Wildwoods Shore Resort Historic District
The Wildwoods Shore Resort Historic District, or Doo Wop Motel District, is an area in The Wildwoods, New Jersey, that was home to over 300 motels built during the Doo-Wop era of the 1950s and 1960s. Officially recognized as a historic district by the State of New Jersey, it lies primarily in the municipality of Wildwood Crest, along a two-mile stretch between Atlantic and Ocean avenues, and includes areas in Wildwood and North Wildwood. The term doo-wop was coined by Cape May's Mid-Atlantic Center for the Arts in the early 1990s to describe the unique, space-age architectural style, which is also referred to as the Googie or populuxe style.
The motels are very stylized, with Vegas-like neon signs, plastic palm trees, and fantastic architecture. Construction of condominia in the area has resulted in the demolition of many motels, but the Wildwood Doo Wop Preservation League has taken action to help save and restore the remaining historic buildings. The Caribbean Motel in Wildwood Crest, and the Chateau Bleu Motel in North Wildwood are both listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
A 1950s Doo Wop museum has recently been built which contains property from demolished motels such as neon signs and furniture. Neo-Doo Wop buildings in the area feature a neon-lit Wawa and a 1950s-style Acme Supermarket.
Motel construction in the Wildwoods began in the early 1950s. 1958 was a banner year for construction in Wildwood Crest, with the opening of the Satellite, Caribbean, El Reno (later the South Beach Motel), Sand Castle, Swan Motel and Tangiers motels. The Rio Motel, in Wildwood proper, also made its debut that spring. New motels were built into the 1970s.
Many of these Doo-Wop motels were designed by the brothers Lewis J. (Lou) and Wilburt C. (Will) Morey, born in West Wildwood in 1925 and 1927, respectively. In 1952, their company Morey Brothers Builders built Wildwood's first motel, the single-story Jay's Motel, at the corner of Hildreth and Atlantic Avenues. In 1955 they dissolved their formal business partnership and began to work more independently on motel designs.
Doo Wop motels generally include U-shaped or L-shaped designs of two or three stories, asymmetric elements, swimming pools, adjacent parking or second story sun decks over parking spaces, plastic palm trees, angular walls or windows, flat overhanging roofs, prominent neon signs and railing, bright colors, and a contemporary or fantasy theme. References to popular culture or history were also common. The themes or sub-styles have been classified as: Modern/Blastoff, Vroom, Chinatown Revival, Tiki (Polynesian Pop), and Phony Colonee. The Blastoff style is reminiscent of the jet-age airports of the 1950s and 1960s. The Vroom style includes forward-thrusting building elements. Phony Colonee imitates the mass market Colonial Revival architecture of the 1950s and 1960s with Colonial American brick and lamppost elements
Each motel typically had one or more large, garish neon signs used to draw in passing motorists to their establishment. These signs became part of the architectural style and motels competed to have the most distinctive sign. Two firms supplied most of the signs, Ace Sign Company and Allied Sign Company, with W. Robert Hentges becoming the best known local sign designer. Hentges originally worked for Ace, then moved to Allied, and later founded his own company. Local laws banned flashing signs and limited revolving signs.
The Caribbean Motel in Wildwood Crest, built in 1958 and now restored, was the first motel to use the full-size plastic palm trees that now adorn most of the Doo Wop motels in the area. The motel was saved from demolition in 2004, when it was purchased by George Miller and Caroline Emigh, who succeeded in getting the property placed on the national historic registry. After reading the book, How to Doo Wop: the Wildwoods-by-the-Sea Handbook of Design Guidelines published by the Doo Wop Preservation League, they were so impressed by the suggested designs of Philadelphia architect Anthony Bracali that they hired him to oversee restoration of the motel. The interior design was done by Darleen Lev, a designer from New York City who was staying at the motel around the time that Miller and Emigh bought the property. An admirer of the Technicolor film process, Lev's designs are modeled on movie sets of the 1950s, as well as reflecting the motel's Caribbean motif. The Caribbean Motel was owned by the Rossi family for more than 30 years, until the early 1990s.
Chateau Bleu Motel
The Oceanview Motel in Wildwood Crest, which was built in 1964, is the largest motel ever built in The Wildwoods. In 2009, the owners had plans to demolish the motel to make way for condominia, but it was rejected by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. The Oceanview was originally named the Admiral East Motel, when the Admiral West Motel (now the Admiral Resort Motel), shared the same owner.
