|Birth name||John Andrew Wilkinson|
|Born||12 July 1947|
Canvey Island, Essex, England
|Died||21 November 2022 (aged 75)|
Westcliff-on-Sea, Essex, England
John Andrew Wilkinson (12 July 1947 – 21 November 2022), better known by the stage name Wilko Johnson, was an English guitarist, singer, songwriter and occasional actor. He was a member of the pub rock/rhythm and blues band Dr. Feelgood in the 1970s. Johnson was known for his distinctive guitar playing style which he achieved by not using a guitar pick but playing fingerstyle. This enabled him to play rhythm guitar and riffs or solos at the same time creating a highly percussive guitar sound.
Johnson and Dr. Feelgood were an influence on the English punk movement. Paul Weller said of Johnson: "Wilko may not be as famous as some other guitarists, but he's right up there. And there are a lot of people who'll say the same. I can hear Wilko in lots of places. It's some legacy."
Born on 12 July 1947 in Canvey Island, Essex, Johnson went to Westcliff High School for Boys and played in several local groups, before attending Newcastle University to study for a BA in English Language and Literature. His undergraduate courses included Anglo-Saxon and ancient Icelandic sagas.
After graduating, he travelled overland to India before returning to Essex to play with the Pigboy Charlie Band. The band evolved into Dr. Feelgood – a mainstay of the 1970s pub rock movement. After returning from Goa, he worked in 1972 as an English teacher. It was then that he adopted the stage name Wilko Johnson, a close anagram of John Wilkinson.
In 1965 Johnson bought his first Fender Telecaster guitar from a shop in Southend, Essex for £90 (equivalent to £1,854 as of 2021). He later played a vintage 1962 Fender Telecaster with rosewood fingerboard which he bought in 1974, shortly after Dr. Feelgood signed their first record deal.
Johnson developed his own image, coupling jerky movements on stage, his so-called "duck walk", with a choppy guitar style, occasionally raising his guitar to his shoulder like a gun, and a novel dress sense: he favoured a black suit and a pudding bowl haircut. He achieved his playing style by not using a pick but instead relying on fingerstyle. This enabled him to play rhythm guitar and riffs or solos at the same time creating a highly percussive guitar sound. It evolved from a failed attempt to copy Mick Green of Johnny Kidd & the Pirates, a guitarist whom Johnson greatly admired. His Bo Diddley-influenced style formed the essential driving force behind Dr. Feelgood during their initial years, including the band's first four albums, Down by the Jetty, Malpractice, Stupidity, and Sneakin' Suspicion, all released between 1975 and 1977.
The live album, Stupidity, reached number one in the UK Albums Chart, but although Johnson played on Dr. Feelgood's first five single releases, including "Roxette" and "Back in the Night", the only single to chart during his membership of the band was "Sneakin' Suspicion". He left the band in April 1977, following disagreements over the tracks to be included in the Sneakin' Suspicion album. Johnson maintains that he was kicked out of the band, while the remaining band members claimed that he had left voluntarily.
In 1977, he was a founding member of Solid Senders, with keyboardist John Potter, bassist Steve Lewins, and drummer Alan Platt. They signed to Virgin in 1978 and released the album, Solid Senders that year. The Wilko Johnson Band played at the 'Front Row Festival', a three-week event at the Hope and Anchor, Islington in late November and early December 1977, featuring many early punk rock acts. This resulted in the inclusion of two tracks by The Wilko Johnson Band ("Dr. Feelgood" and "Twenty Yards Behind"), on a hit double album of recordings from the festival. The Hope & Anchor Front Row Festival compilation album (March 1978) which reached number 28 in the UK Albums Chart.
