|Cardinal Archbishop of Durban|
|Appointed||29 March 1992|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of S. Francesco d’Assisi ad Acilia|
Member of Council for the Economy
|Ordination||25 July 1970|
by John Evangelist McBride
|Consecration||28 February 1981|
by Denis Hurley
|Created cardinal||21 February 2001|
by Pope John Paul II
|Birth name||Wilfrid Fox Napier|
|Born||8 March 1941|
Swartberg, Cape Union of South Africa (present day Republic of South Africa)
|Previous post||Roman Catholic Bishop of Kokstad (1981–1992)|
|Coat of arms|
Wilfrid Fox Napier OFM (born 8 March 1941) is a South African prelate of the Catholic Church. He has been Archbishop of Durban since 1992 and a cardinal since 2001. He was Bishop of Kokstad from 1981 to 1992.
Wilfrid Fox Napier
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Napier was born on 8 March 1941 in Swartberg, South Africa. He graduated from University College Galway in 1964 with a degree in Latin and English. He then obtained an MA in philosophy and theology from the Catholic University of Louvain in Belgium.
During the early nineties, he and other church leaders were involved in mediation and negotiation during the unrest leading up to the 1994 election and was present in September 1991 when the Peace Accord was signed. He was president of the Southern African Catholic Bishops' Conference in 1987-94 and 1999.
Napier is a Member of the Episcopal Board of the International Commission on English in the Liturgy (ICEL).
Napier was made a Cardinal-Priest in 2001 and assigned the titular church of San Francesco d'Assisi ad Acilia. He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that selected Pope Benedict XVI. On 21 March 2012, Pope Benedict XVI named him a member of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Health Care Workers.
He was a cardinal elector at the 2013 papal conclave that elected Pope Francis. On 8 March 2014, Pope Francis appointed him to the newly established Council for Economic Affairs, which oversees the work of the new Secretariat for the Economy, the financial regulatory agency for the Roman Curia.
In January 2005, Napier stated, in comments similar to some made by Pope Benedict XVI, that government programmes to distribute condoms were ineffectual in stemming the spread of HIV. Instead, he proposed programmes based upon the principle of abstinence.
Vatican's views on Africa
In October 2003, Cardinal Napier stated that, to some extent, the Vatican lacks a "sufficient sensitivity to African churches." He said the trips Pope John Paul II made to Africa have helped, since every time he comes, Vatican officials are forced to learn something about Africa.
Paedophilia Comments Controversy
On St Patrick's Day 2013, in a BBC interview on the Stephan Nolan programme, BBC 5 live, Napier made the controversial statement that "From my experience paedophilia is actually an illness, it is not a criminal condition, it is an illness." Napier clarified in the closing minutes of the Nolan interview that he was very specifically not saying that someone "who has committed an offence against a child is not criminally liable." The cardinal mentioned two priests he knew who were abused as children and went on to become paedophiles. Cardinal Napier went on to say "Now don't tell me that those people are criminally responsible like somebody who chooses to do something like that. I don't think you can really take the position and say that person deserves to be punished. He was himself damaged."
Michael Walsh, a biographer of Pope John Paul II stated that at one time this was the view of many Catholics in the US and UK. Barbara Dorries from Chicago-based Survivors Network of those Abused by Priests and, herself a victim of sex abuse from a priest when she was a child told the BBC:
If it is a disease that's fine, but it's also a crime and crimes are punished, criminals are held accountable for what they did and what they do.... The bishops and the cardinals have gone to great lengths to cover these crimes to enable the predators to move on, to not be arrested, to keep the secrets within the church.
Napier attacked the BBC after the broadcast for being "sensationalist" and "putting words into my mouth". He added: "I made it quite clear that paedophilia is a crime, and that we as a church have got a whole process in place for dealing with it."
Napier apologised via Twitter for his comments to Stephen Nolan on Radio 5 Live: "I apologise to victims of child abuse offended by my misstatement of what was and still is my concern about all abused, including abused abuser." He went on to say "It's the supreme irony. Because I raised the issue of the abused abuser, I stand accused of insensitivity to the sufferings of the abused."
In December 2011 Napier criticised world leaders on their failure to keep climate change commitments. He said "We express our displeasure with local and international political leadership which has failed to take decisive steps to make the changes required for the survival of humanity and life on earth. We as the religious community demand that our political leaders honour previous commitments and move towards ethically responsible positions and policies."
- Stober, Paul; Ludman, Barbara (2004). The Mail & Guardian A - Z of South African Politics:The Essential Handbook. South Africa: Jacana Media. pp. 97–8. ISBN 9781770090231.
- National University of Ireland, Galway profile of Wilfrid Cardinal Napier Archived 14 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- National University of Ireland, Galway report on Napier's elevation to the cardinalate
- Pope John Paul II (21 February 2001). "Concistoro Ordinario Pubblico per la creazione dei nuovi Cardinali" [Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals] (Homily) (in Italian). Libreria Editrica Vaticana. Assegnazione dei Titoli o delle Diaconie ai nuovi Cardinali. Archived from the original on 8 January 2018. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 21.03.2012" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 21 March 2012. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
- Glatz, Carol (11 March 2014). "Pope names cardinals, lay experts to new Council for the Economy". National Catholic Reporter. Catholic News Service. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
- Cardinal Napier in The Southern Cross
- S. Africa Health Minister To Discuss AIDS Programs With Religious Leaders, Including Bishops Opposed to Condom Use:Health and Medicine News, Medilinks Africa website
- "UK and SA Governments Suffer Cardinal's Ire". What the cardinals believe. cardinalrating.com. 5 October 2006. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- Allen Jr., John L. (24 October 2003). "The unofficial opening of the campaign season; What the church's decision-makers are thinking and feeling these days". National Catholic Reporter. Archived from the original on 10 June 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- "'Paedophilia not criminal condition' says Durban cardinal". BBC. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
- "Transcript: 'Controversial' Cardinal Napier Interview". Mark Cogitates. 17 March 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "Anger over Cardinal's gaffe". iol News. Independent Newspapers (Pty) Limited. 17 March 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- "S.Africa cardinal apologises for paedophilia remark". Google News. AFP. 18 March 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
- "Cardinal apologises for remarks on paedophilia". The Statesman. The Statesman Limited. 18 March 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
- "Catholics march in London against climate change apathy". The Universe. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2013.