Wilkes-Barre Township, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania

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Wilkes-Barre Township
First Class Township with home rule
Mohegan Sun Arena at Casey Plaza in Wilkes-Barre Township
Mohegan Sun Arena at Casey Plaza in Wilkes-Barre Township
Map of Luzerne County highlighting Wilkes-Barre Township
Map of Luzerne County highlighting Wilkes-Barre Township
Wilkes-Barre Township is located in Pennsylvania
Wilkes-Barre Township
Wilkes-Barre Township
Location of Wilkes-Barre Township in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania
Wilkes-Barre Township is located in the US
Wilkes-Barre Township
Wilkes-Barre Township
Wilkes-Barre Township (the US)
Coordinates: 41°13′41″N 75°52′6″W / 41.22806°N 75.86833°W / 41.22806; -75.86833Coordinates: 41°13′41″N 75°52′6″W / 41.22806°N 75.86833°W / 41.22806; -75.86833
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyLuzerne
Government
 • TypeMayor and Council – Home Rule
 • MayorCarl Kuren
Area[1]
 • Total2.86 sq mi (7.42 km2)
 • Land2.86 sq mi (7.42 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total2,967
 • Estimate (2016)[2]2,903
 • Density1,013.62/sq mi (391.36/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
FIPS code42-079-85160

Wilkes-Barre Township is a township with home rule status in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is adjacent to the city of Wilkes-Barre. The population of the township was 2,967 at the 2010 census.[3]

History[edit]

Founding[edit]

A plaque marking the approximate location of Teedyuscung’s death
Wyoming Valley in 1778: Fort Durkee (A); Wilkes-Barre Township is visible on the right[4]

In 1753, the Susquehanna Company was formed in Connecticut for settling the Wyoming Valley (in modern-day Pennsylvania). Connecticut succeeded in purchasing the land from the Native Americans; however, Pennsylvania already claimed the valley through a purchase they made in 1736. In 1762, roughly two hundred Connecticut settlers (Yankees) established a settlement near Mill Creek. They planted wheat and constructed log cabins. They returned to New England for the winter.[5]

Massacre of 1763[edit]

The Connecticut settlers returned in the spring of 1763 with their families. A party of Iroquois also visited the area with the dual purpose of inciting the Delaware and killing Teedyuscung, a local Delaware chief. On April 19, 1763, the residence of the chief and twenty others around it were set on fire. Teedyuscung, under the influence of liquor, perished in the inferno. This was revenge for the death of an Iroquois warrior in 1758. The Iroquois let the Delaware believe that this atrocity was committed by the settlers. As a result, the Delaware attacked the colonists on October 15, 1763. Thirty settlers were killed, and several others were taken prisoner. Those who managed to escape fled back to New England. The Delaware then burned what was left of the Yankee settlement.[6]

Pennamite-Yankee Wars[edit]

In 1769, the Connecticut settlers (Yankees) returned to the Wyoming Valley. Five townships were established by Connecticut. Each one was five square miles and divided amongst forty settlers. Wilkes-Barre Township — named in honor of John Wilkes and Isaac Barré — was one of the original townships. Pennsylvanians (Pennamites) also arrived in the valley that same year.[7]

The Connecticut settlers established Fort Durkee, which was named in honor of their leader (Colonel Durkee). This was immediately followed by a series of skirmishes between the Pennsylvanians and Connecticut settlers. The land changed hands several times between the two groups. Finally, after many years of fighting, the land was granted to Pennsylvania.[8]

Coal mining[edit]

James Sutton built the first gristmill in the township in 1782.[9][10] In 1806, a large portion of the territory broke away from the township to form the borough of Wilkes-Barre. Today, the township of Wilkes-Barre occupies a 1-by-3-mile (1.6 by 4.8 km) strip of land adjacent to the southeast border of what is now the city of Wilkes-Barre.

