|This information page describes the editing community's consensus on some aspect or aspects of Wikipedia's norms and practices. It is not one of Wikipedia's policies or guidelines.||
Wikipedians or editors are the volunteers who write and edit Wikipedia's articles, unlike readers who simply read them. Anyone—including you—can become a Wikipedian by boldly making changes when they find something that can be improved. To learn more about how to do this, you can check out the basic editing tutorial or the more detailed manual.
Wikipedians do a wide variety of tasks, from fixing typos and removing vandalism to resolving disputes and perfecting content, but are united in a desire to make human knowledge available to every person on the planet.
Number of editors
|Wikimedia Board of Trustees|
84 / 100
76 / 100
49 / 100
13 / 100
13% of editors are under 17.
14 / 100
14% are in the group 18–21.
26 / 100
26% are 22–29.
19 / 100
19% are 30–39.
28 / 100
28% editors are aged 40+.
59 / 100
59% of the editors are aged 17 to 40.
66 / 100
66% of editors said that their primary activity is to edit existing articles.
42 / 100
42% said it was researching articles.
28 / 100
28% said it was creating new articles.
23 / 100
23% said that they do mostly patrolling work.
22 / 100
22% participate primarily in discussions.
17 / 100
17% mainly upload media.
71 / 100
71% of the editors contribute because they like the idea of volunteering to share knowledge.
69 / 100
69% believe that information should be freely available.
63 / 100
63% pointed out that contributing is fun.
7 / 100
Only 7% edit Wikipedia for professional reasons.
The English Wikipedia currently has 30,530,856 users who have registered a username. Only a minority of users contribute regularly (141,621 have edited in the last 30 days), and only a minority of those contributors participate in community discussions. An unknown but relatively large number of unregistered Wikipedians also contribute to the site.
As of February 2015[update], about 12,000 editors were eligible to vote in the Wikimedia Stewards Elections on the basis of their edits on the English Wikipedia, based on having an edit count of at least 600 overall and 50 since August 2014. This is about one quarter of the number who had 600 edits overall. (See the Talk page for details.)
- See also: Wikipedia human administrative structure
- 168 edit filter managers
- 329 account creators
- 3,618 autopatrolled
- 313 bots
- 22 bureaucrats
- 40 checkusers
- 474 confirmed users
- 33,081 extended confirmed users
- 122 page movers
- 396 file movers
- 1 founder[note 1]
- 2 importers
- 152 IP block exemptions
- 47 mass message senders
- 368 new page reviewers
- 51 oversighters
- 10 researchers
- 6,749 pending changes reviewers
- 5,706 rollbackers
- 1,268 administrators
- 151 template editors
- Users with EP course rights
- 104 EP campus volunteers
- 24 EP coordinators
- 215 EP instructors
- 91 EP online volunteers
Some user groups (such as stewards) act globally and thus they do not get local flags and local rights.
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Based on a survey of over 58,000 self-selected Wikipedians by a group at UNU-Merit published in March 2010, contributors can be split into four approximately equal age-groups: those under 18, those between 18 and 22, those from 22 to 30 and the remainder between 30 and 85.
However the following year a survey by the WMF revealed very different figures:
According to the UNU 2010 survey 23% of Wikipedians have completed degree-level education, 26% are undergraduates and 45% have secondary education or less. The 2011 WMF survey showed 61% graduates, 35% who have achieved undergraduate's degrees, 18% who had achieved a master's degree and another 8% with doctorates.
According to UNU, 87% of Wikipedians are men and 13% are women. The survey included users of 22 language editions in 231 countries.
According to the 2011 WMF survey, 90% of Wikipedians are men, 9% are female, and 1% are transgender/transsexual.
Various information about individual Wikipedians is available on the user pages of Wikipedians who choose to create them.
Information on the gender gap can be found at meta:Gender gap. The significant and stable[dubious ] under-representation of women results in persistently unbalanced coverage (e.g. articles related to football are much more developed than articles related to motherhood[dubious ]) in Wikipedia. The gender gap may be driven significantly by Wikipedia's conflict-oriented culture. Experienced female editors can be very successful—they are more likely to become administrators than men—but as new editors, their good-faith contributions are more likely to be reverted than a good-faith contributions by a man.
