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|Bezoar ibex, Capra aegagrus aegagrus|
The wild goat (Capra aegagrus) is a widespread species of goat, with a distribution ranging from Europe and Asia Minor to Central Asia and the Middle East. It has been listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List since 1996. It is considered the ancestor of the domestic goat.
In the wild, goats live in herds of up to 500 individuals; males are solitary. During the rut older males drive younger males from the maternal herds. The gestation period averages 170 days. Does (females) usually give birth to one kid, which are mobile almost immediately after birth. Kids are weaned after 6 months. Female goats reach sexual maturity at 1½–2½ years, males at 3½–4 years. The lifespan of a goat can be from 12 to 22 years.
The domestic goat has been introduced and established feral populations in many areas of the world since ancient times following human global colonization. Feral goats are generalist herbivores that can cause serious ecological demages in the receiving ecosystems where native plants are not adapted to their presence, especially on islands. For this reasons, feral goats are included in the 100 of the World's Worst Invasive Alien Species list.
- Capra aegagrus aegagrus (Bezoar ibex)
- Capra aegagrus blythi (Sindh ibex)
- Capra aegagrus chialtanensis (Chiltan ibex)
- Capra aegagrus cretica (Kri-kri)
- Capra aegagrus hircus (domestic goat)
- Capra aegagrus turcmenica (Turkmen wild goat)
- Capra aegagrus pictus
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Capra aegagrus.|
- "Capra aegagrus: Wild goat videos, photos and facts". Arkive. Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-06-18.
- "Crete Wild Goat Capra aegagrus cretica". World Association of Zoos and Aquariums.