woodstock, earl of Kent, 1314; died in AqniUine.
  215. ^ Nicholas de Segrave , first BABON _ (1138 T-1196), *ou of Gilbert de Segrave (d. 1164); attached himself to Simon de Montfort, 1168; shared ia excommunication brought against rebel party, 1143; defended Northampton against Henry III, and, on tU capture, escaped to London; at Lewes, 1164. and J 1266, when he was captured and suffered escaped to isle of Ely and was exoommonioi qnently submitted to Prince Edward, on which bis lands were restored; took part in Welsh campaigns, 1177 and 1181; one of the judges of unit as to Scottish succession.
  216. ^ Nicholas de Segrave . LORD or f 13WX I'verock, 1300; took in Scottish campaigns of don for proce 1303
  217. ^ Nicholas de Segrave , LORD OF STOWE (son of Nicholas de Segrave, first baron Segrave q. v.); fought at Falkirk, 1198, and at siege of Carlaverock, 1300; took part and 1304; imprisoned in Tower of London f or proceeding to France in midst of Scottish campaign; pardoned and restored to favour; adhered to Edward II and Piers Gaveston: governor of Northampton and marshal of England, 1809; engaged in Scotland, 1310; attached himself to Thomas, earl of Lancaster (1177 7-1311), c, 1816, and served under him against Scot*. 1318. took orders, but of Tower of London, 1203; prominent as a judge a tice itinerant, from 1117; custodian of Sanvey Castle, Leicestershire, 1220; one of justiciaries on Henry Ill's departure for Brittany, 1130; chief justlciar, 1181; sopported system of administration by foreigners; deprived of office on reconciliation of Henry III with lords, 1184; to favour, 1286; justice of Chester; Augustinian abbey of St. Mary des Pros.
  218. ^ Stephen de Segrave (d. 1883), archbishop of Armagh; studied at Cambridge; chancellor of Cambridge University, 1808-6; doctor of canon law; clerk IB royal household; rector of Btowe, 1300-18; dean of Glasgow and canon of Dunkeld, e. 1309; canon of Lincoln. f. 1318, and of St. Paul's, London, c. 1319; archbishop of Armagh, 1313. IB. 106
  219. ^ John Seguarde (fl. 1414), rhetorician and poet; master of grammar school, Norwich; left poetics and other manuscripts.
  220. ^ John Seguier (1788–1886), artist : partner with his brother as picture-restorer; studied at Royal Academy, iii-iw-:
  221. ^ William Seguier (1771–1843), artist : brother of John Seguier; pupil of Georire Morlaud: practised a* topographical ami portrait painter; art expert: conservator of royal picture galleries under George IV, William IV, and Queen Victoria: first keeper of National Gallery; superintendent of British Institution.
  222. ^ Ann Childe Seguin (1814–1888), ringer: wife of Arthur Edward Shelden Seguin; married c 1831: subprofessor at Royal Academy of Music; subsequently taught music in New York.
  223. ^ Arthur Edward Shelden seguin (1809–1852), bass singer; educated at Royal Academy of Music: cngaired at various London theatres till 1838; went (1838) to America, where he foundedSeguin Troup operatic company.
  224. ^ Seiriol (ft. 530), Welsh saint ; founded monastery of Penmon, Anglesey: cousin of Maelgwn Gwynedd . A le?end about him and his friend St. Cybi was embodied, though not quite correctly, by Matthew Arnold in a sonnet.
  225. ^ Earl of Selborne (1812–1895). See Roundell Palmer.
  226. ^ Charles Selby (1802P-1863), actor and draiiu-mber of company at Strand Theatre, London, 18W; with Macready at Drury Lane, London, 1841-2, subsequently playing principally character parts at various London theatres; his last appearance at Drury Lane, 1863; wro'e many plays of the lightest description; published Maximum* and Speciments of William Muggins 1841.
  227. ^ Prideaux John Selby (1788-1867), naturalist; of University College, Oxford: high sheriff for Northumberland. 1.S23; publishedIllustrations of British Ornitholoey 1*25-34; founded with Sir William Jardine and Dr. G. Johnston, Magazine of Zoology and Botany 1837, and was joint-editor; F.L.S.: honorary M.A. Durham, 1839; published British Forest Trees 1842. On his death some of his natural-history collections were presented to Cambridge University.
  228. ^ Walford Dakin Selby (1845–1889), antiquary; junior clerjc in Record Office, 1867, and ultimately superintendent of the search-room; joint-founder, 1883, and director-in-chief and honorary treasurer, 1883-9, of Pipe Roll Society; published antiquarian writings and compilations.
  229. ^ John Selden (1584-1654), jurist; educated at Chichester under Hugh Barker and at Hart Hall, Oxford; entered Clifford Inn, 1G02, and Inner Temple, 1604; barrister, Inner Temple, 1612: bencher, 1633; steward to Henry Grey, ninth earl of Kent; published, 1617,History of Tythes many passages in which, and in the preface, gave offence to the clergy; his History of Tythes suppressed by public authority; took active part in preparation of the protestation of the Commons, 1621, and was temporarily placed in private custody: returned to parliament as burgess for Lancaster 16*3; M.P., Great Bedwin, 1626: took prominent part (1628) in impeachment of Buckingham; counsel for Sir Kdmund Hampden, who had been committal to prison for refusing to lend money to Charles I on his sole deS&JSf. li8 P uted legality of detention on warrant which did not specify the offences, 1627; M.P., Ludgershall, 16! 8; chairman of committee to consider precedents as to imprisonment without cause assigned supported ( 16f) petition of printers and booksellers against Laud's interference with their trade, and took active part in discussion on tonnage and poundage; imprisoned in con OT*? 06,. 1 " 311011" the hotl8e: "berated, 1631; M.P. for Oxford University in Long parliament: opposed crown on question of ship-money: on committees to draw up articles of impeachment of Laud, 1641, and to examine Charles I's violation of privileges of parliament 2; sat in Assembly of Divine* at Westminster, 1643 oei veil office of clerk and keeper of records of the Tower of London, 1643; member of committee to manage the admiUty, 1645; member of committee to hear appeals from parliamentary visitors to Oxford University, 1647; after took no further part in public affairs and abstained i expressing any opinion. He won fame as an orienUt by his treatiseDe Diis Syris 1617, and subsequently made a valuable collection of oriental manuscripts most of which pa-sed at his death into the Bodleian Library. His work in this direction consisted chiefly in the exposition of rabbinical law. His Table Talk containing reports of his utterances from time to time during 1 the last twenty years of his life, composed by his secretary, Richard Mjlward, appeared in 1689. His works include Titles of Honour," 1614, an edition of Eadmer, 1623,Marmora Arundelliana 1624, De Sucoessionibus 1631,Mare Clausum 1635. De Jure  ; Natural! 1640,Judicature in Parliament 1640,Privileges of Barona?e 1642, Fleta 1647, andOn the Nativity of Christ 1661. His works were collected by Dr. David Wilkins, 1726.
  230. ^ Selkirk fifth EARL OF (U71-1820). See Thomas Douglas.
  231. ^ Alexander Selkirk (1676–1721), prototype of 'Robinson Crusoe: eon of John Selcraig, shoemaker, of Largo; ran away to sea, 1695, and returned "iaome, 1701; joined privateering expedition of Captain William Dampier to South Seas, 1703; sailing master on Cinque ; ports under Thomas Stradling, with whom he quarrelled, 1704; put ashore on uninhabited island of Juan Fernandez; rescued, 1709, by Captain Woodes Rogers in a new expedition of Dampier, who obtained for him ! command of the Increase; sailing master of a new prize, i 1710; arrived in England, 1711; retired to Largo, and, later, lived in London: subsequently resumed his life as sailor. Defoe, who publishedRobinson Crusoe 1719, pro; bably did not know Selkirk personally.
  232. ^ Alexander Craig Sellar (1835–1890), barrister; son of Patrick Sellar; M.A. Balliol College, Oxford, 1865: called to Scottish bar, 1862; legal secretary to the lord-advocate, 1870-4; liberal M.P. for Haddington Burghs, 1882-5, and for Partick division of Lanarkshire, 1885; liberal whip, 1885-8.
  233. ^ Patrick Sellar (1780–1851), factor to George Granville Leveson-Gower, first duke of Sutherland till 1818.
  234. ^ William Young Sellar (1825–1890), professor of Latin in Edinburgh University; son of Patrick Sellar ; educated at Glasgow and Balliol College, Oxford; M.A., 1850; fellow of Oriel College, Oxford, 1848: assistantprofessor of Latin at Glasgow, 1851-3, and of Greek at St. Andrews, 1853-9: professor of Greek at St. Andrews, 1859-63, and of Latin at Edinburgh, 1863-90; published works on classical authors.
  235. ^ Abednego Seller (1646?–1705), nonjuring divine: educated at Lincoln College, Oxford; vicar of Charles at Plymouth, 1686; deprived, 1690; published religious works.
  236. ^ John Seller (ft. 1700), hydrographer to Charles II ; published maps, also The English Pilot and The Sea Atlas 1671.
  237. ^ Baker John Sellon (1762–1835), lawyer; of Merchant TaylorsSchool, London, and St. John's College, Oxford; B.O.L., 1785; barrister, Inner Temple, 1792; police magistrate at Union Hall, 1814, and at Hatton Garden, London, 1819-34; published legal works.
  238. ^ Priscilla Lydia Sellon (1821–1876), founder of Society of Sisters of Mercy of the Holy Trinity, Devonport, branches of which were afterwards established in many centres of population; her enterprise was attacked or defended in numerous pamphlets. Dr. Pusey took a warm interest in her scheme.
  239. ^ Richard Sellyng (ft. 1450), author of a poem, 'Evidens to Beware and Gode Oounsayle' (Harl. MS. 7333, f. 36a). pi. 229
  240. ^ Selred or Saelraed (d. 746), king of East-Saxons-, succeeded, c. 709, Offa (. 709)
  241. ^ Selvach (d. 729), king of Scottish Dalriada : probably son of Fearchair Fada (the Long); king of Scottish Dalriada before 697; defeated Britons at Minverce, 717: slew his brother Aiubhealach in battle at Finglcn, 719; defeated by Duncan MacBecc in sea-fight at Ardannisby, 719; became priest, 723; defeated by Eochadh, and lost sovereignty, 727.
  242. ^ Sir Charles Jasper Selwyn (1813–1869). lawyer: son of William Selwyn (1775-1855); of Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge; fellow; M.A., 1839; LL.D., 1862; barrister, Lincoln 1856: g.O., 1866: M.P., appointed solicitor-general justice of appeal and pri incon* n Cambridge U ral and knig y councillor, 1 Inn, 1840: University, 1869-68: hted, 1* 868.
  243. ^ George Augustus Selwyn (1719-1791) wit an.l politician: o( Eton and Hart Hall, Oxford: rusticated, 1746: clerk of the irotu and surveyor of meltings of the mint (sinecures); M.P. for family borough of LadgersbalL 1747, and for Gloucester, 17M-80: received sinecure of registrar of court of chancery In Barbados, paymaster of the works (till 1782), and urveyor-general of work(178S); elected to White, 1744, and wa member of the Jockey Club In 1767.
  244. ^ George Augustus Selwyn (1809-1878), bishop of Lichfleld; son of William Selwyn (1776-1866) q. v.J: of Eton and St. John 1 ! College, Cambridge; M.A., 1834; fellow and D.D. per litfnu rrgiat, 1841: curate at Windsor; bishop of New Zealand, 1841: greatly Influenced the development of the colonial church; attended first PanAnglican synod In England, 1867: biahop of LichfieUl, m; pod ilMd Nranoi sod rite nOdooi mrittan. Selwyn College, Cambridge, was erected by public subn in his memory, and Incorporated, 1881.
  245. ^ Robert Sempill (169*?-166? son of Sir James SempiU; educated at Glasgow University: wrote, e. 1640, Life and Death of Babble Himson Included In Watson's * Choice OoiUcUon 1706 9.
  246. ^ William Sempill or Semple (1546–1633) soldier of fortune; attached as a boy to court of Mary Queen of Soou; Joined BnniUfb regiment William Stewart, la service of Prince of Orange ,. manded company, 1681, In garrison of Urn, wbkb be betrayed to Duke of Parma; employed la pottttaal mUaions by Philip II of Spain; arraW and imprisoned Kdlnborgb, 1688; escaped to Low Oooatries; lived at nish court as gentleman of the nooth to King In
  247. ^ David Semple (1808-1878), antiquary; as conveyancer in Paisley; F.S.A., Scotland; works dealing mainly with local history.
  248. ^ John Richardson Selwyn (1844-1898) bishop of Melanesia: sou of George Augusta. Selwyn (1809-1878) q. T.I; born at Walmate, New Zealand; of Eton and Trinity CoUef* Cambridge; M.A., 1870: vicar of St. George's, Wolrerhampton: joined Melaneslan mission, and reached Norfolk island. 1873: bishop of Melanesia, 1877; returned to England owing to Ill-health, 1890; master of Selwyn College, Cambridge, e. 1890 till death: published Pastoral Work in the Colonies 1897.
  249. ^ William Selwyn (1775-1865), lawyer; of Eton and St. John's and Trinity Colleges, Cambridge: M.A., 1800; barrister, Lincoln's Inn, 1807: treasurer, 1840; recorder of Portsmouth, 1819-29; K.C., 1827: published legal writings.
  250. ^ William Selwyn (1806–1875). divine: son of William Selwyn (1775-1865): of Eton and St. John s College, Cambridge: fellow, 1819; M. A., 1831: D.D., 1864; held various livings from 1831: canon residentiary of Ely, 1853-75: Lady Margaret professor, 1855; member of cathedrals commission, 1852; published religious works.
