Wikipedia:Wikipedia Signpost/2018-04-26/Featured content
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This Signpost "Featured content" report covers material promoted from March 2 through April 20. Text may be adapted from the respective articles and lists; see their page histories for attribution.
27 featured articles were promoted this week.
- The Avenue Range Station massacre (nominated by Peacemaker67) was the murder of at least nine Aboriginal Tanganekald people, who were shot by white settlers on the Avenue Range pastoral station in the southeast of the colony of South Australia around September 1848, during the Australian frontier wars.
- Keechaka Vadham (nominated by Ssven2) is an Indian silent film produced, directed, filmed and edited by R. Nataraja Mudaliar. Released in the late 1910s, it was the first film to have been made in South India, and was shot in five weeks at Nataraja Mudaliar's production house, India Film Company. As the members of the cast were Tamils, Keechaka Vadham is considered to be the first Tamil film. No print of it is known to have survived, making it a lost film.
- Droxford railway station (nominated by Iridescent) was a small station on the Meon Valley Railway, built to a design by T. P. Figgis and opened in 1903. It served the villages of Droxford, Soberton and Hambledon in Hampshire, England. The railway served a relatively lightly populated area, but was built to main line specifications in anticipation of it becoming a major route to Gosport. Consequently, although the station was built in an area with only five houses, it was designed with the capacity to handle 10-carriage trains. It initially proved successful both for the transport of goods and passengers, but services were reduced during the First World War and the subsequent recession, and the route suffered owing to competition from road transport.
- Ice drilling (nominated by Mike Christie) allows scientists studying glaciers and ice sheets to gain access to what is beneath the ice, to take measurements in the interior of the ice, and to retrieve samples. Instruments can be placed in the drilled holes to record temperature, pressure, speed, direction of movement, and for other scientific research, such as neutrino detection.
- Beta-Hydroxy beta-methylbutyric acid (nominated by Seppi333) is a naturally produced substance in humans that is used as a dietary supplement and as an ingredient in certain medical foods that are intended to promote wound healing and provide nutritional support for people with muscle wasting due to cancer or HIV/AIDS.
- The Hogwarts Express (Universal Orlando Resort) (nominated by Dom497) is an 1,800 mm (5 ft 10 7⁄8 in) broad gauge funicular railway, people mover, and attraction within the Universal Orlando Resortin Orlando, Florida, United States. The route runs 676 meters (2,218 ft) between Hogsmeade station in the Islands of Adventure theme park and King's Cross station in the London area of the Universal Studios Florida theme park. It provides a connection between the Diagon Alley and Hogsmeade areas which together form The Wizarding World of Harry Potter themed area, based on the Harry Potter film series. The Hogwarts Express soft-opened to the public on July 1, 2014 before officially opening seven days later along with the rest of the Diagon Alley expansion. The service was immediately popular and within one month of opening, one million journeys had been made.
- The Red-tailed tropicbird (nominated by RileyBugz) is a seabird native to tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans. One of three closely related species of tropicbird, it was described by Pieter Boddaert in 1783. Superficially resembling a tern in appearance, it has almost all-white plumage with a black mask and a red bill. The sexes have similar plumage. Adults have red tail streamers that are about twice their body length, which gives rise to its common name.
- The Sovereign (British coin) (nominated by Wehwalt) is a gold coin of the United Kingdom, with a nominal value of one pound sterling. Struck from 1817 until the present time, it was originally a circulating coin accepted in Britain and elsewhere in the world; it is now a bullion coin and is sometimes mounted in jewellery. In most recent years, it has borne the well-known design of Saint George and the Dragon on the reverse—the initials (B P) of the designer, Benedetto Pistrucci, may be seen to the right of the date.
- Jean Baptiste Point du Sable (nominated by Alanscottwalker) is regarded as the first permanent resident of what later became Chicago, Illinois, and is recognized as the "Founder of Chicago". A school, museum, harbor, park, and bridge have been named in his honor. The site where he settled near the mouth of the Chicago River around the 1780s is identified as a National Historic Landmark, now located in Pioneer Court.
