Wikipedia:WikiProject Video games/Sources

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Articles related to video games need reliable sources like any other Wikipedia article—content must be verifiable. Due to the nature of video game journalism, however, editors writing articles within the scope of this project may encounter problems finding or citing sources. This guideline aims to discuss some of the most common problem areas. None of the following directions apply in every single instance so always use reason and common sense when citing sources.

Because the fields of video game journalism, research, criticism, and commentary are relatively new compared to similar coverage of traditional media, traditional means of sourcing can be somewhat rare. In addition, the simultaneous development and expansion of Internet-based sources alongside the modern video-game scene has led to a much higher degree of exclusive online coverage than is the case with other media. These factors make the determination of reliable video-game sources a complex issue. To address this problem, this guideline provides a few general rules of thumb and presents the current consensus regarding the reliability and usability of specific video game-related sources. Any questions regarding specific sources not covered in this guideline may be directed to the talk page. Remember to search the talk page archives before starting a new topic.

Locating reliable sources[edit]

One of the first places that many editors look for video game sources is the internet. After using one of several search engines to locate information on a subject, the search results must be scrutinized for reliability. A list of sources that have been identified by the WP:VG community as reliable appears lower in this page at the Sources list. This list is neither complete nor can it be used as definitive proof regarding a listed source's reliability determination, but it provides a good rough guide on which to base the scrutiny of sources for reliability.

In order to facilitate the location and recovery of reliable sources, tools are available to filter search results to target reliable sources. Editors can use Reliable Sources for Video Games, a custom Google search engine focusing on the below-listed reliable sites and filtering out many bad or non-RS sites. A second custom Google search engine, Situational Sources for Video Games, is also available to search for reliable sources on a topic. Remember that just because a source shows up in the Reliable Sources for Video Games search engine there is no guarantee that it is reliable. Forum posts, for example, are usually non-reliable. Also, be sure to take note of the conditions and limitations required for proper use of all sources (as listed in the tables below) before relying on them. The template {{find video game sources}} also includes a link to these custom search engines.

Finally, there are a number of online tools that can be used to help determine the reliability and usability of online sources.

  • The Special:LinkSearch tool allows editors to see all places where English Wikipedia and other Wikipedias link to a specific website. This can help to show how commonly cited a source is.
  • The Special:WhatLinksHere tool allows editors to see which Wikipedia-based pages link to other Wikipedia articles. This can help to identify related articles that may demonstrate sourcing conventions for the kind of article in question. This can also aid in the location of sources listed at the WP:VG Reference Library.

Editorial discretion should promote broad coverage and reduce POV[edit]

For many of the articles under the aegis of WP:VG, sources are plentiful and easily located. Because not every source needs to be cited, editorial discretion will play a part in the exclusion of redundant and unnecessary sources. A few of the more important considerations when reviewing sources for inclusion are listed hereunder:

  • Negative as well as positive reviews - It is exceptionally rare for a video game to receive universal critical praise or condemnation. For this reason, reasonable efforts should be made to reduce undue bias by presenting both perspectives on the game. For the few cases where reception is universally slanted in one direction (either positive or negative), remember that exceptional claims require exceptional sourcing.
  • Contemporary as well as modern coverage - As a general rule, reviewers of video games are inextricably tied to their temporal vantage point and because advancements in video game technology increase by leaps and bounds every few years, it is unfair to review a game in light of the game scene 20 years later. Likewise, hindsight can lead to revisionist reviews and nostalgia may lead to unduly positive scores. An effort should be made to include contemporary coverage of games if available in order to maintain a neutral point of view untainted by modern perceptions.
  • Domestic as well as foreign coverage - Because video games are cultural artifacts, when a game comes from X country, then reviews from X country can provide cultural insight that might escape foreign reviewers. Relatedly, when a game depicts Y country or aspects of it, then reviews from Y country can provide reliable, detailed, and direct reaction to the depiction. At the same time, however, when a game comes from Z country, reviews from X and Y countries will help to reduce POV and to provide an international response thereby eliminating systemic cultural biases.
  • Metareviews as well as individual reviews - Although metareviews tend to provide an average and roughly neutral review for games, the specific views of influential and/or well-respected individual reviewers may be of equal importance and should be presented with proper attribution despite the probability of containing a POV-heavy review. Care must be taken to avoid skewing the apparent reception by presenting disproportionate numbers of positive or negative individual reviews.
  • Reviews for multiple different platforms - When video games are released on more than one platform, reviews of all different versions allow readers to gain an insight on the differing perceptions of the game within different gaming subcultures. When games are rereleased or remade for later systems, reviews of all different versions allow readers to grasp the degree to which later ports and remakes were successful in evoking the original. Efforts to report reception in a due manner can often be enhanced by using a prose format to explain why scores on one platform are lower than those of another.

The above considerations should also be taken when seeking out sources to add content such as reception sections to video game articles.

Print sources[edit]

Print sources are often difficult to locate for video game articles, however their use can in some cases improve coverage dramatically. This is especially true when it comes to providing citations for claims covering the early period (generally prior to 2000) before online sources became as established and reliable as they are in some cases today. Although it is incorrect to uncritically assume reliability for a source simply because it exists or existed in printed form, as a general rule of thumb it should be borne in mind that print sources cost money to produce and are therefore likely to make more of an effort at quality and accuracy than most low-cost fan sites. As the length of time a print source remains in continuous publication increases, the source gains in reputation, goodwill, and brand strength. This factor also tends to mean that longer-lasting and more established print sources are more likely to be accurate than brief fly-by-night operations, because readers tend to seek accuracy and evidence of readership can be found in the duration of the print source's time in print. Internationally registered periodicals (as identified by an ISSN number) are generally preferred over unregistered journals.

While there is no proscription against hard-to-access sources, the fact that print sources are more difficult to verify means that it is often a good idea to include additional web-based reliable sourcing if it is available. Editors adding print-based references should also make an effort to substantiate or at least double-check their claims if they are challenged. One of the best places to gain access to print-based video game reference material on Wikipedia is at the WP:VG reference library. Editors listed as contacts at the Reference Library have volunteered to make information from these magazines available on request and this can be used to reference claims in articles as well as to verify references and to establish notability.

Fansites[edit]

Many video games have sites devoted to them that are not affiliated with the developers or publishers. These fansites enable fans to read about and discuss the game. When checked against Wikipedia guidelines such as Wikipedia:Reliable sources#What is a reliable source?, these fansites usually do not qualify as a reliable source. They frequently have little or no editorial oversight, and may be self-published (i.e., the person hosting the website is also the one writing its content). Fact-checking is often of lesser importance than publishing the latest rumours. Quoting the rule of thumb: "...the greater the degree of scrutiny involved in checking facts, analyzing legal issues, and scrutinizing the evidence and arguments of a particular work, the more reliable it is."