  251. ^ Francis Semphill (1616?-1682), Scottish ballad-writer; probably educated for the law: sheriff-depute of Renfrewshire, 1677; widely known as a poet and wit; wrote occasional pieces on social and political subject*.
  252. ^ Hew Sempill, eleventh LORD SKMPII.L (d. 1746), colonel; ensign, 1719; served In Spain and Flanders; major, 26th (Oameronians). 1718; colonel of Black Watch, 1741: nerved In Flanders, 1743: colonel of 25th foot, 1745; acted a brigadier-general at Cullodeu, 1746.
  253. ^ Hugh Sempill or Semple (1596-1654), mathematician: born at Craigevar, Sootland; aggregated to Society of Jesus at Toledo, 1616; rector of Scottish College, Madrid; published matinsmatical works.
  254. ^ Sir James Sempill (1566–1616), of Beltrees; educated with young King James VI and at St. Andrews; agent to James VI In London, 1599: knighted, 1600; went on embassy to France, 1601; published controversial works; assisted James VI in preparing for press his Basilicon Doron (1599).
  255. ^ Robert Sempill or Semple, third Lord Sempill (d. 1572), governor and constable of castle of Douglas, 1533; succeeded hb father, 1548: supported queen-regent, Mary of Guise, against lords of congregation: signed band in support of Mary Queen of Scots and Darnley, 1561, but after murder of Damley joined opposition to Mary; fought at Carberry Hill, 1567: ioint-lieutenant of the western parts, 1568; prisoner of toe Hamilton*, 1570.
  256. ^ Robert Sempill (1530?–1696), Scottish balladwriter; spent early life in Paris; fled at massacre of St. Bartholomew, 1672; probably with Morton's army during siege of Edinburgh. In his ballads be appears as a ftanuch supporter of the reformers.
  257. ^ George Semple (1700?-1781?), Irish architect: designed and erected steeple of St. Patrick's Cathedral. Dublin, 1749, and Eseex Bridge across the Liffey. 1761-4.
  258. ^ James George Semple (alias Semple-Lisle) (fl. 1799), adventurer; born at Irvine: served in America and was prisoner, 1776-7; spent some time on continent, perhaps in service of Frederick the Great and Prince Potemkin; was convicted of fraud in England and repaired to Paris; transported from England for fraud, 1795, and after returning was confined in Tothill Fields prison, London.
  259. ^ Robert Semple (1766–1816), traveller and governor under the Hudson's Bay Company: born of British parent* at Boston; became associated with London firms: chief agent of Hudson's Bay Company's factories territories, 1815; published accounts of his joorn killed In quarrel with caravan of North- West Company.
  260. ^ Gilbert of Sempringham (1083 T-1189), Set GlLBKRT.
  261. ^ Senan (488?-544?) saint: descended from Conaire I. king of Ireland: studied for religious life under Casstdan; perhaps visited Home and Tours; settled on Great island. Cork Harbour: bi-hop of Iniscathaigh, at mouth of shannon. His day in the calendar Is 8 March.
  262. ^ Senatus called Bravonius (d. 1207) divine; successively precentor, librarian, and, till 1196, prior of Worcester; wrote concordance of the gospels. Ill* 34*
  263. ^ Senchan (. 649X Irish bard ; became chief bard of Connaught during reign of Guaire (649-62); hie only exUnt work, beginningRoflch fergus flchit catha co uinnigi In the Book of Leinster
  264. ^ John Senex (d. 1740), cartographer and ngraver : Iwokseller In Salisbury Court, Fleet Street, London, 1719: ; F.R.S., 1728.
  265. ^ William Sengham (fl. 1260) Austin friar; Mat from Home to teach in England: wrote religions worta.
  266. ^ Humphrey Fleming Senhouse (1JJ 1841), Navy captain: entered navy. 1797: lieutenant, 1801; ! served under Sir Israel 1'ellew in Mlitmanean, Westlixlles. and at Trafalgar. 1804-6: held a conunaad on Spanish main and InLeeward Wands, l*-: ** Martinique, 1809: pout captain, 1814: lay ? *&* Henry Hotbam, 1815 an.1 1831-4: K.C.H, 18 kniifhte.1. 134: served In China, 1839-41; nominated C.B. after death.
  267. ^ Richard Senhouse (d. 1616), bishop of Carlisle; M.A. St. John's College. Cambridge, 1598; incorporated 00)*; D.D 1611; fellow, 1598; dean of Gloucester.
  268. ^ William Senhouse or Sever (d. 1505) of Durham: entered Benedictine onJer: dcattd at Oxford; ub deacon of 8kM.ry'sAbbv, YorM468 r llpl: abbot, 1486; bishop of Carlisle, 1495, and of Durham, 1502.
  269. ^ William Nassau Senior (1790–1864), economist. ToTEtonand Magdalen College, Oxford; MA., 1815; Drobationary fellow, 1812; Vinerian scholar, 1813; barrister, Lincoln's Inn, 1819; member of political economy clnb 18*3; professor of political economy at Oxford, 18SV-90 and 1847-52; he was appointed member of poorlaw commission, 1833, and wrote its report, 1834; master in chancery, 1836-68; contributed important political articles to Edinburgh Review * after 1840; Cossa places him first among English economists between Ricardo and J 8. Mill His publications includeAn Outline of Science of Political Economy 1836, and Biographical Sketches; 1863.
  270. ^ Simon de Senlis or St. Liz, Earl of Northampton and Huntingdon (d. 1109), fought with Rufus in Normandy, 1098; went on crusade after 1100. Built Northampton Castle and founded priory of St. Andrew, Northampton.
  271. ^ Simon II de Senlis n DB, EARL OF NORTHAMPTON (d. 1163) son of Simon de Senlis or St. Liz, earl of Northampton and Huntingdon; fought for Stephen at Lincoln, 1141, and subsequently remained faithful to Matilda; received earldom of Huntingdon, 1152.
  272. ^ Robert Seppings (1767–1840), naval architect: apprenticed as working shipwright in Plymouth dockyard, 1782, and became master shipwright assistant; Invented machinery calledSeppings blocks for suspending vessels in dock, 1800; Copley medallist, 1803; master shipwright at Chatham, 1804; invented system of diagonally bracing and trussing frame timbers of ships; surveyor of navy, 1813-32; F.RJ3., 1814; knighted, 1819; D.C.L. Oxford, 1836. His improved methods of shipbuilding are now universally adopted.
  273. ^ Charles Edward Brown-Séquard (1817-1894).
  274. ^ William Seres (d. 1579 ?), printer; in partnership with John Day (1522-1584) till c. 1550, and with Anthony Scoloker (ft. 1548); received patent to be sole printer of primers (i.e. forms of private prayer) and psalters, 1554; imprisoned and deprived of patent during Queen Mary's reign, but released by Queen Elizabeth, who restored it; member of old Stationers Company and master of new company, 1570, 1571, and 1575-6-7.
  275. ^ John Sergeant (1622–1707), Roman catholic controversialist; B.A. St. John's College, Cambridge, 1643; secretary to Thomas Morton, bishop of Durham; comer ted to Roman catholic church; ordained priest at College, Lisbon; joined English mission, 1652; Literary Life of himself, 1700, and many controversial works, which elicited replies from Hammond, Bramhall, Oasaubon, Stillingneet, Tilloteon, Gataker, and others.
  276. ^ Charles Sergison (1654–1732), commissioner of navy; dockyard clerk, 1671; clerk to clerk of the acts, 167*; clerk of the acts, 1689-1719; collected manuscripts relating to nary.
  277. ^ Ambrose Serle (1742–1812), Calvinistic writer ; entered navy, and was captain, 1795; under-secretary for colonies, 1772; clerk of reports, 1776; accompanied British army In America, 1776-8; commissioner of transport senrioe and prisoners of war, 1795, 1803, and 1809; published Calvinistic writings.
  278. ^ Serlo (fl. 960), Benedictine of St Augustine's, Canterbury; wrote Monacborum Libidines.
  279. ^ Serlo of Bayeux (1036?-1104), monkish writer: perhaps monk of Mount St. Michael and chaplain to William (afterwards the Conqueror); received abbey MGlcocester, 1073; perhaps wrote Super Oratione Dominica.
  280. ^ Serlo (d. 1147), fourth dean of Salisbury ; first abbot of Olrencester, 1117.
  281. ^ Serlo called GGrammaticus ( 1109-1207?), monkish writer; became monk of Fountains Abbey, 1138; at monastery of Kirkstall, near Leeds, 1147 till death; wrote peettcal and other works.
  282. ^ William Sermon (16J9P-1679), physician; practised at Bristol daring plague, 1666 till 1669; attended George Monck, duke of Albemarle, for dropsy, and claimed to have cured him, 1669; M.D. Cambridge, 1670; physician in ordinary to Charles II; published medical writings.
  283. ^ Dominic Serres (1722-1793), marine-painter; born at Auch, Giscony; served as sailor and as master of trading vessel to the Havannah; was captured by British frigate and brought to England, c. 1758; original member of Royal Academy, 1768, and librarian, 1792; marinepainter to George III.
  284. ^ John Thomas Serres (1759–1825), marinepainter; son of Dominic Serres; drawing-master at Chelsea; exhibited at Royal Academy from 1780; marine-painter to George III, 1793; marine draughtsman to admiralty, 1793; married, 1791, Olivia Wilmot, by whose intrigues and extravagance he was ruined; died in rules of King's Bench.
  285. ^ Lavinia Janetta Horton de Serres (1797–1871), daughter of Mrs. Olivia Serres; married Anthony Ryves, a portrait-painter, 1822, and was divorced, 1841; called herself Princess Lavinia of Cumberland and Duchess of Lancaster, and published writings relating to her claim to the title.
  286. ^ Mrs Olivia Serres (1772–1834), painter and writer; daughter of a house-painter of Warwick named Wilmot; married John Thomas Serres, 1791, and was separated from him, 1804; exhibited at Royal Academy, 1794-1808; landscape-painter to George, prince of Wales, 1806; claimed to be natural daughter of Henry Frederick, duke of Cumberland and Strathearn, brother of George III, 1817; asserted herself to be legitimate daughter of Duke of Cumberland, and assumed title of Princess Olive of Cumberland, 1820; arrested for debt, 1821; published poetical and other writings; died within rules of King's Bench.
  287. ^ James Service (1823–1899), politician and pioneer colonist of Melbourne; born in Ayrshire; emigrated to Melbourne and founded commercial firm of John Service & Co., 1853; member for Melbourne in legislative assembly, 1857; minister for lands, 1859-60; passed Torrens act for facilitating transfer of real property, 1860; member for Maldon and treasurer, 1874; member for Castlemaine, 1883; premier of Victoria, 1883-5; brought about Sydney conference, 1882; carried bill for creation of federal council of Australasia, 1884; member of legislative council for Melbourne province.
  288. ^ John Service (1833-1884), Scottish divine; educated at Glasgow University; edited Dumbarton Herald 1857; minister at St. John's presbyterian church, at Hobart Town, Tasmania, 1866-70, and at Inch, near Stranraer, Scotland, c. 1871; D.D. Glasgow, 1877; minister at Hyndland, Glasgow, 1878-84; published religious and other writings.
  289. ^ Sarah Setchel (1803–1894), water-colour painter; exhibited at Royal Academy from 1831; member of New Society of Painters in Water-colours, 1841.
  290. ^ Sir Alexander Seton (fl. 1311-1340), keeper of Berwick (appointed, 1327); surrendered Berwick to English after long siege, 1333.
  291. ^ Sir Alexander Seton first EARL OF HUNTLY (d. 1470), received baronies of Gordon, and assumed style of Lord Gordon and Huntly, 1408; accompanied Margaret of Scotland to France on marriage with dauphin Louis, 1436; created Earl of Huntly, 1449; lieutenantgeneral of the kingdom, 1452; defeated Crawford near Brechin; held command at siege of Roxburgh Castle, 1460.
  292. ^ Alexander Seton (d. 1542), Scottish friar and reformer; educated at St. Andrews; opposed action of the bishops, c. 1535, and was compelled to retire to England; recanted, 1541; chaplain to Charles Brandon, duke of Suffolk.
  293. ^ Sir Alexander Seton, first Earl of Dunfermline (1555?–1622), son of George Seton, fifth baron Seton ; studied at Jesuit college, Rome; received priory of Pluscardine, 1565; perhaps took holy orders: studied law in France; passed advocate in Scotland; privy councillor, 1585; lord president of court of session, 1593; chief of the Octavians, 1596; became nominally a protestant, but sympathised with Roman catholics; lord of parliament privy councillor, and guardian of James VI's son Charles (afterwards Charles I) 1598; vioe-chancellor and comissioner for union with England, 1604; yih.i*. Kiik'li'l. privy council, 1009; custodian of palace and park of Hoh rood, and one of new commiaaioncr at parliament of Edinburgh, 1611 D.D1644: chapUinto Bishop Pia MC, fe -,,;,,.? Vte, -N r,- J15*
  294. ^ Alexander Seton , sixth Earl of Eglinton (1588-1661). See Montgomerie.
  295. ^ Alexander Beton, Viscount Kingston (1681?–1691), MQ of George Seton, third earl of Wlnton (q. r.: educated lu Prance; declined to subscribe covenant, and was excommunicated, 1644; In attendance on Prince Charles in France: created Visooont Kingston after Charles ITs coronation at Scone, 1661.
