Wilford Toll Bridge

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Wilford Toll Bridge
Statue of Sir Robert Juckes Clifton, Wilford Bridge, Nottingham - Geograph-753649.jpg
Wilford Toll Bridge with the statue of Sir Robert Juckes Clifton
Coordinates 52°56′16″N 1°09′17″W / 52.9377°N 1.1546°W / 52.9377; -1.1546Coordinates: 52°56′16″N 1°09′17″W / 52.9377°N 1.1546°W / 52.9377; -1.1546
Crosses River Trent
Heritage status Grade II listed structure (part)
History
Opened 1906
The bridge deck after reopening in 1980 but before widening to carry the tramway
The bridge deck after widening to carry the tramway

Wilford Toll Bridge, locally referred to as the 'Halfpenny Bridge',[1] is a tram, pedestrian and cycle bridge in Nottingham, England. It crosses the River Trent between the Meadows and Wilford. It originally opened as a toll bridge for general traffic in 1870, but was closed when declared unsafe in 1974. Following demolition of the central span, a narrower footbridge and cycleway was opened in 1980. The bridge was once again widened to accommodate an extension of the Nottingham Express Transit network in 2015.

Parts of the northern side of the bridge are Grade II listed building, including the former toll house.[2][3][4]

History[edit]

Wilford Ferry[edit]

Until the bridge opened a Wilford Ferry was in operation for some 400 years. This ferry was the scene of a disaster in 1784, when in the midst of a gale an overcrowded ferry boat capsized, and six unfortunate passengers were drowned.[5]

Another fatal accident occurred on 10 January 1837 when John Oakley, a Wilford farmer, and two others used another boat which drifted downstream and capsized when it hit the ferry chain.[6]

An act of parliament was obtained in 1862 for the construction of a bridge.[7] The ferry service ended on 18 September 1864, when a temporary wooden footbridge was opened.

Wilford Toll Bridge[edit]

The toll bridge opened on 16 June 1870.[8] It was built by Sir Robert Juckes-Clifton, 9th Baronet for the traffic for Clifton Colliery.[9] The bridge was a cast-iron structure by Andrew Handyside of Derby.[10]

The toll house was designed by the architect E.W. Hughes. It is built of red brick, ashlar dressing and steep hipped slate/lead roofs, and as of 2012 is used as a sandwich shop.

The bridge was owned by the Clifton family until Nottingham City Council took over in 1969. The piers have the Clifton arms on the inward facing walls.

The council assessment revealed that bridge was in a poor condition and it was closed to traffic in 1974. The centre span of the bridge was demolished and replaced by a narrower foot bridge, of steel girders with an in-situ reinforced concrete deck slab, in 1980.[11] The bridge was then used as a footpath and cycleway, with a gas main and cable services under the deck.

During 2014 & 2015 the bridge has been enlarged to carry Phase 2 of the Nottingham Express Transit system. This involve widening the central portion from 5.65 metres (18.5 ft) to 12.2 metres (40 ft) and strengthening to allow a two-way tram system, and a replacement for the new pedestrian and cycle paths.[12]

Table of tolls[edit]

On the toll house is a sign which reads:

Table of tolls to be taken under the Wilford Bridge Act 1862. For every horse or other beast drawing any Coach or Stage Coach, Omnibus, Van, Caravan, Sociable, Berlin, Landau, Chaial, A-Vis, Barouche, Phaeton, Chaise Marine, Caleche, Carricle, Chair, Gig, Dog cart, Irish Car, whisky, Hearse, Litter, Chais or any little carriage 6D. For every horse or other beast drawing any wagon, wain, cart or other carriage. 4D. For every horse or mule, laden or unladen not drawing 1½ D. For every Ox, Cow, Bull or Neat cattle 1 penny; or for a score 6D.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Toll was ½D for pedestrians
  2. ^ "Wilford Bridge Toll House". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. 30 November 1995. Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  3. ^ "The Nottingham Express Transit System Order - Evidence on behalf of the Promoters: Objections Response NET.P8/A" (PDF). Nottingham Express Transit. 5 October 2007. p. 78. Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  4. ^ http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/search?q=wilford+bridge
  5. ^ Links with Old Nottingham. Historical notes by J. Holland Walker. 1928
  6. ^ Nottingham Date Book, John Frost Sutton.
  7. ^ An Act for the making and maintaining of a Bridge over the River Trent near to the Town of Nottingham (to be called "Wilford Bridge"), with Roads thereto, and for the discontinuing of Wilford Ferry across the River, and for other Purposes. 1862
  8. ^ The Highway engineer, Volume 30. Institution of Highway Engineers
  9. ^ Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire, Volumes 55-58
  10. ^ The Buildings of England. Nikolaus Pevsner. Nottinghamshire.
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ [2]

External links[edit]


Next footbridge crossing upstream River Trent Next footbridge crossing downstream
Clifton Bridge (Nottingham)  Wilford Toll Bridge
Grid reference: SK568381
Wilford Suspension Bridge