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PBS Kids

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Not to be confused with PBS Kids Go! or Sprout (TV network), formerly known as PBS Kids Sprout.
PBS Kids
PBS Kids Logo.svg
Logo (2013-present)
Owner PBS
Country United States
Introduced September 6, 1999
Website pbskids.org

PBS Kids, stylized as PBS KIDS and formerly PTV block, is the brand for most of the children's programming aired by the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) in the United States. Some public television children's programs not produced by PBS member stations or transmitted by PBS which is produced by independent public television distributors such as American Public Television are not labeled as "PBS Kids" programming, and it is mainly a programming block branding. As a network, PBS Kids has been launched twice and existed as independent local programming format in between (2005-2016).

History

PTV block

The framework for PBS Kids was established as part of PBS's "Ready to Learn" initiative, a project intended to facilitate access of early childhood educational programming to underprivileged children.[1] On July 11, 1994, PBS repackaged their existing children's educational programming as a new block called "PTV".[2][3] In addition to scheduled educational programming, PTV also incorporated interstitial content such as "The P-Pals", which featured animated characters shaped like PBS logos delivering educational content from their fictional world, "PTV Park". These interstitial shorts were aimed at younger children.[2] Older children were targeted with live action and music video interstitials.[2]

PBS Kids

On September 6, 1999, PBS launched the PBS Kids brand in several areas including its daytime Ready to Learn Service, PBS Online web pages for kids, and a home video label. Children's programming on the PBS network was then given unified branding. Along with the block of programming on PBS, PBS Kids lent its name to a separate television network, which launched on the same date[4] and was targeted to children from 4 to 7 years old.[citation needed] The PBS Kids Channel ran for six years.[5]

On September 30, 2000, the Bookworm Bunch programming block was introduced as PBS Kids' Saturday morning block.[6] PBS Kids Go!, a programming block targeting older children, was launched in October 2004.[7]

Block and local channels

The network was shut down on September 26, 2005, in favor of a new commercial cable and satellite joint venture channel, PBS Kids Sprout, which was developed in partnership with two producers and Comcast[8] (who later bought full control of the network via NBCUniversal).[9] PBS gave licensees an option to sign on Sprout promoters while most of the other half programmed their own children's channel.[8] PBS offered a replacement early school-aged kids network based on the block PBS Kids Go! by April 2006 to be launched in October 2006,[7] but was cancelled before launch.[8]

On May 8, 2013, PBS Kids programming was added to the Roku streaming player.[10] As of October 7, 2013, to coincide with the debut of Peg + Cat, PBS Kids received another graphic redesign and the PBS Kids Go! block and branding were dropped.[11]

PBS Kids Channel network was relaunched on January 16, 2017 with a live stream of the channel on the PBS Kids website and video app; no changes were made to the main PBS Kids block. The block is counter programed from the network, thus the same show would not be shown at the same time on the network and block.[12][13][14]

Programming blocks

  • PTV/PBS Kids (July 11, 1994-September 6, 1999-present)
  • The Game (1996–September 6, 1999) afternoon programming block aimed at children aged 6 to 8.
  • PBS Kids Bookworm Bunch (September 30, 2000–October 11, 2004[citation needed]) A Saturday morning block consisting of six animated series produced by Nelvana Limited.[6]
  • PBS Kids Go! (October 11, 2004–October 7, 2013) afternoon programming block aimed at children aged 6 to 8.[7][11]
  • PBS Kids Preschool Block (September 4, 2006–October 7, 2013)

Network

PBS Kids Channel
Type Children's programming
Country United States
Headquarters Arlington, Virginia
Broadcast area
United States
Owner PBS
Launch date
September 6, 1999; 17 years ago (1999-09-06), January 16, 2017; 2 months ago (2017-01-16)
Dissolved September 26, 2005; 11 years ago (2005-09-26)
Affiliation PBS
Official website
pbskids.org

PBS Kids Channel is a broadcast network that has been launched twice and existed as independent local programming channel format in between (2005-2016). Both versions of the networks are designed for improving the pre-Kindergarten age group's early literacy, math, and social-emotional skills.[15]

On September 6, 1999, PBS Kids Channel network was launched along with other PBS Kids brand in several areas to give children's programming unified branding. 19 stations launched the network as a cable channel only with nine stations broadcasting the channel in standard-definition digital and three broadcast as an analog signal. Of the initial 27 affiliated stations, 16 planned a fall launch and 11 in the winter.[4]

