|President of the European People's Party|
1990 – 9 October 2013
|Preceded by||Jacques Santer|
|Succeeded by||Joseph Daul|
|44th Prime Minister of Belgium|
17 December 1981 – 7 March 1992
|Preceded by||Mark Eyskens|
|Succeeded by||Jean-Luc Dehaene|
3 April 1979 – 31 March 1981
|Preceded by||Paul Vanden Boeynants|
|Succeeded by||Mark Eyskens|
|Leader of the European People's Party-European Democrats|
20 July 1994 – 20 July 1999
|Preceded by||Leo Tindemans|
|Succeeded by||Hans-Gert Pöttering|
|Born||Wilfried Achiel Emma Martens
19 April 1936
|Died||9 October 2013
|Political party||Christian Democratic and Flemish|
|Spouse(s)||Lieve Verschroeven (1962–Div. 1997)
Ilse Schouteden (1998–Div. 2007)
Miet Smet (2008–2013, his death)
|Alma mater||Catholic University of Leuven
Wilfried Achiel Emma Martens (Dutch: [ˈʋɪlfrit ˈmɑrtə(n)s] ( listen); 19 April 1936 – 9 October 2013) was a Flemish Belgian politician. He was born in Sleidinge (East Flanders). During his political career, Martens served as the Prime Minister of Belgium from 3 April 1979 to 6 April 1981 and 17 December 1981 to 7 March 1992.
Martens was a Chair of the Belgian Christian People's Party (now renamed Christian Democratic and Flemish party, CD&V) from 1972 to 1979, sitting as a Deputy in the Belgian Chamber of Representatives (federal parliament) from 1974 to 1991, and serving as a Senator from 1991 to 1994.
Wilfried Martens served as Prime Minister in nine coalition governments (Martens I-IX) from 3 April 1979 to 6 April 1981 and 17 December 1981 to 7 March 1992. His period in office was dominated by the economic crisis of the 1980s and the state reforms of 1980 and 1988 which set Belgium on a path to federalism.
He co-founded the European People's Party (EPP) in 1976 and was EPP President from 1992 until his death.
From 1993 he was President of the European Union of Christian Democrats (EUCD), until its merger with the EPP in 1996. Martens also negotiated with Finnish conservative politician Sauli Niinistö the merger of the European Democrat Union (EDU) into the EPP (formally concluded in 2002). The successful fusion of all centre-right European organisations into the EPP – currently the largest transnational European political party with 75 member-parties from 40 countries – is widely recognised as an important achievement of his European political legacy.
From 1994 to 1998, he was a Member of the European Parliament, chairing the EPP Group.
From October 2000 to November 2001 he was also the President of the Christian Democrat International (CDI).
He re-appeared on the Belgian political stage on 22 December 2008 to help in the 2007–2011 Belgian political crisis.
Martens held a doctorate in law, a degree in notarial studies, as well as a baccalaureate in Thomistic philosophy from the Catholic University of Louvain. He also studied international political science at Harvard University. He has practised law at the Ghent Court of Appeal.
Among numerous national and international distinctions, he was honoured in 1998 with the Charles V European Award for his contribution to European Union.
Martens had five children: two from his first marriage with Lieve Verschroeven (Kris and Anne) and three with Ilse Schouteden (Sarah, Sophie and Simon). After the birth of their twins in 1997 they married on 13 November 1998. Ilse Schouteden has a son from her previous marriage. In 2007 he divorced his second wife. On 27 September 2008 he married Miet Smet, a former Belgian minister. It was his third marriage and her first. After the death of his first wife, Martens was able to celebrate the marriage to Miet Smet in the Catholic Church, on 27 April 2013.
Death and tributes
Martens died of cancer on 9 October 2013, at his home in Lokeren; he was 77. Elio Di Rupo, the Belgian prime minister, described him as a "true statesman and one of the fathers of federal Belgium". Martin Schulz, president of the European Parliament, paid tribute to him as a "statesman of Belgium, Europe and an outstanding leader of European Parliament". Jerzy Buzek, EPP MEP and former prime minister of Poland, described him as "irreplaceable".
The EPP think tank Centre for European Studies has been renamed after him, now being the "Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies", a decision taken during the EPP Congress in Dublin held on 9 March 2014.
He received an Official State funeral, which was attended by a Royal Aide-de-Camp of King Philippe, he was buried in the Cemetery of Campo Santo.
- Belgium: Minister of State, by Royal Decree.
- Belgium: Grand officer in the Order of Leopold
- Belgium: Grand Cross in the Order of Leopold II
- Belgium: Grand Cross in the Order of the Crown
- Austria:Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold, Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria, 30 mei 1985.
- Germany: Knight Grand Cross in the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, 7 feb. 1984.
- Greece: Knight Grand Cross in the Order of the Phoenix
- Iceland : Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Falcon (16 October 1979)
- Italy: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (20 February 1986)
- Mexico:"Banda" of the Order of the Aztec Eagle, 14 juni 1985.
- Spain: Knight Grand Cross in the Order of Isabella the Catholic, march 1980.
- Netherlands:Knight Grand Cross in the Order of Orange-Nassau.
- Luxemburg: Knight Grand Cross in the Order of the Oak Crown,20 juni 1984.
- Grand Officer in the Ordre du Croissant vert, Commores, 9 juni 1982.
- Een gegeven woord, Lannoo, Tielt, 1985.
- Europa voorbij Oost en West, Lannoo, Tielt, 1995.
- De Memoires, Luctor et Emergo, Lannoo, Tielt, 2006.
- Europe: I Struggle, I Overcome, Springer Science+Business Media, 2009.
- "Oud-premier Wilfried Martens is overleden". De Redactie. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- "Belgian statesman Wilfried Martens dies aged 77". BBC News. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
- "Centre for European Studies renamed in honour of its founder Wilfried Martens". 10 March 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
- "MARTENS". www.ars-moriendi.be.
- "Martens, Wilfried". Falkadb.forseti.is. 1979-10-16. Retrieved 2014-04-27.
- "Presidenza della Repubblica". Quirinale.it. 1986-02-20. Retrieved 2014-04-27.
- "CIDADÃOS ESTRANGEIROS AGRACIADOS COM ORDENS PORTUGUESAS - Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas". Ordens.presidencia.pt. Retrieved 2014-04-27.
- "Europe: I Struggle, I Overcome: Wilfried Martens: 9783540892885: Amazon.com: Books". Amazon.com. 2009-08-28. Retrieved 2014-08-15.
- Wilsford, David, ed. Political leaders of contemporary Western Europe: a biographical dictionary (Greenwood, 1995) pp. 306–13.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wilfried Martens.|
Paul Vanden Boeynants
|Prime Minister of Belgium
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|Party political offices|
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|President of the European People's Party
|Leader of the European People's Party-European Democrats