  296. ^ Alexander Seton, Lord Pitmedden, judge; rUMI ITmjodte; atetttad aivgiaMtd Bwttt* bs 1661; knighted, 1664; ordinary lord of Marion, 1677; M.P n Abenleenshlre; lord of justiciary, 168S; created baronet of NOT* Scotia, 1684; opposed James II on q. Uon,,: Ntasjsj,.::. -t.m 1;- sj fa r,.i!l MM r.-m.-v.-l from office, 1686.
  297. ^ Alexander Seton (1814–1858), lieutenant-colonel; second lieutenant, list fusiliers, IMS; captain, 1848; exchanged into 75th; assistant deputy quartermaster-general 10 Ireland, 1849-60; lieutenant-colonel, 1811; perished In wreck during voyage to Oape of Good
  298. ^ Charles Seton , second Earl of Dunfermline (d. 167SX n of Sir Alexander Seton, first earl of Dunfermline; one of leaden of Scottish covenanting army which opposed Charles I, 16*9; frequently sent on missions to Charles I; privy councillor in England, 1640; Charles I's commissioner to general assembly of kirk of Scotland, 1648; appointed to treat with Charles I after his surrender at Newcastle, 1646; supported engagement 1648; retired to Prance; accompanied Oharies II in Scotland: privy councillor, 160; extraordinary lord of session and lord of the articles, 1667; lord privy seal, 1671. 11. 865J
  299. ^ Sir Christopher Seton (1878?-1306) : in service of Edward I of England, 1SOS-6; married Lady Christina Bruce, sister of Robert Bruce, and supported Brace's claims to Scottish crown; captured by English at London, and hanged as traitor.
  300. ^ George Seton , first BARON SETON (d. 1478), friend of Robert Bruce; accompanied Lordchancellor Crichton on embassy to France and Burgundy, 1448; created peer of parliament, 1448; ambassador to England, 1473 and 1473.
  301. ^ George Seton , fourth Baron Seton (*. 1649), great-grandson of George Seton, first baron Seton; studied at St. Andrews and in Paris: member of parliamentary committee pro judieOna, 1686; extraordinary lord of session, 1683; entrusted (1643) with the custody of Cardinal Beaton, whom be permitted to return to St. Andrews; took field against Hertford, 1544.
  302. ^ George Seton , fifth BARON Seton (1630?–1685), son of George Seton, fourth baron Seton; lord provost of Edinburgh, 1567 and 1669: on triumph of protestant party went to Paris, 1660, but returned, and was master of Queen Mary's household, 1561; devoted sopporter of Queen Mary after marriage with Darnley and Bothwell, assisting her in escape from Loch Leven, 1568; captured at Langside; sent with the Lady Northumberland on embassy to Duke of Alva, e. 1671, and obtained money from Flanders, 1578; made peace with Morton's government after fall of Edinburgh; opposed ment of Morton in power, 1678; Intercepted Qi beth's ambassador, Bowes, and was denounced as rebel, 1678; signed bond to serve James VI of Scotland, 1679 sat on assize for Morton's trial, 1581.
  303. ^ George Seton , third EARL of Winton (1584–1660), sooceded to mentfor Charles I's
  304. ^ George Seton , fifth EARL of Winton (d. 1749), succeeded to earldom, 1704; joined rising of 1716; prisoner at Preston; sentenced to death, but escaped; died t Rome.
  305. ^ John Seton (1498?-1567) Roman catholic divine, fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge; Piabsr: toGar orU, 1544; persecuted for his ntigtoo: died at His philosophical treatise, Dialeettoa appear**, 1678.
  306. ^ Sir John Seton, Lord Barns (d. 1594), Scottish judge; fl!tl, i* r.m of stable to James VI of flnofhlM privy councillor, 1487; extraordinary lord of 488.
  307. ^ Thomas de Seton or Setone (fl. 1344–1347) chief-justice of the king's bench; king's serjeant, 1344; odga, probably in king's bench., UM; JodMof OOBBOB r ohief.jojtsot ofktag's bench 11L873) of Pit. sh parlia le, 1344; temporarily
  308. ^ William Seton, (d. 1744) son of Sir Pitmedden; M.P., Aberdeen, In ment, 1708-6; commissioner for union.
  309. ^ Elkanah Settle (1648–1784), city post; of Trinity College, Oxford: produced Cambyses, King of Persia: a Tragedy which was acted at UncohVslnn, 1666. and was first of a series of bombastic dramas which endangered at court Dryden's Dryden, in consequence, venter part of Absalom and Acbitopbd 1688: pnbUabed Absalom Senior, or Achitopbel Transpros'd, r l688. andRefleotkms on several of W Dryden's Plays 1687; wrote against Roman catholics: recanted, 1681, and published A Narrative of the Popish Plot exposing Oates's perjuries; appointed city poet, 1691; found employment soon after the revolution as writer of drolls for Bartholomew Fair; died in the Charterhouse.
  310. ^ Thomas Settle (fl. 1575 -1593), divine; of Queens' College, Cambridge; minister at Boxted; imprisoned in Gatehouse for nonconformity, 1586-92 and 1593; joined Brownists, 1592.
  311. ^ William Sevenoke (1378?–1433), lord mayor of London; apprenticed as ironmonger in London; joint-master of Grocers Company, 1406; warden of London Bridge, 1404; sheriff, 1412; alderman of Tower ward, 1414; lord mayor of London, 1418; M.P., London, 1417.
  312. ^ Henry Sever (d. 1471),divine ; of Merton College, Oxford; senior proctor, 1487; D.D.; chaplain and almoner to Henry VI: Ant provost of Eton College, 144O-3; chancellor of Oxford University, 1448; prebendary, 1444, and chancellor, 1449, of St. Paul's Cathedral, London; warden of Merton College, Oxford, 1446.
  313. ^ William Sever (d. 1505). See Senhouse
  314. ^ Ann Mary Severn (183J-1866),
  315. ^ Joseph Severn (1793–1879), painter; apprenticed a engraver: studied at Royal Academy schools; joined Keats circle, c. 1816; gold medallist, Royal Academy. 1818; accompanied Keita to Italy, 1880, and attended him at bis death, 1881; obtained travelling pension from Royal Academy, 1881; practised at Rome; married Elisabeth, daughter of Archibald Montgomerie,: Montgomerie, 1888; in England, 1841-60; British e at Rome, 1860-78; died at Home. n. 8771
  316. ^ Sewall de Bovill (d. 1257) archbishop of York: prebendary of York, c. 1137, dean, 1840, archbishop, UM (elected, 1844); suspended and excommunicated for disputing Pope Alexander IV's right to appoint to vacant deanery, 1247.
  317. ^ Samuel Sewall (164J-1730), colonist and judge: ._.jd to Newbury, Massachusetts in childhood; M.A. Harvard, 1674; member of court of assbunu for Massachusetts, 1684; chief-justice, 1718-88. His diary, 1674-1789, has been published.
  318. ^ Anna Seward f1747–1809 V, anthoma, known as the Swan of Lich field; daughter of Thomas Seward q. T.I: lived at Lichfleid, 1744-1809; first met, e. 1776, Bos well, whom she afterwards supplied with particulars concerning Johnson; subsequently made acquaintance of Mr. and Mrs. Ptoni fq. v.. and frequently met Dr. Darwin, Thomas Day, Richard Loveil Bdgeworth, Dr. Parr. Howard, the prison reformer, andDr. Johnson; visited by Scott at Ltchfleld, 1807; bequeathed to Scott her literary works and remains, and to Archibald Constable, the Edinburgh publisher, her li-tti-rs; IHT postlini: positions edited and poetical works puiilisliol by Scott, with ft memoir. 1810. Six volumes of letters appeared in 181 1. Her earliest poem* appeare 1 in the Batheastou Iflfodlanj edited by Anna, lady Miller.
  319. ^ Thomas Seward (1708-1790), divine: educated at Westminster School and St. John's College, Cambridge; MJL, 174: prebendary of Lichfleld; prebendary of Salisbury, 17M; resided at Licbfield, where be frequently entertained Dr. Johnson; published religious and poetical writings: edited, with Sympson, the Works of Beaumont and Fletcher, 1750.
  320. ^ William Seward (1747–1799), man of letters ; of Harrow, Charterhouse, and Oriel College, Oxford: travelled on continent; acquired love of literature and the fine art*; made acquaintance of the Thrales and Dr. Johnson, with whom he became intimate; member of Eumelean Club and Johnson's Essex Club; F.R.S. and FAA-,1779: contributed to newspapers and magazines. and publishedAnecdotes of some Distinguished Persons 179-7,and'Biograpbla1799.
  321. ^ William Wenman Seward (fl. 1800), writer on Irish politics and topography.
  322. ^ William Sewel (1654-1720), quaker historian; born of English parents at Amsterdam; apprenticed as wearer: journalist in Amsterdam. His publications include History of the Rise, Increase, and Progress of the Christian People called Quakers (in Dutch, 1717, and in English, 1722) and a Dictionary of English-Dutch 1691.
  323. ^ Anna Sewell (1820-1878), author; daughter of Mary Sewell: published Black Beauty the autobiography of a horse, 1877.
  324. ^ George Sewell (d. 1726), controversialist and hack writer; of Eton and Peterhouse, Cambridge: B.A., 1709; studied medicine at Leyden; M.D. Edinburgh, 1725; practised medicine in London and later in Hampstead, but subsequently became a bookseller's hack, pubpoems, translations, and political an! pamphlets; wrote at first in tory interest, but afterwards attached himself to cause of Sir Robert Waipole. His works include 4 Tragedy of Sir Walter Raleigh 1719 (produced at Lincoln's Inn Fields, 1719) and 4 Poems on Several Occasions 1719.
  325. ^ Henry Sewell (1807–1879), first premier of New Zealand; brother of Richard Clarke Sewell; solicitor; secretary and deputy-chairman of Canterbury Association for Colonisation of New Zealand, 1850; sent to Mew Zealand to wind up affairs of the association, 18M; began practice as solicitor at Lyttleton, 1853; tr for Christchurch of House of Representatives 1; first premier, 1856; colonial treasurer and commissionerof customs, 1856-9; attorney-general, 1861-2; member of legislative council for Wellington, 1861; minister of justice, 1864-6 and 1869-72; returned to England, 1W.
  326. ^ Jonathan Sewell (176–1839), chief-justice of Lower Canada; born at Cambridge, Massachusetts; educated at Bristol grammar school; called to bar of Lower Canada, 1789; solicitor-general, 1793; attorney-general and advocate-general, 1795; member of House of Assembly, e. 1795; chief-justice of Quebec, speaker of legislative council, and president of executive council, 1808; IMMtDeed into procedure of court* rules of practice which roused strong opposition; honorary LL.D. Harvard; published miscellaneous writings.
  327. ^ Mary Sewell] (1797-1884), author; daughter of John Wright, a quaker; governess at school in Essex;  : *55!fJ 8ewellf 1819; olned church of England, ; interested in philanthropic movements; published irenes and stories with object of inculcating moral virtues; * KMM collected asStories in Verse and Ballads 1886. 1881, and as
  328. '^ Richard Clarke Sewell (1803–1864), legal Chester A Magdalen College, Oxford; n"r: A WtoWf 1837 - M: ienlor dean * *rte, 1838; O.U, 1840; prelector of natural philosophy, 1843; tarrUter Middle Temple, 1830; practised in Australian SS UW T 1 **: reader ln Uw to Melbourne Universltj, 1857; published legal works.
  329. ^ Sir Thomas Sewell (d. 1784), master of the rolls; barrister, Middle Temple, 1734; K.U. and bencher of bis inn, 1754; practised in chancery courts; M.P., Harwich, 1758-61, Winchelsea, 1761-8; master of rolls, 1764-84; knight and privy councillor, 1764.
  330. ^ William Sewell (1780–1853), veterinarian; obtained diploma, 1799; assistant to Edward Coleman (l764?-1839), second principal of Veterinary College, London; made supposed discovery of channel pervading the medulla spinalis 1803; rediscovered neurotomy, 1818; president of Veterinary Medical Society, 1835-6; principal of Veterinary College, 1839; president of Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, 1852.
  331. ^ William Sewell (1804–1874), divine; brother of Richard Clarke Sewell; of Winchester and Merton College, Oxford, where he was postmaster, 1822-1827; M.A., 1829; D.D., 1857; Petrean fellow of Exeter College, 1827; tutor of Merton College, Oxford, 1831-53; sub-rector and divinity reader, 1835: dean, 1839; White's professor of moral philosophy, 1836-41; left tractarianism, seeing its Romanising tendencies; assisted in founding St. Columba's College, Rathfarnham, near Dublin, 1842, and St. Peter's College, Radley, near Oxford, 1847; lived at Deutz to avoid his creditors, 1862-70; published miscellaneous works.
  332. ^ Sexburga, Seaxburg or Sexburh (d. 673), wife of Cenwalh, king of West-Saxons, whom she succeeded on his death.
  333. ^ Saint Sexburga (d. 699?), queen of Kent and second abbess of Ely; daughter of Anna (d. 654), king of East- Angles; married, c. 640, Earconbert, king of Kent; founded monastery for nuns in Isle of Sheppey, and became  ! abbess; second abbess of Ely, c. 679-c. 699. Her day is 6 July.
  334. ^ Edward Sexby (d. 1658), author of ' Killing no Murder: entered Cromwell's regiment of horse, c. 1643; took leading part in movement against disbanding army, 1647; captain, and governor of Portland, 1649; raised foot regiment, 1650, and became colonel; took part in siege of Tantallon Castle, 1651; deprived of commission, 1651; on political mission in France, 1652-3; took part in schemes for joint rising of royalists and levellers, 1665: negotiated in Flanders with Count Fuensaldanha, governor of Spanish Netherlands, and Don John of Austria, for invasion of England and assassination of Cromwell, 1656: came to England, 1657, and was arrested; published 'Killing no Murder an apology for tyrannicide, 1657; died in Tower of London.