Some fansites provide forum excerpts by developers from the game's forums. Favour citing the forum post itself over the fansite's article and commentary about it. When citing a forum post on a fansite's own forum, special scrutiny is advised. Make it clear that it is the post that is cited, not the thread or forum in general. Consider forum posts like journal articles, except that in this case the "journal" is unreliable (see WP:SPS), but the "article" may be, because of its author. Use real names over forum nicknames where the real name is available. An example from Supreme Commander:

Ables, Jeremy (2007-07-30). "Patch notes build 3260". Gas Powered Games. Retrieved 2007-08-06. 

Tools: {{cite web}} and {{citation}}

Video games[edit]

In articles about video games, citing the game itself is often attractive. Wikipedia favours secondary sources, and the use of primary sources should be minimised. Games are primary sources in articles about themselves. Whether it is good to use them as a source varies by perspective, subject and game. For a reader, it is usually very hard to use a video game to check facts. Provide transcripts wherever possible, and enable readers to check the facts themselves by noting which area, level or episode is cited. Using the later levels of games with a linear level progression as sources (without transcripts) should be avoided. The same applies to bonus levels or easter eggs.

It is very hard to find proper sources for sections about the plot or setting of a video game without using the game itself. In many of these sections, the game itself is used as a source, but make sure that it is not the only source. Furthermore, the kind of statements that can be backed up with a reference to the game itself is limited. For example, it is impossible to use the game itself to back up that it "... takes place in a high fantasy setting".

Statements of a technical or critical nature should never contain references to the game itself. Technical details (like the type of texture mapping used) are impossible to discern for the layperson. Using the game itself as a source for critical content is original research. Criticism should not be the editor's own, but for example a reviewer's.

However, instruction booklets, player's guides, and other game-related publications may be cited as normal.

Tools: {{cite video game}} and {{cite video}}

Review sites[edit]

The most important sources for most video game articles are the reviews of the game itself. These reviews come mostly from reliable sources (such as the ones in the list below), but be aware of less reliable reviews. Many sites allow users to submit content, like Wikipedia itself. These reviews are often not independent, and are not reliable because they have not been checked for factuality by an editor. It is also important to make a distinction between review sites, and directory listings. The latter often repeat information from press releases and the game's official website, and do not constitute a reliable source for establishing notability. Their use should be avoided in general as well.

Aggregate review sites such as Metacritic and Game Rankings are generally useful to include in the critical reception portion of a video game article, as these sites provide links to numerous reviews for a game, more than can readily be included in Wikipedia. Data from these aggregate review sites should be handled carefully. There are two primary issues with these sites. Firstly, the site webmasters are free to include or ignore any review source they choose. While these sites will typically include major English gaming review sources, they can (and do) also include less reliable sites. Secondly, the sites average the scores between reviewers without regard for the differences in the rating systems used. Furthermore, video game reviews are not meant to be used in comparison with each other. A reviewer who gave two games both a score of 90% might prefer one above the other, but this does not show in the scores. Aggregated user-submitted content (e.g. "user scores" and "user polls") available on Metacritic, Game Rankings, and other aggregators is not considered reliable because it is susceptible to vote-stacking and demographic skew, and because the general public has no proven expertise or credibility in the field.

Retailers[edit]

Retailers are only considered reliable sources for games that have already been released, and even then, only for information regarding release dates and the existence of games on a particular platform. However other secondary or primary sources should be used if available. Retailers posting future dates for games not yet released raise a red flag as to the legitimacy of the statement, and should not be used unless confirmed by a more reliable source.

Official information[edit]

In video gaming communities, the adjective "official" is often used to describe information released by the game developer. It denotes that the information is definitive, reliable and sometimes important. This is without regard to whether said information is deemed canonical.

Merely being "official" does not guarantee that information is usable under Wikipedia's editorial standards. Information deriving from official sources but published in generally unreliable ones such as blogs, fansites, or forum posts is likely unusable. Much of what is called official often stems from primary sources such as the game itself, which should largely not be used (see above). Additionally, not all reliably sourced official information merits inclusion, and in fact the bulk of the article may be unofficial. An example of this is the release date: when the official date is at 1998 according to accurate but unreliable (by Wikipedia policy standards) information, but a reliable source writes that it is 1999, Wikipedia should include the latter. Even if one has the knowledge of memory or the word of a trustworthy individual, original research is off-limits.

The crux is that "official" is not relevant to Wikipedia standards. In fan communities, all information released by the game developers is official and important. In a Wikipedia article, information released by game developers is no different from any other reliable source; in fact, it may be less reliable under possible interpretations of the policy regarding self-published or primary sources.

Interviews from any source are typically allowed as a "self-published source about self". As long as the interview's authenticity can be reasonably ascertained, we allow the developer's own words as a primary source when the claims are (1) not exceptional, and (2) about the team or individual making the claim. Greater claims require a secondary source with a reputation for editorial quality. Whenever possible, prefer the editorial distance of a reliable, secondary source over a primary source interview.

Sourcing style[edit]

Main articles: MOS:TITLE and MOS:ITALICS

When citing a print magazine, the name of the magazine should be written in italics. Likewise for the video games themselves. The usage of italics for an online source depends on the nature of its content, and is detailed in the Manual of Style. When citing a particular article published by a magazine or website, or when citing a chapter within a video game, the title should be surrounded by quotes. The various citation sub-templates of {{cite}} handle this sort of thing for you automatically.

Review table[edit]

A review table exists to list several game reviews in a conveniently readable format. Game publications are specified using short alphanumeric codes that make managing lists easier.

List[edit]

It is often difficult to gauge whether a source is reliable or not in the area of video gaming. The following is a list of sources that have been established as reliable in the field of video gaming per past consensus. Please bring up all new additions on the talk page before posting them below.

A Google Custom Search engine is available at https://www.google.com/cse/home?cx=003516479746865699832:leawcwkqifq for Google-based searches of only the reliable source websites listed on this page. A second Google Custom Search engine available at https://www.google.com/cse/home?cx=003516479746865699832:qdq1uk9p1ua can be used to search through the situational source websites listed on this page. Remember to examine the limitations listed for each situational source in the tables below.

Note: "Media" refers to the publication's principal means of content delivery.