Direct satellite broadcaster were mandated to set aside 4% of its channel space for noncommercial educational and informational programming. Limited to one per programmer, PBS had put forth PBS Kids as a potential channel for this mandate, however DirecTV indicated that it would pick up PBS Kids outside the mandate in early November 1999.[16]

The PBS Kids Channel ran for six years and was largely funded by El Segundo, California-based satellite provider DirecTV. This funding agreement ended in third quarter of 2005.[5] The network was shut down on September 26, 2005, in favor of a new commercial cable and satellite joint venture channel, PBS Kids Sprout, which was developed in partnership with two producers and Comcast.[8] PBS gave licensees an option to sign on Sprout promoters, giving them cross-promotional and cash benefits in exchange for giving up the ability to broadcasting a competing preschool channel. About half, 80 stations, signed up to be promoters, while most of the other half programmed their own children's channel. Many stations with kids channels reduced the PBS Kids programming on their primary channel to a few hours in order to program more adult fare in the afternoon.[8]

PBS Kids Channel network was relaunched on January 16, 2017[14] with a live stream of the channel on the PBS Kids website and video app. The block is counter programed from the network, thus the same show would not be shown at the same time on the network and block. Additional, no special acquisitions of shows were made for the network.[12] 73 stations launched the network on the national launch date while another 34 were signed up but delayed their launch. In the near future, the streaming version will allow viewers to toggle from the show to a related learning game extending the interactivity introduced by Sesame Street. “PBS Kids Family Night” is expected to start on April 21, 2017 and Friday evenings there after and show family friendly films and children’s show premieres.[15]

Affiliates

Channel Station location Operator Original network Local channel[17] Relaunched network[18]

Alabama

10.2 WBIQ Birmingham Alabama Public Television January 2017 - present
41.2 WIIQ Demopolis
02.2 WDIQ Dozier
36.2 WFIQ Florence
25.2 WHIQ Huntsville
43.2 WGIQ Louisville
42.2 WEIQ Mobile
26.2 WAIQ Montgomery
7.2 WCIQ Mount Cheaha

Alaska

7.4 KAKM Anchorage Alaska Public
Telecommunications
pending
9.8 KUAC-TV Fairbanks University of Alaska Fairbanks

Arkansas

9.3 KETG Arkadelphia Arkansas Educational Television Network January 2017 - present
12.3 KETZ El Dorado
13.3 KAFT Fayetteville
19.3 KTEJ Jonesboro
2.3 KETS Little Rock
6.3 KEMV Mountain View

Arizona

8.4 KAET Phoenix January 2017 - present
6.2 KUAT-TV Tuscon Arizona Public Media 2003-2005 2005-2017

California

13.5 KEET Eureka January 2017 - present
18.2 KVPT Fresno
50.5 KOCE-TV[19] Huntington Beach KOCE Foundation January 16, 2017 - present
06.4 KVIE Sacramento January 2017 - present
15.4 KPBS San Diego
54.4 KQEH San Jose Northern California
Public Broadcasting[8][20]
2003 - January 15, 2017 January 16, 2017 - present
25.3 KQET Watsonville
58-2 KLCS Los Angeles Los Angeles Unified School District 2004-present

Colorado

6.2 KRMA-TV Denver Rocky Mountain PBS pending
20.2 KRMU Durango
18.2 KRMJ Grand Junction
8.2 KTSC Pueblo
24.2 KRMZ Steamboat Springs

District of Columbia

26.3 WETA-TV Washington Greater Washington Educational Telecommunications Association 2007-[8]current
32.2 WHUT-TV Howard University January 2017 - present

Connecticut

49.4 WEDW Bridgeport LocusPoint Networks pending
65.4 WEDY New Haven
24.4 WEDH Hartford Connecticut PTV pending
53.4 WEDN Norwich

Florida

30.5 WGCU Fort Myers Florida Gulf
Coast University
January 2017 - present
7.5 WJCT Jacksonville
2.4 WPBT Miami South Florida PBS
24.3 WUCF-TV Orlando
56.4 WFSG Panama City Florida State University
11.4 WFSU-TV Tallahassee
23.4 WSRE Pensacola Pensacola Junior College pending
3.2 WEDU Tampa
42.3 WXEL-TV West Palm Beach South Florida PBS
16.2 WUSF-TV Tampa currently