In 1980, Johnson joined Ian Dury's band, The Blockheads. Around 1984 he then re-formed The Wilko Johnson Band, joined by Blockhead bassist Norman Watt-Roy and Italian born drummer Salvatore Ramundo. 'Sav' Ramundo left the band in June 1999 and was replaced by Steve Monti (future Curve and The Jesus and Mary Chain drummer). Johnson's second album, Ice on the Motorway, was released in 1981, and his EP "Bottle Up and Go!" with Lew Lewis followed in 1983. Several albums were released on European labels over the next decade. In 1992, Johnson appeared at the Eurockéennes music festival, and the following year at GuilFest. The album Going Back Home appeared on the Chess label in 1998. He began to cut back on his concert appearances in 1999, and released the album Don't Let Your Daddy Know (Live in Japan 2000) the following year.
The studio album Red Hot Rocking Blues was released in 2005; this contained covers of classics by the likes of Van Morrison, Bob Dylan, Ray Charles, Sonny Boy Williamson, and Lead Belly. Throughout 2005 and 2006 the band teamed up with The Hamsters and John Otway to take part in 'The Mad, the Bad & the Dangerous' tour.
Johnson appeared in the Julien Temple-directed documentary film Oil City Confidential (2009), where he related his memories of Canvey Island and Dr. Feelgood. The reviewer Philip French described Johnson as "a wild man, off stage and on, funny, eloquent and charismatic", while Temple described Johnson as "an extraordinary man – one of the great English eccentrics". Reviewing the film for The Guardian, Peter Bradshaw called it "the best rockumentary yet" and said that "the most likeable thing about this very likeable film is the way it promotes Wilko Johnson as a 100–1 shot for the title of Greatest Living Englishman".
On 2 October 2010, it was announced that Johnson was to support The Stranglers on their 'Black & Blue' UK tour starting in March 2011. In April 2011, he played several sold-out shows as part of the Kilkenny Rhythm & Roots Festival in Ireland.
Johnson published his autobiography, co-authored with Zoe Howe and titled Looking Back at Me, at the end of May 2012. He appeared in the BBC4 documentaries Evidently... John Cooper Clarke and Punk Britannia in May 2012. On 24 August 2012, Johnson and his band were due to headline the Blues stage at Rhythm Festival, but the festival was cancelled on 3 August due to poor ticket sales.
Johnson stated in early 2013 that he had terminal cancer, and announced he was going on a farewell tour. On 22 March 2013, he played what was announced as his final show guesting with Madness on the television programme Madness Live: Goodbye Television Centre which was broadcast on BBC Four. Afterwards he stated that he would not be able to perform his two final homecoming shows at Canvey Island due to ill health and would not be performing again.
However, on 13 July 2013, he performed an unannounced hour-long live set with Norman Watt-Roy and Dylan Howe at the Village Green Festival in his home town of Westcliff-on-Sea. In addition, he occasionally performed informal unannounced sets at his local pub, the Railway Hotel in Southend. In July 2013, the pub replaced their sign with a portrait of him painted by local artist Jack Melville, in honour of his long-term support of the south-east Essex music scene.
Johnson also played a set on the final night at Wickham Festival in Hampshire on Sunday 4 August 2013, where he was invited by the Blockheads on stage to play a song. Johnson announced a further tour with Howe and Watt-Roy during the spring of 2014.
In March and April 2014, Wilko, together with Watt-Roy and Howe, appeared on several UK dates as support to the "Frantic Four" (the classic line-up of Status Quo on what was billed as their last ever tour). In September 2014, after a meeting in Southend-on-Sea with Alan McGee, who described Wilko as "one of his all time heroes, and a national treasure", Wilko signed to Creation Management. He performed "All Through the City" and "Going Back Home", with his classic duckwalk, at Jools Holland's annual Hootenanny for New Year, 2014–15.
For his acting debut, Johnson was cast in the role of mute executioner Ser Ilyn Payne, in both the first and second season of the HBO fantasy series Game of Thrones, after the producers had seen him in Oil City Confidential. He related that "'They said they wanted somebody really sinister who went around looking daggers at people before killing them. That made it easy. Looking daggers at people is what I do all the time, it's like second nature to me'." He appeared in four episodes.