  335. ^ Sexred or Sexraed (d. 626), king of the EastSaxons: son of Sebert (d. 616 ?); succeedel his father as king of East-Saxons, 616, and reigned conjointly with two brothers; opposed introduction of Christianity; killed in fight with West-Saxons.
  336. ^ Richard Sexten (d. 1568), physician. See Richard Argentine.
  337. ^ Samuel Seyer (1767–1831), divine; M.A. Corpus Christi College, Oxford, 1780; master of Royal Fort school, 1790; rector of Filton, 1824; published works relating to history of Bristol.
  338. ^ Mrs Louisa Seyffarth (1798–1843). See Sharpe.
  339. ^ Mrs Seymour . (fl. 1717–1723), actress : at Drury Lane, London, 1717-18, and at Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, from 1718: played various Shakespearean characters; married, 1723, the actor Anthony Boheme (d. e. 1730). Among her best characters were the Queen Don Carlos) and Belvidera.
  340. ^ Aaron Crossley Hobart Seymour (1789–1870), hymn-writer; brother of Michael Hobart Seymour ; member of religious group formed by Selina Hastings, countess of Huntingdon, whose biography he published, 1839. His Vital Christianity (1810) contains his hymns and other religious writings,
  341. ^ Algernon Seymour , seventh Duke of Somerset (1684-1750), son of Charles Seymour, sixth duke of Somerset; joined army under Marlborough at Brussels, 1708; colonel, 1740; general of horse and governor of Minorca, 1737-42.
  342. ^ Lady Catherine Seymour , Countess of Hertford (1538?–1568), daughter of Henry Grey, duke of Suffolk, and sister of Lady Jane Grey see DUDLEY, Jane Lady; married, 1553, Henry Herbert, afterwards M--..II l curl of Pembroke: divorced after Lady execution; secretly married Edward Seymour, earl of Hertford q. v.J, 156U, and wai consequently imprisoned in Tower of London, 1661, under act of 153.,. which made it treason for person of royal blood to marry without sovereign's content: her second marriage declared invalid by a commission wiUi Parker at its bend, 1662; died, still a prisoner, at Oockfleld UalL
  343. ^ Charles Seymour , sixth Duke of Somerset (1662-1748) son of Charles Seymour, second baron Seymour of Trowbrldge (rf. 169ft); succeeded bis brother PMCSI M data. ~..-n,r-,.. Ufa; sdasBtad it TrMlg College, Cambridge; married Eliiabeth Percy, daughter and b n-,,,1 iHsjeJsjMHihttclfc arid BkriEan berland, and Countess of Ogle, 168S: genUeman of bedchamber, 1683; K.G~ 1684; colonel of Queen's dragoons (aowM taMBft m i"-t otteej brirttasJnttotatro. duce at St. James's the papal nuncio d'Adda, 1687; took up arms for Prince of Orange, 1688; chancellor of Cambridge University, 1689, and was Incorporated D.C.L. Oxford, 1703; speaker of Lords. 1690: Joint-regent, 1701; master of horse, 1708; commissioner for union with Sootland, 1706: enjoyed with his wife the confidence of Queen Anne: supported Marlborougb, 1708; lost bis place in council, 1711: reinstated as master of bone by George I, but was dismissed, 1716, and lived thenceforth in retirement on his estates; member of the Kit-Oat Club.
  344. ^ Edward Seymour , first Earl of Hertford and Duke of Somerset (1506?-1552), the Protector; son of Sir John Seymour (1476 7-1636 X and brother of Jane Seymour, third wife of Henry VIII: perhaps educated successively at Oxford and Cambridge; accompanied Duke of Suffolk to Calais, 1623, and was knighted: esquire of Henry YIll's household, 1624; master of horse to Duke of Richmond, 152ft; accompanied Wolsey on embassy to French king, 1627; esquire of body to Henry VIII, 1630: accompanied Henry VIII to Boulogne to meet Francis I, 1532; gentleman of privy chamber, 1636; created Viscount Beaucbamp of Hacbe, Somerset, 1536; governor and captain of Jersey and chancellor of North Waled, 1636: privy councillor, 1537; created Earl of Hertford, 1537; sent to provide for defences of Calais and Gnisnes, 1639; met Anne of Cleves at Calais and returned with her to London, 1639; K.O., 1641; warden of Scottish marches, 1542; lord high admiral, 1542; lord great chamberlain, 1543: lieutenant-general in the north, 1644; took nisuilMsl Castle and pillaged Edinburgh, 1544; lieutenant of kingdom during Henry V Ill's absence in France, 1644, bat later was with Henry VIII at capture of Boulogne; sent with Gardiner to treat with Emperor Charles at Brussels, 1544; took command at Boulogne, 1545, and defeated French under Marshal De Biez; lieutenant-general in the north, 1645; lieutenant and captaingeneral of Boulogne and the Boulonnois, 1646: lieutenantgeneral of the army in France, 1546; took active part in Surrey's trial, 1547; arranged with Paget to conceal fact of Heury VIII's death (28 Jan. 1547), and having brought Edward VI to London, had the death announced: given title of Protector, 31 Jan.; appointed high steward of England for Edward VI's coronation, treasurer of exchequer, and earl marshal; created Duke of Somerset, 16 Feb.; obtained patent as governor and Protector, with power to act with or without advice of the council, 12 March, 1547; chancellor of Cambridge University, 1547; introduced radical religious reforms, an act of uniformity being passed, 1549; sought to win over the Scots, but in consequence of their resistance, which was encouraged by France, mode expedition to Scotland and iron decisive victory at Musselburgh, 1547; he lost much of his popularity owing to attainder of bis brother, Thomas Seymour, baron Seymour of Snddey, 1649, and his religious innovations and other measures, which produced rebellions in various parts of the country; an indictment of his rule drawn up by Warwick, on which be was sent to the Tower of London, and in January 1660 deposed from protectorate: set at liberty and pardoned, February 1660; readmitted to privy council (April) and made genUeman of king's chamber ( May ); lord-lieutenant of Buckinghamshire and Berkshire, 1551; arrested, October 1661, on charge of conspiring with Anindel Paget and Sir Thomas Palmer (d. 1553) (who revealed the plot) to raise the country and murder Warwick: condemned for felony and beheaded on Tower Hill, though
  345. ^ Seymour IimVAKD. IUROX BRACriiAMf (1WI1613), son of Edward Seymour, eari of Hertford ( U39 T1621): educated at Magdalen College. Oxford: Implicated with Bur John Smith (A 1600?) intreasonable proceedings in Essex. 1*96. Manyunsorcsssfol attempts were made to establish his legitimacy, and bad it ....-...-,..... i..:.. -,,.-...,:,.-!.. Catherine Seymour. heir to the throne on Qaee Elisabeth's death.
  346. ^ Edward Seymour , Earl of Hertford (l539?-1621) son of Edward Seymour, earl of Hertford and duke of Somerset. by second wife; educated with Prinoa Edward and knighted at his coronation. Ift47: became dejure Duke of Somerset, lilt, but bis title and estates forfeited in the same year through the malic* of bis father's enemies; created Baron Beaocbamp and Earl of lh rtfnnl, 1669: secretly married Lady Catherine Grey , Ift60, and was Imprisoned la Tower of London on marriage becoming known, 1M1; In custody till 1671; created M.A. Cambridge, 1571; member of Gray's Inn, 1672; lord-lieutenant of Somerset and Wiltshire, 1602 and 1608; ambassador extraordinary at Brussels, 1606; high steward of revenues to Queen Anne, 1612-19.
  347. ^ Sir Edward Seymour, fourth baronet (1633–1708), speaker of tlw Houseof Commons; M. P., Gloucester. 1661; brought in impeachment of Earl of Clarendon. 1667: treasurer of navy; speaker of House of Commons, and privy councillor, 1673; M.P., Devonshire. 1679, and avuin elected speaker, but rejected by Charles II; cooperated with Halifax and opposed Exclusion Bill; M.P.. Exeter, 1685, maintaining opposition to catholic party lord of treasury, 1692; member of cabinet, 1692-4; M.P., Totnes, 1694, and again for Exeter. 1698; comptroller of Queen Anne's household, and ranger of Windsor Forest, 1702; dismissed from council, 1704.
  348. ^ Edward Adolphus Seymour , eleventh DUKB or SOMKKRKT (1775-1865), of Eton and Chrikt Church, Oxford; M.A., 1794; honorary D.C.L., 1810; succeeded to dukedom, 1793; F.R., 1797; F.S.A., 1816; F.L.8 1820, UIK! president, 1834-7; president of Royal Institution and, 1801-38, of Royal Literary Fund; K.O., 1837; published mathematical treatises.
  349. ^ Edward Adolphus Seymour Seymour . twelfth DUKE or SOMKRBET (1804-1886), son of Edward Adolphus Seymour, eleventh duke of Somerset; of Eton and Christ Church, Oxford; married JaneGeorgiana. granddaughter of Richard lirinsley Sheridan: M.P., Okehampton, 1830, Totnes, 1834-66; lord of treasury, 183; secretary to board of control, 1839: undersecretary for home department, 1841; anti-protectionUt: first commissioner of works, with seat in cabinet, succeeded to dukedom, 18ftft: first lord of admiralty. 1869-66; K.O., 186S; created Earl St. Maur of Berry Pomeroy, 1863.
  350. ^ Edward James Seymour (1796-1866), physician: M.A. Jesus College, Cambridge, 1819; MJ studied medicine in London, Edinburgh, and P.R.O.P., 1823, Golstonian lecturer, 1829, ce Croonian lecturer. 1831, and consiliarins, 1836: to St. George's Hospital, London, 1828-47; physician to H.R.H. the Duke of Sussex; metropolitan commissioner in lunacy, 1831-9; F.RA,1841; published medical works.
  351. ^ Francis Seymour , first Baron Seymour of Trowbridge (1890?-1664), son of Edward Seymour, Ion* Beauchamp q. v.; knighted, 1613: M.P. for Wiltshire, SonTfcjfi, and SI? sheriff of Wiltshire, 1616; M.P. for both Wiltshire and Marlborougb, 1628; supported Wiltshire hi Went worth's Habeas Corpus Bill; for Short parliament. 1640, and In Long parliament; created i Seymour of Trowbridge, 1641; Joined Charles I at York. IMS; chancellor of duchy of Lancaster, 1645, and was reappointed at Restoration: at Oxford when it surrendered, 1646. and admitted to composition. His house at Marlborough was oaed as an iim till 1842, when it Marlborough College.
  352. ^ Francis Seymour (Ingram), second marquis of Hertford (1743-1823), son of Francis Seymour-Conway, first marquis of Hertford; of Eton and Christ Church.Oxford; M.A., 1788; M.P., Lisburne (Irish i of Commons), 1761-8; privy councillor for Ireland, 17; chief secretary to the lord-lieutenant, 1765-6; constable of Dublin Castle, 1766; member for Lostwithiel in English House of Commons, 1768-8, and for Oxford, 17681794: lord of treasury, 1774-80; cofferer of household, 1780; privy councillor for Great Britain, 1780; opposed repeal of American tea duty, 1774; advocated political union of Great Britain and Ireland with independence of Irish parliament; took title of Earl of Yarmouth, 1793; ambassador extraordinary to Berlin and Vienna, 1793-4; succeeded as Marquis of Hertford, 1794; master of horse, 1804-6; K.G., 1807; lord-chamberlain of household, 1812-1821; vice-admiral of Suffolk, 1822.
  353. ^ Sir Francis Seymour (1813–1890), general; ensign, 1834; lieutenant, 1837; accompanied Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg during travels in Italy, 1839, and was groom in waiting to him after marriage to Queen Victoria, 1840,,and to queen, 1861; captain, 1840; obtained company in Soots fusiliers, 1850; served in Crimea, 1854; C.B., 1867; major-general, 1864; created baronet, 1869; troops in Malta, 1873-4; K.C.B., 1876; 1877.
  354. ^ Frederick Beauchamp Paget Seymour, first Baron Alcester (1821-1895), admiral; educated at Eton; entered navy, 1834; commander, 1847; took Meteor floating battery to Crimea and back to Portsmouth, 1856-6; commanded naval brigade in New Zealand during Maori war, 1860-1; O.B., 1861; rear-admiral, 1870; lord of admiralty, 1872-4 and 1883-5; commanded Channel fleet, 1874-7; vice-admiral, 1876; cominander-in-chief in Mediterranean, 1880-3; G.C.B., 1881; commanded bombardment of Alexandria, 1882, and was raised to peerage.
  355. ^ Sir George Francis Seymour (1787–1870), admiral; son of Lord Hugh Seymour; entered navy, 1797; lieutenant, 1804; served in West Indies, and was wounded at St. Domingo, 1806; captain, 1806; with Lord Gambier's fleet off Basque roads, 1809; in West Indies, 1813-14; C.B., 1815; serjeant-at-arms to House of Lords, 1818-41; naval aide-de-camp to William IV, 1830; master of robes, 1830-7; K.O.H., 1831; G.O.H., 1834; rear-admiral, 1841; lord of admiralty, 1841-4; commander-in-chief in Pacific, 1844-8; vice-admiral, 1850; admiral, 1867; G.C.B., 1860; admiral of fleet, 1866.
  356. ^ George Hamilton Seymour (1797–1880), diplomatist; of Eton and Mertou College, Oxford; M.A., 1833; private secretary to Lord Castlereagh, 1822; minister resident at Florence, 1830; envoy extraordinary to Belgian court, 1836, Lisbon, 1846, St. Petersburg, 1851-4, and Austria, 1856; privy councillor, 1855; G.C.H., 1836; G.C.B., 1847.
