Willard Carpenter House
Willard Carpenter House
Willard Carpenter House, July 2011
|Location||405 Carpenter St., Evansville, Indiana|
|Area||1 acre (0.40 ha)|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||78000057|
|Added to NRHP||February 10, 1978|
The Willard Carpenter House, located at 405 Carpenter Street in downtown Evansville, Indiana, is one of two landmarks recognized as memorials to one of the city's most influential pioneers, philanthropist Willard Carpenter. The other is Willard Library which he built, endowed and gave to the people of the area. Willard Carpenter, born on March 15, 1803 at Strafford, Orange County, Vermont, was a son of Willard, Sr., and Polly (Bacon) Carpenter, and a descendant of the noted Rehoboth Carpenter family.
Construction on Willard Carpenter's house, an early Evansville mansion, began in 1848 and was completed in 1849. It is a two-story, Greek Revival style dwelling constructed by local "mechanics" including carpenter Gottlieb Bippus and masons Knoll and Tenford. The brick for the 21" thick walls was made close by while other materials were brought down the Ohio River from Lawrenceburg, Indiana. Furniture was purchased by the Carpenters in New York and shipped to Evansville via New Orleans.
When built the Carpenter house was one of three conspicuous Evansville landmarks (the Robert Barnes residence and the State Bank were the other two, both now demolished) and people came from many miles to view it. Its format of block massing, low hip roof with a deck and Greek Revival motifs (Doric-ordered portico, entablature with frieze board pierced by rectangular window, eaves dentil molding and roof cornice) are very similar to examples found in other Ohio River towns, notably Vevay and Madison, and are suggestive of New England heritage.
The home passed from Carpenter ownership in the Depression years when the property was purchased by Funkhouser American Legion Post. In 1956, they sold the property to WTVW. Medco purchased the mansion in 1974 and restored the home to as close to original condition as possible. Medco stayed in the home until 1985, when it was purchased by WNIN (TV). It now also houses the offices of WNIN-FM.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved April 23, 2010.
- WNIN Tri-State Public Media, Inc., 405 Carpenter Street, Evansville, Ind.: The Historic Carpenter House, http://www.wnin.org/about/history-carpenter-house/, accessed Mar 27, 2013.
- Early Evansville Portraits and Biographies from History of Vanderburgh County, Indiana, Brant & Fuller, 1889, http://www.usgennet.org/usa/in/county/vanderburgh/portraits/pages/carpenter.htm, courtesy of John R. Carpenter of La Mesa, Calif.
- "Indiana State Historic Architectural and Archaeological Research Database (SHAARD)" (Searchable database). Department of Natural Resources, Division of Historic Preservation and Archaeology. Retrieved 2016-08-01. Note: This includes John M. Dunn (February 1974). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Willard Carpenter House" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-01.
- WNIN Tri-State Public Media, Oct 6, 2009.
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. IN-24-11, "Willard Carpenter House, 413 Carpenter Street, Evansville, Vanderburgh County, IN", 2 photos, 16 measured drawings, 2 data pages
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