Johnson lived in Westcliff-on-Sea, Essex. He married his childhood sweetheart Irene Knight when they were teenagers, and the couple had two sons, Matthew and Simon. Johnson was widowed in 2004 after his wife's death from cancer. He was interested in astronomy, painting and poetry. Johnson's son Simon is also a guitarist, playing in Southend-based band Eight Rounds Rapid.
Cancer and death
Johnson was forced to cancel a show in November 2012 when he was rushed to hospital with an undisclosed ailment. He was diagnosed in January 2013 with late stage pancreatic cancer, and elected not to receive any chemotherapy.
On 25 January 2013, he gave an interview to John Wilson on the BBC Radio 4 arts programme Front Row. He discussed his cancer and said doctors had told him he had nine or ten months to live. He also talked about his "farewell tour" of the UK set for March and how his diagnosis had made him feel "vividly alive". After the tour was over, he announced he would spend his final days recording a farewell album with The Who's lead singer Roger Daltrey. The album, Going Back Home, was released in March 2014. "I thought that was going to be the last thing I ever did", he later told BBC News entertainment correspondent Colin Paterson in October 2014.
However, Johnson did not have the more common adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. It was later discovered that he had a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumour (PanNET), a less aggressive and more treatable form of the disease. Johnson underwent radical surgery to treat his illness, and the doctors were hopeful that his prognosis would be good. At the Q Awards on 22 October 2014, Johnson accepted the "Icon Award" and announced that he was "cancer-free" having undergone "removal of his pancreas, spleen, part of his stomach, small and large intestines and the removal and reconstruction of blood vessels relating to the liver". Johnson said: "It was an 11-hour operation… This tumour weighed 3kg – that's the size of a baby! Anyway, they got it all. They cured me. It's so weird and so strange that it's kind of hard to come to terms with it in my mind. Now, I'm spending my time gradually coming to terms with the idea that my death is not imminent, that I am going to live on". He added that he was still recovering from the operation and when asked what he would do next replied: "I don't know really".
Johnson died on 21 November 2022, at his home in Westcliff-on-Sea, at the age of 75. Following the announcement of Johnson's death, Billy Bragg said, "His guitar playing was angry and angular, but his presence – twitchy, confrontational, out of control – was something we'd never beheld before in UK pop. Rotten, Strummer and Weller learned a lot from his edgy demeanour." Alex Kapranos, lead singer of Franz Ferdinand said, "His unique, wired playing & stage presence thrilled & inspired many guitarists, myself included." Broadcaster Bob Harris said "Wilko was absolutely unique. His energy and spirit were incredible."
Johnson's musical style underpinned the early years of Dr. Feelgood. A style that has been cited as one of the founding influences of the British punk movement. Jean-Jacques Burnel of The Stranglers says "I often say to journalists there is a bridge between the old times and the punk times. That bridge is exclusively the Feelgoods, it allowed us to go from one thing to another. That's the connection, the DNA." This influence was explored in the 2009 documentary about Dr. Feelgood, Oil City Confidential. Reviewing Johnson's autobiography, Mark Blake of Q magazine said "In the mid-70s the band's brutish R&B and their guitarist's eye-popping thousand-yard stare inspired a young John Lydon, Paul Weller, and Suggs from Madness. Looking Back at Me secures the man born John Wilkinson's reputation as one of British rock's most unique characters. Wilko recalls his childhood on Canvey Island and how he followed the '60s hippy trail to Goa ... before helping invent punk with Dr Feelgood." The BBC4 three-part documentary series Punk Britannia, first aired in May 2012, also stressed the importance of Dr. Feelgood as "pub rockers, a generation of bands sandwiched between 60s hippies and mid-70s punks who will help pave the way towards the short, sharp shock of punk".
In February 2017, The Wave Pictures released a vinyl EP titled Canvey Island Baby, which featured five covers of Johnson-penned tracks and an additional song, the title track written by the band's singer/guitarist David Tattersall.