  357. ^ Henry Seymour (1612–1686), page of honour to Charles I; attached to Charles II during civil war, and employed as his agent in England from 1661; prisoner in England, 1654-7; M.P., East Looe, 1660-81; groom of bedchamber, comptroller of customs, and clerk of the hanaper.
  358. ^ Henry Seymour (1729–1806), politician; groom of bedchamber; M.P., Totnes, 1763, Huntingdon, 1768-74, and Evesham, 1774-80; married, 1776, and settled at Prunay, near Versailles, 1778; became lover of Madame Du Barry, from whom he received many letters, and was separated from his wife; in England, 1792-1806.
  359. ^ Lord Henry Seymour (1805–1859), one of the founders of the Jockey Club at Paris, 1833; son of Francis Charles Seymour, third marquis of Hertford; born in Paris and lived there throughout hia life.
  360. ^ Lord Hugh Seymour (1759–1801), vice-admiral; son of Francis Seymour-Conway, first marquis of Hertford; entered navy, 1770; captain, 1779; at relief of Gibraltar, 1782; became intimate with George, prince of Wales; lord of admiralty, 1795-8; vice-admiral, 1799; commander-in-chief in Jamaica, 1799-1801.
  361. ^ James Seymour (1702–1762), painter of hunting subjects and portraits of racehorses.
  362. ^ Jane Seymour (1509?–1537).
  363. ^ Sir Michael Seymour , first baronet(1768–1834), admiral; entered navy, 1780; lieutenant, 1790; commander, 1795; in Channel, 1796-1800; captain, 1800; attached to Channel fleet, 1806; captured after stubborn fight the French frigate Thetis, off Isle Groix, 1808, and French frigate Niemen, off Ushant, 1809: created baronet, 1809; in Channel, 1812-14; K.O.B., 1815; appointed to royal yacht, Prince Regent, 1819, and to George IV's yacht, Royal George, 1825; commissioner at Portsmouth, 18291832; rear-admiral and commander-in-chief in South America, 1832-4.
  364. ^ Sir Michael Seymour (1802–1887), admiral ; son of Sir Michael Seymour, first baronet; entered navy, 1813; studied at Royal Naval College, Portsmouth; lieutenant, 1822; captain, 1826; on South American station, 1827-9 and 1833-5; wrecked on coast of Chili, 1835; flagcaptain to Sir Francis William Austen on North American and West Indies station, 1845-8; superintendent of Sheerness dockyard, 1850, and at Devon port, 1851; captain of fleet in Baltic, 1854; rear-admiral, 1854; commander of China station, 1856; captured Canton, 1857; forced passage of Pei-ho, 1858; G.O.B., 1859; M.P. for Devonport, 1869-63; admiral, 1864; commander-inchief at Portsmouth, 1866; vice-admiral of United Kingdom, 1875.
  365. ^ Michael Hobart Seymour (1800–1874), divine; M.A. Trinity College, Dublin, 1832; admitted ad eundem, Oxford, 1836, and comitatis causa, 1865; ordained priest, 1824; secretary to Irish Protestant Association: held lectureships in London, 1834-44; wrote against Roman catholics.
  366. ^ Robert Seymour, pseudonymous editor of Stow's Survey of London.
  367. ^ Robert Seymour (1800?–1836), book illustrator ; apprenticed as pattern-drawer; practised as artist and, subsequently, as book illustrator; began copper engraving. 1827, and, later, worked chiefly for reproduction by lithography: from 1831-6 he executed woodcuts for Figaro in London; executed illustrations for Hervey'sBook of Christmas 1836; produced the plates for the first part (1836) ofPickwick Papers," Dickens being employed originally to write for the illustrations; committed suicide. His lithographed works includeHumorous Sketches 1833-6.
  368. ^ Thomas Seymour , BARON SEYMOUR of SUDELEY ( 1 508 ?-1549), brother of Edward Seymour, first duke of Somerset; in service of Sir Francis Bryan, 1530; knighted, 1537; accompanied Sir Anthony Browne (d. 1548) on embassy to French court, 1538; on mission to Ferdinand, king of Hungary, 1540-2; jointambassador to regent of Netherlands, 1543: marshal of English army in Netherlands under Sir John Wallop , 1543; appointed master of ordnance for life, 1644: served in France, 1544; admiral of fleet, 1544, serving against French, 1644-5; commissioner to arrange terms with France, 1546; privy councillor, 1547; created Baron Seymour, K.G., and lord high admiral, 1547; secretly married the queen-dowager, Catherine Parr, 1547; endeavoured to turn Edward VI against the Protector and formed project for marrying Edward VI to Lady Jane Grey: lieutenant-general of the south during the Protector's invasion I of Scotland, 1547; engaged in privateering enterprises; pressed his suit for hand of Princess Elizabeth, Catherine Parr having died 5 Sept. 1548, and was arrested and impri:oned in Tower, 1649; found guilty of treason and executed.
  369. ^ William Seymour , first MARQUIS and second Earl of Hertford and second DUKE OF SOMERSET (1588–1660), son of Edward Seymour, earl of Hertford (1539 V1621); privately married to Arabella Stuart see ARABELLA, 1610, and was confined in Tower of London; escaped, and on Arabella's death went to Paris: made his peace with James VI and returned to England, 1016; K.B., 1616; married again; took courtesy title of Lord Beauchamp, 1618, and was called to House of Lords as Baron Beauchump, 1621; succeeded his grandfather as Earl of Hertford, 1621; privy councillor. 1640; created Marquis of Hertford, 1840: governor to Charles, prince of Wlw. 1641; commiRsioner of array for western counties, IMS; took Hereford, 1642; reduced Cirencester ( February ); de feated Sir William Waller at Lansdown (5 July and took Bristol (96 1897 till death; privy councillor tad knlsjbt, .,,.-.:,.::. SSJSJ:." * UW *: 1.-: 1897; 5 July) ta obttssj f Oxford, feated Sir William Waller at Lansdown (96 JulyX IMS; 1645, and on its surrender (1646) estates on the terms of the articles; attended Charles I during confinement; received Garter and barony of Seymour and dukedom of Somerset. 1660.
  370. ^ William Digby Seymour (1899 - 189*) lawyer; B.A. Trinity College, Dublin, 1844; LL.D. 1879; barrister, Middle Temple, 1846; M.P., Sonderiand, 18*9; recorder of NewcasUe, 18*4; engaged in eonv merdal transactions, became financially Involved, and was censured by benchers of Middle Temple, 18*9; M.P., Southampton, 18*9; Q.O. in county palatine of Lancaster, 1860, and for England, 1861: judge of county court circuit No. 1, 1889-9*; published political and other works,
  371. ^ Francis Conway-Seymour, first MARQUIS of Hertford (1719–1794).
  372. ^ Francis Charles Conway-Seymour, third MARQUIS of HERTFORD (1777-1849), son of Francis (Ingram) Seymour, second marquis of Hertford: B.A. k Mary Hall, Oxford, 1796; M.P., Oxford, Lisburne, and Camelford, 1819-22; K.G., 1899: vice-chamberlain to George, prince regent; original of Marquis of Steyne in Vanity Fair.
  373. ^ Abraham Shackleton (1697–1771). schoolmaster; successively teacher In school at Skipton and private tutor at Dockett's Grove, co. Carlo w, Ireland: opened boarding-school at Ballytore, co. Kildare, 1796, and was head-master till 17*6; Edmund Burke was one of his pupils.
  374. ^ John Shackleton (*. 1767), portrait-painter: court painter, 1749: painted portraits of George II, Queen Caroline, and other members of royal family, from 1730.
  375. ^ Richard Shackleton (1798-1799) son of Abraham Shackleton; educated at his father's school with Burke, whose lifelong friend be became, and at Trinity College, Dublin; bead-master of school at Ballytore, 1756-79. Letters from Burke to him are printed in Leadbeater Papers
  376. ^ Richard Shacklock (. Wi). Roman catholic divine: M.A. and feUow. Trinity College, Cambridge.
  377. ^ Azariah Shadrach (1774–1844), Welsh evangelical writer; entered Independent ministry and preached, 1798, in North Wales, where he subsequently held various charges; published Welsh works.
  378. ^ Charles Shadwell (fl. 1710–1790), dramatist: son of Thomas Shadwell; his plays published, 1790.
  379. ^ Sir Charles Frederick Alexander Shadwell (1814–1886), rear-admiral; son of Sir Lancelot Bbadwell; studied at Royal Naval College, Portsmouth; entered navy. 1899; commander, 1846; served in Burmah war, 1859; captain and C.B., 18*3: on China station, 1856-60: at capture of Canton, 18*7 and in attack on Taku forts, 1859; P.R.&, 1861: rearadmiral, 1869; Commander-in-chief In China, 1871-*: K.C.B., 1873; president of Royal Naval College, Greenwich, 1878-81; published writings on naval astronomy.
  380. ^ Sir John Shadwell (1671–1747), physician ; son of Thomas Shadwell; M.A. All Souls College, Oxford, 1693: MJX, 1700; F.R.S., 1701; physician extraordinary to Queen Anne, 1709, and physician in ordinary, 1713, continuing In the post under George 1 and George H; F.R.OP., 1719; knighted, 171*.
  381. ^ Sir Lancelot Shadwell (1779-18*0), lawyer ; educated at Eton and St. John's College, Cambridge; fellow, 1801: M.A., 1803; honorary LL.D, 1849; barrister, Lincoln's Inn, 1803, bencher, 1899, treasurer. 1833; practised in court of chancery; K.O, 1891; M.P., Ripon, 1896; last vice-chancellor of Makepeace Thackeray; educated at Cbarter; studied at East India Company's college, Addissecond lieutenant, Bengal artillery, 1898; political assistant to Major Elliott D'Arcy Todd (q. v. in . mission to Herat, 1839; sent to khan of Khlvttonegotiate for surrender of Russian prisoners, 1840, and conducted prisoners to Russia: knighted, 1841: military secretary to Sir George Pollock tt Peshawar and in march to Kabul, 1849; deputy-commissioner of Sagar, 1843: served at Maharajpur, 1843; in political charge of Gwallor, 1844-8 and 1849-A1: captain, 1846; with distinction at ObiUianwalla and Gujerat, In Sikh war, 1849; political agent at Jodpor, 18*1; i of Baruda, 18*7, and political commissioner of district. 1868, with command of northern division of Bombay army and rank of brigadier-general: lieutenant-colonel, 18*8; agent to governor-general tor central India, 1MA9; C.B., clv& division, I860.
  382. ^ Lawrence Shadwell (1823–1887), army officer.
  383. ^ Thomas Shadwell (1643?–1699k dramatist tad poet; educated at Caius Oollege, Oaaibr&a, tai eassnd Middle Temple; produced **t+Sullen Lovers based on Mollere's Les Facheax tt Lincoln's Inn Fields. 1668; produced dramatic pieces, laotadlaj * Bnrhantert Island(from BbakWeartTi Tlmon of Athens 1178, theSquire of from 1681, theVwVpost* rBpsttedlyttti In satires, among which were DrydssrsMedal MaoFlecknoe and Sbtdwetl'sthe Medal of Bayes 1689, and a translation of the Tenth Satire of Juvenal 1687: superseded Dryden ts post-ltureate aad historiographer royal at the revolution.
  384. ^ Earls of Shaftesbury, see 8HATTESBURY, BARLH or. SeeOoormm, Axmoirr AHHLBT, first EARL, 1631-1683; OOOPKK, Airniovr ASHLKT, third BARL, 1671-1713: COOPER, AXTHOVY AHHLKT, seventh EARL, 1801-1881.
  385. ^ John Campbell Shairp (1819-1885), professor of poetry at Oxford; educated at Glasgow University and Balliol College, Oxford: won Newdigate priw, 184S: asli.tant-mastr tt Rugby, 1846; twteUnt-DrofeMor of Greek atGlttgow,18*6, and of Latin at St. Andrew*, 18*7; profetsor of Latin at St. Andrews, 1861-79; principal of United College, St. Andrews, 1868: professor of poetry tt Oxford, 1877-87; LL.D. Bdinburgh, 1884. Hi. works include KUmahoe, and other Poems 1864; Stodie* in Poetry and Philosophy, 1 1868, Culture tad Religion 1870, Barns BnglSh Men of Letters seriesX 1879, tad Aspect* of Poetry 1881.
  386. ^ Jeremy (fl. 16*1), astronomer; made second observation of transit of Mercury at Stint; 16*1; published asti
  387. ^ John Shakespear (1774-18*8), orientalist divine: M.A. and fellow. Trinity College, Cam15*9: published translation of Cardinal Hosios's De Heresibus and other writings. studied Arabic under Richardson and James Golios In London: oriental professor at Royal Military College. Mariow. 1806: professor of Hindnstanl at East Indlt Company's college, Addiscombe, 1809-99; published Hindustani dictionary and grammar.
