Downtown Wilkes-Barre, looking west from Giants Despair
|Nickname(s): The Diamond City, Coal City, Dub City, The W-B|
|Motto: Pattern After Us|
|Luzerne County, Pennsylvania|
|Named for||John Wilkes, Isaac Barré|
|• Body||Wilkes-Barre City Council|
|• Mayor||Thomas M. Leighton (D)|
|• City Council|
|• City||18.6 km2 (7.2 sq mi)|
|• Land||17.7 km2 (6.9 sq mi)|
|• Water||0.9 km2 (0.3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||160 m (525 ft)|
|• Density||2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)|
|• Metro||562,037 (US: 95th)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP Codes||18701–18703, 18705, 18706, 18710, 18711, 18762, 18764—18767, 18769, 18773|
|FIPS codes||42-85152 (city)
Wilkes-Barre (// or //) is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the county seat of Luzerne County. It is one of the principal cities in the Scranton–Wilkes-Barre–Hazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Located at the center of the Wyoming Valley it is second only to the nearby city of Scranton. The Scranton–Wilkes-Barre–Hazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area had a population of 563,631 as of the 2010 Census making it the fourth largest metro/statistical area in the state of Pennsylvania. Wilkes-Barre and the surrounding Wyoming Valley are framed by the Pocono Mountains to the east, the Endless Mountains to the west and the Lehigh Valley to the south. The Susquehanna River flows through the center of the valley and defines the northwestern border of the city.
Wilkes-Barre was founded in 1769 and formally incorporated in 1806. The city grew rapidly after the discovery of nearby coal reserves and the arrival of hundreds of thousands of immigrants. The city reached the height of its prosperity in the first half of the 20th century when its population reached just over 86,000. Following World War II, the city's economy declined and the Knox Mine disaster accelerated this trend when large portions of the area's coal mines were flooded. Today the city has a population of 41,498, making it the 13th largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
- 1 History
- 2 Government
- 3 Economy and Infrastructure
- 4 Geography
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Education
- 7 Sports and recreation
- 8 Local media
- 9 Popular culture
- 10 Notable people
- 11 Local attractions
- 12 See also
- 13 Notes
- 14 References
- 15 External links
The Wyoming Valley was first inhabited by the Shawanese and Delaware Indian tribes in the early 18th century. By 1769, a group led by John Durkee became the first Europeans to reach the area. The settlement was named Wilkes-Barre after John Wilkes and Isaac Barré, two British members of Parliament who supported colonial America.
The initial settlers were aligned with Connecticut, which had a claim on the land that rivaled Pennsylvania's. Armed men loyal to Pennsylvania twice attempted to evict the residents of Wilkes-Barre in what came to be known as the Yankee-Pennamite Wars. After the American Revolution, the conflict was resolved so that the settlers retained title to their lands but transferred their allegiance to Pennsylvania.
19th century (Industrial foundations)
Wilkes-Barre's population exploded due to the discovery of anthracite coal in the 19th century, which gave the city the nickname of "The Diamond City". Hundreds of thousands of immigrants flocked to the city, seeking jobs in the numerous mines and collieries that sprung up. The Vulcan Iron Works was a well-known manufacturer of railway locomotives from 1849 to 1954.
During Wilkes-Barre's reign as an industrial and economic force in America, a number of franchises decided to plant their roots in the city, such as Woolworth's, Sterling Hotels, Planter's Peanuts, Miner's Bank, Bell Telephone, HBO, Luzerne National Bank, and Stegmaier. In addition, the demolished Old Fell House on Northampton St is believed to be the first place in the entire world Anthracite was burned for heat.
It is said that Babe Ruth hit one of the longest home runs in history in Wilkes-Barre early in the 20th century. This statement is quoted from the Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders News page: "On October 12, 1926, Babe Ruth visited Wilkes-Barre's Artillery Park to play in an exhibition game between Hughestown and Larksville. Suiting up for Hughestown, the Yankee slugger challenged Larksville's hurler Ernie Corkran to throw him his 'best stuff'—a fastball right down the heart of the plate. Corkran obliged and Ruth crushed the pitch into deep right field. When the ball cleared the fence, a good 400 feet away from home plate, it was still rising. It finally landed in Kirby Park on the far side of a high school running track. Ruth himself was so impressed by the feat that he asked for his homer to be measured. Originally estimated at 650 feet, the prodigious blast is considered to be the longest home run in baseball's storied history."