Georgia

Cable 22 APS
(evenings)[21]
Atlanta Atlanta Public Schools September 6, 1999 - 2005
8.4 WGTV Athens Georgia Public Broadcasting January 2017 - present
18.4 WNGH-TV Chatworth
29.4 WMUM-TV Cochran
28.4 WJSP-TV Columbus
25.4 WACS-TV Dawson
14.4 WABW-TV Pelham
9.4 WVAN-TV Savannah
8.4 WXGA-TV Waycross
20.4 WCES-TV Wrens

Hawaii

11.2 KHET Honolulu Hawaii Public Television current
10.2 KMEB Wailuku

Idaho

04-5 KAID Boise Idaho State Department of Education[22] July 2017
26-5 KCDT Coeur D'Alene
12-5 KUID-TV Moscow
10-5 KISU-TV Pocatello
13-5 KIPT Twin Falls

Illinois

11.4 WTTW Chicago Window to the World Communications January 2017 - present
47.2 WTVP Peoria[23] Illinois Valley Public
Telecommunications Corporation
January 16, 2017 - present
12.2 WILL-TV Urbana[22] University of Illinois
08.5 WSIU-TV Carbondale Southern Illinois University pending
19.5 WUSI-TV Olney

Indiana

30-4 WTIU Bloomington Indiana University .3 current (12pm-06pm)
TIU Family
pending
39-2 WFWA Fort Wayne Fort Wayne Public TV January 2017 - present
20-2 WFYI Indianapolis Metropolitan Indianapolis
Public Broadcasting
March 6, 2017 - present
34-3 WNIT South Bend Michiana Public Broadcasting
22-3 WVUT Vincennes January 2017 - present

Iowa

32.4 KBIN-TV Council Bluffs Iowa Public Television current (all .2)
IPTV Learn (10p-05p)
pending
36.4 KQIN Davenport
11.4 KDIN-TV Des Moines
21.4 KTIN Fort Dodge
12.4 KIIN Iowa City
24.4 KYIN Mason City
36.4 KHIN Red Oak
27.4 KSIN-TV Sioux City
32-4 KRIN Waterloo

Kansas

19.2 KWKS Colby Smoky Hills Public Television January 2017 - present
21.2 KDCK Dodge City
9.2 KOOD Hays
3.2 KSWK Lakin
11.2 KTWU Topeka Washburn University current

Kentucky

25.4 WKAS ASHLAND, KY Kentucky Authority for
Educational Television
January 2017 - present
53.4 WKGB-TV Bowling Green
54.4 WCVN-TV Covington
23.4 WKZT-TV Elizabethtown
35.4 WKHA Hazard
46.4 WKLE Lexington
15.4 WKPC-TV Louisville
35.4 WKMA-TV Madisonville
38.4 WKMR Morehead
21.4 WKMU Murray
31.4 WKOH Owensboro
52.4 WKON Owenton
29.4 WKPD Paducah
22.4 WKPI-TV Pikeville
29.4 WKSO-TV Somerset

Louisiana

25.2 KLPA-TV Alexandria Louisiana Educational
Television Authority
January 2017 - present
27.2 WLPB-TV Baton Rouge
24.2 KLPB-TV Lafayette
24.2 KLTL-TV Lake Charles
13.2 KLTM-TV Monroe
24.2 KLTS-TV Shreveport
12.4 WYES-TV New Orleans pending

Massachusetts

44.4 WGBX-TV[24] Boston WGBH Educational
Foundation
January 16, 2017 - present
57.3 WGBY-TV[25] Springfield

Maryland

22.3 WMPT Annapolis Maryland Public Television MPT Select
(day time)[8]
January 2017 - present
67.3 WMPB Baltimore
62.3 WFPT Frederick
31.3 WWPB Hagerstown
36.3 WGPT Oakland
28.3 WCPB Salisbury

Maine

10.4 WCBB Augusta Maine Public
Broadcasting
January 2017 - present
26.4 WMEA-TV Biddeford
13.4 WMED-TV Calais
12.4 WMEB-TV Orono
10.4 WMEM-TV Presque Isle

Michigan

6.2 WCML Alpena Central Michigan
University
January 16, 2017 - present
27.2 WCMV Cadillac
26.2 WCMU-TV Mount Pleasant
28.2 WCMZ-TV[26] Flint January 16, 2017 - May 2017
19.4 WDCQ-TV Bad Axe Delta College current
56.2 WTVS Detroit Detroit Educational TV Foundation January 13, 2017 - present
23.4 WKAR-TV East Lansing Michigan State
University
January 13, 2017 - present
13.2 WNMU (TV) Marquette Northern Michigan
University
January 16, 2017 - present
35.5 WGVU-TV Grand Rapids Grand Valley
State University
pending
52.5 WGVK Kalamazoo