  388. ^ Sir Richmond Campbell Shakespear (1819-1861), soldier and administrator; cousin of William "
  389. ^ Shakespeare wTLJ FAM fllM-rfHj in* ,-and lury, daughter of Robert Arden, a well-to-do farmer tcote, was born at Strttford-on-Avon, 99 or 93 April 1*64. His father was a trader In pro-iuce at Stratford, chamberltin W-odltor of Oi 1664 X auditor of the borough accounts, tuennan and bailiff (1*68), but was erentoaDy tovolTed l"** wr!isrissir,.. 1 ?!!. p  !:,,!,, jtr:Btndled the Latin languswe and litert six months of the marriage. Shakespeare was probably in the sense of getter or procurer: the theory that forced into marrying by his wife's friends, who were, Mr. W. H. was Shakespeare's patron, and that the initials anxious to protect ht-r "reputation. Leaving Stratford, are those of William Herbert, third earl of Pembroke 1585, to avoid prosecution for poaching at Charlecote, the property of Sir Thomas Lucy (afterwards caricatured us Justice Shallow), he spent some time, perhaps as a schoolmaster, in a neighbouring village, and arrived in London in 1(86. He soon engaged in some subordinate capacity at one of the two theatres (The Theatre or The Curtain ) then existing in London, and before long became a member of the Eari of Leicester's company of actors, a company which passed under the patronage successively of Ferdinando Stanley, lord Strange, afterwards Earl of Derby (in 1588), Henry Oarey, first lord Hunsdon, lord chamberlain (in 1594 X his son, George Oarey, second lord Hunsdon, and lord chamberlain (in 1597); it became the king's company of players in 1603. He acted with this company at the Rose (opened 1592), The Curtain, the Globe (opened. 1599), and after c. 1610 the Blackfriars Theatre; possibly made tours through the English country towns: appeared in many of his own plays, and took part in the original performances of Jonson'sEvery printed, in 1598 and 1600 respectively. He probably wrote Man in his Humour(1598) andSejanus(1603). As a iThe Merry Wives of Windsorby command of Queen dramatist he gained his earliest experience by revising or Elizabeth (printed in an imperfect form in 1602, the first rewriting plays purchased by the manager of his theatre, complete version being that of the 1623 folio), the plot Love's Labour's Lost the first of his dramatic produc- J of the play being probably suggested by an Italian tions, written c. 1591, revised probably for a performance i novel. His Henry V was performed early in 1599 (an at court, 1597, was published, 1598. There were produced about the same time The Two Gentlemen of Verona , is inadmissible. Shakespeare probably wrote A .Midsummer Night's Dream(printed, 1600) at the end of 1595, and produced about the same time All's well that ends well the plot of which was drawn from Painter's 'Palace of Pleasure(No. xxxviii.) (first printed in the folio of 1623). His play,The Taming of the Shrew c. 1596 (also first printed in the folio), mainly a revision of an old play, owed something to the Supposes of George Gascoigne. Shakespeare returned to Stratford, e. 1596, and there relieved his family from financial embarrassments, which had steadily increased since his departure. He purchased New Place, the largest house in tintown, 1597, but he does not appear to have settled permanently there till 1611, by which year he had by further purchases built up an estate at Stratford. He wrote, c. 1597, Henry IV parts i. and ii., from Holinehed's Chronicles and from a popular piece, The Famous Victories of Henry V; both parts of Henry IV were (the story of which is the same as that of The Shepardess Felismena in George de Montemayor's pastoral romance 'Diana and theComedy of Errors(perhaps founded imperfect draft printed, 1600, the perfected play supplied in the first folio). In 1599 he also produced his three most perfect essays in comedyMuch Ado about Nothing 'As you like it and Twelfth Night(the first of these published in 1600, the remaining two not printed until on a play, The Historic of Error acted, 1576), both of they appeared in the folio); the story of Hero and Olaudio which were first printed in the folio of 1623. His first tragedy,Romeo and Juliet* (based on an Italian romance frequently translated into English), written in 1591, was first printed anonymously and surreptitiously in qnarto, 1597 (authentic second quarto, 1599). The three parts of hisHenry VI* were acted in 1592; the first part was first published in 1623, the second part anonymously in 1594 as The first part of the contention betwixt the two famous houses of Yorke and Lancaster and the third inMuch Adowas drawn from an Italian source;As you like it was a dramatic adaptation of Lodge's romance 'Rosalynde, Euphues Golden Legacie(1590), an( j the story of Twelfth Night was taken from theHistoric of Apolonius and Silla in Riche his Farewell to Militarie Profession(1581), an English rendering of a tale in Cinthio's Hecatommithi Meanwhile his name was applied by unprincipled publishers to SU ch writings of obscure men asThe Tragedie of Locrine 1595,The Puri part, in 1595, asThe True Tragedie of Richard, Duke of j taine, or the Widdow of Watling-streete 1607The Trne Yorke, and the death of good King Henry the Sixt but ! Chronicle Historic of Thomas, Lord Cromwell, 5 1613, The both the second and third parts underwent revision by himself before they were included in the 1623 folio. The original draf t of the three parts of his Henry VI was possibly by Greene and Peele, Shakespeare joining Marlowe in a revision which resulted inThe Contention and the Trne Tragedie and being again aided by Marlowe in the final revision. After Henry VI Shakespeare composedRichard IIIandRichard II both of which Life of Oldcastle 1600, "The London Prodigall 1C05, 'The Yorkshire Tragedy 1608, and an old play on the subject of King John, 1611. Only two sonnets and three poems from Love's Labour's Lost appeared inThe Passionate Pilgrim, by W. Shakespeare 1699, the bulk of the volume being by Richard Barn field and others. Shakespeare's name was also appended to a poetical essaie on the Turtle and the Phoanix which was published in were published anonymously in 1697; hisTitua Andro- Robert Chester'sLove's Martyr a collection of poems nicus much of which was perhaps written by Kyd, acted in 1594, was afterwards published in quarto (first extant edition, 1600); his comedyThe Merchant of Venice (probably acted in 1594, printed, 1600) was based on material in Giovanni Fiorentino's collection of Italian novelsII Pecoroneand theGesta Romanorum besides earlier plays. In 1594 he adapted King John (printed, 1623) fromThe Troublesome Raigne of King John (1591). He is also credited on somewhat slender grounds with portions of Arden of Feversham(1692) aud 'Edward III(1596). Meanwhile Shakespeare published the love poems llfSi*!!*! 1 and:. Lucrece respectively in 1593 by Marston, Chapman, Jonson, and others, 1601. Shakespeare'sJulius Caesar taken from North's translation ofPlutarch's Lives was produced in 1601 (first printed, third version, in the 1623 folio), and Hamlet the story of which was accessible in Belleforest's Histoires Tragiques was played in the following year. He wrote Troilus and Oressida (the story of which was based upon Chaucer's Troilus and Oresseide probably in 1603 (two quarto editions, 1609); his Othello and Measure for Measure the stories of which were drawn from Cinthio, were acted in 1604 (neither printed in Shakespeare's lifetime); the plot of hisMacbeth(finished, 1606) was drawn from Holinshed's Chronicle of Scottish and 1694, each with a dedication to Henry Wriothesley, History and was doubtless designed as a tribute to the earl of Southampton, with whom, in the latter year, he nationality of the king, James I; his King Lear also was doubtless on terms of intimate friendship. Summoned with the most famous actors of the day to perform at court, Christmas 1594, he was thenceforth shown special favour by Queen Blliabeth. HisSonnets which were ? H.L 609 were P robabl y written between 1591 and I; their intensity of feeling has led readers to assume that they have an autobiographical significance. Most of them trace the course of the writer's affection for a young patron of rank and beauty, and may be addressed to e's only known patron, Southampton; but the mainly founded on Holinshed, was produced 1606 (twoslightly differing versions printed in 1608, and a third included in the folio of 1623).Timonof Athensand Pericles quickly followed (the latter was first printed in a mangled form in 1608, and was included in Shakespeare's collected works for the first time, 1G64); both were written in collaboration with another dramatist, perhaps George Wilkins; possibly in Timou some additional assistance was given by William Rowley. Shakespeare derived the story of Timon partly from Painter's ., r, speare derived the story of Timon partly is probably for the most part of dramatic temper, i Palace of Pleasure and partly from Plutarch's Martina is a masterly imaginative rendering of that spirit of Antony and that ofPericlesfrom theApollonius of 3h poets of the day habitually paid their i Tyrein John Gower'sConfessio Amantis In both tie publisher Thomas Thorpe issued the Son- Antony and Cleopatra and Coriolanus Shakespeare 09 with a dedication toMr. W. H., the onlie i closely followed North's Plutarch: they were probably these ensuing sonnets(who was doubtless written in 1608 (first printed in 1623). In Oymbeline nd of Thorpe, through whwe good offices the (acted in 1610 or 1611) Shakespeare combined a fragment wrtpt had reached bis hands, begetterbeing used of British history freely adapted from Holiushed with the atory of G i nevra i n Boccaccio's: Wint.-rV- Tato'l;,:.,-i u, 1611)0 losto 15.s (afterwards r- 11 - 1  :.y. The TempesV in all likelihood " with the manager bis unfinished and otheri completed. These todudedThem tory of Cardenio, by Fletcher and 8hakespare h I,,,.,;:.,., t M,.,,..!::,.;,,;.,, probably identical with the lost playCardan was acted in 1813),The Two NoWe Kinsn 'Henry VIII. 1 TbeTwo Noble Ktasmen* Chaucer's Knight's Tale of Palamon and Ardte. was printed in 1634.Henry VIIIperhaps oon some work from the pen of well as Fletcher U ? 2 le18 and lnclodeti the folio of 18M. i.?, l, k " peB f* "P*" 1 tbe ""lading year* of his life (1611-16) mninly at Stratford, but paid frequent visits to London till 1614, and continued blsrdaUons with actors and poets till the end. He purchased a boose In Blackfriars, 1613; took a prominent part In social and civic affair* at Stratford, having become a jolntowner of tbe U i?,? f u 01d strmttord - weloombe, and BUbopton, and " !. baling indemnified himself against personal loss, joined In an unsuccessful attempt to enclose theStratford common fields. He drafted his will, January 1616, and . after entertaining Ben Jonson and DraytonTt New Place; and was buried on 25 April (O.S.) in Stratford Church, where before 1G23 a monument, with a but by a London sculptor, Gerard Johnson, was erected. His wife died in *S?lI ld Ef ixabeth (* 187 X daughter of Susannah, his eldest daughter, and of John Hall. wj. his last surviving descendant. Her second husband was John Barnard. who was knighted in 1661. By Lady Barnard's will New Place was sold in 1675. Two portraits of Shakespeare may be regarded as fully authenticated, the bust in Stratford Church, and the frontispiece to the folio of 1623, engraved by Martin Droeshout Tbe Droeshout or Flower portrait, now at Stratford, has been claimed as the original picture, ***"* 252E* 1 * was made: the Ely House portrait, also at Stratford, Is probably of early date, and other portraits, less fully authenticated, exist. Tbe Garrick Club possesses a hn*tb*Bim1 to be of seventeenth -century workmanship. A mask, said to have been taken from Shakespeare's face after death, Is In private hands at Darmstadt. A monument desipned by William Kent(16841748), with a statue by 1'eter Schcemakers, was erected in PoetsCorner, Westminster Abbey, In 1741. The birthplace at Stratford was acquired by the public and converted into a museum in 1846 The site of New Place and Anne Hnthnwoy's cottage were similarly purchased in 1861 and 1892 respectively. A memorial at Stratford, consisting of a theatre, picture gallery, and library, was opened in 1879. Shakespeare's plays were first collected in 1623, when a folio edition was published containing all the plays excepting Pericles A second folio edition appeared In 1632, a third in 1663, with a reissue, including Pericles and six spurious play-, in 1664, and a fourth, with the same additions, in 1685. Collected editions of the works have since been edited by Nicholas Rowe (1709-10), Alexander Pope (1785), Lewes Theobald (1733), Sir Thomas Hanmer (1744), Bishop Warburton (1747), Dr. Johnson (1766), Edward Capcll (1768), Edmund ifalone (1790), Johnson and Steevens,Variorum(1773), William Harness (18S5X Samnel Wdler Singer (1816), Thomas Campbell (1838), Charles Knight (1838-43X Bryan Waller Procter (1839-43), John Payne Collier (1841-4), Samuel Phelps (1851-4), J. O. Halllwrll (1863-61), Nikolaus Delius (Blberfeld, 1864-61), Alexander Dyce (1867), Richard Grant White(Boston, 1867-66), Howard Staunton (1858-60), W. G. Clark, J. Glover, an.i lr. Aldis Wright Cambridge 1863-9), and Rev. H. N. Hudson (Harvard, 1881). tU.848
  390. ^ George Shalders (1825?-1871), landscape painter; exhibited at Royal Academy from 1848.
  391. ^ John Shank (1740-1823), admiral. See John Shanck.
  392. ^ William de Shareshull (fl. 1360), advocate; advisers, ISIS: judge o king's oeocb, 1 Ml, bat "!..... MM i.u-. U.C....,!.!.:., o: returned to *""nnMi nlsns 1246 of kinfs bench, 1160-7.
  393. ^ Sir William Sharington or Sherington (1495?-1553), vice-treasurer of the mint at Bristol; In service of Sir Francis Bryan; page of king, robes; vice-treasurer of mint at Bristol, 1M6; K.B.. 1647: perpetrated extensive frauds at mint and sought protection of Thomas Seymour, baron Seymour of Snddey fq. v.J, in whose plots be assisted: arrested and attainted, but received pardon; sheriff of WUtahire, 1662. 11. 399)
  394. ^ William Sharman-Crawford (1781-1861), politician. See Crawford.
  395. ^ Abraham Sharp (1661–1745), mathematician; apprenticed to merchant, but abandoned business and studied mathematics; employed by John Flamsteed in Greenwich observatory, 1676-90; taught mathematics in London from 1690; celebrated for skill in graduating instruments; published Geometry Improved 1717.
  396. ^ Sir Cuthbert Sharp (1781–1849), antiquary; educated under Dr. Burney at Greenwich: served as cavalry officer in Ireland during rebellion, c. 1799; visited Paris, 1803, and was for some years detained as prisoner of wur; collector of customs successively at Sunderland and Newcastle-on-Tyne; published antiquarian works, including History of Hartlepool (1816).