Wilkes-Barre is the birthplace of the Planters Peanuts Company, which was founded in 1906 by Italian immigrant Amedeo Obici and partner Mario Peruzzi. The coal industry survived several disasters, including an explosion at the Baltimore Colliery in 1919 that killed 92 miners, but it could not survive the gradual switch to other energy sources. Most coal operations left Wilkes-Barre by the end of World War II, and the 1959 Knox Mine Disaster marked the end of King Coal's heyday. The city went into a decades-long decline, hastened by Hurricane Agnes in 1972.
Manufacturing and retail remained Wilkes-Barre's strongest industries, but the city's economy took a major blow from Tropical Storm Agnes in 1972. The storm pushed the Susquehanna River to a height of nearly 41 feet (12 m), four feet above the city's levees, flooding downtown with nine feet of water. While no lives were lost, 25,000 homes and businesses were either damaged or destroyed; damages were estimated to be $1 billion, with President Richard Nixon sending aid to the area.
Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, Wilkes-Barre attempted to repair the damage from Agnes by building a levee system that rises 41 feet; it has successfully battled less threatening floods of 1996, 2004, and 2006, and the Army Corps of Engineers has praised the quality of the levees. In 2006 the city made the front page of national newspapers when 200,000 residents were told to evacuate in the wake of flooding that was forecast to reach levels near that of 1972 but fell short of predictions.
In late August 2011, Hurricane Irene off the New Jersey coast caused the Susquehanna River to rise to flood stage but was no cause for alarm for the city. However, from September 6 to September 8, heavy rains from the inland remnants of Tropical Storm Lee and Hurricane Katia offshore funneled heavy rain over the Wyoming Valley and into the Susquehanna River watershed. The Susquehanna swelled to record levels across the state, and in Wilkes-Barre crested on September 9 at an all-time record of 42.66 feet (13.00 m), nearly two feet higher than the previously disastrous water levels from 1972's Hurricane Agnes. Wilkes-Barre was spared from any major flooding by the levees built on the river banks of the city, however nearby boroughs that were unprotected by levees such as West Pittston, Plymouth, and parts of Plains Township were affected by extreme flooding and the subsequent water damage.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (July 2014)|
Revitalization and construction
On June 9, 2005, Mayor Thomas M. Leighton unveiled his I believe... campaign for Wilkes-Barre, which was intended to boost the city's spirits. Construction began on a planned downtown theatre complex which had a grand opening on June 30, 2006, and renovation of the landmark Hotel Sterling was being pursued by CityVest, a nonprofit developer. The expansion of Wilkes University and King's College took place.[when?] Also, the canopy and matching street lights in Public Square and across downtown were removed; the replacements are new green lampposts.
The City of Wilkes-Barre celebrated its 200th anniversary in 2006. Several events, including a Beach Boys concert, were planned but canceled due to extremely heavy rains which caused most of the city's population to evacuate on June 28, 2006. The Bicentennial celebration took place on Labor Day weekend, September 3, 2006, and was attended by Pennsylvania Governor Ed Rendell and the Beach Boys.
The Riverfront revitalization project (River Common), broke ground in 2007 and completed in early 2010, once again making the riverfront accessible to the public. The riverfront now includes an amphitheater, handicapped-accessible ramps and sidewalks, fountains, and color-changing lights underneath two bridges which carry pedestrian traffic across the normally-open levee breachings. The project stretches approximately four blocks from the Luzerne County Courthouse to the intersection of S. River Street and W. South Street. The River Common has since hosted concerts and charity events. Sadly, parking for residents was ignored and few but the adjacent college students use it on daily basis.
Since completion of the River Common, various improvements to city infrastructure have been progressing. New crosswalks have been installed downtown, which include signage reminding motorists that pedestrians have the right-of-way. The completion of the James F. Conahan Intermodal Transportation Facility has added parking and moved Luzerne County Transportation Authority buses from their former Public Square staging locations, reducing congestion in the square. Private carrier Martz offers coach bus service from the terminal as well. The widening and realignment of Coal Street, a major road connecting Wilkes-Barre city with Wilkes-Barre Township, was completed in 2012. The new Coal Street provides four lanes over the original two lanes, making travel between the highly commercial Wilkes-Barre Township and the city itself much easier. The 2012 realignment also provides a rather spectacular view of the city center when traveling west into Wilkes-Barre City.
