Growing up in the atmosphere of the Napoleonic Wars, he enrolled as a student at the University of Greifswald in Swedish Pomerania in the fall of 1813. After his theological education, he was priest in Koserow on Usedom from 1821 until 1827. For the next 17 years, he was priest in Krummin, also on Usedom, before he relocated to Farther Pomerania.
Meinhold was a poet, playwright, and novelist.
Meinhold's best known works are two historical novels:
- Maria Schweidler, die Bernsteinhexe, which was first published anonymously in 1838. It was translated into English as The Amber Witch by Lucie, Lady Duff-Gordon (1821–1869) in 1843.
- Sidonia von Bork, die Klosterhexe (1847), which was translated into English as Sidonia the Sorceress by Jane Wilde, the mother of Oscar Wilde, in 1849. The book was printed by William Morris' Kelmscott Press in 1894. (See Sidonia von Borcke.)
- Bridgwater, Patrick (2000). "Who is Afraid of Sidonia von Bork?". In Stark, Susanne. The novel in Anglo-German context: cultural cross-currents and affinities ; papers from the conference held at the University of Leeds from 15 to 17 September 1997. Rodopi. ISBN 90-420-0698-6. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
- Dubilski, Petra (2003). "Der Pfarrer von Koserow und die Bernsteinhexe". Usedom (in German). DuMont. ISBN 3-7701-5978-0. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
- Goetz, Rolf; Walden-Awodu, Dagmar (2007). "Seebad Koserow". ADAC Reiseführer Usedom (in German). ADAC Verlag. ISBN 3-89905-523-3. Retrieved 2009-07-14.