  397. ^ Granville Sharp (1735–1813), philanthropist; son of Thomas Sharp (1693-1758); apprenticed as linendraper in London; studied Greek and Hebrew; member of FishmongersCompany, 1767, entered ordnance iepartment, 1768, and was clerk in ordinary, 1764-76; became involved in the straggle for liberation of slaves in England, and engaged in various actions at law which rein the formulation of the principle that as soon as any slave rats foot upon English territory he be free; advocated cause of American "*k*ik, and oined crusade against the press-gang; prominent In ouuditig a society for abolition of shivery, 1787, British nd Foreign Bible Society, 1804, and Society for Converion of Jews, 1808. His works include many pamphlets u the movements In which he was interested, beside* rduiuiiH, historical, and other treatises.
  398. ^ Isaac Sharp (1806–1897) missionary; educated at Friends school in Essex; began to preach, 1811; was recorded minister, 1841, and subsequently preached in many parts of the world.
  399. ^ Jack Sharp (d. 1431) Lollard rebel; weaver at Abingdon; when bailiff (1431) headed a movement of lollards of the southern midlands; arrested and executed at Abingdon or Oxford.
  400. ^ James Sharp (1613–1679), archbishop of St. Andrews; M.A. King's College, Aberdeen, 1617; professor of hilosophy, St. Andrew* University; presented to church of Crail, 1649; adhered, on the division of the kirk, to the reeolutloners in opposition to the protesters, and came to be regarded as bead of the party; seised by Cromwell's orces, 1661, and imprisoned In Tower of London tin 1661; T1 rioj M r tiffV in hu 4KfnM* for the ITatuiaHoii lilt ftHI was sent to Charles U at Breda, 1660; for some time acted ostensibly as the representative of the resolutioners and Presbyterianism, but really in the interest of episcopacy; Charles IPs chaplain in Scotland; professor of divinity, St. Mary's College, St. Andrews, 1661; was consecrated archbishop of St Andrews, 1661, and immediately put in force severe measures for the annihilation of covenanting principles: murdered by covenanters on Magus Muir; portrait painted by Lely.
  401. ^ John Sharp (1572?–1648?), Scottish divine ; M.A. Bt Andrews, 1592; minister of Kilmany, Fife, 1601; he was clerk to assembly which met at Aberdeen in opposition to commands of James VI, 1605, and was banished, 1606; professor of theology in college of Die, in Dauphine, France, 1608-30: professor of divinity at Edinburgh, 1630 till death: published theological works.
  402. ^ John Sharp (1646–1714), archbishop of York ; B.A. Christ's College, Cambridge, 1663; M.A., 1667; incorporated at Oxford, 1669; domestic chaplain to Sir Heneage Pinch, 1667-76; prebendary of Norwich and Incumbent of St Bartholomew's, Exchange, London, 1675; rector of St Giles-in-the- Fields, London, 1675; D.D. Cambridge, 1679; dean of Norwich, 1681; chaplain in ordinary to James II, 1686; suspended for preaching sermons held to reflect on James II, 1686-7; refused to read declaration of indulgence, 1688; dean of Canterbury and commis;ioner for reform of liturgy and the ecclesiastical courts, 1889; archbishop of York, 1691; privy councillor, 1702; commissioner for Scottish union; published sermons, and left in manuscript Observations on Coinage of England and an account of the archbishopric of York. A collected edition of his works appeared, 1754.
  403. ^ Leonel Sharp or Sharpe (1559–1631), divine; educated at Eton and King's College, Cambridge; M.A., 1684; D.D., 1603; chaplain to Earl of Essex at Tilbury camp, 1588, accompanying him to Cadiz, 1589, and Portugal, 1596; royal chaplain, e. 1601; archdeacon of Berkshire and rector of North Moreton, 1605; chaplain to Henry, prince of Wales; imprisoned in Tower of London, l-.ll "15, on suspicion of endeavouring to stir up strife between English and Scottish factions at court; D.D. Oxford, 1618; published religious writings.
  404. ^ Michael William Sharp (d. 1840), painter ; exhibited at Royal Academy from 1801; his works chiefly portraits and domestic scenes.
  405. ^ Patrick Sharp (d. 1615), Scottish theologian ; master of Glasgow grammar school, 1574; principal of Glasgow University, 1585; appointed with others by general assembly to organise church in opposition to government 1596; supported James I at Hampton Court in debate on questions at issue with kirk, 1606; constant moderator to Glasgow presbytery in absence of bishop, 1606; took part in Falkland conference, 1609; appointed to Scottish court of high commission, 1610.
  406. ^ Richard Sharp (1759–1835), known as Conversation Sharp; born in Newfoundland; partner in commercial firms in London; whig M.P. for Castle Rising, 1*06-12, Portarlington, Ireland, 1816 and 1818-19, and Ilchester, 1826-7; took a keen interest in politics ami literature, and his friends at various periods numbered the most eminent men of the day; an original member of the society for reform of parliament known as Friends of the People 1791, and of the Literary Society, 1806; P.S.A., 1787; F.RA, 1806; published Letters and Essays in Prose and Verse 1831.
  407. ^ Samuel Sharp (1700?-1778), surgeon; apprenticed to William Oheselden, 1724; studied in France; freeman of Barber-SurgeonsCompany, 1731; obtained diploma, 1732; surgeon to Guy's Hospital, London, 1733-67: P.RA and member of Paris Royal Society, 1749; travelled in Italy, 1765, and issued Letters from Italy 1766; published surgical treatises which form the link connecting the old methods of surgery as represented by Oheselden with the new as represented by William Hunter.
  408. ^ Samuel Sharp (1814–1882), geologist; assisted In conducting Stamford Mercury newspaper; F.S.A.; P.G.S., 1862; published Rudiments of Geology 1876, and writings on local antiquities of Stamford.
  409. ^ Thomas Sharp (1693–1758), divine; son of John Sharp (1646-1714); M.A. Trinity College, Cambridge, 1716; fellow; D.D.; prebendary of Southwark and (1719) of York; rector of Rothbury ami archdeacon of Northumberland, 1723; prebendary of Durham, 1732; official to dean and chapter of Durham, 1755; published i theological and biographical works.
  410. ^ Thomas Sharp (1770–1841), antiquary; hatter at Coventry, 1784-1804; studied local antiquities and made extensive topographical and other antiquarian collections. His works include A Dissertation on the Pageants, or Dramatic Mysteries, anciently performed at Coventry 1825, and Ancient Mysteries and Moralities edited from Digby MSS., 1835.
  411. ^ William Sharp (1749–1824), engraver; apprenticed to Barak Longmate; carried on business successively in Bartholomew Lane, London, Vauxhall, London, and Chiswick; executed plates after Guido, West, Trumbull, and Reynolds; friend of Thomas Paine and Horne Tooke, and member of Society for Constitutional Information.
  412. ^ William Sharp (1805–1896), surgeon and physician; educated at Westminster; articled as surgeon, 1821; studied in London; L.S.A., 1826; M.R.C.S., 1827; practised till 1843 at Bradford, where he was surgeon to the infirmary, 1829; F.R.S., 1840; reader in natural philosophy, 1849-50, at Rugby school, where hia energy had led to establishment of science teaching; adopted methods of homoeopathists, and engaged extensively in medical investigations; received degree of M JX from archbishop of Canterbury, 1856; published medical works.
  413. ^ Bartholomew Sharpe (fl. 1679–1682), buccaneer; perhaps one of party of English and French buccaneers who sacked Porto Bello, 1679; cruised with English party in Bay of Panama and on coast of Peru; headed company in island of Quibo, 1680, and on expedition to Juan Fernandez, where he was temporarily deposed from command; cruised in West Indies, 1681; returned to England, 1682; arrested and tried for piracy, but acquitted,
  414. ^ Charles Kirkpatrick Sharpe (1781?–1851), antiquary and artist; M.A. Christ Church, Oxford, 1806; resided at Edinburgh, living mainly as a literary recluse; made acquaintance of Scott, 1802, and became his lifelong friend; made extensive antiquarian collections. His works include au edition of Kirkton's Secret and True History of the Church of Scotland 1817, and Portraits of au Amateur (a volume of etchings), 1833.
  415. ^ Charlotte Sharpe (d. 1849), portrait-painter exhibited from 1817; sister of Louisa Sharpe
  416. ^ Daniel Sharpe (1806–1856), geologist ; brother of Samuel Sharpe, with whom he was partner in Portuguese mercantile business; resided in Portugal, 18351838; wrote important papers on geology of Portugal and various districts in Great Britain and on the continent; F.R.S., 1850; F.L.S.; F.Z.S.; treasurer of Geological Society, 1853, and president, 1856.
  417. ^ Edmund Sharpe (1809–1877), architect; M.A. St. John's College, Cambridge, 1836; studied architecture in France and Germany; pupil of John Rickman; practised at Lancaster, 1836-51; abandoned architecture for engineering, and engaged in rail way construction, 1851; F.R.I.B.A., 1848: published architectural works.
  418. ^ Eliza Sharpe (1796-1874), artist; sister of Louisa Sharpe; member, 1829-72, of Old Water-colour Society.
  419. ^ Gregory Sharpe (1713–1771), divine ; of Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge; LL.D., 1747; incorporated at Oxford, 1751; took orders in English church; vicar of All Saints Birling, 1743-56; prebendary of Salisbury, 1757-71; chaplain to Frederick, prince of Wales, and to George III; master of Temple, 1763-71; F.R.S., 1754; published theological and classical writing!.
  420. ^ James Sharpe (1577?–1630), Roman catholic divine; born in Yorkshire; ordained priest at St Alban's College, Valladolid, 1604; entered Society of Jesus, Hw. professor of Hebrew at Louvain; professed of four vow, 1622; worked on English mission; published aud I manuscript religious writings. li. 424.
  421. ^ Lewis Sharpe (fl. 1640), author of the 'Nook r a comedy, 1640.
  422. ^ Louisa Sharpe , afterwards Mrs. Seyffarth (1798-1843), water-colour painter; exhibited miniature portraits at Royal Academy, 1817-19; member of Old Water-colour Society, 1819; married Professor Woldemar Seyffarth of Dresden, 1884.
  423. ^ Mary Anne Sharpe (d. 1867) artist; sister of Louisa Sharpe; exhibited portraits and domestic subjects at Royal Academy and Society of British Artists.
  424. ^ Roger Sharpe (fl. 1610) author; published, 1610, More Fooles yet, a collection of epigrams.
  425. ^ Samuel Sharpe (1799–1881), brother of Daniel Sharpe; entered banking form of Samuel and Henry Rogers (his uncles),1814 (partner 1821-61); F.G.S., c. 1817; published works on history and hieroglyphics: began a revision of version of New Testament, 1840, and was one of scholars representing Unitarians in connection with arrangements for revised version of 1870; wrote a Hebrew history and grammar; president of British and Foreign Unitarian Association, 1869-70, and of Manchester College (now at Oxford) 1876-8; liberal benefactor of University College.
  426. ^ Alexander Sharpeigh (fl. 1607–1613), merchant and sea-captain; factor of Levant Company at Constantinople: captain in service of East India Oomand general of fourth voyage to Bast Indies, 1608; Agra, 1609; agent for company at Bantam, 1613.
  427. ^ William Sharpey (1802–1880), physiologist; studied medicine and surgery at Edinburgh, London, and Paris; M.D. Edinburgh, 1823; practised at Arbroath, 1824-6; joint-lecturer on systematic anatomy at Edinburgh from 1832; professor of anatomy and physiology, University College, London, 1836-74; F.RJB., 1839, member of council, 1844, and secretary, 1853-72; member of general medical council, 1861-76; bon. LL.D. Edinburgh, 1859; examiner in anatomy, London University from 1840: published physiological writing*.
  428. ^ Edward Sharpham Of. 1607), author ; member Middle Temple, 1694; published two plays, The Fleire and Cupid's Whirligig 1607.
  429. ^ James Sharples or sharpless (1750?-181) portrait-painter; exhibited at Royal Academy, 1779-85; went to America, c. 1796. A portrait by him of George Washington is in the National Portrait Gallery. li. 429)
  430. ^ James Sharples (1825–1893), painter ; worked as an ironfonnder at Bury: studied drawing, and paintal portraits and other pictures.
  431. ^ Rolinda Sharples (d. 1838), artist ; daughter y memb of James Sharpies (1750 T-1811); honorary member I
  432. ^ Cuthbert Shaw (1789–1771), port ; sou of a ...::,..... -.-..,.,!!. -:.;.!" !.I- I.."-;.-- t.
  433. ^ Duncan Shaw ( 1715-17MX Scottish divine : M.A. King's College, Aberdeen, 1747; licensed preacher. 1761: minister at Raff ord, 176*-88, and at Aberdeen, 178*-M: D J. MarUohal College, Aberdeen, 1774; published re. 009 il.:-- l.4*4)
  434. ^ Sir Edmund Shaw or Shaa (d. 1488), lord of London; **tt BIKJ mmtrr of Goldsmith** Company; sheriff of London, 1474; ward, 1486; lord mayor, 1481; intimate with Edward 11. 484)
  435. ^ Sir Frederick Shaw, second baronet (17W1876), Irish politician; of Trinity College, Dublin, and Brarnnose College, Oxford; B.A. Oxford, 1819: recorder of Duodalk, 1816. and of Dublin, 1818-76; tory HP. for Dublin, 1880 and 1881, and for Dublin University, 18*1 xled his elder 1848: Irish privy councillor, 1884; sncoseded bcoteb bswaswfeoR .: IN of Society of British Artists.
  436. ^ Robert Sharrock (1630–1684) divine; educated at Winchester College and New College, Oxford; fellow, 1649; D.O.L., 1661; prebendary of Winchester, 1666; held livings in Hampshire; archdeacon of Winchester, 1684; published botanical, philosophical, and other works.