Legislative The legislative branch of Wilkes-Barre is the City Council, comprising five members who are elected by district to four-year terms. Current members of Council are Bill Barrett; George Brown; Tony George; Maureen Lavelle; and Michael Merritt. Barrett and George are former Wilkes-Barre City police chiefs.
Judicial The City of Wilkes-Barre is served by two City Attorneys, Timothy Henry and William E. Vinsko Jr. who advise both the Mayor and City Council.
The Luzerne County Court of Common Pleas is the trial court of general jurisdiction for Wilkes-Barre. Its probation system is divided into two divisions: adult and juvenile. The Court has ten judges: President Judge Thomas Burke; as well as Judges David Lupas, William H. Amesbury, Tina Polachek Gartley, Lesa Gelb, Richard Hughes III, Fred Pierantoni III, Jennifer Rogers, Joseph Sklarosky, Jr., and Michael Vough. Luzerne County senior judges are Hugh F. Mundy, and former President judges Joseph Augello, Chester Muroski, and Patrick Toole.
The U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania sits at the Max Rosenn United States Courthouse in downtown Wilkes-Barre on South Main Street. Bankruptcy Judge John J. Thomas is son of Thomas C. Thomas, a prominent produce dealer whose terminal remains a prominent part of the Wilkes-Barre skyline.
Economy and Infrastructure
According to the city's Facebook page, Wilkes-Barre houses the 4th largest downtown workforce in the state of Pennsylvania.
Family Median Income in Wilkes-Barre is $44,430, compared to the national average of $64,585 and unemployment in June, 2014 was 7%. 49% of jobs were either in the sales, office, administrative support or production, transportation, material moving sectors. In 2009 31.9% of residents lived below the poverty line, nearly double the Pennsylvania average of 16.4%. Large employers in the city include GUARD Insurance Group, and Lord & Taylor.
Public transportation is provided by the Luzerne County Transportation Authority. In addition to servicing the main arteries of the city, it provides transportation for the northern half of the county, as well as a connecting bus to Scranton via an interchange at Pittston with County of Lackawanna Transit System (COLTS), the public transit authority of Lackawanna County.
Five international airlines fly from the Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport in nearby Pittston Township. Smaller, private planes may also use the Wilkes-Barre Wyoming Valley Airport in Forty Fort.
The city was at one time served by the Lehigh Valley Railroad, Central Railroad of New Jersey, the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad (later Erie Lackawanna Railway), Delaware and Hudson Railway, the Pennsylvania Railroad, the Wilkes-Barre and Eastern Railroad, and the Lackawanna and Wyoming Valley Railroad (known as the Laurel Line). The Wilkes-Barre Traction Company formed a streetcar line from Georgetown to Nanticoke and over the river into Plymouth ceasing operations in the mid-1940s. At present, the Canadian Pacific Railway (successor to the Delaware and Hudson) and the Luzerne and Susquehanna Railroad (designated-operator of a county-owned shortline) provide freight service within the city.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.2 square miles (19 km2), of which 6.8 square miles (18 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), or 4.60%, is water. While the Susquehanna River has a wide floodplain that has necessitated the construction of floodwalls to protect a large percentage of the city, the areas away from the river increase in elevation approaching Wilkes-Barre Mountain. The elevation of the downtown is about 550 feet (170 m) above sea level.
Wilkes-Barre houses several neighborhoods, which are:
Central City The area now referred to as "Downtown", between South and North Streets, and bordered by River Street and Wilkes-Barre Boulevard to the West and East respectively, is the original foundation of Wilkes-Barre, the 16 blocks claimed by the Connecticut settlers who founded the city. Throughout the city's history, the area has remained a hub for all of Luzerne County. During the city's boom, this small area was home to the headquarters of more than 100 national corporations. Today, it still houses the NEPA Headquarters for Verizon, Citizen's Bank, Blue Cross, PNC Bank, Luzerne National Bank, Guard Insurance, and a number of other companies. An estimated 40,000 people live and/or work in Downtown Wilkes-Barre every day.
North End This is the area northeast of Downtown. It comprises a number of urban and suburban communities, and is renowned for its interesting and beautiful architecture.
Parsons This is a quiet part of town with a suburban atmosphere. It includes two city parks, a golf course, and a number of factories.
