Oltmans in the 1950s
|Born||Willem Leonard Oltmans
10 June 1925
|Died||30 September 2004
|Cause of death||Liver cancer|
|Education||Nyenrode Business University
|Occupation||Investigative Journalist · Author · Interviewer|
Willem Leonard Oltmans (10 June 1925 – 30 September 2004) was a Dutch investigative journalist and author who did not hesitate to pro-actively intervene in international politics.
Due to the highly critical and opposite stance he often took towards Dutch global politics, as of 1956 the Dutch government conspired to keep him out of work. A lengthy lawsuit (1991–2000) involving the Royal family led to the state having to pay him damages. An erudite orator, the straightforward and uncompromising Oltmans was a striking character in Dutch society.
Oltmans was born into a wealthy family with roots in the Dutch East Indies. During the Second World War he was a member of the Dutch Resistance. "We blew up a German train," Oltmans told the Dutch daily Reformatorisch Dagblad in 2003 "Hitler called me a terrorist, but I saw myself as a freedom fighter."
He studied at the prestigious Nyenrode Business University (1946) and Yale University (1948), without graduating. Originally intent on a career with the diplomatic corps of the foreign service, he ended up working in press offices in the Netherlands (1953–1955). He married in 1955 and worked as a freelance reporter in Rome in 1956. There he befriended Indonesian president Sukarno, which started his remarkable career as a controversial journalist.
Convinced that a well connected and informed individual could play a decisive role in the international political arena, he assumed a pro-active part in global political developments, becoming both a news reporter and news maker.
Dutch state conspiracy
Against the will of the Dutch government, Oltmans interviewed Indonesian president Sukarno in 1956. Once he became a confidant of Sukarno and part of his inner circle he took it upon himself to convince the broader public in the Netherlands of the legitimacy of Sukarno's viewpoints. In 1957 he pleaded for the transfer of Dutch New Guinea to Indonesia while in Indonesia. He claimed to have prevented a Dutch war against Indonesia over New Guinea by sending a memo to US president Kennedy. Subsequently Joseph Luns, Minister of Foreign Affairs, covertly tried everything to sabotage Oltmans' career, with considerable success: for a long time, Oltmans was forced to live off welfare. Luns, who now had become Oltmans' nemesis, called him a 'one engine mosquito'. In 1995 Oltmans published his book 'My friend Sukarno'.
He fought a long lawsuit (1991–2000) against the Dutch state, which he eventually won. In 2000 a commission awarded him eight million guilders (four million dollars) in damages, after taxes. Having paid two million guilders in lawyer's fees, Oltmans bought a penthouse on a canal in Amsterdam and a Steinway piano.
Oltmans was based in the USA in the 1960s, where he worked as a reporter for Dutch TV broadcaster NOS and established ties to President Kennedy's closest circle of advisors. After Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas in 1963, Oltmans interviewed the mother of accused assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, Marguerite. Further investigation led him to Oswald's acquaintance Baron George de Mohrenschildt. According to Oltmans, De Mohrenschildt, who had ties to the CIA, was the architect behind the killing. In 1977 De Mohrenschildt agreed to disclose information to Oltmans, but disappeared from their meeting place and was found dead in Florida a few weeks later. His death was declared a suicide.
On March 29, 1977, De Mohrenschildt was found dead due to apparent self-inflicted shotgun blast to the mouth. L. Richardson Preyer of the House Select Committee on Assassinations investigating the assassination of Kennedy stated that De Mohrenschildt was "crucial witness, based on the new information that he had". A few days later, Oltmans told the HSCA that George de Mohrenschildt had implicated himself in the conspiracy to kill President Kennedy. And Pat S. Russell, who was De Mohrenschildt's attorney said "I definitely feel there was a conspiracy and that definitely was the opinion of George."  Oltmans testified for three hours behind closed doors and told the committee that De Mohrenschildt told him he had discussed the assassination of Kennedy with Lee Harvey Oswald from A to Z. "De Mohrenschildt told me that Oswald acted at his (De Mohrenschildt's) instructions and that he knew Oswald was going to kill Kennedy," Oltmans said. Although Oltmans had given information to the Committee shortly before, De Mohrenschildt's death had released Oltmans from his promise not to divulge certain information. Oltmans revealed that De Mohrenschildt, whom he had known for ten years, had told him that there had been a conspiracy to assassinate Kennedy and that he had played a role in the conspiracy. De Mohrenschildt said that CIA and FBI personnel were involved as well.