  437. ^ Alexander Shaw (1804–1890), surgeon; brother of Sir Charles Shaw; M.A. Glasgow, 1821; studied at Middlesex Hospital, London, and was surgeon, 1842-1872, and consulting surgeon, 1872; LJ3.A., 1827; F.R.CA, 1843; held various offices in Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society; published works chiefly relating to discoveries of Sir Charles Bell, his brother-in-law.
  438. ^ Sir Charles Shaw (1795–1871), brigadier-general; brother of Alexander Shaw: educated at St. Andrews and Edinburgh: ensign, 1818; in Waterloo campaign, 1813-16; on half-pay, 1818; captain and commander of Leith volunteer sharpshooters; engaged in wine-business at Leith; captain of light Infantry marines in liberating army of Portugal, 1881; major, 1832; colonel, 1833; came to England, 1836, but returned to serve against Carlisle In Spain: took San Sebastian, 1836; brigadier-general; redgned and returned home, 1818; chief commissioner of police at Manchester, 18I9-4J; died at Homburg-von-der-Hohe.
  439. ^ George Shaw (1761–1813), naturalist; M.A. Magdalen Hall, Oxford, 1771; ordained deacon, 1774, but abandoned church as profession; studied medicine at Edinburgh and Oxford; M.H. and M.D. Oxford, 1787; botanical lecturer at Oxford; joint-founder and vice-president of Linnean Society, 1788; F.R.S., 1789; assistant keeper, 1791, and keeper, 1807 till death, of natural-history section of British Museum; published works relating to natural history.
  440. ^ Henry Shaw (1800–1878), antiquary and draughtsman; assisted John Britton (1771-1887) in Cathedral Antiquities of England; works include Details of Gothic Architecture 1828, Handbook of Art of Illumination 1866; F.8.A., 1888; largely employed in illuminating publications and addresses.
  441. ^ Sir James Shaw (1764–1843), chamberlain of London: born in Scotland; member of London firm of commercial bouse of George and Samuel Douglass; alderman of Portsoken ward, 1798; sheriff of London and Middlesex, 1808; lord mayor of London, 1805; Independent tory M.P., city of London, 1808-18; created baronet, 1809; chamberlain of London, 1831-43.
  442. ^ John Shaw (1559–1625), divine; B.A. Queen's College, Oxford, 1584; vicar of Woking, 1588; deprived for nonconformity, 1596; published poetical writings.
  443. ^ John Shaw or Shawe (1608–1672) puritan divine; educated at Christ's College, Cambridge; M.A., 1630 chaplain to Philip Herbert, earl of Montgomery and fourth earl of Pembroke; vicar of Itotherbam. 1639: accompanied Pembroke to Berwick; chaplain to Henry Rich, earl of Holland, 1641; fled from Rotherham after outbreak of civil war, 1648; rector of Lvmm, 1643; scribe to assembly of ministers at York, 1644; rector of Scrayingham; lecturer at Hull, where be was master of the Charter House, 1681; chaplain of parliamentary commissioners to Charles I at Newcastle, 1646; royal chaplain, 1660; inhibited from preaching at his church at Hull 1661, but retained mastership till 1661, when he resigned; published religious works.
  444. ^ John Shaw (1614-1689) divine; B.A. Brasenose College. Oxford, 1631; vicar of Alnham, c. 1686; rector of Whalton, 1646, and subsequently of Bolton in Craven; lecturer at Newcastle, 1662; published religious writings.
  445. ^ John Shaw (1789–1818) corporal, 2nd life guards enlisted as private, 1807, and attracted notice by to skill as a boxer and swordsman; entered prize ring, 181t, and won a fight at Coombe-Warren; defeated Edward Painter , 1816; accompanied his regiment at Waterloo, where be died after displaying extraordinary feats of valour. SuppL UL Mij brother of Sir
  446. ^ John Shaw (1792–1817), ._ Charles Shaw; pupil of (Sir ) Charles Bell fa. v.L who became his brother-in-law; lecturer at Great S indmiUSetscbool, London; surgeon to Middlesex Hospital, London, 1816; publiabed works on anatomy nd * o J5J7 4e2
  447. ^ John Shaw (1776–1832), architect; articled to George Gwilt the elder; began practice, 1798; FLA; P.RJS.; F.S.A.; F.R.I.B.A.; architect to Christ's Hospital, London.
  448. ^ John Shaw (1803–1870), architect; son of John Shaw (1776-1838); succeeded as architect to Christ's Hospital, London; built Wellington College, Sandhurst, 1855-9.
  449. ^ Joseph Shaw (1671–1733), legal writer; educated at Trinitv College, Oxford; entered Middle Temple, 1695; published legal writings and letters to his patron, Anthony Ashley Cooper, third earl of Shaftesbury.
  450. ^ Lachlan Shaw (1692–1777), Scottish divine; M.A. King's College, Aberdeen, 1711; studied theology fit Edinburgh: held collegiate charge at Elgin, 1734-74; published antiquarian and historical works, including History of Moray 1775.
  451. ^ Mary Shaw (1814–1876), contralto singer : daughter of John Postans: studied at Royal Academy of Music and umliT Sir George Smart; first appeared in public, 1834, and subsequently took part regularly in many important concert* in England and on continent till c. 1843; married, 1835. Alfred Shaw, who became insane, c. 1843.
  452. ^ Patrick Shaw (1796–1872), lawyer ; brother of Sir Charles Shaw; called to Scottish bar, 1819; sheriff of chancery, 1848-69; published reports and other legal writings.
  453. ^ Peter Shaw (1694–1763), physician; practised successively in Scarborough and London; M.D.; F.R.C.P., 1764; physician extraordinary to George II, and M.D. Cambridge, 1752; physician in ordinary to George II, 1754, and to George III, 1760; published original medical works, besides editions of the works of Bacon and Boyle, and several translations and adaptations.
  454. ^ Ralph Shaw or Shaa, or John (d. 1484), prebendary of London, 1477; brother of Sir Edmund Shaw; supported Richard III.
  455. ^ Robert Barkley Shaw (1839–1879), traveller ; educated at Marlborough and Trinity College, Cambridge; settled as tea-planter at Kangra in the Himalayas, 1859: first Englishman to reach Yarkund, 1868, and Kashgar, 1869; published account of travels, 1871; accompanied Sir Douglas Forsyth on official mission to Yarknud, 1870; received patron's gold medal from Itoyal Geographical Society, 1872; British joint-commissioner in Ladak; resident at Mandalay, 1878-9; died at Mauilalay; his works include treatises on oriental languages
  456. ^ Samuel Shaw (1635–1696), nonconformist divine; B.A. St John's College, Cambridge, 1650; rector of Lang Whatton, 1658; removed from living, 1661; master of grammar school at Ashby-de-la-Zouche, 1668-96; published religious works, comedies, and other writings. li 4441
  457. ^ Stebbing Shaw (1762–1802), topographer; of Repton and QueensCollege, Cambridge; fellow, 1786: M.A., 1787; B.D., 1796: tutor to (Sir) Francis Burdctt ; travelled with Sir Bgerton Brydges in Derbyshire and Leicestershire, and printed results of observations in theTopographer 1789-91, edited by Brydges and himself; rector of Hartshorn, 1799; F.S.A., 1795; published History and Antiquities of Staffordshire 1798-1801. pi. 445.
  458. ^ Thomas Shaw (1694-1751), African traveller; M.A. Queen's College, Oxford, 1720; chaplain to English rectory at Algiers, 1720; returned to England, 1733; elected, in his absence, fellow of Queen's College, 1727; D.D., 1734; vicar of GodshilU 1734; F.R.S., 1734; principal of Edmund Hall, Oxford, 1740; regius professor of Greek, 1741; vicar of Bramley, 1742-51; published Travels, or Observations relating to Barbary and the Levant 1738.
  459. ^ Thomas Budge Shaw (1813–1862), author; educated under Samuel Butler (1774-1839) at Shrewsbury, and at Trinity College, Cambridge: B.A., 1836; M.A., 1851; settled at 8t Petersburg, 1841; jW wwr of English literature at Imperial Alexander Lyceum, St. Petersburg, 1842; lector of English literature at St! Petersburg University, c. 1851; tutor and professor of English to grand dukes of Russia, 1H53-62; chief work, Outlines of English Literature 1818.
  460. ^ William Shaw (1550–1602), architect. See Schaw.
  461. ^ William Shaw (1749–1831), Gaelic scholar; M.A. King's College, Glasgow, 1772; private tutor in London; became member of Dr. Johnson's literary circle; entered ministry of church of Scotland and was presented to parish of Ardelach, 1779; resigned charge, 1780; travelled in Scotland and Ireland, and published Galic and English Dictionary 1780; published writings denying the authenticity of Macpherson's Ossian; published Memoirs of... Dr. Johnson 1785; joined English church and was rector of Chelvey, 1795; B.D. Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 1800.
  462. ^ William Shaw (1797–1853), agriculturist ; educated at Wadham College, Oxford; barrister, Inner Temple, 1833; helped to found Royal Agricultural Society, 1838 (first secretary, 1838-9, member of council, 1839); started and conducted, with Cuthbert William Johnson, the FarmersAlmanack and Calendar 1838; published, 1849, with Henry Corbet, digest of evidence given before committee of House of Commons, presided over by Philip Pusey, 1848; died in pecuniary embarrassment in Australia.
  463. ^ William Shaw (1823–1895), Irish politician; educated at Trinity College, Dublin; studied for congregational ministry at Highbury, London; minister of independent church in Cork, 1846-50; adopted mercantile career, 1850; liberal M.P. for Bandon, 1868-74, and for co. Cork, 1874-85; supported home rule and was chairman of Irish party, 1879-80; member of Bessborough commission, 1880; seceded from Irish party, 1881, but gave general support to William Ewart Gladstone; declared bankrupt, 1886.
  464. ^ James Shaw-Kennedy (1788-18G5). See Kennedy.
  465. ^ Charles Shaw-Lefevre, VISCOUNT EVERSLEY (1794-1888), M.A. Trinity College, Cambridge, 1819; barrister, Lincoln's Inn, 1819; M.P., Downton, 1830, for Hampshire, 1831, and for northern division of Hampshire, 1832-57; chairman of select committee on procedure, 1838; speaker of House of Commons. 1839-57, setting himself to reform procedure; created Viscount Eversley, 1857; ecclesiastical commissioner, 1869; G.C.B., 1885.
  466. ^ Sir John George Shaw-Lefevre (1797–1879), public official; brother of Sir James Shaw-Kennedy ; of Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge; senior wrangler, 1818; fellow, 1819; barrister, Inner Temple, 1825; bencher, 1860; practised as conveyancer; appointed to settle divisions of counties for purposes of Reform Act, 1832; under-secretary to Edward Smith Stanley (afterwards thirteenth earl of Derby) at colonial office, 1833; on commission which founded colony of Australia, 1834; commissioner for carrying into effect new Poor-law Amendment Act, 1834; vice-chancellor of London University, 1842-62; joint-assistant secretary to board of trade, 1841; on ecclesiastical commission, 1847; deputy-clerk of the parliaments, 1848, and clerk, 18551875; served on inquiry into Indian civil service, 1851; civil service commissioner, 1855; F.R.S., 1820: K.C.B., 1857; D.C.L. Oxford, 1858.
  467. ^ Nicholas Shaxton (I486?–1566), divine ; B.A. Cambridge, 1508; fellow of Gonville Hall, Cambridge; M.A., 1510; president of Physick's Hostel, which was attached to Gonville Hall 1512-13; university preacher, 1620; B.D., 1521; member of committee of divines who discussed question of Henry VIII's marriage with Catherine of Arragon; favoured Henry VIII's views; treasurer of Salisbury Cathedral, 1633; almoner to Anne Boleyn; canon of Westminster, 1534; bishop of Salisbury, 1535, when he acknowledged Henry VIII as supreme head of church; resigned bishopric on passing of the six articles, 1539, and was committed to custody of bishop Clerk; pardoned, 1540, but prohibited from preaching; held parochial charge at Hudleigh, whence he was summoned and arraigned for heresy, 1546; was condemned to be burned, but recanted; master of St. Giles's Hospital, Norwich, 1546-7; suffragan to Thomas Thirlby, bishop of Ely, during Queen Mary's reign.
  468. ^ David Shea (1777–1886), translator; educated at Dublin i Malta; awistanU professor In oriental department of Ernst 1...:. -. !!.:.:.....; "",.: Oriental II..M Mam i..! ! i tions from oriental works.
  469. ^ Roger Hale Sheaffe (1763-1851) general: rn in I;-;,,, America: ensign, 1778; lieutanant colonel,49th foot, 1798; Great Britain, 1818; colonel, 86th foot, 1829: general,
  470. ^ Henry Sheares (1753-1798) United Irishman: brother of John Sheares; eduoatal at Trinity College, Dublin: held commission in list regiment, bot ffMhrnsll; called to bar, 1789; visited Prance with bis brother, by whom be was governed in political actions; prison. executed before Newgate Antwerp and Brussels, Md LfcvpML. uatoreal by clockwork, BS, 8m HENRY f. 1710), military engineer of Pepys; employed at Tangier, liS-84: nst Monmouth, 168*: knighted and named
  471. ^ John Sheares (1766–1798) United Irishman: brother of Henry Shearcs; B.A. Trinity Ooltefrt, Dublin, 1787; called to Irish bar, 1788; visited France and became Imbued with political principles of the revolution: barrister in Dublin: joined United irl contributed to anti-government newspaper, the Itfsstail with his brother for complicity in i found guilty of high treason and executed.