Scoville in 1910
January 22, 1865|
Bridgeport, Connecticut, United States
March 10, 1942 (aged 77)|
Gainesville, Florida, United States
Scoville was born in Bridgeport, Connecticut. He married Cora B. Upham on September 1, 1891 in Wollaston (Quincy, Massachusetts). They had two children: Amy Augusta, born August 21, 1892 and Ruth Upham, born October 21, 1897.
Scoville wrote The Art of Compounding, which was first published in 1895 and has gone through at least 8 editions. The book was used as a pharmacological reference up until the 1960s. Scoville also wrote Extracts and Perfumes, which contained hundreds of formulations. For a time he was a professor at the Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences. In 1912, he devised the test and scale known as the "Scoville Organoleptic Test" while working at the Parke-Davis pharmaceutical company. It measured piquancy, or "spiciness", of various chili peppers. It is now standardized as the Scoville scale.
In 1922, Scoville won the Ebert prize from the American Pharmaceutical Association and in 1929 he received the Remington Honor Medal. Scoville also received an honorary Doctor of Science from Columbia University in 1929.
He won the following awards from the American Pharmaceutical Association (APhA):
- 1922 – The Ebert Prize, given to "...recognize the author(s) of the best report of original investigation of a medicinal substance..."
- 1929 – The Remington Honor Medal, the APhA's top award.
- "Wilbur Scoville".
- Homer Worthington Brainard (1915). A Survey of the Scovils Or Scovills in England and America: Seven Hundred Years of History and Genealogy. Priv. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- V. A. Parthasarathy; Bhageerathy Chempakam; T. John Zachariah (2008). Chemistry of Spices. CABI. p. 274. ISBN 978-1-84593-420-0.