- Battle of Warsaw (1705) (nominated by Imonoz) was fought on 31 July 1705 (Gregorian calendar) near Warsaw, Poland, during the Great Northern War. The battle was part of a power struggle for the Polish–Lithuanian throne. It was fought between Augustus II the Strong and Stanisław Leszczyński and their allies. It resulted in a decisive Swedish victory.
- The 15th Tank Corps (nominated by Kges1901) was a tank corps of the Soviet Union's Red Army. It formed in 1938 from a mechanized corps and fought in the Soviet invasion of Poland, during which it participated in the capture of the Grodno and Augustów Forest from Poland. The corps was disbanded in January 1940 at Wilno and Soleczniki. Re-formed in 1942, it first saw combat in the unsuccessful Kozelsk Offensive of late August and early September. In February 1943, the unit fought in Operation Star, achieving its objective of capturing the key city of Kharkov in eastern Ukraine. As the Soviet advance outran its supply lines, the corps was slowly worn down and was virtually destroyed after being surrounded by a German counteroffensive in the Third Battle of Kharkov during late February and early March. The corps was rebuilt and became part of the newly created 3rd Guards Tank Army, fighting in Operation Kutuzov, the Soviet counteroffensive after the Battle of Kursk, in late July. For its actions in the offensive, the corps was converted into the 7th Guards Tank Corps
- Eliza Acton (nominated by SchroCat) was an English food writer and poet, who produced one of Britain's first cookbooks aimed at the domestic reader, Modern Cookery for Private Families. The book introduced the now-universal practice of listing ingredients and giving suggested cooking times for each recipe. It included the first recipes in English for Brussels sprouts and for spaghetti, and contains the first printed reference to Christmas pudding.
- Vesna Vulović (nominated by 23 editor) was a Serbian flight attendant. She holds the Guinness world record for surviving the highest fall without a parachute: 10,160 metres (33,330 ft). Her fall took place after an explosion tore through the baggage compartment of JAT Flight 367 on 26 January 1972, causing it to crash near Srbská Kamenice, Czechoslovakia. She was the sole survivor of the crash, which air safety investigators attributed to a briefcase bomb. She was fired from JAT in the early 1990s after taking part in anti-government protests but avoided arrest because the government was concerned about the negative publicity that her imprisonment would bring. The final years of her life were spent in seclusion and she struggled with survivor's guilt. Having divorced, she lived alone in her Belgrade apartment on a small pension until her death in 2016.
- University of Washington station (nominated by SounderBruce) is a light rail station located on the University of Washington campus in Seattle, Washington, US. The station is served by Sound Transit's Link light rail system and is the current northern terminus of Central Link, which continues south towards Capitol Hill station and Downtown Seattle. University of Washington station is located at the intersection of Montlake Boulevard Northeast and Northeast Pacific Street, adjacent to Husky Stadium and the University of Washington Medical Center.
- Sir Osbert Lancaster CBE (nominated by Tim riley) was an English cartoonist, architectural historian, stage designer and author. He was known for over 10,000 cartoons in the British press, and for his lifelong work to inform the general public about good buildings and architectural heritage. Lancaster died in 1986 aged 77.
- Hydnum repandum (nominated by Cas Liber) is a basidiomycete fungus of the family Hydnaceae. First described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753, it is the type species of the genus Hydnum. The fungus produces fruit bodies (mushrooms) that are characterized by their spore-bearing structures—in the form of spines rather than gills—which hang down from the underside of the cap.
- The Pyramid of Neferirkare (nominated by Mr rnddude) was built for the Fifth Dynasty pharaoh Neferirkare Kakai – referred to as Neferirkare – in the 25th century BC. It was the tallest structure located on the highest site at the necropolis site of Abusir – found between Giza and Saqqara – and still towers over the necropolis today. The pyramid is also significant because its evacuation led to the discovery of the Abusir papyri.