In 2013 Paul Weller said of Johnson: "Wilko may not be as famous as some other guitarists, but he's right up there. And there are a lot of people who'll say the same. I can hear Wilko in lots of places. It's some legacy."
Albums and EPs (as a band member)
- Down by the Jetty (January 1975)
- Malpractice (October 1975) – UK No. 17
- Stupidity (1976) – UK No. 1|
- Sneakin' Suspicion (1977) – UK No. 10
- All Through the City (With Wilko 1974–1977) (2012: box set of all four Dr Feelgood albums Johnson wrote and played on plus unreleased material, "much of it garnered from Wilko's understairs cupboard.")
- Solid Senders (1978) – AUS 79
The Wilko Johnson Band (selected)
- Ice on the Motorway (1981)
- Call It What You Want (1987)
- Barbed Wire Blues (1988)
- Pull the Cover (1995)
- Going Back Home (1998)
- Don't Let Your Daddy Know (Live in Japan 2000) (2000) 
- Red Hot Rocking Blues (2005)
- Portobello Shuffle: A Testimonial to Boss Goodman and Tribute to the Deviants & Pink Fairies contribute a cover of The Pink Fairies "Portobello Shuffle" [2010, Easy Action, EARSBOSS001]
- Blow Your Mind (2018)
Ian Dury & the Blockheads
With Roger Daltrey
- Sweeting, Adam (23 November 2022). "Wilko Johnson obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
- "Wilko Johnson obituary". The Times. 23 November 2022. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
- "Wilko Johnson A Southend Musician". Southend-sites.co.uk. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- Coles, Mark (21 March 2012). "Wilko's feelgood factor". BBC. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- "Wilko Johnson and JJ Burnel". Stranglers.net. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- French, Philip (31 January 2010). "Oil City Confidential". The Observer. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 11 June 2022.
- Hunter, Dave. "The Fender Telecaster: The Life and Times of the Electric Guitar That Changed the World". p. 149. Voyageur Press, 2012. ISBN 0760341389
- "WILKO JOHNSON APRIL 2012 UK TOUR". Hangout.altsounds.com. Archived from the original on 12 May 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- "Wilko Johnson: 'I can't get my head around the idea that I've got a future' | Music". The Guardian. 13 March 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
- Savage, Mark (23 November 2022). "Wilko Johnson: Dr Feelgood guitarist dies, aged 75". BBC News Online. Retrieved 23 November 2022.
- Moon, Tony (2002). Down by the Jetty – The Dr Feelgood Story (2nd ed.). Borden, Hants: Northdown Publishing Ltd. p. 124. ISBN 1-900711-15-X.
- Moon, Tony (2002). Down by the Jetty – The Dr Feelgood Story (2nd ed.). Borden, Hants: Northdown Publishing Ltd. p. 58. ISBN 1-900711-15-X.
- Huey, Steve (21 March 2002). "Allmusic biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- Thompson, Dave (2000). Punk. Ontario: Collector's Guide Publication. p. 102.
- Gambaccini, Paul (1996). British Hit Albums (7th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 366. ISBN 0-85112-619-7.
- "Wilko Johnson discography". AllMusic. Retrieved 25 November 2022.
- "Wilko Johnson, Komedia, Brighton". The Argus. 18 January 2008. Retrieved 25 November 2022.