Reliable sources[edit]

General gaming[edit]

Name Media Dates Type Notes and limitations Owner Quick links
Ars Technica online 1998– news, reviews Condé Nast G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Blue's News online UGO Networks G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Destructoid online 2006– Multi-author blog site, "community blogging" Like other blog sites, some content may be reliable, but only if the author can be established as such. ModernMethod/Destructoid LLC G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Edge (UK) print, online 1993– features, news, reviews Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Electronic Gaming Monthly (US) print, online 1989– console gaming (1989–2009) Came back in 2010 Ziff Davis; part of 1UP.com Network (1989-2009); EGM Media, LLC (2010-) G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
The Escapist online 2005– Features, news, reviews Defy Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Eurogamer online 1999– features, news, reviews Includes USGamer.net Eurogamer Network G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Game Informer print, online 1991– features, news, reviews GameStop G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Gameplanet online 2000– features, news, reviews G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Game Revolution online 1996– features, news, reviews Site has been cited by numerous scholarly works. AtomicOnline G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
GamesMaster (UK, PH) print 1993– features, news, reviews Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
GameSpot online 1996– news, features, reviews Ensure that the content is staff authored, not user generated. Older reviews and reviews by freelancers may look as though they are by "members" and not "staff" - this is misleading, all their main reviews are by staff, user generated content are marked in the URL as "user-reviews". Their database is shared by GameFAQs which is unreliable. CBS Corporation > CBS Interactive G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
GamesRadar online 2005– features, news, reviews As of 2015, this is Future Publishing main web portal, succeeding http://computerandvideogames.com, http://edge-online.com & http://totalxbox.com (See 1) Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
GamesTM print 2002– news, reviews, features UK print magazine. DE, NL and BE versions available. Imagine Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
GameZone (US, DE) online 1994– features, news, reviews Recommended as an objective and reliable gaming site in books, and referenced for several of its articles in various books and scholarly works. (See 1) G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Gematsu online news Specializes in Japanese video game news. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Good Game online 2006– Australian TV show which reviews video games, and has informative out-of-universe retrospective segments. Website comprehensive Australian Broadcasting Corporation G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Hardcore Gamer print, online 2005– DoubleJump Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
IGN (US, AU, UK) online 1996– features, news, reviews Shared database with GameSpy.
Make sure news items are not user-submitted info or blog postings; blog postings from site staff are most likely acceptable.
J2 Global > Ziff Davis G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Kill Screen print, online features, news, reviews Scores from reviews not recommended to use. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Kotaku online 2004– features, news, reviews, blog News posts after 2010 are considered reliable. (See 1) Editors are cautioned of blog/geeky posts that have little news or reporting significance. Univision Communications
Allure Media (AU)
Future Publishing (UK)
G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Polygon online 2012– news, features, reviews Includes The Verge. Vox Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Siliconera online niche-market blog Specializes in niche-market and Japanese video games. Curse, Inc. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Shacknews online 1996– features, news, reviews Full-time staff and editorial processes. about Gamerhub G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
SKOAR! (IN) print 2003– Spinoff from technology magazine, Digit. Owned by 9.9 Mediaworx G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Stratos Group online Acknowledged industry experts. (See 1) Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Technology Tell online features, news, reviews Formerly Gamer Tell. NAPCO Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
VentureBeat online 2006– features, news, reviews Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
VG247 online 2008– features, news Operated by industry veteran Patrick Garett as part of a collaboration with Eurogamer. Won best gaming blog at the Games Media Awards 2009. Patrick Garett G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
VideoGamer.com online 2004– Provides content for Virgin Media.[1] Full-time staff includes industry veterans.[2][3] Candy Banana G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Wired online 1993– features, news Condé Nast Publications G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS

Foreign language[edit]

Name Media Dates Type Lang Notes and limitations Owner Quick links
4Gamer.net (JP) online 2000– JN Appears as if they copied IGN's site design. Published by aetas. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Absolute Games (RU) online RU G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Comptiq / MeadiaMixx Gaming Magazine (JP) print, online 1983– JN Older issues deal with computers in general as the magazine transitioned to computer/video gaming. As of September 2003 the print magazine is known as MeadiaMixx Gaming Magazine. Published by Kadokawa Shoten G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Dengeki (JP) print, online 2008– JN Published by ASCII Media Works G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Famitsu (JP) print, online 1986– JN Includes several spin-off publications dealing with specific platforms. Published by Enterbrain G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Impress Watch (JP) online JN Owned by Impress Group G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
ITmedia (JP) online JN Owned by ITmedia G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
JeuxVideo.com (fr) (FR) online news, reviews, etc. FR Webedia (fr) G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Media Create (JP) print, online rankings, analysis, trends, etc. JN When citing their ranking page use Webcitation or another instant archiving resource as their pages change weekly and are not archived.
Some of their older English and Japanese pages are archived.
Media Create Co. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Power Unlimited (NL) print, online 1993– NL Reshift Digital G·N·B·S·RS·Talk

Games industry-related/academic/other[edit]

Name Media Dates Type Notes and limitations Owner Quick links
Chart-Track online 1996– Monitors sales of software for the UK, Ireland and Denmark. Controlled by research institute GfK.[4][5] G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Develop (UK) online Developer news, opinions, analysis, etc. NewBay Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
ELSPA online Sales and ratings organization for Europe. Includes Famitsu (Japan) sales, ranging from 2005 to 2008.[6] G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Gamasutra online 1997– Focus on video game development, for video game developers. United Business Media; sister publication to Game Developer magazine G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
GamesIndustry.biz online News, features, market and industry info Sister site of Eurogamer Eurogamer Network G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Game Studies online peer-reviewed, scholarly journal Has a Board of reviewers from academic institutes, a team of editors, and is listed on the Directory of Open Access Journals. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Market for Home Computing and Video Games (UK) print, online 1998– Industry news, for industry insiders Better known as MCV. Partnership with Famitsu.[7] NewBay Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
The MagicBox online Translates industry news and sales figures, notably Famitsu and Media Create Also combines sales figures from sources for yearly figures (nothing we can't do per WP:CALC) WP:RS/N Independant

Platform-specific[edit]

Name Media Dates Type Notes and limitations Owner Quick links
AMIGA Magazine RACK print, online Amiga gaming Use {{Cite journal}} when citing anything from a magazine page and do not directly link the site with the url parameter. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
GameStar (DE, HU, CZ, IT, CN) print 1997– PC gaming Sister magazine of GamePro. IDG Entertainment G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Inside Mac Games online 1993– macintosh gaming site Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Killer List of Videogames online 1991– Arcade games Has been cited and mentioned in several publications: magzines, websites, and books International Arcade Museum G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
NF Magazine online magazine 2013– news, features, reviews NF Publishing, LLC G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Nintendo Life online 2006– Nintendo Factual information (especially release dates); for editorial content, author reliability is needed. Director Damien McFerran has also written for Eurogamer, Retro Gamer, Games TM and others. Nlife Ltd. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Nintendo World Report online news, features, reviews Formerly known as Planet GameCube. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Official PlayStation Magazine (US, UK) print PlayStation Various magazines bore this title at different times. Various. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Official Xbox Magazine (US, UK) print 2001– Xbox, Xbox 360 Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
PC Gamer (UK, US) print 1993– PC gaming Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
PC PowerPlay (AU) print 1996– PC gaming Next Media Pty Ltd G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
PlayStation Blog online (US/EU) 2007– PlayStation, blog Newsblog, with posts mostly from 3rd-party dev studios including announcements, interviews and previews alongside 1st-party SCE Worldwide Studios devs. Sony Computer Entertainment G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Rock, Paper, Shotgun online 2007– PC gaming site, blog Blog-style website run by four experienced UK games journalists: Jim Rossignol, Kieron Gillen, John Walker and Alec Meer Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Sega Saturn Magazine print 1994– Sega Saturn Successor to Sega Magazine, 1 EMAP G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Slide to Play (SlideToPlay.com) online iOS gaming site Targets iOS games. See reliability discussion here Independent
Touch Arcade online 2008- mobile game news G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS

Genre-specific[edit]

Name Media Dates Type Notes and limitations Owner Quick links
Adventure Gamers online 1998– Adventure games Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Just Adventure online 1997– Adventure games (mostly) The site and its staff have been cited in numerous publications and have been the subject of multiple interviews by online gaming news sites with several of its members receiving prestigious awards for their work. (See 1) Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
RPGamer online 1995– Role-playing games Part of the CraveOnline Gaming Channel G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Wargamer.com online 1995– Wargames (strategy and tactics) Fairly rigorous editorial process,[8] staffed by experts on war-related and editorial fields,[9][10] and received several accolades from established sites.[11][12] Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS

General computing[edit]

Name Media Dates Type Notes and limitations Owner Quick links
CNET online 1994– features, news, reviews CBS Corporation/CBS Interactive G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Mac|Life / MacAddict (US) print 1996– Macintosh Formerly a part of CD-ROM Today, along with boot (now Maximum PC). Future US G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Macworld (US, CA, AU) print 1984–2014 Macintosh International Data Group; formerly in partnership with Ziff-Davis G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Maximum PC / boot (US) print 1996– Windows Formerly a part of CD-ROM Today, along with MacAddict (now Mac|Life). Future US G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
PC Format (UK) print 1991– Windows Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
RedBull Games online Multi-platform RedBull G·N·B·S·RS·Talk

Aggregate sites[edit]

Name Media Dates Type Notes and limitations Owner Quick links
GameRankings online 1999– Aggregate review scores Only counts sites which produce a stipulated minimum volume of output.[13] Do not use their release dates as they take them from GameFAQs. CBS Corporation > CBS Interactive G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Metacritic online 1999– Aggregate review scores Lowers scores of sites it deems "unreliable".[14] CBS Corporation > CBS Interactive G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS

Defunct[edit]

Name Media Dates Type Notes and limitations Owner Quick links
1UP.com online 2003–2013 features, news, reviews Formerly EGM online site, merged with UGO in 2009.[15] UGO Networks G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
allgame online 1998–2014 credits, summaries, synopses An extension of Allmusic by the same company to video games. Provides IMDb-like details for game credits and useful as a source for those within articles. All Media Network (formerly Macrovision) G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Andriasang online 2008–2012 features, news Focused on the Japanese video games industry, contains weekly updates from Famitsu, Dengeki, Jump and other Japanese Magazines. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
CVG Presents / Computer and Video Games (UK) print 2008–2009 / 1981–2004 Multi-platform The print version of this magazine was suspended for a while and reappeared in a bi-monthly form (CVG Presents) focusing each issue on the life history of a single games franchise. Ceased publication sometime during 2009. Website is a separate entity and unaffected by changes.
CVG (1981–2004), CVG Presents (2008–2009)
EMAP, Dennis Publishing, Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
ComputerAndVideoGames.com (UK) online 1999–2015 Multi-platform Website version of Computer and Video Games that lasted for several years after the magazine. EMAP, Dennis Publishing, Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Computer Games Magazine / Computer Games Strategy Plus / Strategy Plus (US) print 1988–2007 Multi-platform Currently in hiatus. May make a reappearance at some time in the future. Theglobe.com G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Computer Gaming World / Games for Windows (US, CA) print 1981–2006 / 2006–2008 PC games, later Windows games Ziff-Davis, later in partnership with Microsoft. Staff integrated into 1UP.com. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
EGM2 / Expert Gamer / GameNOW (US) print 1994–1998 / 1998–2001 / 2001–2004 Tips, tricks & guides. Affiliated with Electronic Gaming Monthly. Sendai Publishing, Ziff-Davis G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
FiringSquad online 1998–2013 Started by Dennis Fong aka "Thresh". The site's various articles has been cited in many publications and scholarly works. Passed FAC for Giants: Citizen Kabuto, Midtown Madness. FS Media Inc. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
GameDaily online 1995–2011 features, news, reviews AOL G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
GameFan / Diehard GameFan Magazine (US, CA) print 1992–2000 Imports and anime. DieHard Gamers Club, Metropolis Media, Shinno Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
GamePro (US) print, online 1989–2011 console gaming Sister magazine to GameStar. IDG Entertainment G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
GameTrailers online 2002–2016 hosting, reviews, video news Make sure that you are not sourcing fanmade material. Previously owned by Viacom. Defy Media, archives hosted by IGN from May 2016 onward. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
GamerBytes online 2006–2011 Gaming commentary for online marketplace games Covers online marketplace games such as WiiWare, Xbox Live Arcade, and PlayStation Network. Merged into Gamasutra. (See 1) Gamasutra G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
GameSetWatch online  ?–2011 Gaming commentary Material is generally stuff that has already been published at Gamasutra but will often contain features that are published on its site before it reaches Gamasutra. (See 1) Sister site of Gamasutra, Think Services G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
GameSpy online 1996–2013 features, news, reviews Shared database with IGN. IGN G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
HookShot Inc. online  ?–2013 Downloadable games under $15 Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
IndustryGamers online 2010–2012 features, news, reviews Acquired by Gamesindustry.biz Independently owned G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Joystiq online 2004–2015 multi-author blog AOL property with salaried staff. GameDaily was merged with Joystiq following the former's closure. Closed in 2015, a cut down version was merged into Engadget. AOL > Weblogs, Inc. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
MMO Games Magazine / Massive Magazine (US) print 2006–2007 MMO gaming Sister publication to Computer Games Magazine. Theglobe.com G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Music4Games online 1999–2009 Focus on video game music, music industry, etc. Established editorial policies, major supporter/media partner of GDC and trade shows. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Next Generation Magazine (UK) print 1995–2002 Games, games industry. Affiliated with Edge. Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
NGC Magazine / N64 Magazine (UK) print 2001–2006 / 1997–2001 Nintendo 64, GameCube Successor to Super Play. Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
NGamer / Nintendo Gamer (UK) print 2006–2012 Nintendo Successor to NGC Magazine. Formally known as NGamer. Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Nintendo Power (US) print 1988–2012 Nintendo Published by Nintendo before 2007. Future US G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Official Dreamcast Magazine (UK) print 1999–2001 Sega Dreamcast Dennis Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Official Dreamcast Magazine (US) print 1999–2001 Sega Dreamcast Imagine Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
PALGN online 2003–2014 news and reviews Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
PC Zone (UK) print 1993–2010 PC gaming Charlie Brooker and Stuart Campbell have previously written for the magazine. Originally published by Dennis Publishing. Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Penny Arcade Report online 2012–2013 news, features, reviews Full-time staff and editorial processes. about Penny Arcade G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Play (US magazine) print, online 2001–2010 Multi-format games magazine founded and edited by Dave Halverson, formerly of GameFan. Not to be confused with Play (UK magazine), a PlayStation magazine. Fusion Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Pocket Gamer (US, CA) print 2000–? Handheld games Imagine Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
RPG Vault online 1996–2009 Role-playing games J2 Global > Ziff Davis G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Sports Gaming Network online  ?–2006 Sports games. The site has been cited in several publications and scholarly works. (See 1) G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Strategy Gaming Online online  ?–2011 Strategy games Defunct UGO Network G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
UGO Networks online 1997–2013 features, news Operate a host of related networked gaming sites. Hearst Corporation G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Voodoo Extreme online  ?–2003 J2 Global > Ziff Davis G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
WorldsInMotion online (archived) 2007–2012 Merged with Gamasutra as of 2012. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
X-Play (US) television, online 1998–2013 features, news, reviews G4 G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Amiga Power (UK) print 1991–1996 Amiga Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Amstrad Action (UK) print 1985–1995 Amstrad CPC Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
CRASH (UK) print 1984–1992 ZX Spectrum Newsfield Publications Ltd G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Dragon (US) print 1976–1997 (See 1) ZX Spectrum TSR / WotC / Paizo G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Game Developer (US) print 1994–2013 Focus on video game development CMP Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Mean Machines (UK) print 1990–1992 Multi-platform Offshoot of Computer and Video Games. EMAP G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
MEGA (UK) print 1992–1995 Sega MegaDrive Future Publishing, Maverick Magazines G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Official Nintendo Magazine (UK) print, limited online 2006–2014 Nintendo EMAP, Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Play Time (magazine) (de) (DE) print 1991–1995 Multi-platform G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Sinclair User (UK) print 1982–1993 ZX Spectrum EMAP G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Super Play (UK) print 1992–1996 Super Nintendo Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
TeamXbox online (archived) 2000–2012 Xbox, Xbox 360 J2 Global > Ziff Davis G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Your Sinclair (UK) print 1984–1993 ZX Spectrum Dennis Publishing, Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk

Situational sources[edit]

Name Media Dates Type Notes and limitations Owner Quick links
About.com online 1997– encyclopedia This site should generally be used for its sources rather than for its content. Use of this site's content is restricted to signed post-2005 content depending on the reliability of the individual author, and specifically barring its use for fringe theories and BLPs. Articles sourced to Wikipedia are also to be excluded. IAC G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Forbes online, print 1917– News magazine, "contributor" content Forbes publishes content from salaried Forbes staff, and a vetted community of non-salaried Forbes contributors. Articles written by Forbes staff are reliable. Articles written by Forbes contributors do not have the same editorial oversight and may not be reliable. Editors are encouraged to find alternatives to contributor pieces. Forbes G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Giant Bomb online 2008– news, features, reviews, wiki Reliable for reviews and news content submitted in the site's blog by the site's own editorial staff. Do not use the user contributed content from the site's article/database section for citations. CBS Corporation > CBS Interactive G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Hardcore Gaming 101 online Video game articles Reliability should be based on author. Content by writers like Retro Gamer's John Szczepaniak or Hardcore Gaming 101 head editor and Gamasutra author Kurt Kalata are reliable. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
The Jimquisition online blog Use should be restricted to opinions only. Editorial policy/team not present. One man operation by Jim Sterling. This site cannot be used to demonstrate notability. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Major League Gaming (MLGPro) online 2002– Primary site for Major League Gaming, an electronic sports league As a primary source this can be used to verify contest results and other information directly related to MLG, but cannot be used to establish notability. Competition web site G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Major Nelson's Blog online Updates on Xbox Live content and performance, blog Should only be used for specific data on Xbox usage/download statistics, or for lack of any other corroborating sources on downloadable content/demo release dates. Replace if possible. Self-published by Larry Hryb in a semi-professional manner. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
The Mary Sue online news, features, reviews Blog and original reporting focusing on women in "geek culture". Original reporting is reliable and original blogging may be appropriate for editorial/opinions, but reblogged content is not. (See discussion.) Abrams Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
ScrewAttack online 2006– Production studio Use of this source should be restricted to opinion and interviews. Factual claims should not be cited to this source. The user blog portion of this source should not be cited. Independent > Fullscreen G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Video Game Music Online (vgmonline.net) / Square Enix Music Archive online / online Video game music news, composer interviews, CD and concert reviews and reports All content by the site staff (except for composer biographies) is considered reliable. Previously known as Square Enix Music Online. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
TheMushroomKingdom online Information Database Factual source only about Mario-related information exclusively Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Twin Galaxies online 1981– Information database TG is one of the first authorities on video game record-setting (mainly score attack), having endured a hiatus and change of ownership with a new site. For modern records and for speed runs, consider Speed Demos Archive and Guinness. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Xbox.com online Xbox official site May not be appropriate for reviews, since it's owned by a game publisher. Microsoft G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
XBLA Fans online News blog, reviews, interviews Authors listed in the collaboration with Gamesauce (print magazine)[16] may be used. Other authors must be proven reliable on a per-case basis. Gorilla Networks LLC G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS

Defunct[edit]

Name Media Dates Type Notes and limitations Owner Quick links
Yahoo! Voices / Associated Content online (blacklisted) 2005–2014 While content by reliable authors could be published there, it is highly unlikely. (See 1) G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Bitmob online Multi-author blog Content from the site's staff are approved sources given their collective industry experience. Articles where the author is listed as "Community Writer" are not to be used. Bitmob Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Crispy Gamer online 2008–2010 Multi-author blog Authorship was composed of several independent games journalist, some with a strong history in gaming journalism, working together as a "Game Trust". Reliability should be based on author. (defunct) Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Deaf Gamers online Video game reviews for the hearing imparied Reliable with regard to accessibility issues related to video games. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Jay Is Games online 2003–2016 blog Use of this site should be restricted to casual games and only if the review is written by Jay Bibby. This site cannot be used to demonstrate notability. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
MTV Multiplayer online news, features, reviews Blog-style game reporting from MTV editors. May need to demonstrate reliability of individual authors. MTV Networks G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Offworld online –2016 Blog Original incarnation (2008-2009) primarily by Brandon Boyer.
Relaunched in 2015 by Leigh Alexander(Gamasutra,Kotaku) and Laura Hudson (Wired).
Boing Boing, Happy Mutants LLC G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
The Adrenaline Vault online Recently-resurrected former premier site. Now run by volunteers. May need to demonstrate reliability of author. about G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
WomenGamers.com online A blog; use of this site should be carefully considered. Often, it is best to demonstrate the reliability of the individual authors sourced. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS

Unreliable sources[edit]

Sources in the following list should be not be used and replaced if possible; however, these sources may be useful in finding reference to other, more useful and reliable sources.

