D. Djajakusuma(nominated by Crisco 1492) An Indonesian filmmaker who worked in a variety of genres, but specialised in realist or semi-realist films, usually with an educational message buried therein. He later promoted traditional Indonesian art forms, and is credited with saving the lenong theatre.
Caelum(nominated by StringTheory11) We are lucky to have some very good astronomy authors working on the eighty-eight constellations, mainly the ones of the southern sky at the moment. Caelum, the chisel, was introduced in the 1750s as part of the early efforts to divide up the newly documented (by Europeans) southern sky into constellations, with many implements of industry, science, and art suddenly appearing in the heavens.
Metalloid(nominated by Sandbh) This is one of those chemical terms that everyone thinks they've understood after studying it, but, as it is meant to cover things that have properties between metals and nonmetals, can actually be used to cover large swaths more than generally understood by some authors at some times. The article does a good job of explaining this ambiguity.
Sultanate of Singora(nominated by Singora) A port city in southern Thailand, founded in 1605, and destroyed in 1680, and the predecessor of the modern town of Songkhla. Founded by a Persian, Dato Mogol, flourished during the reign of his son, who declared independence from the then-rulers of Thailand, the Ayutthaya Kingdom, and was eventually crushed in the reign of Dato's grandson.
Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians(nominated by Dudley Miles) In the early 9th century, England was divided into several kingdoms, but these were almost all destroyed by the Vikings, and by the end of the century, Wessex was dominant under Alfred the Great. Æthelred cooperated with Alfred in fighting the Vikings, and accepted his lordship, an important step towards the unification of England in the 10th century.
Pather Panchali(nominated by Dwaipayan) A pioneering Bengali film from 1955 which tells the tale of a family living in poverty, the problems caused by this, and the small joys snatched anyway. Shot on a limited budget with amateur actors, it premièred at New York's Museum of Modern Art and met with an enthusiastic reception in Calcutta. It won an award at the 1956 Cannes Film Festival, and is considered a classic, appearing on numerous "best films" lists.
In the Conservatory(created by Édouard Manet, nominated by Armbrust) A beautiful, high-resolution scan of a painting by Manet considered, at the time, surprisingly conservative for him: there is no random nudity, nor any reason for it to cause a scandal. In the Conservatory depicts Manet's friends, the Guillemets, in the conservatory of the house at 70 Rue d'Amsterdam that Manet was then using as a studio. The detachment that defines the painting - husband separated from wife; foreground from background; viewer from the painting's subjects - forms the major focus of modern interpretations of the work.
An Interior(created by Mary Ellen Best, nominated by Adam Cuerden)Mary Ellen Best (1809–1891) was a female painter noted for her detailed watercolour depictions of domestic life and interiors, that serve as very useful documentation of Yorkshire life at the time. This painting shows a room that has been converted into a study, a simple scene, but beautifully realised.