Oltmans in the Soviet Union
In the eighties Oltmans endeavoured to create a more balanced opinion in the West about the Soviet Union. Looking for a more poised perspective on the one sided bad image of the evil empire's communist power, he often traveled to Russia. Together with the Kremlin's foreign expert Georgi Arbatov, he wrote the book 'The Soviet position', elaborating on Moscow's perspective on the East-West issues in 1981. The book received much attention and was published in several languages.
Oltmans in Suriname
In the eighties Oltmans also actively interfered with the post-colonial Dutch-Suriname relationship. He recognised a bilateral relationship based in negative sentiments similar to the Dutch-Indonesian relationship. Intend on playing a mediating role Oltmans traveled to Suriname to interview military dictator Bouterse. He published a book that was banned in Suriname and misunderstood in the Netherlands.
Oltmans in South Africa
Due to the ban imposed on him by Minister Luns, Oltmans was forced to help support himself through his family's inheritance; the death of his parents (1966 and 1974) and some bad investments caused him financial difficulty. In the late eighties he intended to use his large global network as a consultant to introduce entrepreneurs to Eastern European business opportunities. Through a string of quarrels with his stakeholders this initiative failed completely and Oltmans left for South Africa.
Both his brothers had settled in South Africa in 1948. He had visited the country regularly and in 1990 decided to settle there permanently. In South Africa he continued his tendency of actively intervening in local politics. His investigative reporting was not appreciated by the shaky South African regime of the time and in August 1992 he was deported on charges of espionage. Oltmans always insisted the Dutch Security Service was involved in his deportation.
- Persona Non Grata (Papieren Tijger, Breda, 1994) ISBN 978-90-6728-081-5
- Mijn vriend Sukarno (Spectrum, Utrecht, 1995) ISBN 90-274-4762-4
- De staat van bedrog (Papieren Tijger, Breda, 1998) ISBN 978-90-6728-095-2
- Cry for war (Papieren Tijger, Breda, 2003) ISBN 978-90-6728-151-5
- Laatste wapenfeiten (Papieren Tijger, Breda, 2009) ISBN 978-90-6728-239-0
- Reporting on the Kennedy Assassination (University Press of Kansas, 2017) ISBN 978-07-0062-378-5
- JFK (1991) - George DeMohrenschildt
- Notes & citations
- "Biography at the 'Netherlands Institute of History' (ING)". Inghist.nl. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
- de Wreede, Jaap (24 May 2003). "Publicist Willem Oltmans kan het dwarsliggen niet laten". Reformatorisch Dagblad. Digibron.nl. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
- "Oltmans, Willem ''"Reportage over de Kennedy-moordenaars."'' (1977)". Boekenroute.nl. 30 April 1990. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
- "A Mystery Suicide: A Key Oswald Witness; Friend Reported to Have Known of Death Plot" (PDF). San Francisco Examiner. San Francisco. UPI. March 30, 1977. p. 1. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
- "Lawyer Says Texan Told Him Oswald Had Aid in '63 Plot”, The New York Times, April 3, 1977"
- "Journalist tells of JFK Plots”, The Ledger (Lakeland, Florida), April 4, 1977"
- Lane, Mark (November 1977). "The Mysterious Death of a Key JFK Witness". Gallery Magazine.
- "Article about Oltmans cameo in the movie on the JFK website". Jfk-online.com. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
- Oltmans, Willem “Mijn vriend Sukarno" (Spectrum, Utrecht, 1995) ISBN 90-274-4762-4
- Oden, Edwin “De man van acht miljoen" (Balans, Amsterdam, 2010) ISBN 978-94-6003-283-7 
- Various works - Digital Library of Dutch Literature
- Willem Oltmans, The Eight Million Dollar Man – Documentary
- Jaap de Wreede, 'Publicist Willem Oltmans kan het dwarsliggen niet laten', In: Reformatorisch Dagblad, 24 May 2003
- Biography – Dutch Institute of Netherlands history
- National Library of the Netherlands Official website
- Online dossier – National library of Netherlands.
- Online selection of essays.
- Online selection of TV interviews.
- Online portrait by newspaper 'de Volkskrant'.