Name Media Dates Type Notes and limitations Owner Quick links
Eventhubs online Hobbyist site for fighting games Has no editorial policies or ethics page, accepts usergenerated submissions, no credentials for writers Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Everything2 online 1998– User-contributed encyclopedia Relies on user-submitted content. Blockstackers Intergalactic G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Game Boyz online Defunct. Reviews Has no editorial policies Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Game Interface online Defunct. Reviews Has no editorial policies Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
GameClassification.com online Game synopses Relies on user-submitted content. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
GameFAQs online 1995– Walkthroughs, cheats and release dates Relies on user-submitted content with no apparent editorial oversight. CBS Interactive G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Gaming on Linux online Hobbyist site. No editorial oversight Has no editorial policies Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Google online 1998– Search engine Search engines are not considered reliable sources. Alphabet Inc G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
GosuGamers online News No editorial oversight. Indepenedent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Mana Pool online 2010– Reviews Has no editorial policies Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
MobyGames online 1999– Game synopses, credits and aggregate review scores Relies on user-submitted content. While it demands reliable sources for all contributions and all contributed information undergoes scrutiny by experienced users before publication, its info has been shown to be often erroneous and the sources provided by contributors are not publicly displayed. Blue Flame Labs G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Mod DB online 2002– Mod hosting, news and reviews Has no editorial policies, so can only be used as a primary source for factual information about mods—by mod developers—where the same information cannot otherwise be retrieved from game documentation, developer websites, etc. DesuraNet G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
N4G online News and reviews Relies on user-submitted content. Havamedia G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
N-Sider online 1999– News, reviews and features Demoted for inaccurate articles and deliberate misinformation to pass off speculation as fact (See 1). Also applies to IGN content contributed to by N-Sider ([17][18][19][20][21][22][23]). Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
TopTenReviews online Aggregate review scores Writes reviews to boost game sales. TechMediaNetwork G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
VGChartz online 2005– Sales figures (US, Japan and Europe) While referenced in reliable sources, the site estimates and adjusts numbers without source referral (method analysis). Replace with NPD Group or Enterbrain numbers for US and Japan, respectively. Relevant discussions 1, 2, and 3. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
VGReleases.com online News and release dates Relies on user-submitted content. Havamedia G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Wikia online 2004– User-contributed encyclopedia Wikia is expressly prohibited as a self-published source, as it is not known for fact checking or accuracy, and its content can wildly change at any time. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Wikipedia online 2001– User-contributed encyclopedia Wikipedia is expressly prohibited as a self-published source, as it is not known for fact checking or accuracy, and its content can wildly change at any time. Wikimedia Foundation G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS
Other various Wikis online User-contributed Wiki websites such as StrategyWiki and Bulbapedia can be openly edited by anyone, and they do not have sufficient fact checking or editorial oversight in place. Some wikis can wildly change at any time.
YouTube online 2005– User-contributed Many videos will fail WP:USERG or WP:COPYVIO. However, official accounts secured by reliable source websites (such as IGN) or specific developers/publishers are still usable. See also WP:YOUTUBE. Google G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS

Checklist[edit]

This is a checklist/index of past discussions. Sources with green checkmarks () are currently considered to meet reliability requirements; sources with red Xs () are currently considered unreliable; sources with orange exclamation marks (!!!) are currently "situational" and may not be used in every circumstance (see the individual notes, above). Other sources have not been discussed at sufficient length to achieve consensus. Remember that consensus can change, so sites listed here may be upgraded or downgraded based on further discussion.

Discussions should be linked to if they exist. If a discussion link does not exist and you'd like confirmation regarding a source's reliability, please start a discussion on the Talk page. If you know of a source that is not listed, please add it, but forbear adding checkmarks until consensus regarding the source's reliability has been achieved.

