Willem van Nieulandt II
|Willem van Nieulandt II|
Willem van Nieulandt|
1635 (aged 50–51)|
His father Adrien van Nieulandt the elder was born to a family of artists of Flemish origin from Antwerp. He moved with his family to Amsterdam in 1589, after the Siege of Antwerp, probably because they were Protestants. His three sons Willem van Nieulandt II (named for his uncle, also a painter), Adriaen van Nieulandt the younger, and Jacob van Nieulandt all became painters.
According to Arnold Houbraken, Willem was a pupil of Roelant Savery in Amsterdam, and he left him to travel to Rome, where he became a student of Paulus Bril. He specialized in painting artistic ruins of monuments, arches, and temples, many of which he then engraved himself. He returned to Amsterdam (via Antwerp) in 1607, and became a respected poet there as well as Italianate painter.
Nieulandt was better known as a poet and playwright than as a painter. He was a member of the Antwerp chamber of rhetoric the Olyftack (Olive Branch) from 1613 to 1621, transferring to the rival Violieren from 1621 to 1629. In May 1620 he won the prize for best poem at a rhetoric competition in Mechelen, writing under the pen name Dient uwen Al (Serve your All). In May 1624 the Violieren produced his play Aegyptica (a tragedy on the theme of Anthony and Cleopatra). His daughter Constantia, who later married Adriaen van Utrecht, was likewise a well regarded poet.
At some point after May 1629 he returned to Amsterdam, where he lived until his death in 1635.
- Poëma van den Mensch (1621)
- Livia (1617)
- Saul (1617)
- Claudius Domitius Nero (1618)
- Aegyptica (1624)
- Sophonisba Aphricana (1626, 1635)
- Salomon (1628)
- Jerusalems Verwoestingh door Nabuchodonosor (1635)
- Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach
- Museum of Fine Arts (Budapest), Budapest
- Pushkin Museum, Moscow
- Musée des Beaux-Arts de Tours, Tours
- (in Dutch) Guiliam Nieulandt biography in De groote schouburgh der Nederlantsche konstschilders en schilderessen (1718) by Arnold Houbraken, courtesy of the Digital library for Dutch literature
- Max Rooses, "Guillaume van Nieuwelandt", Biographie Nationale de Belgique, vol. 15 (Brussels, 1899), 718–722
- A. A. Keersmaekers, De dichter Guilliam van Nieuwelandt en de Senecaans-Classieke Tragedie in de Zuidelijke Nederlanden (Ghent, 1957).
- A. Keersmaekers, "Nieuwelandt, Guilliam van", Nationaal Biografisch Woordenboek, vol. 2 (Brussels, 1966), 629-632
- Jan Thieullier, ed., De schadt-kiste der philosophen ende poeten (Mechelen, Henry Jaye, 1621), p. LXX
- A. A. Keersmaekers, Geschiedenis van de Antwerpse rederijkerskamers in de jaren 1585–1635 (Aalst, 1952), p. 56.
- Willem van Nieulandt II in the RKD
- Baldinucci, Filippo (1728). Notizie de' Professori del Disegno, Da Cimabue in qua, Secolo V. dal 1610. al 1670. Distinto in Decennali (or Notice of the Professors of Design, from Cimabue to now, from 1610-1670). Stamperia S.A.R. per li Tartini, e Franchi (Googlebooks entry for Guglielmo de Nicolant). p. 120.
- Web Gallery of Art biography
- RKD mentions Jacob Savery as teacher