Miners' Mills Named after an early prominent local family, it is the last neighborhood on the northeastern border of the city.
South Wilkes-Barre This is the area directly southwest of Downtown. Home to the national headquarters of Planter's Peanuts and the Bell Telephone Company in the 20th Century. The tallest church in Luzerne County, St. Nicholas Roman Catholic Church, dominates the south end skyline at nearly 200'.
East End This is the area directly east of Downtown. East End, along with Heights and Mayflower, are fairly new areas compared to the rest of the city, having only been developed in the 20th Century. Old pictures of the Stegmaier Building (which is the oldest highrise in Wilkes-Barre and the last one on Downtown's eastern border) show that everything east of Downtown was forests and coal mines.
Heights This is the area southeast of Downtown centered between East End and Mayflower.
Mayflower This area is located south of Downtown. Once, a wealthy area home to many beautiful mansions owned by various "big wigs", the area is now a more affordable neighborhood, also housing the OKT, Lincoln Plaza, and Park Avenue residential housing communities. It can be argued that from the high streets of Mayflower, the best view of the downtown skyline can be seen.
Rolling Mill Hill This is the area located in the southwestern area of the city.
Goose Island This is the area located in the southwestern area of the city between Rolling Mill Hill and South Wilkes-Barre.
Iron Triangle This is the area just southwest of Downtown.
Other Neighborhoods and Sub-neighborhoods There are other smaller neighborhoods and sub-neighborhoods, such as Brookside, Upper Miners' Mills, Lower Miners' Mills, and Barney Farms to name a few.
- Wilkes-Barre Township (southeast)
- Plains Township (east and northeast)
- Kingston (north)
- Edwardsville (northwest)
- Larksville (west)
- Hanover Township (southwest)
- Bear Creek Township (southwest)
Wilkes-Barre is by no means a city characterized by tall buildings, but it has a large skyline for a city of its population and size, and it is home to more than 30 high rise buildings (Daniel J. Flood Tower is in Kingston and the VA Medical Center is in Plains Township, but they are part of the Wilkes-Barre skyline, being close enough to blend in), the tallest of which (from tallest to shortest) are as follows. Recently Wilkes Barre has had a trend of demolishing its historic buildings and replacing them with parking lots.
- Luzerne Bank Building
- Hotel Sterling Plaza Tower (Demolished)
- Hotel Sterling (Demolished)
- Daniel J. Flood Tower (Kingston)
- Citizen's Bank Financial Center
- St. Nicholas RC Church
- PNC Bank Building
- Washington Square Apartments
- University Tower
- VA Medical Center (Plains Township)
- Lincoln Plaza Apartments
- Wilkes-Barre General Hospital
- Holy Cross Hall: King's College
- 15 South Franklin
- B'Nai B'Rith Apartments
- Valley View Terrace Apartments
- Geisinger Hospital (South End)
- Frontier: Wilkes-Barre Center
- Provincial Tower
- Hollenback Coal Exchange (Demolished)
- Woodlands Inn and Resort
- Blue Cross Operations Center
- Sherman Hills Apartments
- Ramada Plaza Hotel On-The-Square
- Luzerne County Correctional Facility
- City Heights Apartments
- Stegmaier Federal Building
- Geisinger Wyoming Valley Medical Center (Plains Township)
- Luzerne County Courthouse
- Verizon Building
- Allegheny Building
- Cumberland Apartments
- Wilkes-Barre City Hall
- Courthouse Square Tower
- The Twin Cubes (the brown & beige building located on the Northeastern block of Public Square)
- The Reddington
- Lion Brewery
- Guard Insurance Center
Wilkes-Barre has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa/Dfb) with four distinct seasons. Winters are cold with a January average of 25.8 °F (−3.4 °C). On average, temperatures below 0 °F (−17.8 °C) occur 3 days per year and there is 37 days where the maximum temperature remains below 32 °F (0.0 °C). The average annual snowfall is 46.2 inches (117 cm). Summers are warm with a July average of 71.4 °F (21.9 °C). In an average summer, temperatures exceed 90 °F (32.2 °C) occur on 9 days and can occasionally exceed 100 °F (37.8 °C). Spring and fall are unpredictable with temperatures ranging from cold to warm although they are usually mild. On average, Wilkes-Barre receives 38.2 inches (970 mm) of precipitation each year, which is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year though the summer months receive more precipitation. Extreme temperatures range from −21 °F (−29.4 °C) on January 21, 1994, to 103 °F (39.4 °C) on July 9, 1936. Wilkes-Barre averages 2303 hours of sunshine per year, ranging from a low of 96 hours in December (or 33% of possible sunshine) to 286 hours in July (or 62% of possible sunshine).