  • 148Apps 1, 2
  • 1UP.com 1, 2
  • 3D Juegos (Spain) 1, 2
  • 4gamer.net (Japan) 1
  • 576 Konzol (Hungary) 1, 2
  • Abandonia Reloaded 1, 2
  • About.com !!! 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14
  • Absolute Games (AG.ru) (Russia) 1
  • AceGamez 1
  • ActionTrip 1, 2
  • Adrenaline Vault, The (AVault) !!! 1, 2
  • Adventure Classic Gaming 1
  • Adventure Gamers 1, 2
  • All Game Guide (allgame) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
  • All In 1
  • AllRPG 1, 2
  • Altered Gamer 1
  • AMIGA Magazine RACK 1, 2, 3
  • Amiga Power 1
  • Amstrad Action 1
  • Andriasang 1
  • Android Headlines 1
  • Android Police 1
  • Angry Video Game Nerd (AVGN, cinemassacre.com) 1, 2, 3
  • Animetric 1, 2
  • App Spy (AppSpy.com) 1, 2
  • Arcade History (arcade-history.com) 1, 2
  • Armchair Empire, The 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Armed Gamer 1
  • Ars Technica 1, 2
  • Associated Content/Yahoo! Voices !!! 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • AtariAge.com (website) 1, 2
  • Atari Gaming Headquarters (Atari HQ) 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Atari User 1, 2
  • AudioGames.net 1
  • AV Club, The 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • BBGSite.com 1
  • Big Download 1
  • Bitmob !!! 1
  • Bit-Tech 1
  • Blistered Thumbs 1
  • Blue's News 1
  • browser1.de 1
  • CD-Action (Poland) 1, 2
  • CG Magazine 1
  • Chart-Track 1
  • Cheat Code Central 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Cinema Blend (CinemaBlend) 1, 2, 3
  • Cincinnati Enquirer 1, 2
  • CinnamonPirate.com 1
  • Click! 1, 2
  • CNET 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • Collective, The (BBC) 1
  • Coming Soon (Magazine) 1, 2
  • Commodore User 1
  • Complex 1, 2, 3
  • Comptiq (Japan) 1
  • Computer and Video Games (CVG) 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Computer Games (Magazine) (Romania, USA) 1
  • Computer Gaming World (CGW) 1
  • Console Obsession 1
  • contactmusic.com 1
  • CPU Gamer (2404.org PC Gaming) 1
  • Crash! 1
  • Crispy Gamer !!! 1
  • Cubed3 !!! 1, 2, 3, 4
  • CVGames 1
  • Da Gameboyz 1
  • DarkZero 1
  • Deaf Gamers !!! 1, 2, 3
  • Deeko 1
  • Defunct Games 1, 2
  • Dengeki.com (Japan) 1
  • Destructoid 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Detroit Free Press (Freep) 1
  • Develop 1
  • DevMaster.net 1
  • Digital Press - Classic Video Games 1
  • Digital Something 1
  • Digital Spy 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
  • Digital Trends - 1
  • Dorkly 1
  • Dragon 1, 2, 3
  • DreamStation.cc 1
  • Droid Gamers 1
  • DualShockers.com 1, 2, 3
  • E-Sports Earnings 1
  • Edge 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Electric Playground 1
  • Electronic Gaming Monthly (EGM) 1, 2, 3, 4
  • ElectronicTheatere 1
  • Eludamos 1, 2
  • Engadget 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • Entertainment and Leisure Software Publishers Association (ELSPA) 1
  • Entertainment Weekly 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • Escapist, The 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Esports Heaven 1
  • Esports Observer 1
  • ESRB 1, 2
  • Eurogamer (Germany, UK) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
  • Everything2.com 1
  • Examiner.com 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • Expert Gamer 1
  • Extra Credits 1
  • Famitsu (Japan) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • FHM (Magazine) 1, 2
  • FileFactory Games / Gameworld Network 1, 2, 3, 4
  • FiringSquad 1
  • FOK!games (Netherlands) 1
  • Fragland.net 1
  • G4mers 1
  • G4 TV: The Electric Playground 1
  • G4 TV: X-Play 1, 2, 3
  • galaxy-news.net 1
  • Gamasutra 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Gambler (Poland) 1, 2
  • GameAlmighty.com 1
  • Game Arena 1
  • GameBanshee 1, 2
  • GameBreaker 1
  • Game Chronicles 1
  • Game Classification 1, 2
  • Gamecorner.pl 1, 2
  • GameDaily 1, 2, 3
  • Game Developer 1
  • GameDevResearch 1, 2
  • Game.EXE (Russia) 1
  • GameFan (Magazine) (Die Hard GameFAN) 1, 2
  • GameFAQs 1, 2, 3
  • GameGirl.com 1
  • GameHall 1, 2
  • Game industry News (GiN) 1
  • Game Informer (Magazine) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • GameNOW 1
  • Gameological Society, The 1
  • Gameplanet 1, 2
  • GamePlasma 1
  • Gameplay (Russia, Poland) 1, 2
  • Gameplay Monthly 1
  • GamePolitics.com 1, 2, 3
  • GamePro (Australia, Germany, USA) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • GameProFamily.com 1
  • Gamer (Netherlands) 1, 2, 3, 4
  • GameRankings 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • Game Rant 1, 2
  • Gamerbytes 1, 2
  • GamerDad 1
  • Gamereactor 1
  • Game Reactor (Denmark, Finland, Sweden) 1
  • Game Revolution 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • GamerHelp.com 1
  • Gamernode 1
  • Gamers' Temple 1
  • GamersHell 1
  • GamersInfo 1, 2
  • GamersReports 1
  • Gamers' Temple, The 1
  • Gamertell 1, 2
  • Gamervision 1
  • Games.net 1
  • Games32 1
  • GamesAreFun.com (GAF) 1
  • Games Asylum 1, 2
  • GameSetWatch 1
  • GamesFirst! 1, 2, 3
  • Games for Windows (GFW) 1
  • GameShark 1, 2
  • GamesIndustry.biz 1, 2, 3
  • GameSkinny 1
  • GameSlant 1
  • GamesMaster 1
  • GameSnob 1
  • GameSpot (Belgium, China, Netherlands, UK, USA) !!! 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15
  • GameSpy 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Games Radar 1, 2
  • GameStar (Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, USA) 1
  • GameStats 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • GamesTM (Belgium, Germany, Netherlands, UK, USA) 1, 2
  • Game Studies 1, 2
  • Gamestyle (Germany, USA) 1, 2
  • GameTab 1, 2, 3
  • Game Tap 1, 2
  • GameTrailers 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Game Tunnel 1, 2
  • Game World Navigator (Навигатор игрового мира, Russia) 1
  • GameZebo 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Game Zero 1
  • Gamezilla 1, 2
  • GameZone (Germany, USA) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • Gaminator (Poland) 1, 2
  • Gaming Age !!! 1, 2, 3
  • Gaming Nexus 1, 2
  • Gaming on Linux 1
  • Gaming Target 1
  • GamingUnion.net 1, 2
  • GamingXP 1
  • Gamnesia/ZeldaInformer !!! 1
  • Gaygamer.net 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • Gematsu 1, 2, 3
  • Gery Gry 1, 2
  • Giant Bomb !!! 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • Gildia Gier Komputerowych (Poland) 1, 2
  • God Is a Geek 1
  • GoNintendo 1
  • Good Game 1
  • Google 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • GotGame 1
  • Great Games Experiment 1, 2
  • Green Pixels 1, 2
  • Gry Mocny (Poland) 1, 2
  • Gry Onet (Poland) 1, 2
  • Gry OnLine (Poland) 1, 2
  • Gry PC (Poland) 1, 2
  • Hardcore Gamer (Magazine) 1
  • Hardcore Gaming 101 !!! 1, 2
  • HarryBalls.com 1
  • HLTV 1
  • Home of the Underdogs 1, 2
  • HonestGamers !!! 1
  • HookShot Inc. 1
  • IGN (Australia, UK, USA) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13
  • Igromania (Игромания, Russia) 1
  • Imperium Gier (Poland) 1, 2
  • Impress Watch (Japan) 1
  • IndieGames.com 1, 2
  • Indie Game Magazine 1
  • IndustryGamers 1
  • Insert Credit 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Inside Gaming Daily 1
  • Inside Gaming Source, The (TIGSource) 1
  • Inside Mac Games (IMG) 1
  • Internet Games Archive 1
  • Internet Movie Database (IMDB) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25
  • ITmedia (Japan) 1