Researchers have begun to identify key personality traits in Wikipedians. According to a study published in 2008, Wikipedia members are more likely than non-members to locate their 'real me' online—that is, to feel more comfortable expressing their "real" selves online than off. This corresponds with more general findings that Internet communities tend to attract users who are introverted offline but more able to open up and feel empowered on the Web. A gender difference was found in terms of extroversion: whereas female Wikipedia members were on average more introverted than female non-members, male members were just as extroverted as males in the control group.
Wikipedians have also been found to be less agreeable, and less open, as defined by psychology’s Big Five personality traits. This study only used a sample of 69 Wikipedians and 70 non-Wikipedians. When broken down by gender there were only 10 female Wikipedians and 27 male non-Wikipedians. Moreover, there were serious errors in the paper.
Motivations for contributing
In November 2007, the most commonly indicated motives were "fun", "ideology", and "values", whereas the least frequently indicated motives were "career", "social", and "protective" (as in "reducing guilt over personal privilege").
It has been suggested[by whom?] that Wikipedist would be a more appropriate name, as an encyclopedist is someone who contributes to an encyclopedia. Wikipedian, though, suggests being part of a group, community or demonym (a resident of a locality). So in this sense, Wikipedians are people who form the Wikipedia Community. The term "Wikimedian" is also widely used to include contributors to all the projects supported by the Wikimedia Foundation.
Some Wikipedians welcome newcomers; some Wikipedians award those who they feel deserve awards. Some upload images or help others do so; some work on history articles; some clean up grammar; and still others work on reverting vandalism. Many take on all of these tasks; some, of course, take on none. Whatever one decides to do, every Wikipedian is a valuable member of the community.
Wikipedians who contribute mainly by writing and editing the contents of Wikipedia, without interacting much on Talk or administrative pages, are sometimes called exopedians, whereas those who spend significant time on such community interactions are contrasted as metapedians. A multitude of views and other contribution characteristics are represented well by common Wikipedia-related userboxes: Wikipedia:Userboxes/Wikipedia.
- Community essays
- Wikipedia:User access levels
- Wikipedia community
- Users and editors of English Wikipedia
- Wikipedia:Editor's index to Wikipedia
- Wikipedia:Who writes Wikipedia?
- Category:Wikipedia fauna
- Category:Wikipedians – for more information about Wikipedians
- Wikipedia:User categories – for information about Wikipedian categories
- Wikipedia:User categorisation – a defunct WikiProject for user categorisation
- Wikipedia:Facebook directory – for pictures of Wikipedians
- Wikipedia:Wikipedians with articles – for Wikipedians who are themselves notable
- Wikipedia:Missing Wikipedians
- Wikipedia:Deceased Wikipedians
- "Wikipedia Statistics (English)". stats.wikimedia.org.
- This number is dynamically updated with the magic word NUMBEROFUSERS
- This number is dynamically updated with the magic word NUMBEROFACTIVEUSERS
- These numbers are dynamically updated with the magic word NUMBERINGROUP:groupname
- Glott, Ruediger; Schmidt, Phillipp; Ghosh, Rishab. "Wikipedia Survey - Overview of Results" (PDF). Wikipedia Study. UNU-MERIT. Archived from the original on 28 August 2011. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
- Pande, Mani. "Wikipedia editors do it for fun: First results of our 2011 editor survey". Wikimedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
- Lam, S. K.; Uduwage, A.; Dong, Z.; Sen, S.; Musicant, D. R.; Terveen, L.; Riedl, J. (2011). "WP:Clubhouse? An Exploration of Wikipedia's Gender Imbalance". WikiSym.
- Amichai-Hamburger, Y. et al. "Personality Characteristics of Wikipedia Members", CyberPsychology & Behavior, Vol. 11, No. 6 (2008).
- Amichai-Hamburger, Y., Wainapel G., Fox S. “On the Internet no one knows I’m an introvert: extroversion, neuroticism and Internet interaction.” CyberPsychology & Behavior (2002).
- Amichai-Hamburger, Y., McKenna, K., Tal, S. “E-empowerment: Empowerment by the Internet.” Computers in Human Behavior, Vol. 24 (2008).
- Nov, Oded (2007). "What Motivates Wikipedians?". Communications of the ACM. 50 (11): 60–64. doi:10.1145/1297797.1297798. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
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