Wildlife of Namibia

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Namib Desert beetle
High dunes in the Namib Desert

The wildlife of Namibia is composed of its flora and fauna. Namibia's endangered species include wild dog, black rhino, oribi and puku.

Endangered Species[edit]

The puku antelope is limited to about 100 individuals along the Chobe River in Botswana and the Linyati marshes in Namibia. The black and white rhino have suffered the most from poaching and are on the verge of extinction. If there had been no effort to save them in the last 20 years they most likely would have disappeared altogether. While both species occur naturally in Namibia, in many of the reserves they have been reintroduced. The country also has the largest population in southern Africa of cheetah not contained within national parks. There are over twenty species of antelope ranging from the largest, the eland, to the smallest, the Damara dik-dik. The gemsbok, a striking antelope with long symmetrical horns and distinctive black and white markings is featured on the Namibian coat of arms. Namibia also harbours a wealth of small mammals including mongoose, jackal as well as the less common antbear and honey badger, both solitary and nocturnal.

National parks and nature reserves[edit]

Namibia's parks and reserves range from the open bush of the centre and the north where wildlife is relatively plentiful, to the barren and inhospitable coastal strip with its huge sand dunes. The three main tourist attractions for wildlife in Namibia are Etosha National Park, Waterberg National Park and Cape Cross Seal Reserve.

National parks[edit]

Nature reserves[edit]


Namibia has 115 species of fish (5 endemics).[1] There are about 50 species of frogs (6 endemics)[2] but neither caecilians nor salamanders.[1] Namibia is home to 250 species of reptiles with 59 endemics.[2] There were 1331 recorded species of arachnids with 164 endemics[2] but there are potentially 5650 species.[2] Records show 6331 species of insects (1541 of them are endemics).[2] but there are expected to be 35,000 species of insects.[2]

Freshwater insects[edit]

Freshwater invertebrates[edit]

Terrestrial invertebrates[edit]


200 species of terrestrial mammals (14 of them are endemics) and 40 species of marine mammals are native to Namibia.[2]


There are 645 species of birds (14 of them are endemics).[2]


There were recorded 26 species of freshwater snails and 13 species of freshwater bivalves.[1] A number of land gastropods are also found in Namibia.


Aloidendron dichotomum, pictured in Namibia

There were recorded 4334 species of plants (683 of them are endemics).[2]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Curtis B., Roberts K. S., Griffin M., Bethune S., Hay C. J. & Kolberg H. 1998. "Species richness and conservation of Namibian freshwater macro-invertebrates, fish and amphibians". Biodiversity and Conservation 7(4): 447-466. doi:10.1023/A:1008871410919, PDF.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Simmons R. E., Griffin M., Griffin R. E., Marais E. & Kolberg H. 1998. "Endemism in Namibia: patterns, processes and predictions". Biodiversity and Conservation 7(4): 513-530. doi:10.1023/A:1008879712736.
  3. ^ Vohland, K. & Hamer, M. 2013. A review of the millipedes (Diplopoda) of Namibia, with identification keys and descriptions of two new genera and five new species. African Invertebrates 54 (1): 251–304.<http://africaninvertebrates.org/ojs/index.php/AI/article/view/276>
  4. ^ "Senecio haworthii (Sweet) Sch.Bip. record n° 98154". African Plants Database. South African National Biodiversity Institute, the Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and Tela Botanica. Retrieved 2008-05-24.