Wilbur Cross Highway
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|Wilbur Cross Highway|
Map of northern Connecticut with Wilbur Cross Highway highlighted in red
|Length:||46.41 mi (74.69 km)|
|Existed:||1940 – present|
| US 5 / Route 15 from Wethersfield to E. Hartford
I-84 from E. Hartford to Sturbridge, MA
|South end:||Route 314 in Wethersfield|
|North end:||I‑90 in Sturbridge, MA|
|Counties:||Hartford, Tolland, Windham, Hampden, Worcester|
The Wilbur Cross Highway is the designation for the portion of Connecticut Route 15 from Wethersfield to East Hartford, and for the section of I-84 from East Hartford to the Massachusetts Turnpike in Sturbridge, Massachusetts formerly numbered as CT/MA 15.
After splitting from I-84 in East Hartford, the WCH continues in a southwesterly direction to the Charter Oak Bridge. After crossing the Connecticut River it intersects I-91 in southern Hartford. It then changes to a southerly direction and intersects with the Hartford–Brainard Airport access road. After leaving I-91, it reverts to a southwesterly direction and intersects with Route 99 (Old Route 9). After that it merges with the Berlin Turnpike, at which the highway ends.
The highway was built in the 1940s before the Interstate Highway era as a continuation of the Wilbur Cross Parkway, itself a continuation of the Merritt Parkway. Originally, the parkways were to span continuously from Greenwich to Union, but with the opening of Interstate 91, the planned segment between Meriden and Hartford was never built, and Connecticut Route 15 was instead routed along the Berlin Turnpike. In 1958, the East Hartford-Union portion of the parkway, as well as an extension to the Massachusetts Turnpike was cosigned as I-84 as part of its planned route through Connecticut. In 1968, the I-84 designation east of East Hartford was given to the proposed highway to Providence, and the portion from East Hartford to Sturbridge was renumbered to I-86. The CT 15 designation remained cosigned on the I-86 section to the MA line until October 1, 1980, when it was truncated back to its current northern terminus at I-84 Exit 57. In 1984, the planned extension of I-84 to Providence was cancelled and the I-84 designation returned to its original East Hartford-Sturbridge route. US 6 is also signed along the highway from the I-84/CT 15 junction to Exit 60. From 1948 to 1982, US 44 was signed along the highway from current Exit 60 to current Exit 69.
Charter Oak Bridge History
The Charter Oak Bridge, which carries the highway was originally opened 1942 and carried the Hartford Bypass. Due to clogging on the Bissell Bridge and the Founder's Bridge in the late 1980s and the failing condition of the bridge itself, the bridge and approach was completely rebuilt in 1991 to its current form.
Exits 85-91 correspond to those of Connecticut Route 15, while Exits 58-74 in CT and all MA exits correspond to I-84. Old CT 15 Exit numbers along I-84 are in parentheses. An old exit to Forbes St. in East Hartford (former exit 91), was closed to make way for construction of I-84 Exit 59. Exit 61 to I-291 was not in the original exit numbers for CT 15, as this interchange did not open until 1994. Mileposts in CT are in reference to the length of the Wilbur Cross Highway along CT 15 and I-84
|Connecticut||Hartford||Wethersfield||0.00||0.00|| US 5 / Route 15 south (Berlin Turnpike)
Route 314 east
to maple avenue
|US 5/CT 15 designations continue southbound
Berlin Turnpike continues north on CT 314 East
|1.92||3.09||85||Route 99 south – Wethersfield, Rocky Hill|
|Hartford||2.50||4.02||86||I-91 south – New Haven, NY City|
|2.89||4.65||87||Brainard Rd, Airport Rd.||Ramps shared with I-91 Exit 27. Southbound exit offers alternate access to I-91 South|
|3.38||5.44||89||I-91 north to I-84 west – Springfield, Waterbury||Northbound exit only. Southbound exit eliminated with Charter Oak Bridge reconstruction|
|Charter Oak Bridge|
|East Hartford||4.86||7.82||90|| US 5 north (Main St.) / E. River Dr.
Route 2 east – Norwich, New London
|Northern terminus of US 5/CT 15 overlap.
Direct access to CT 2 East is from northbound only. All other movements to/from CT 2 use East River Dr.
|5.08||8.18||91||Silver Lane||Northbound exit, southbound entrance.
Unsigned SR 502.
|5.64||9.08||I-84 / US 6 east – Manchester, Boston||Wilbur Cross Highway transfers to/from I-84 to/from CT 15 via I-84 Exit 57|
|6.01||9.67||58||Roberts Street (Route 518) / Silver Lane (Route 502) / Burnside Avenue – East Hartford||HOV exit to Silver Lane westbound. Eastbound access to HOV lane for traffic from CT 15 North|
|59||I-384 east / Silver Lane / Spencer Street – Bolton, Willimantic, Providence||HOV exit to I-384 eastbound|
|Manchester||8.85||14.24||60 (92)||US 6 east / US 44 (Middle Turnpike West) / Burnside Avenue – Manchester, East Hartford||Eastern end of US 6 overlap; westbound exit shares a ramp with exit 62|
|61||I-291 west – South Windsor, Windsor|
|10.64||17.12||62 (93)||Buckland Street – South Windsor, Manchester|
|12.40||19.96||63 (94)||Route 30 / Route 83 – Manchester, South Windsor|
|Tolland||Vernon||13.80||22.21||64 (95)||Route 30 / Route 83 – Vernon, Rockville, Talcottville||Eastbound exit 65 shares a ramp with exit 64|
|14.07||22.64||–||I-84 west (Restricted Lanes)||Eastern end of I-84 HOV lanes|
|65 (96)||Route 30 – Vernon Center||Eastbound exit is shared with exit 64|
|15.60||25.11||66 (97)||Tunnel Road – Vernon, Bolton|
|18.08||29.10||67 (98)||Route 31 – Rockville, Coventry|
|Tolland||21.86||35.18||68 (99)||Route 195 – Tolland, Mansfield, Storrs||Access to the University of Connecticut|
|24.79||39.90||69 (100)||Route 74 to US 44 – Willington, Tolland, Rockville, Putnam|
|Willington||26.38||42.45||70 (101)||Route 32 – Stafford Springs, Willington, Mansfield, Willimantic|
|28.59||46.01||71 (102)||Route 320 south (Ruby Road) – Willington|
|32.85||52.87||72 (104)||Route 89 – Stafford Springs, Westford, Ashford|
|Tolland||Union||34.21||55.06||73 (105)||Route 190 – Union, Stafford Springs|
|38.18||61.44||74 (106)||Route 171 / Holland Road – Union, Holland, MA|
|Connecticut–Massachusetts state line|
|Massachusetts||Hampden||Holland||0.29||0.47||–||Mashapaug Road||Westbound entrance only; former Route 15|
|Worcester||Sturbridge||3.25||5.23||1||Mashapaug Road – Southbridge, Sturbridge||Former Route 15|
|5.08||8.18||2||To Route 131 – Sturbridge, Southbridge|
|6.55||10.54||3A||US 20 east – Worcester|
|6.87||11.06||3B||US 20 west – Palmer|
|7.71||12.41||–||I‑90 / Mass Pike – Boston, Springfield||Exit 9 on I-90|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- "Wilbur Cross Highway (I-84)". www.bostonroads.com. Retrieved 2016-09-11.
- Oglesby, Scott. "The Wilbur Cross Parkway". www.kurumi.com. Retrieved 2016-09-11.
- Oglesby, Scott. "The Charter Oak Bridge". www.kurumi.com. Retrieved 2016-09-11.