Minnesota

10.5 KWCM-TV Appleton West Central Minnesota
Educational TV
pending
20.5 KSMN Worthington
9.3 KAWE Bemidji Northern Minnesota Public Television January 2017 - present
22.3 KAWB Brainerd
16.4 KCGE-DT Crookston Prairie Public Television
2.4 KTCA-TV St. Paul Twin Cities PBS

Mississippi

19.2 WMAH-TV Biloxi Mississippi Public
Broadcasting
January 2017 - present
12.2 WMAE-TV Booneville
17.2 WMAU-TV Bude
23.2 WMAO-TV Greenwood
29.2 WMPN-TV Jackson
14.2 WMAW-TV Meridian
2.2 WMAB-TV Mississippi State
18.2 WMAV-TV Oxford

Missouri

26.2 KOZJ Joplin Missouri State University January 2017 - present
21.2 KOZK Springfield
19.4 KCPT Kansas City Public TV 19, Inc.
6.4 KMOS-TV Sedalia University of Central
Missouri
9.2 KETC St. Louis St. Louis Regional
Public Media, Inc.

Montana

16.2 KBGS-TV Billings Montana State
University
January 2017 - present
9.2 KUSM-TV Bozeman
10.2 KUHM-TV Helena
46.2 KUKL-TV Kalispell
11.2 KUFM-TV Missoula

Nebraska

13-4 KTNE-TV Alliance Nebraska Educational
Telecommunications
pending
7.4 KMNE-TV Bassett
29.4 KHNE-TV Hastings
3.4 KLNE-TV Lexington
12.4 KUON-TV Lincoln
12.4 KRNE-TV Merriman
19.4 KXNE-TV Norfolk
9.4 KPNE-TV North Platte
26.4 KYNE-TV Omaha

Nevada

10.3 KLVX Las Vegas Clark County School District pending
5.3 KNPB Reno Channel 5 Public
Broadcasting

North Carolina

33.2 WUNF-TV Asheville University of North Carolina January 2017 - present
27.3 WUNW Canton
04.2 WUNC-TV Chapel Hill
58.2 WUNG-TV Concord
02.2 WUND-TV Edenton
25.2 WUNK-TV Greenville
19.3 WUNM-TV Jacksonville
17.3 WUNE-TV Linville
31.2 WUNU Lumberton
36.3 WUNP-TV Roanoke Rapids
39.2 WUNJ-TV Wilmington
26.2 WUNL-TV Winston-Salem

North Dakota

3.4 KBME-TV Bismarck Prairie Public Television January 2017 - present
25.4 KMDE Devils Lake
9.4 KDSE Dickinson
19.4 KJRE Ellendale
13.4 KFME Fargo
6.4 KSRE Minot
4.4 KWSE Williston

New Jersey

13.2 WNET Newark Educational Broadcasting Corporation January 2017 - present

New Mexico

5.2 KNME-TV Albuquerque University of New Mexico January 2017 - present

New York

46.6 WSKG-TV Binghamton WSKG Public Telecommunications Council[27] February 1, 2017 -
30.6 WSKA Corning
17.3 WNED-TV Buffalo Western New York Public Broadcasting Association pending
18.4 WNPI-DT Norwood St. Lawrence Valley Educational TV Council, Inc. January 2017 - present
16.4 WPBS-DT Watertown
57.3 WCFE-TV Plattsburgh Mountain Lake Public Telecommunications Council January 2017 - present
21.4 WXXI-TV Rochester WXXI Public Broadcasting Council February 2017
17.4 WMHT Schenectady January 2017 - present
24.4 WCNY-TV Syracuse Public Broadcasting Council of Central New York

Ohio

cable OU Telecommunications Center Athens Ohio University[21] September 6, 1999 -
Mornings & weekends
27.2 WBGU-TV Bowling Green Bowling Green
State University
current
25.5 WVIZ Cleveland Ideastream January 2017 - present
34.4 WOSU-TV Columbus WOSU Public Media pending
42.4 WOSU-TV Portsmouth
16.5 WPTD Dayton Public Media Connect January 2017 - present
14.3 WPTO Oxford
30.2 WGTE-TV Toledo Public Broadcasting Foundation of Northwest Ohio