Coal mining was a prominent industry in and around Wilkes-Barre Township in the late 19th and early 20th century. The Laurel Run mine fire started near the village of Georgetown in 1915. The fire under Georgetown was controlled by blocking off the tunnels in the vicinity, robbing it of the necessary oxygen to continue burning.[11]

Expanding commerce[edit]

The township become a commercial destination in northeastern Pennsylvania, adding the Mohegan Sun Arena at Casey Plaza and several major shopping hubs (including the Arena Hub Plaza, Wilkes-Barre Township Commons, Highland Park Boulevard Plaza, and the Wyoming Valley Mall). Most of these shopping areas were developed in the early 2000s, although the Wyoming Valley Mall was constructed in the 1970s following the aftermath of Hurricane Agnes. Recently, it was announced that the mall will face major renovation and remodeling.[12][not in citation given]

Tornado[edit]

An EF2 tornado struck the business district of Wilkes-Barre Township at about 10 pm on Wednesday, June 13, 2018.[13] Dozens of commercial buildings were severely damaged.[14] The National Weather Service stated "the tornado touched down near the La-Z-Boy furniture store at Mundy Street and Highland Park Boulevard and continued for three-quarters of a mile ending near I-81 behind Dick’s Sporting Goods in the Arena Hub Plaza. It's estimated that the tornado was on the ground for about five minutes." Six people sustained minor injuries.[15]

Geography[edit]

Wilkes-Barre Township is located at 41°13′40″N 75°52′5″W / 41.22778°N 75.86806°W / 41.22778; -75.86806 (41.227931, -75.868282).[16]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.4 km2), all of it land. It is crossed from northeast to southwest by I-81 and PA 309 (Wilkes-Barre Township Boulevard). I-81 has two interchanges in the township: one at the southwest end with PA 309 and one in the central portion near the Mohegan Sun Arena at Casey Plaza. Other important roads are Kidder Street, Mundy Street, Highland Park Boulevard, Coal Street, Northampton Street, and Blackman Street. Its only village is Georgetown on Northampton Street.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
20003,235
20102,967−8.3%
Est. 20162,903[2]−2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]

As of the census[18] of 2000, there were 3,235 people, 1,455 households, and 846 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,093.2 people per square mile (422.0/km2). There were 1,572 housing units at an average density of 531.2 per square mile (205.1/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 92.92% White, 2.35% African American, 0.22% Native American, 3.62% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 0.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,455 households, out of which 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% were non-families. 37.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the township the population was spread out, with 17.9% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 22.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $30,603, and the median income for a family was $37,188. Males had a median income of $30,806 versus $27,426 for females. The per capita income for the township was $20,055. About 7.2% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 14, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Wilkes-Barre township, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
  4. ^ Lossing, Benson (1859). The Pictorial Field-Book of the Revolution. Harper & Brothers, Publishers. p. 353.
  5. ^ http://www.pagenweb.org/~luzerne/patk/wb.htm
  6. ^ http://www.pagenweb.org/~luzerne/patk/wb.htm
  7. ^ http://www.pagenweb.org/~luzerne/patk/wb.htm
  8. ^ http://www.pagenweb.org/~luzerne/patk/wb.htm
  9. ^ http://www.pagenweb.org/~luzerne/patk/wilkestwp.htm
  10. ^ "Wilkes-Barre Township". Pagenweb.org. Retrieved 2018-06-19.
  11. ^ Glenn B. Stracher, ed. (January 1, 2007), Geology of Coal Fires: Case Studies from Around the World, ISBN 9780813741185, retrieved January 30, 2014
  12. ^ "Wyoming Valley Mall | Shopping Mall | Wilkes-Barre, PA". Shopwyomingvalleymall.com. Retrieved 2018-04-10.
  13. ^ "EF2 tornado hit near Wilkes-Barre, National Weather Service confirms". Mcall.com. Retrieved 2018-06-19.
  14. ^ Jayne Ann Bugda (2018-06-15). "List of Businesses Impacted in Wilkes-Barre Township by Tornado". Pahomepage. Retrieved 2018-06-19.
  15. ^ "EF2 tornado hits Wilkes-Barre Township". timesleader.com. Times Leader. 14 June 2018.
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  17. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  18. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.