Notable existing motels also include: The Jolly Roger, The Pan American, The Crusader, The Waikiki, The Newport, The Sea Shell, The Admiral, The Adventurer, The VIP, The Carriage Stop, The Granada, The Tangiers and the Yankee Clipper.
Extant historic motels
|Admiral Motel||1971||Rambler Rd & Atlantic Ave.||Once the Admiral West, when its neighbor across the street was also called Admiral (East).
Date is circa - does not appear on a 1970 overhead of property (see historicaerials.com) - is listed in 1973 G.W.H.M. Accommodations Directory
|Aqua Beach||Buttercup & Ocean Ave.|
|Armada By The Sea||1973||Forget-me-not & Beach Ave.|
|American Safari||1969||Lavender & Ocean Ave.||Zoo theme|
|Astronaut Motel||1963||Stockton & beach||Date is circa - the Astronaut is visible on a 1963 overhead of the property (see historicaerials.com). Does not appear in 1961 G.W.H.M Accommodations Directory (though hotels/motels did not necessarily participate).|
|Attache Resort||1966||Heather & Ocean Ave.|
|Aztec Resort||1960||Lavender & Atlantic Ave.||Its western annex building is older and was originally the Coral Sands Motel|
|Beach Colony Motel||1963||Stockton & Ocean Ave.||Originally the Golden Nugget. Date is circa - the Golden Nugget is visible on a 1963 overhead of the property (see historicaerials.com).
Does not appear in 1961 G.W.H.M Accommodations Directory.
|Bel Air||1956||Morning Glory & Ocean Ave.||Just north of the Caribbean. "7-shaped" Date is circa - the Bel Air appears on a 1956 overhead of the property (see historicaerials.com). Originally one floor.|
|Bristol Plaza||1970||Rosemary & Beach Ave.
|Cape Cod Inn||1966||Sweetbriar & Atlantic Ave.
|Originally three floors, and expanded to four in the 2000s.|
|Cara Mara||1963||Fern & Ocean Ave.||Date is circa - the Cara Mara is visible
on a 1963 overhead of the property (see historicaerials.com). Does not appear in 1961 G.W.H.M Accommodations Directory. Originally two floors, without oceanfront rooms.
|Caribbean Motel||1958||Buttercup & Ocean Ave.
|Listed on the NRHP Owners claim it opened in 1957.|
|Conca d’or Motel||East Stanton Road at the beach|
|Compass Motel||Atlantic and Rosemary|
|Crystal Beach Motor Inn||Atlantic and Aster|
|Fleur de Lis Resort||1966||Ocean and Sweetbriar|
|Gondolier||1965||Lavender & Beach Ave.
|Italian themed, "F shaped"|
|Imperial 500||1964||Forget-Me-Not Road & Atlantic Avenue, Wildwood Crest||East end expanded to four floors (from
the original three) in the first half of the 2000s.
|Jolly Roger||1959||Originally on the beach, before Ocean Avenue expanded south.|
|Nassau Inn||1969||Ocean and Wisteria||Date is circa - appears in 1970 overhead of property (see historicaerials.com).|
|Ocean Holiday||1973||Beach Ave. & Rosemary|
|Oceanview||1963||Rambler Rd and Ocean Ave.||Date is circa - appears in 1963 overhead of property (see historicaerials.com) Does not appear in 1961 G.W.H.M Accommodations Directory.
Originally called Admiral, and later Admiral East (once the West motel was built across the street), then by 1992 it became the Ocean View. Initially two floors.
|Park Lane||1963||Date is circa - appears in 1963 overhead of property (see historicaerials.com) Does not appear in 1961 G.W.H.M Accommodations Directory.|
|Pink Orchid||Atlantic& Orchid|
|Royal Hawaiian||1969||Orchid & Ocean Ave.