Oklahoma

12.4 KWET Cheyenne Oklahoma Educational Television Authority[8]
  • .4 (2006-2009)
  • OETA OKLA .2
  • (day time: 2009-2013)
  • .4 (2013-2017)
January 16, 2017 - present
3.4 KOET Eufaula
13.4 KETA-TV Oklahoma City
11.4 KOED-TV Tulsa
Cable OETA Kids Oklahoma City and Tulsa (2009-2013)

Oregon

11.3 KOAB-TV BEND Oregon Public Broadcasting January 2017 - present
7.3 KOAC-TV Corvallis
29.3 KEPB-TV Eugene
13.3 KTVR La Grande
10.3 KOPB-TV Portland

Pennsylvania

3.4 WPSU-TV Clearfield Penn State Public Media January 2017 - present
13.5 WQED Pittsburgh WQED Multimedia
44.2 WVIA-TV Scranton Northeast Pennsylvania Educational Television Association

Puerto Rico

40.2 WMTJ Fajardo Ana G. Méndez University System current
26.2 WQTO Ponce

South Carolina

14.4 WEBA-TV Allendale South Carolina
Educational TV
pending
16.4 WJWJ-TV Beaufort
7.4 WITV Charleston
35.4 WRLK-TV Columbia
23.4 WHMC Conway
33.4 WJPM-TV Florence
29.4 WNTV Greenville
38.4 WNEH Greenwood
30.4 WNSC-TV Rock Hill
49.4 WRET-TV Spartanburg
27.4 WRJA-TV Sumter

South Dakota

16.4 KDSD-TV Aberdeen South Dakota Public
Broadcasting
January 2017 - present
08.4 KESD-TV Brookings
13.4 KPSD-TV Eagle Butte
11.4 KQSD-TV Lowry
8.4 KZSD-TV Martin
10.4 KTSD-TV Pierre
9.4 KBHE-TV Rapid City
23.4 KCSD-TV Sioux Falls
2.4 KUSD-TV Vermillion

Tennessee

45.3 WTCI Chattanooga Greater Chattanooga Public Television January 2017
22.4 WCTE Cookeville pending
15.2 WKOP-TV Knoxville East Tennessee PBS January 2017 - present
2.2 WETP-TV Sneedville
11.2 WLJT-DT Lexington
10.3 WKNO Mempis

Texas

02.2 KACV-TV Amarillo Amarillo College pending
18.4 KLRU Austin Capital of Texas Public Telecommunications Council January 2017 - present
46.2 KNCT Belton Central Texas College
12.3 KAMU-TV College Station Texas A&M University
13.2 KERA-TV Dallas North Texas Public Broadcasting
8.3 KUHT Houston University of Houston
5.3 KTTZ-TV Lubbock Texas Tech University
8.3 KLRN San Antonio Alamo Public Telecommunications Council pending

Utah

07.3 KUED Salt Lake City University of Utah pending
18.3 KUEW St. George

Virgina

15.3 WHRO-TV Hampton-Norfolk Hampton Roads Educational Telecommunications Association January 2017 - present
15.3 WBRA-TV Roanoke Blue Ridge PBS

Virgin Island

12.2 WTJX-TV Charlotte Amalie Virgin Islands Public Broadcasting System January 2017 - present

Vermont

33.4 WETK Burlington Vermont PBS January 2017 - present
28.4 WVER Rutland
20.4 WVTB St. Johnsbury
41.4 WVTA Windsor

Washington

9.2 KCTS-TV Seattle Cascade Public Media pending
47.2 KYVE Yakima
7.4 KSPS-TV SPOKANE KSPS Public TV

Wisconsin

38.4 WPNE-TV Green Bay Wisconsin Public Television January 2017 - present
31.4 WHLA-TV La Crosse
21.4 WHA-TV Madison
28.4 WHWC-TV Menomonie
36.4 WLEF-TV Park Falls
20.4 WHRM-TV Wausau
10.3 WMVS Milwaukee Milwaukee Area Technical College

West Virginia

9.3 WSWP-TV Grandview West Virginia Public Broadcasting January 2017 - present
33.3 WVPB-TV Huntington
24.3 WNPB-TV Morgantown