  • JayIsGames !!! 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • Jeuxvideo.com (France) 1, 2
  • Jimquistion, The !!! 1
  • JoyStik 1, 2
  • Joystiq !!! 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Just Adventure 1
  • Just RPG 1, 2
  • Kikizo Games 1
  • Kill Screen 1, 2
  • Killer List of Video Games (KLOV) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
  • Kombo.com 1, 2
  • Komputer Świat GRY (Poland) 1, 2
  • Kotaku 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • Lazygamer 1
  • Legends of Localization 1
  • LoL Esports 1
  • Lost Garden 1
  • LudoScience 1, 2
  • MacAddict 1
  • MacLife 1
  • Macworld 1, 2
  • Magic Box, The 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Major League Gaming (MLGPro) !!! 1, 2
  • Major Nelson's Blog !!! 1
  • MAN!AC 1
  • Mania/AnimeOnDVD.com 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Market for Home Computing and Video Games (MCV) 1
  • Mary Sue, The !!! 1, 2
  • Massively 1, 2, 3
  • Massive (Magazine) 1
  • Maxim 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • Maximum PC 1
  • Mean Machines 1, 2, 3
  • Media Cows, The 1
  • Media Create (Japan) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • MEGA 1
  • Megami (Magazine) (Japan) 1
  • Melee It on Me 1
  • Meristation (Spain) 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Metacritic 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • Miasto Gier 1, 2
  • MMOABC 1
  • MMO Games (Magazine) 1
  • MMOGChart.com 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • MMO Hub 1, 2
  • MMOHut 1, 2, 3
  • MMORPG.com 1
  • MMOs.com 1
  • MMOsite.com 1, 2
  • MobyGames 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Mod DB 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • MTV Multiplayer !!! 1, 2
  • Multi-Player Online Gaming Directory (MPOGD.com) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • Music4Games 1
  • My Nintendo News 1
  • N4G 1, 2, 3
  • N64 Magazine 1
  • NeoGAF 1
  • Neoseeker 1, 2
  • Netjak 1, 2
  • New York Times, The 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21
  • neXGam (Germany) 1
  • Next Generation (Magazine) 1, 2, 3, 4
  • NF Magazine (Nintendo Force) 1
  • NGamer 1
  • NGC (Magazine) 1
  • Niche Gamer 1
  • Nightmare Mode 1
  • NinDB 1
  • Nintendojo 1, 2
  • Nintendo Enthusiast 1
  • Nintendo Life 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Nintendo Magazine System (Australia, UK) 1, 2
  • Nintendo Power (Magazine) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
  • Nintendo World Report 1, 2, 3
  • N-Sider 1, 2
  • NTSC-uk/Bordersdown 1, 2, 3, 4
  • NZGamer 1
  • Official Dreamcast Magazine (UK, USA) 1
  • Official Nintendo Magazine/Nintendo Official Magazine (NOM) (UK, USA, Australia) 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Official PlayStation Magazine (OPM)/Playstation Magazine (PSM)/PlayStation: The Official Magazine (PTOM) (Norway, UK, USA) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • Official PlayStation 2 Magazine (Australia, Poland, UK) 1
  • Official Xbox Magazine (UK, USA) 1
  • Official Xbox 360 Magazine/Xbox 360 - Das offiziele Xbox-Magazin (Germany)
  • Offworld !!! 1
  • OMGN.com 1, 2
  • OnRPG 1
  • OuyaCentral.TV 1
  • PAL Gaming Network (PALGN) 1, 2
  • PC Arena - Game Arena 1
  • PC Format (UK) 1
  • PC Gamer (Brazil, Netherlands, Sweden, UK, USA) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • PC Games (Germany, USA) 1
  • PCGamesN 1
  • PC Magazine (PCMag.com) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • PC Player (Brazil, Denmark, Germany) 1
  • PC PowerPlay (Australia) 1, 2
  • PC World 1, 2, 3, 4
  • PC Zone (Benelux, USA) 1
  • Pelit (Finland) 1, 2, 3
  • Penny Arcade Report 1
  • PiQ 1
  • Play (Poland, UK, USA) 1, 2
  • Playr (UK) 1
  • Playstation 2 Magazine (PSM2) (UK) 1
  • Playstation 3 Magazine (PSM3) (UK) 1, 2
  • PlayStation Blog 1, 2, 3
  • Play This Thing 1, 2
  • Play Time (Germany) 1
  • play.tm (Ferrago Ltd.) 1
  • Pocket Gamer (UK, USA) 1, 2
  • Polygon 1, 2, 3
  • Power Unlimited (Netherlands) 1
  • Practical Webdesign 1
  • Przygodówki (Poland) 1, 2
  • PSPSex.Net 1
  • PSX Extreme 1
  • Rakrent/RTSC 1
  • Remeshed 1
  • Reset (Poland) 1, 2
  • Retro Gamer (UK, Italy) 1, 2
  • Retro Magazine
  • Rev3Games 1, 2
  • Reviews on the Run 1, 2
  • Rock, Paper, Shotgun 1, 2
  • RPGamer 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • RPG Codex 1
  • RPGDOT 1
  • RPGFan 1, 2, 3
  • RPG Land 1
  • RPGnet/RPG.net 1
  • RPG Vault 1
  • RPGWatch 1, 2
  • SBNation 1
  • SciFi.com 1
  • Screwattack !!! 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
  • Secret Service / New S Service (Poland) 1, 2
  • Sega-16.com 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • SegaNerds 1
  • Sega Saturn Magazine 1
  • Shacknews 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Shoryuken 1
  • Siliconera 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Sinclair User 1
  • SKOAR! (India) 1
  • Smashboards 1
  • Softonic 1
  • Softpedia !!! 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Speedrun.com 1
  • SPOnG 1, 2
  • Sports Gaming Network 1
  • Square Enix Music Online !!! 1
  • StrategyCore 1
  • Strategy Gaming Online 1
  • Strategy Informer 1, 2
  • Strategy Plus 1
  • Stratos Group 1
  • SucksOrRules.com 1
  • Suikosource.com 1
  • Super Play (UK) 1
  • Świat Gier Komputerowych (Poland) 1, 2
  • Tacticular Cancer 1
  • Tales of the Rampant Coyote 1
  • Tapscape 1
  • Tea Leaves 1, 2
  • TeamXbox 1, 2
  • Tech Crunch 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
  • TechRaptor 1
  • That Guy with the Glasses (TGWTG) 1
  • That Video Game Blog 1
  • TheMushroomKingdom !!! 1
  • TheScore 1
  • TheSixthAxis 1
  • Thunderbolt Games 1, 2
  • Time (Magazine) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Times Online 1, 2
  • Tiny Cartridge 1
  • Tom's Games 1
  • Top Secret (Poland) 1, 2
  • TopTenReviews 1, 2, 3, 4
  • TotalVideoGames (TVG) 1
  • TouchArcade 1, 2, 3
  • TwoDashStash 1
  • TV.com 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • TVTropes
  • UnderGroundOnline (UGO Networks) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • UOL Jogos (Brazil) 1, 2
  • USA Today 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • USGamer 1, 2
  • Valhalla 1, 2
  • Valkiria - Arena Gier (Poland) 1, 2
  • Vandal Online 1
  • Velikij Drakon (Великий Дракон, Russia) 1
  • VentureBeat/GamesBeat 1, 2
  • VG247 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • VGChartz 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • vgmdb.net (user-created wiki)
  • VGReleases.com 1
  • VGrevolution 1
  • Vicio Juegos 1
  • Video Game Critic, The 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Video Game PriceCharts.com 1
  • VideoGamer.com 1
  • Video Game Rebirth 1
  • Video Games Blogger (videogamesblogger.com) 1
  • VideoGames & Computer Entertainment 1
  • Virtual Console Reviews 1
  • V Jump (Japan) 1
  • Voodoo Extreme (VE3D) 1, 2
  • Warcry 1
  • Wargamer.com 1
  • Wikia 1, 2, 3
  • Wikipedia 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • Wired 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • WomenGamers.com !!! 1, 2
  • WorldsInMotion 1
  • Worth Playing 1, 2
  • XBLA Fans !!! 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Xbox.com !!! 1
  • X-Play 1, 2
  • Yahoo! Games (Spain, USA) 1
  • Your Sinclair 1
  • YouTube 1
  • ZTGameDomain (ZTGD) 1, 2, 3
  • Zzap! 64 1

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]