|Climate data for Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Int'l Airport, Pennsylvania (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1901–present)[a]|
|Record high °F (°C)||69
|Average high °F (°C)||33.2
|Average low °F (°C)||18.5
|Record low °F (°C)||−21
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.37
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||14.2
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||12.0||11.0||11.8||12.3||13.2||12.8||11.2||11.3||10.2||10.7||11.2||11.5||139.2|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||9.3||7.7||5.0||1.7||0||0||0||0||0||0.1||2.1||7.1||33.0|
|Average relative humidity (%)||70.1||67.5||63.3||60.4||64.6||70.5||71.1||73.8||75.2||71.6||71.8||72.5||69.4|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||130.3||143.7||185.7||210.5||246.9||269.7||285.7||257.2||200.2||173.3||104.3||95.9||2,303.4|
|Percent possible sunshine||44||48||50||53||55||60||62||60||54||50||35||33||52|
|Source: NOAA (relative humidity 1964–1990, sun 1961–1990)|
|U.S. Decennial Census
The city's population has been in constant decline since the 1930s and is today less than half the size it was in 1940 and around two-thirds the size it was in 1970.
As of the 2010 census, the city was 79.2% White, 10.9% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.4% Asian, and 2.9% were two or more races. 11.3% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry. The Hispanic population was just 1.58% of the population as of the 2000 census.
As of the census of 2000, there were 43,123 people, 17,961 households, and 9,878 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,296.3 people per square mile (2,430.6/km2). There were 20,294 housing units at an average density of 2,963.1 per square mile (1,143.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.30% White, 5.09% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.79% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.58% of the population.
The average household size was 2.20, and the average family size was 2.96.
In the city the population was spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 20.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.
Wilkes-Barre has four high schools (James M. Coughlin High School, G.A.R. (Grand Army of the Republic) Memorial High School, Holy Redeemer High School and Elmer L. Meyers High School) and six tertiary education institutions (King's College, Wilkes University, Misericordia University, Luzerne County Community College, Penn State Wilkes-Barre, and The Commonwealth Medical College).
Sports and recreation
Wilkes-Barre has a Downtown Riverfront Park system that contains 91 acres of open space in Wilkes-Barre, Kingston, and Edwardsville.
Kirby Park is a public park located along the western bank of the Susquehanna River. Kirby Park is one of the region's most valued recreational resources. Given to the City of Wilkes-Barre by the Kirby Family, the park welcomes hundreds of thousands each year. The park is the setting for the City of Wilkes-Barre's annual Cherry Blossom Festival, held during the last weekend of April and the city's Old Fashioned 4 July Celebration. Its amenities include tennis courts, a fitness trail, pond, walking paths, running track, softball fields, parking area, volleyball courts, pavilions and more.
Nesbitt Park is a small public park located across Market Street from Kirby Park on the west side of the Susquehanna River. It has walking paths and areas for picnicking.
The River Common is located along the eastern bank of the Susquehanna River. The Market Street Bridge bisects the park. Its features include a 750-person amphitheater, paved walk-ways, gardens, ornamental trees, grand common and seating area, fishing pier, and two grand gateways connecting the city to the river.
|Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders||IL, Baseball||PNC Field||1989||New York Yankees||1|
|Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins||AHL, Ice hockey||Mohegan Sun Arena at Casey Plaza||1999||Pittsburgh Penguins||0|
The Times Leader and The Citizens' Voice are the two largest daily newspapers in Wilkes-Barre. There are several regional television affiliates (WNEP-TV, WBRE-TV, WYOU-TV, WVIA-TV, WQMY, and WSWB) although only WBRE-TV is licensed to Wilkes-Barre. Wilkes-Barre's radio market is ranked No. 69 by Arbitron's ranking system. There are news, adult alternative, and music radio stations which are receivable in the area.
- In the Collier brothers' book My Brother Sam is Dead, it is revealed in the end that Timmy and his mother move to Wilkes-Barre.
