Wilhelm Rediess

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Friedrich Wilhelm Rediess
Akershus slott, Vidkun Quisling og Josef Terboven m.fl. (8618020753).jpg
Rediess to the far right.
Born 10 October 1900
Heinsberg, Rhine Province,
German Empire
Died 8 May 1945(1945-05-08) (aged 44)
Oslo, Norway
Allegiance  German Empire
 Weimar Republic
 Nazi Germany
Years of service 1918; 1925–1945
Rank SS-Obergruppenführer, General der Polizei und General der Waffen-SS
Unit Flag of the Schutzstaffel.svg Schutzstaffel (SS) 1930 – 1945
Sturmabteilung (SA) 1925 – 1930
Reichswehr 1918
Commands held SS and Police Leader, Norway
Battles/wars World War I
World War II

Friedrich Wilhelm Rediess (10 October 1900 – 8 May 1945) was the SS and Police Leader during the German occupation of Norway in the Second World War. He was also the commander of all SS troops stationed in occupied Norway, assuming command on 22 June 1940 until his death in 1945.


Rediess was born in Heinsberg, Prussia, German Empire, the son of a court employee. After school, Rediess became an electrician. In June 1918, he enlisted in the German army, serving as an infantryman until the end of the First World War in November 1918. He then worked as an electrician until losing his job in the German economic crisis of 1929.[1]

In May 1925, Rediess joined the SA and in December 1925 was approved for membership in the Nazi Party. He led a Düsseldorf SA company in 1927 and was transferred to the SS with his unit in 1930.[1] Promotion swiftly followed for Rediess, achieving the rank of Lieutenant General (SS-Obergruppenführer) in 1935. At one point, he served as the Division Commander of SS-Oberabschnitt Südost.

World War II[edit]

At the onset of World War II, Rediess was responsible for implementing German racial laws in Prussia, overseeing the deportation of Jews from East Prussia. Rediess was then given the task of eradicating 1,558 Jewish deportees deemed mentally ill. Rediess borrowed "gas vans" and personnel from other SS units, offering a bounty of ten Reichsmark for each Jew killed.[2] It took nineteen days to accomplish these killings, whereupon Rediess reneged on the payment.[3]

Following the German invasion of Norway, Rediess was transferred there to work with Reichskommissar Josef Terboven. In March 1941, citing reports of large numbers of Norwegian women impregnated by German soldiers, Rediess implemented the German Lebensborn program in Norway. This program encouraged the production of "racially pure" Aryan children, usually sired by SS troops. Ultimately, 8,000 children were born under the auspices of this program, making Norway second only to Germany in registered Aryan births during World War II.[4]

Rediess committed suicide by a self-inflicted gunshot wound upon the collapse of the Third Reich in Norway on 8 May 1945.[5] His remains were destroyed when Josef Terboven killed himself by detonating fifty kilograms of dynamite in a bunker on the Skaugum compound the same day.

See also[edit]