- Hasted, Nick (13 February 2009). "The Dr Feelgood factor". The Independent. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- Peter Bradshaw (4 February 2010). "Oil City Confidential". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- "Kilkenny Rhythm & Roots". Rootsmusic.info. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- "Punk Britannia. Pre-Punk 1972–1976 Episode 1 of 3". BBC. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- "Rhythm Festivals 2012". Rhythmfestival.com. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- "Wilko Johnson – I won't gig again". Echo-news.co.uk. 27 March 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- Vanessa Thorpe (14 July 2013). "Wilko Johnson gives hometown fans a last shot of the delta blues". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
- "BBC News – Wilko Johnson honoured by Southend's Railway Hotel sign". BBC. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
- "Tour Dates: 2014". WilkoJohnson.com. 24 January 2014. Archived from the original on 5 June 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
- on YouTube
- on YouTube
- "The Headsman and the Ranger's Return, Westeros.org, 2 September 2010". Westeros.org. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- on YouTube
- "Wilko silenced in Sky fantasy". Halstead Gazette. 16 April 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- Burrell, Ian (3 June 2012). "Wilko Johnson: 'Once, I'd have been whizzing – but not now'". The Independent. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- Kielty, Martin (5 June 2012). "Feelgoods missed out on Wilko cash". Classic Rock Magazine. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- Mark Blake, Review of Looking Back at Me, Q magazine 312, July 2012, page 123
- "Eight Rounds Rapid: LossLeader – album review". Louder Than War. 11 April 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
- Bennison, Brian (30 November 2022). "Letter: Wilko Johnson obituary". the Guardian.
- "Former Dr Feelgood guitarist Wilko Johnson is in hospital and has been forced to cancel his homecoming Canvey gig". Southend Echo. 18 November 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- "Wilko Johnson diagnosed with terminal cancer". The Guardian. 9 January 2013. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- Batte, Elliott (9 January 2013). "Dr Feelgood's Wilko Johnson Reportedly Diagnosed With Terminal Cancer". Stereo Board. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- Times2, 22 January 2013
- "BBC Radio 4 – Front Row, Wilko Johnson; William Scott; The Turn of the Screw". BBC. 25 January 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- "Terminally ill Wilko Johnson recording farewell album with Roger Daltrey". Mirror.co.uk. 18 September 2013. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
- "Wilko Johnson says he is "cancer-free"". BBC News. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- Profile, celebritydiagnosis.com, 2 May 2014; accessed 7 April 2015.
- "Wilko Johnson has radical cancer surgery". BBC. 30 April 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
- "Dr Feelgood guitarist Wilko Johnson dies aged 75". reuters.com. 23 November 2022. Retrieved 14 November 2022.
- Clarke, Patrick (23 November 2022). "The Quietus | News | Wilko Johnson Has Died". The Quietus. Retrieved 23 November 2022.
- "Wilko Johnson: Dr Feelgood star dies aged 75". Sky News. 23 November 2022. Retrieved 23 November 2022.
- "PRE-ORDER The Wave Pictures – "Canvey Island Baby" -". 20 February 2017. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
- Uncut. April 2013
- Beaumont, Mark (23 November 2022). "Wilko Johnson, 1947-2022: proto-punk guitar pioneer with a fighting spirit". NME. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
- "Down by the Jetty". AllMusic. Retrieved 24 November 2022.
- Eder, Bruce. "Malpractice – Dr. Feelgood". AllMusic. Retrieved 25 November 2022.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Stupidity – Dr. Feelgood". AllMusic. Retrieved 25 November 2022.
- Bruce Eder. "Sneakin' Suspicion – Dr. Feelgood". AllMusic. Retrieved 25 November 2022.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 160. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "Various – Portobello Shuffle: A Testimonial To Boss Goodman And Tribute To The Deviants & Pink Fairies". Discogs.com. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
- "Wilko Johnson Returns to 'Blow Your Mind' with First Album of New Material in 30 Years". 12 April 2018.
- "Laughter". TNT Records. Retrieved 25 November 2022.
- Dennis, Jon (20 March 2014). "Wilko Johnson and Roger Daltrey: Going Back Home review". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 November 2022.
- Wilko Johnson photographs
- Wilko Johnson at AllMusic
- Wilko Johnson discography at Discogs
- Wilko Johnson at IMDb
- 2011 Radio Interview with Wilko Johnson
- Interview with Wilko Johnson and Jean Jacques Burnel of The Stranglers
- on YouTube (from BBC Breakfast, 15 February 2013)
- on YouTube (at David's Bookshops, Letchworth, 9 July 2012)