- Wilkes-Barre's economic plight is featured in the movie Capitalism: A Love Story, directed by Michael Moore.
- James K. Morrow's book Towing Jehovah describes the body of God as being about the size of downtown Wilkes-Barre.
- The Wilkes-Barre variation (or Traxler variation, as it is more commonly known) of the Two Knights' Defense is named for the Wilkes-Barre chess club.
- Comic strip hero Joe Palooka was from Wilkes-Barre.
- The Broadway musical Tovarich features a song called "Wilkes-Barre, Pa"
- In the film All About Eve, Margot Channing, played by Bette Davis refers to having played little theatre in Wilkes-Barre.
- In the TV series Supernatural episode 8.13 "Everyone Hates Hitler", the lead protagonists investigate a case in Wilkes-Barre.
- Hazel Barnes, philosopher
- Douglas Carter Beane, playwright
- Al Bedner, NFL player
- David Bohm, quantum physicist
- Benjamin Burnley, lead singer and guitarist for rock band Breaking Benjamin
- Lilian Cahn, co-founder of Coach, Inc. and Coach handbag designer
- George Catlin, artist
- Britton Chance, bio-physicist and Olympic sailor.
- Mark Cohen, street photographer
- Colleen Corby, 1960s fashion model
- Amasa Dana, former US Congressman
- Francis A. "Mother" Dunn, football player for the Canton Bulldogs
- David Evans, Hollywood filmmaker most known for the movie The Sandlot
- Jesse Fell, early experimenter with anthracite coal
- Pat Finn, game show host whose shows include Lifetime's, The Family Channel's, and PAX's Shop 'til You Drop
- Ham Fisher, cartoonist
- Tess Gardella, actress
- William Harmatz, jockey, winner of 1959 Preakness Stakes
- George Washington Helme, businessman and founder of Helmetta, New Jersey
- Joe Hergert, former professional football player
- Raye Hollitt, bodybuilder, American Gladiators and actress, Skin Deep
- Qadry Ismail, former NFL wide receiver on the Baltimore Ravens
- Raghib Ismail, former NFL player and Heisman Trophy runner-up
- Florence Foster Jenkins, unconventional operatic soprano
- Candy Jones, fashion model, writer and radio talk show host
- Dorothy Andrews Elston Kabis, Treasurer of the United States
- James Karen, actor
- Michael Kirwan, represented Youngstown, OH in Congress. 1938–1970
- Franz Kline, abstract expressionist painter
- Mike Konnick, former MLB player
- Mary Jo Kopechne, passenger killed in car driven by Ted Kennedy at Chappaquidick
- Harley Jane Kozak, actress and author
- Matthew Lesko, infomercial personality
- Edward B. Lewis, winner of the 1995 Nobel Prize in physiology and medicine
- Santo Loquasto, production designer
- Herman Mankiewicz, writer of Citizen Kane
- Joseph L. Mankiewicz, Academy Award-winning director and producer
- Mary McDonnell, actress twice nominated for Academy Award
- Patrick McGrath, professional hockey player
- Edward Peter McManaman, Roman Catholic bishop
- Edward Meneeley, painter
- Albert Mudrian, author and magazine editor
- Jozef Murgas, radio pioneer
- Claudette Nevins, actress
- Amedeo Obici, founder of Planters Peanuts
- Jerry Orbach, Tony award-winning actor
- Phil Ostrowski, NFL player
- John Paluck, football player for Washington Redskins and Pro Bowl selection
- William Daniel Phillips, winner of 2001 Nobel Prize in physics
- Mendy Rudolph, NBA referee from 1953 to 1975
- Michael Schoeffling, actor, played Jake Ryan in film Sixteen Candles
- M. Gerald Schwartzbach, California criminal defense attorney
- Greg Skrepenak, former NFL player, convicted felon
- Jonathan Slavin, character actor
- Ron Solt, former NFL player
- Jacob Sullum, journalist and author, featured in Academy Award-nominated documentary Super Size Me
- Bob Sura, basketball player, Houston Rockets
- Louis Teicher, pianist; member of the duo Ferrante & Teicher
- Alexis Toth (St. Alexis of Wilkes-Barre), a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church
- Ed Walsh, Hall of Fame pitcher; major league baseball's all-time ERA leader
- Harry Welsh, World War II first lieutenant in Easy Company
- Michael Whalen, actor
- Ira W. Wood, represented New Jersey's 4th congressional district from 1904 to 1913
- Frank Zane, bodybuilder, 3-time Mr. Olympia, won Mr America, Mr Universe, Mr World; donated gym at Wilkes University
- F. M. Kirby Center for the Performing Arts
- Frederick Stegmaier Mansion
- Little Theatre of Wilkes-Barre
- Luzerne County Museum
- Mohegan Sun at Pocono Downs, Pennsylvania's first slots casino
- Wyoming Monument
- Luzerne County Historical Society
- PNC Field, home of the Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders (in Moosic)
- Dorothy Dickson Darte Center for the Performing Arts, located on the campus of Wilkes University
- "City Council". Retrieved December 17, 2014.
