Wilbur Cross Highway

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I-84.svg US 5.svg Connecticut Highway 15.svg

Wilbur Cross Highway
Map of northern Connecticut with Wilbur Cross Highway highlighted in red
Route information
Length 46.41 mi[1][2] (74.69 km)
Existed 1940 – present
Component
highways
US 5 / Route 15 from Wethersfield, CT to East Hartford, CT
I-84 from East Hartford, CT to Sturbridge, MA
Major junctions
South end Route 314 in Wethersfield, CT
  I-91 in Hartford, CT
Route 2 in East Hartford, CT
I-84 / US 6 in East Hartford
North end I‑90 in Sturbridge, MA
Location
Counties CT: Hartford, Tolland, Windham
MA: Hampden, Worcester
Highway system
  • Routes in Connecticut

The Wilbur Cross Highway is the designation for the portion of Connecticut Route 15 from Wethersfield to East Hartford, and for the section of I-84 from East Hartford to the Massachusetts Turnpike in Sturbridge, Massachusetts formerly numbered as CT/MA 15.

Route description[edit]

The signs for the intersection of CT 15/US 5 and I-91

After splitting from I-84 in East Hartford, the WCH continues in a southwesterly direction to the Charter Oak Bridge. After crossing the Connecticut River it intersects I-91 in southern Hartford. It then changes to a southerly direction and intersects with the Hartford–Brainard Airport access road. After leaving I-91, it reverts to a southwesterly direction and intersects with Route 99 (Old Route 9). After that it merges with the Berlin Turnpike, at which the highway ends.

History[edit]

The highway was built in the 1940s before the Interstate Highway era as a continuation of the Wilbur Cross Parkway, itself a continuation of the Merritt Parkway. Originally, the parkways were to span continuously from Greenwich to Union, but with the opening of Interstate 91, the planned segment between Meriden and Hartford was never built, and Connecticut Route 15 was instead routed along the Berlin Turnpike.[3][4] In 1958, the East Hartford-Union portion of the parkway, as well as an extension to the Massachusetts Turnpike was cosigned as I-84 as part of its planned route through Connecticut. In 1968, the I-84 designation east of East Hartford was given to the proposed highway to Providence, and the portion from East Hartford to Sturbridge was renumbered to I-86. The CT 15 designation remained cosigned on the I-86 section to the MA line until October 1, 1980, when it was truncated back to its current northern terminus at I-84 Exit 57. In 1984, the planned extension of I-84 to Providence was cancelled and the I-84 designation returned to its original East Hartford-Sturbridge route. US 6 is also signed along the highway from the I-84/CT 15 junction to Exit 60. From 1948 to 1982, US 44 was signed along the highway from current Exit 60 to current Exit 69.

Charter Oak Bridge[edit]

The Charter Oak Bridge, which carries the highway was originally opened 1942 and carried the Hartford Bypass. Due to clogging on the Bissell Bridge and the Founder's Bridge in the late 1980s and the failing condition of the bridge itself, the bridge and approach was completely rebuilt in 1991 to its current form.[5]

Exit list[edit]

Exit numbers correspond to those of Route 15 and Interstate 84. Old exit numbers correspond to when the I-84 was signed as Route 15.

StateCountyLocationmikmOld exitNew exitDestinationsNotes
ConnecticutHartfordWethersfield0.000.00 US 5 south / Route 15 south (Berlin Turnpike)Continues south as Berlin Turnpike
1.923.0985 Route 99 south – Wethersfield, Rocky Hill
Hartford2.504.0286 I-91 south – New Haven, New York CityExits 28-29 on I-91
2.894.6587I-91.svg Brainard Road / Airport Road / I-91 south – Brainard AirportNo northbound signage for I-91; exit 27 on I-81
3.385.4489 I-91 north to I-84 west – Hartford, SpringfieldNorthbound exit and southbound entrance; exit 28 on I-91
Connecticut River3.67–
4.32
5.91–
6.95
Charter Oak Bridge
East Hartford4.867.8290 US 5 north (Main Street) to Route 2 / East River Drive – NorwichNorth end of US 5 concurrency; no southbound signage for Route 2
5.088.1891Silver Lane (SR 502)Northbound exit and southbound entrance
5.649.0857 I-84 west (US 6 west) to I-91 north – HartfordEastern terminus of Route 15; westbound exit and eastbound entrance
6.019.67Silver LaneWestbound exit from Restricted Lane
58Roberts Street (Route 518) / Silver Lane (Route 502 / Burnside Avenue – East Hartford
91Forbes StreetClosed to make way for construction exit 59
7.23–
9.41
11.64–
15.14
59 I-384 east – ProvidenceIncludes eastbound exit and westbound entrance to Restricted Lanes
Manchester8.8514.249260 US 6 east / US 44 (Middle Turnpike West) / Burnside Avenue – Manchester, East HartfordEastern end of US 6 overlap; westbound exit shares a ramp with exit 62
8.97–
9.83
14.44–
15.82
61 I-291 west – South Windsor, WindsorInterchange opened in 1994
10.6417.129362Buckland Street – South Windsor, Manchester
12.4019.969463 Route 30 / Route 83 – Manchester, South Windsor
TollandVernon13.8022.219564 Route 30 / Route 83 – Vernon, Rockville, TalcottvilleEastbound exit 65 shares a ramp with exit 64
14.0722.64 I-84 west (Restricted Lanes)Eastern end of I-84 HOV lanes
13.84–
14.73
22.27–
23.71
9665 Route 30 – Vernon CenterEastbound exit is shared with exit 64
15.6025.119766Tunnel Road – Vernon, Bolton
18.0829.109867 Route 31 – Rockville, Coventry
Tolland21.8635.189968 Route 195 – Tolland, Mansfield, StorrsAccess to the University of Connecticut
24.7939.9010069 Route 74 to US 44 – Willington, Tolland, Rockville, Putnam
Willington26.3842.4510170 Route 32 – Stafford Springs, Willington, Mansfield, Willimantic
28.5946.0110271 Route 320 south (Ruby Road) – Willington
WindhamTolland
county line
AshfordUnion
town line
32.8552.8710472 Route 89 – Stafford Springs, Westford, Ashford
TollandUnion34.2155.0610573 Route 190 – Union, Stafford Springs
38.1861.4410674 Route 171 / Holland Road – Union, Holland, MA
 38.70
0.00
62.28
0.00
ConnecticutMassachusetts state line
MassachusettsHampdenHolland0.290.47Mashapaug RoadWestbound entrance only; former Route 15
WorcesterSturbridge3.255.231Mashapaug Road – Southbridge, SturbridgeFormer Route 15
5.088.182 To Route 131 – Sturbridge, Southbridge
6.5510.543A US 20 east – Worcester
6.8711.063B US 20 west – Palmer
7.5012.07Toll plaza
7.7112.41 I‑90 / Mass Pike – Boston, SpringfieldExit 9 on I-90
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ct.gov/dot/LIB/dot/Documents/dpolicy/hwylog/hwylog.pdf
  2. ^ http://services.massdot.state.ma.us/mrla/RouteSelection.htm
  3. ^ "Wilbur Cross Highway (I-84)". www.bostonroads.com. Retrieved 2016-09-11. 
  4. ^ Oglesby, Scott. "The Wilbur Cross Parkway". www.kurumi.com. Retrieved 2016-09-11. 
  5. ^ Oglesby, Scott. "The Charter Oak Bridge". www.kurumi.com. Retrieved 2016-09-11. 
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