- The Carolwood Pacific Railroad (nominated by Jackdude101) was a 7 1⁄4-inch (184 mm) gauge ridable miniature railroad run by Walt Disney in the backyard of his home in the Holmby Hills neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, in the United States. It featured the Lilly Belle, a 1:8-scale live steam locomotive built by the Walt Disney Studios' machine shop, and made its first test run on December 24, 1949. The locomotive pulled a set of freight cars, as well as a caboose that was almost entirely built by Disney himself. It was Disney's lifelong fascination with trains, as well as his interest in miniature models, that led to the creation of the CPRR. The railroad, which became operational in 1950, was 2,615 feet (797.1 m) long and encircled his house. The backyard railroad attracted visitors to Disney's home; he invited them to ride and occasionally drive his miniature train. In 1953, after an accident occurred in which a guest was injured, the CPRR was closed to the public.
- Margarita with a Straw (nominated by Numerounovedant is a 2014 Indian drama film directed by Shonali Bose. It stars Kalki Koechlin as an Indian teenager with cerebral palsy who relocates to America for her undergraduate education and comes of age following her complex relationship with a blind girl, played by Sayani Gupta. Revathi, Kuljeet Singh, and William Moseley play supporting roles. Produced by Bose in partnership with Viacom 18 Motion Pictures, Margarita with a Straw was co-written by Bose and Nilesh Maniyar and deals with themes of inclusion, self-acceptance, and human sexuality. Commercially, Margarita with a Straw grossed over ₹74 million against a production budget of ₹65 million.
- Ramesses VI (nominated by Iry-Hor) was the fifth ruler of the Twentieth Dynasty of Egypt. He reigned for about eight years in the mid-to-late 12th century BC and was a son of Ramesses III and queen Iset Ta-Hemdjert. As a prince, he was known as Ramesses Amunherkhepeshef and held the titles of royal scribe and cavalry general. He was succeeded by his son, Ramesses VII Itamun, whom he had fathered with queen Nubkhesbed.
- The Moorgate tube crash (nominated by SchroCat) occurred on 28 February 1975 at 8:46 am on the London Underground's Northern City Line; 43 people died and 74 were injured after a train failed to stop at the line's southern terminus, Moorgate station, and crashed into its end wall. It is considered the worst peacetime accident on the London Underground. No fault was found with the train, and the inquiry by the Department of the Environment concluded that the accident was caused by the actions of Leslie Newson, the 56-year-old driver. In the aftermath of the crash, London Underground introduced a safety system that automatically stops a train when travelling too fast. This became known informally as Moorgate protection. Northern City Line services into Moorgate ended in October 1975 and British Rail overground services started in August 1976. After a long campaign by relatives of the dead, two memorials were unveiled in the vicinity of the station, one in July 2013 and one in February 2014.
- The Design A-150 battleship (nominated by The ed17 and Sturmvogel 66) popularly known as the Super Yamato class, was a planned class of battleships for the Imperial Japanese Navy. In keeping with the navy's long tradition, they were designed to be quantitatively superior to battleships it might face in battle, such as those from the United States or Great Britain. As part of this, the class would have been armed with six 51-centimeter (20.1 in) guns, the largest weapons carried aboard any warship in the world. Design work on the A-150s began after the preceding Yamato class in 1938–1939 and was mostly finished by early 1941, when the Japanese began focusing on aircraft carriers and other smaller warships in preparation for the coming conflict. No A-150 would ever be laid down, and many details of the class' design were destroyed near the end of the war.
- Allied logistics in the Kokoda Track campaign (nominated by Hawkeye7) During the Second World War, Allied logistics in Papua played a crucial role in bringing the Kokoda Track campaign to a successful conclusion. "The great problem of warfare in the Pacific", General Douglas MacArthur declared, "is to move forces into contact and maintain them. Victory is dependent upon solution to the logistic problem."
- Boeing CH-47 Chinook in Australian service: (nominated by Nick-D) The Australian Defence Force has operated Boeing CH-47 Chinook heavy-lift helicopters for most of the period since 1974. Thirty of the type have entered Australian service, comprising twelve CH-47C variants, eight CH-47Ds and ten CH-47Fs. The helicopters have been operated by both the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) and Australian Army.