- "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
- "City of Wilkes Barre, PA Zip Codes". Retrieved December 17, 2014.
- "About Wilkes-Barre". Wilkes-Barre official site. Retrieved June 16, 2015.
- ""A History of Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania" Page 14, 1909". Mocavo.com. 2013-04-02. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- Pennsylvania Historical Society
- "Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees". Minorleaguebaseball.com. October 12, 1926. Retrieved June 24, 2010.
- "Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service for the Susquehanna River at Wilkes-Barre". NOAA National Weather Service. Retrieved September 9, 2011.
- "W-B intermodal center opens today". Citizens Voice. July 6, 2010. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
- Best places, 2014, http://www.bestplaces.net/economy/city/pennsylvania/wilkes-barre
- City-data.com, 2009, http://www.city-data.com/poverty/poverty-Wilkes-Barre-Pennsylvania.html
- Peter Cameron (Staff Writer). "Firm using Sterling lot for parking - News - Citizens' Voice". citizensvoice.com. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
- "SkyscraperPage Forum". Skyscraperpage.com. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
- "Station Name: PA WILKES-BARRE INTL AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-13.
- "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-01-27.
- "NOAA". NOAA.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 19, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 29, 2014.
- "Census 2010: Pennsylvania". USA Today. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
- "Wilkes-Barre River Common". Tour NEPA. Luzerne County Convention and Visitors Bureau. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
- "Resident Services". Wilkes-barre.pa.us. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- "脱毛は、自宅でも簡単にできる！ 脇、手足、ビキニラインも！". wbslacrosse.com. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
- "Capitalism: A Love Story - facts". Michaelmoore.com. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
- "Alex Dunne May 1998". uschess.org. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
- "8.13 Everybody Hates Hitler". supernaturalwiki.com.
- "A Golem on Supernatural". Congregation Rodfei Zedek.
- "Douglas Carter Beane: Interview". Oasis Journals. February 20, 2007. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
- Vitello, Paul (2013-03-07). "Lillian Cahn, Creator of the Coach Handbag, Dies at 89". New York Times. Retrieved April 2, 2013.
- Kahn, S. "Modeling: Money and Madness!", Teen, December 1963
- Flint, Peter B. "Candy Jones Dies; Ex-Model, Teacher, And Writer Was 64", The New York Times, January 19, 1990. Retrieved December 20, 2007.
- Andrew Blankstein (March 28, 2005). "Attorney Makes Mark by Taking Cases That Others Avoid". Los Angeles Times.
- Sullum, Jacob (2011-01-04) First Wine, Now Beer in (Some) Pennsylvania Supermarkets; Coming Soon: Cats and Dogs Living Together, Reason
- Ira Wells Wood, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved September 6, 2007.
- "The F.M. Kirby Center for the Performing Arts". Kirbycenter.org. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- "The Frederick Stegmaier Mansion". Stegmaiermansion.com. 2011-05-26. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- "Little Theatre of Wilkes-Barre". Ltwb.org. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- Luzerne County Historical Society. "Welcome to the Luzerne County Historical Society website | NEPA Luzerne County Pennsylvania history". Luzernehistory.org. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- "Wilkes Division of Performing Arts". Wilkes.edu. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Wilkes-Barre.|
- City of Wilkes-Barre official website
- Osterhout Free Library
- Wilkes-Barre Bicentennial at the Wayback Machine (archived June 12, 2006)
- "Wilkes-Barre Preservation Society". Archived from the original on January 19, 2008.
- More interesting facts about Wilkes-Barre
|Hazleton, Harrisburg||Allentown, Philadelphia||Lackawanna State Forest|