Wyoming

6.3 KPTW CASPER Central Wyoming College pending
4.3 KCWC-DT Lander
8.3 KWYP-DT Laramie

References

  1. ^ Chozick, Amy (January 1, 2012). "PBS Takes On the Premium Channels". NYTimes.com. The New York Times Company. Archived from the original on July 16, 2013. Retrieved January 2, 2015. PBS Kids ... was originally created for underprivileged young viewers who lacked access to early-childhood education. 
  2. ^ a b c Bedford, Karen Everhart (June 6, 1994). "Goal for Ready to Learn: engage kids and parents". current.org/. Current.org. Archived from the original on February 24, 2014. Retrieved June 9, 2014. 
  3. ^ Pierce, Charles P. (January 22, 1995). "Building a Better Fun Factory : For Years, PBS Had a Monopoly on Quality Children's Programming. Now It's Being Challenged by Brash Upstart Nickelodeon, Which May Prove a Bigger Threat Than a Republican Congress Ever Will.". The Los Angeles Times. p. 7. Archived from the original on June 9, 2014. Retrieved June 9, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Karen Everhart Bedford (August 30, 1999). "Multi-purpose PBS Kids takes flight next week". Current.org. Archived from the original on December 16, 1999. Retrieved December 9, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b Everhart, Karen (July 17, 2006). "PBS Kids Go! channel: plan is no-go for now". Current. Current Publishing Committee. Retrieved April 4, 2016. 
  6. ^ a b Everhart Bedford, Karen (July 31, 2000). "Better Saturday competition seen for the kids audience". Current. Retrieved April 4, 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c Egner, Jeremy (April 3, 2006). "World and Go! streams flow into PBS plans". Current. Retrieved March 30, 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i Katy June-Friesen (January 12, 2009). "Many stations packaging their own kids' channels". Current. Archived from the original on January 23, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2010. 
  9. ^ Singel, Ryan (December 3, 2009). "Comcast Buys NBC, Clouding Online TV's Future". Retrieved December 9, 2010. 
  10. ^ Moskovciak, Matthew (May 8, 2013). "Roku's PBS, PBS Kids channels go live, stream full episodes". CNet. Retrieved May 8, 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "PBS Kids Go! goes bye-bye as colorful branding revamp rolls out to stations". Current.org. 2013-08-07. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
  12. ^ a b "PBS KIDS widens access with 24/7 channel offerings". Kidscreen. 2016-02-23. Retrieved 2016-03-30. 
  13. ^ Koblin, John (February 22, 2016). "PBS Is Creating a Channel Exclusively for Children". New York Times. Retrieved March 30, 2016. 
  14. ^ a b "PBS Chief Paula Kerger Talks 'Sesame Street' Changes, Spectrum Auction". Variety. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  15. ^ a b Perez, Sarah (January 16, 2017). "PBS KIDS debuts a new channel and live TV service, available via web and mobile". TechCrunch. Retrieved January 25, 2017. 
  16. ^ Behrens, Steve; Bedford, Karen Everhart (December 13, 1999). "DirecTV okays channels from PBS and ITVS". Current. American University School of Communication. Retrieved February 21, 2017. 
  17. ^ "Stations for Network - PBS Kids Local". RabbitEars.Info. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  18. ^ "Stations for Network - PBS Kids 24/7". RabbitEars.Info. Retrieved January 25, 2017. 
  19. ^ Newman, Deirdre (January 16, 2017). "PBS Starts Kids Channel Streaming". Orange County Business Journal. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  20. ^ Barney, Chuck (January 15, 2017). "PBS Kids: New 24/7 children's channel". Mercury News. Retrieved February 9, 2017. 
  21. ^ a b Karen Everhart Bedford (August 30, 1999). "Multi-purpose PBS Kids takes flight next week". Current.org. Archived from the original on December 16, 1999. Retrieved December 9, 2010. 
  22. ^ a b Sefton, Dru (January 15, 2017). "Launch of PBS Kids streaming channel reshapes multicast lineups". Current. American University School of Communication. Retrieved January 27, 2017. 
  23. ^ Sefton, Dru (January 18, 2017). "Peoria station marks debut of PBS Kids channel with party". Current. Retrieved January 30, 2017. 
  24. ^ Peery, Lexi (January 13, 2017). "WGBH to launch a 24-hour channel devoted to kids". The Boston Globe. Retrieved January 28, 2017. 
  25. ^ Kellyfirst1=Ray (January 13, 2017). "WGBY-TV, Channel 57, making PBS Kids a 24/7 offering". The Republican. MassLive Media. Retrieved January 30, 2017. 
  26. ^ Lozon, Von (February 8, 2017). "CMU to end Flint public television station after $14 million sale". Flint. Mlive Media Group. Retrieved February 15, 2017. 
  27. ^ "PBS KIDS 24/7 comes to WSKG TV Wednesday, Feb. 1". WSKG Public Media. January 12, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 

External links