East wing is from 1969, West wing from 1978
|Sand Castle Motel||Ocean & Stockton|
|Saratoga Inn||1960||Stanton & Ocean||Phoney Colonee|
|Sea Chest Motel||Atlantic & Stockton|
|Sea Drift||Atlantic & Buttercup|
|Sea Scape Inn|
|Shalimar||1964||Rosemary & Atlantic Ave.
|Restored in 2005 & expanded to allow for two-floor units + single level motel rooms, raising the height to five stories (originally three).|
|Viking||1960||Columbine & Ocean Ave.
|Date is circa - the Viking is listed in a 1961 G.W.H.M. Accommodations Directory.|
|V.I.P.||1965||Forget-me-not & Atlantic Ave.
|Waikiki||1969||Wisteria & Beach Ave.||By the beach & library, Polynesian Pop
Date is circa - appears in 1970 overhead of property (see historicaerials.com).
|Waters Edge Ocean Resort||Beach & Buttercup|
|Yankee Clipper||1966||Cardinal & Ocean Ave.
From 2003 to 2006, over 50 motels had been demolished to make way for condominium development. In addition to the Ebb Tide, notable demolished motels in the area included the Satellite, Kona Kai, Waterways, Christine Motor Inn, Fantasy and Rio motels.
Ebb Tide Motel
The Sea Rose Motel
The Sea Rose Motel, which was owned by Stanley and Catherine Stefankiewicz, was demolished in Fall 2004. The motel was owned for many years by the Stefankiewicz Family, who also owned the Poplar Cafe which is now known as "Goodnight Irenes".
Built in 1958, the Satellite Motel was one of the Wildwoods' signature "Doo Wop" landmarks until its demolition after the 2004 season, sparking a wave of redevelopment in the area that winter. It was located on the northeast corner of Atlantic & Aster in Wildwood Crest. The Satellite's rooftop neon sign was installed as part of the Neon Garden at the Doo Wop Experience museum in May 2008. The motel was featured prominently in Thomas Hine's 1986 book, Populuxe.
As the loss of the original Satellite was so great, plans are underway for a successor to it - the 21st Century Satellite Motel. The new project looks back to the original Satellite's first decade of life - when it was arguably at its best and purest form aesthetically, and truest to its initial vision as an overall experience for its guests - for its inspiration, moving it forward into the future for its new form.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wildwoods Shore Resort Historic District.|
- "The '50s and '60s Thrive In Retro Doo-Wop Motels". Washington Post. 24 June 2007. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
- Doo Wop Preservation League Web site
- Wildwood Crest Historical Society Web site
- Fancher, Emily. "Doo Wop" architecture lures tourists back to seaside town Archived 2007-07-02 at the Wayback Machine., Columbia News Service, June 10, 2002. Accessed June 17, 2007. "Just about everything in Wildwood, N.J. has been touched by 'Doo Wop'. The term describes the distinctively kitschy flair of the town's 200 motels, which were built in the 1950s and '60s. Reflecting the popular cultural themes of the era, the motels have Hawaiian and Polynesian designs, Space Age accents or rock 'n' roll details."
- Neon and Angles: Motels of the Wildwoods, Historic Preservation Bulletin, Summer 2006, accessed May 17, 2011
- "Satellite Motel". Wildwood Doo Wop.com. Retrieved 2009-06-21.
- Hastings, Kirk. Doo Wop Motels: Architectural Treasures of The Wildwoods. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. pp. 11–12. ISBN 978-0-8117-3389-2.
- History of Doo Wop Motels Archived 2013-09-01 at the Wayback Machine., accessed May 17, 2011,
- Hastings, Kirk. Doo Wop Motels: Architectural Treasures of The Wildwoods. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. p. 70. ISBN 978-0-8117-3389-2.
- Hastings, Kirk (2007). Doo Wop Motels: Architectural Treasures of the Wildwoods. Stackpole Books. pp. Chapter Two. ISBN 9780811733892.
- Spain, John (August 16, 2008). "Doo Wop delights of the Jersey shore". Irish Independent. Retrieved 2009-06-17.
- Eisenthal, Bram (October 21, 2006). "Doo Wop sings the blues". Montreal Gazette. Canwest. Archived from the original on June 3, 2008. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places - Cape May County" (PDF). NJ DEP - Historic Preservation Office. January 10, 2010. p. 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 28, 2011. Retrieved April 6, 2010.
- "History of Wildwood Crest, New Jersey". Visit New Jersey Shore. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
- Hine, Thomas (1986). Populuxe: the Look and Life of Midcentury America. Woodstock, NY: Overlook Press. ISBN 978-1-58567-910-2.