Willen

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Willen
Milton-keynes-peace-pagoda.jpg
The Peace Pagoda (Stupa)
Willen is located in Milton Keynes
Willen
Willen
Mapping © OpenStreetMap
Willen is located in Buckinghamshire
Willen
Willen
Location within Buckinghamshire
OS grid referenceSP877413
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMILTON KEYNES
Postcode districtMK15
Dialling code01908
PoliceThames Valley
FireBuckinghamshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
52°03′47″N 0°43′09″W / 52.06311°N 0.71922°W / 52.06311; -0.71922Coordinates: 52°03′47″N 0°43′09″W / 52.06311°N 0.71922°W / 52.06311; -0.71922

Willen is a district of Milton Keynes, England and is also one of the ancient villages of Buckinghamshire to have been included in the designated area of the New City in 1967. At the 2011 Census the population of the district was included in the civil parish of Campbell Park. The original village is now a small but important part of the larger district that contains it and to which it gives its name.

History[edit]

The village was first recorded as Wilinges (12th century) and later as Wylie, Wilies (13th century); Wilne, Wylyene (14th century); and Wyllyen, Wyllyn (15th century). Willen is not recorded by name in the Domesday Survey, but it can be identified with the 4 hides 1 virgate assessed under Caldecote, part of the neighbouring parish of Newport Pagnell, and held under the Count of Mortain by Alvered.[1] The name Willen is probably from Anglo-Saxon or Old English meaning (at the) 'willows'[citation needed] the River Ouzel meanders through land ideal for willows. The Willen civil parish was merged with Great and Little Woolstone to become Woolstone-cum-Willen in 1934. It is now part of the parish of Campbell Park.

Environment and amenities[edit]

Church of St Mary Magdalene, Willen (designed by Robert Hooke)

Religious[edit]

The tiny parish church (1680), was designed by the architect and physicist Robert Hooke and is a classic of the early English Baroque period.[2]

Further around the lake, there is a Buddhist Temple/monastery and a large stupa, the Milton Keynes Peace Pagoda built in 1980 by the monks and nuns of the Nipponzan-Myōhōji. It was the first to be built in the western hemisphere.[3] There is a grass labyrinth nearby.

St Michael's Priory is small Benedictine house in the village.[4]

Willen Hospice[edit]

Overlooking the lake, Willen Hospice provides specialist care for people whose illness no longer responds to curative treatment (also known as specialist palliative care).[5]

Willen Lake[edit]

One of the more important features of the district is a large balancing lake on the River Ouzel, designed to capture flash floods lest they cause problems down stream. The lake is split into two halves. The north lake is a wild-life sanctuary and a favourite of migrating aquatic birds, overlooked by the Peace Pagoda and the Hospice. The south lake is for leisure use, with a full watersports and boat hire centre, as well as inflatable aqua park and wakeboarding facility. There are many paths around the lake suitable for walking, running or cycling. The south lake also comprises a children's splash park and a high ropes course, as well as playing host to various events throughout the year.

Bird Life[edit]

In its history, many rare and scarce migrating birds have turned up on the north side of the lake. The island is primarily for bird life. Many common bird species breed on the spit that can be viewed from the only hide on the lake, the north hide.

Sports[edit]

The district is also home to Willen Cricket Club and to Willen Juniors FC, who both play at Willen Fields on Portland Drive.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 'Parishes : Willen', Victoria History of the Counties of England: A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 4 (1927), pp. 502-505. URL: Date accessed: 12 August 2009.
  2. ^ "Willen Church". Westminster School. 2007. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  3. ^ "Peace Pagoda". Milton Keynes Parks Trust. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  4. ^ St Michael's Priory
  5. ^ About us (Willen Hospice)

External links[edit]