Wild goat

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Wild Goat
Temporal range: 2.6–0 Ma
Pleistocene - Recent
Bezoarziege.jpg
Bezoar ibex, Capra aegagrus aegagrus
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Caprinae
Genus: Capra
Species:
C. aegagrus
Binomial name
Capra aegagrus
Erxleben, 1777
Subspecies

Capra aegagrus aegagrus
Capra aegagrus blythi
Capra aegagrus chialtanensis
Capra aegagrus cretica
Capra aegagrus hircus
Capra aegagrus turcmenica

The wild goat (Capra aegagrus) is a widespread species of goat, with a distribution ranging from Europe and Asia Minor to Central Asia and the Middle East. It has been listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List since 1996.[1] It is considered the ancestor of the domestic goat.

Social structure[edit]

In the wild, goats live in herds of up to 500 individuals; males are solitary. During the rut older males drive younger males from the maternal herds. The gestation period averages 170 days. Does (females) usually give birth to one kid, which are mobile almost immediately after birth. Kids are weaned after 6 months. Female goats reach sexual maturity at 1½–2½ years, males at 3½–4 years. The lifespan of a goat can be from 12 to 22 years.

Feral goat[edit]

The domestic goat has been introduced and established feral populations in many areas of the world since ancient times following human global colonization. Feral goats are generalist herbivores that can cause serious ecological demages in the receiving ecosystems where native plants are not adapted to their presence, especially on islands. For this reasons, feral goats are included in the 100 of the World's Worst Invasive Alien Species list.

Subspecies[edit]

Distribution[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Weinberg, P.; Jdeidi, T.; Masseti, M.; Nader, I.; de Smet, K. & Cuzin, F. (2008). "Capra aegagrus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T3786A10076632. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T3786A10076632.en. Retrieved 30 October 2018.

External links[edit]