Wilhelm Dietrich von Buddenbrock

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Wilhelm Dietrich Freiherr von Buddenbrock
Wilhelm Dietrich Frhr. von Buddenbrock 3797f17de84ed97 large.jpg
Von Buddenbrock circa 1710-1720
Born (1672-03-15)15 March 1672
Tilsemischken near Ragnit in the Duchy of Prussia.
Died 28 March 1757(1757-03-28) (aged 85)
Title Governor of Breslau
Von Buddenbrock circa 1720-1730

Wilhelm Dietrich Freiherr von Buddenbrock (15 March 1672 – 28 March 1757) was a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall and cavalry leader.


Buddenbrock was born on 15 March 1672 to Elisabeth Sophia von Rappe and Johann von Buddenbrock in Tilsemischken near Ragnit in the Duchy of Prussia. His family, Westphalian in origin, had settled in the Livonian Confederation in 1318 and in Ducal Prussia in 1622.

After studying at the Albertina University of Königsberg for three years, Buddenbrock enlisted in the Prussian Army and campaigned in the Netherlands in 1690. As an 18-year-old cornet in an Anhalt cuirassier regiment, Buddenbrock fought in the Battle of Fleurus. His regiment participated in the major battles of the War of the Spanish Succession, and Buddenbrock was regimental commander at Malplaquet in 1709. He was promoted to Oberst of the 1st Prussian Cuirassier Regiment on 18 July 1724.

Buddenbrock was accepted into King Frederick William I of Prussia's retinue in 1729, and was awarded the Order of the Black Eagle in 1739. A member of the so-called "Tobacco Ministry" (Tabakskollegium), Buddenbrock was one of Frederick William's companions when the king was on his deathbed.

In recognition of his leadership in the 1742 Battle of Chotusitz, King Frederick II of Prussia awarded Buddenbrock a diamond-covered portrait of the monarch; the only other recipients of the medallion were Friedrich Wilhelm von Dossow and Hans von Lehwaldt. Frederick also granted Buddenbrock a district captaincy and a pay increment. On 19 March 1745, Buddenbrock was promoted to Generalfeldmarschall.

Buddenbrock died at the age of 85 while Governor of Breslau (Wrocław).

Regarding personal names: Freiherr was a title before 1919, but now is regarded as part of the surname. It is translated as Baron. Before the August 1919 abolition of nobility as a legal class, titles preceded the full name when given (Graf Helmuth James von Moltke). Since 1919, these titles, along with any nobiliary prefix (von, zu, etc.), can be used, but are regarded as a dependent part of the surname, and thus come after any given names (Helmuth James Graf von Moltke). Titles and all dependent parts of surnames are ignored in alphabetical sorting. The feminine forms are Freifrau and Freiin.


  1. Johann Wilhelm Dietrich von Buddenbrock who died in the Battle of Chotusitz,
  2. Anna Sophia Agnes von Lehwaldt,
  3. Karl Friedrich Frhr. von Buddenbrock,
  4. Helene Wilhelmine Freiin von Buddenbrock, #Catharina Luise von Kalnein,
  5. Johann Jobst Heinrich von Buddenbrock (1707–1781) was a career army officer who was wounded in the Battle of Hohenfriedberg and later became Generalleutnant and served as governor of the Berlin cadet corps, and 2 others.

Further reading[edit]

  • Engelmann, Joachim: Friedrich der Große und seine Generale, Friedberg 1988. (in German)

External links[edit]