- Panzer Dragoon Saga (nominated by Popcornduff) is a 1998 role-playing video game (RPG) published by Sega and developed by Team Andromeda for the Sega Saturnconsole. It departs from the linear rail shooter gameplay of the Panzer Dragoon series by introducing traditional RPG elements such as random encounters, semi-turn-based battles, and free-roaming exploration. The player controls Edge, a young mercenary who rides a powerful dragon and encounters a mysterious girl from a vanished civilization. Panzer Dragoon Saga is the most critically acclaimed Saturn game, and is often listed as one of the greatest games of all time.
- Banksia petiolaris (nominated by Cas Liber) is a species of flowering plant of the family Proteaceae native to Western Australia, where it is found in sandy soils in the south coastal regions from Munglinup east to Israelite Bay. B. petiolaris is one of several closely related species that all grow as prostrate shrub, with horizontal stems and thick, leathery upright leaves. Those of this species can be viable for up to 13 years—the longest-lived of any flowering plant recorded. It bears yellow cylindrical flower spikes, known as inflorescences, up to 16 cm (61⁄4 in) high in spring. As the spikes age, they turn grey and develop up to 20 woody seed pods, known as follicles, each.
- 2017–18 Bergen County eruv controversy: (nominated by Wehwalt) In July 2017, a controversy began when the municipalities of Mahwah, Upper Saddle River and Montvale in Bergen County, New Jersey, in the United States, began efforts to prevent the completion of an eruv within their borders. The three municipalities ordered that the eruv be taken down, as their permission had not been obtained, but it remained during the pendency of federal lawsuits filed in response, and the settlements allowed the remaining construction to proceed. After no agreement could be reached short of litigation, the eruv association brought suit against each of the municipalities. Mahwah's actions in passing a township ordinance to bar nonresidents of New Jersey from its parks, and the hostility of some residents and council members towards those who supported the eruv led to accusations of anti-Semitism, including by the successful Democratic candidate for Governor of New Jersey, Phil Murphy. The presiding judge in the lawsuits, John Michael Vazquez, in January 2018 made it clear he felt the municipalities did not have a strong case, and urged them to settle. The three municipalities have settled with the eruv association, allowing the eruv to remain, but Mahwah still faces a lawsuit from the New Jersey Attorney General accusing it of discrimination.
23 featured lists were promoted this week.
- List of World Heritage Sites in Montenegro (nominated by Tone)
- List of accolades received by Call Me by Your Name (film) (nominated by Damian Vo)
- List of accolades received by My Name Is Khan (nominated by Ssven2)
- Latin Grammy Trustees Award (nominated by Magiciandude)
- List of awards and nominations received by Regine Velasquez (nominated by Pseud 14)
- List of Hot C&W Sides number ones of 1959 (nominated by ChrisTheDude)
- List of Hot Country Singles & Tracks number ones of 2004 (nominated by ChrisTheDude)
- Theory of a Deadman discography (nominated by Miss Sarita)
- List of songs recorded by Regine Velasquez (nominated by Pseud 14)
- London station group (nominated by Ritchie333)
- Associated Press NFL Most Valuable Player Award (nominated by Lizard the Wizard)
- List of international goals scored by Didier Drogba (nominated by The Rambling Man)
- List of Republic of Ireland national football team hat-tricks (nominated by Kosack)
- Mr. Show-Me Basketball (nominated by Jmnbqb)
- List of international cricket centuries by Ross Taylor (nominated by The Rambling Man)
- List of international rugby union tries by Brian O'Driscoll (nominated by The Rambling Man)
- Best Female Action Sports Athlete ESPY Award (nominated by The Rambling Man)
- Best Fighter ESPY Award (nominated by MWright96)
- List of Padma Bhushan award recipients (2000–2009) (nominated by Yashthepunisher)
- List of Missouri University of Science and Technology alumni (nominated by Jmnbqb)
- List of Tau Kappa Epsilon brothers (nominated by Jmnbqb)
- List of Governors of Arkansas (nominated by Golbez)
- List of women cabinet ministers of the Republic of Ireland (nominated by BrownHairedGirl)
Four featured pictures were promoted this week.