Willets Point, Queens
Willets Point, also known locally as the Iron Triangle, is the name currently applied to an industrial neighborhood within Corona, in the New York City borough of Queens. In 2011, a $4 billion redevelopment project began to construct a retail shopping center, residential buildings including 3,000 units, an entertainment complex, and a public school.
Willets Point is bounded by Northern Boulevard to the north, 126th Street and Citi Field to the west, Roosevelt Avenue and Flushing Meadows–Corona Park to the south, and the Flushing River to the east. The New York City Subway's IRT Flushing Line (7 <7> trains) has the Mets–Willets Point station near the southwest corner of the area, at Roosevelt Avenue and 126th Street. The neighborhood is part of Queens Community Board 7.
Willets Point has no sidewalks or sewers as of 2013[update], and due to the area's geography and the lack of paved roads in the area, flooding is common during heavy rains. The area is industrial, consisting mostly of auto repair shops, scrap yards, waste processing sites, and similar small businesses.:3 It has been described as being "post-apocalyptic" in appearance. A Hunter College study in April 2006 found that Willets Point was a "unique regional destination" for auto parts and repairs,:2 and that the 225 businesses in the area employed a combined 1,400 to 1,800 people at the time.:2, 7 This concentration of auto-repair shops resulted in the area's nickname of the "Iron Triangle."
The area was named after that portion of Willets Point Boulevard lying west of Flushing Creek, which flows northward past the area. Willets Point Boulevard once crossed a now-demolished bridge over Flushing Creek and continued to the Willets Point cape, at the confluence of the East River and Long Island Sound. The true Willets Point is the site of Fort Totten near Bayside, but over the course of the 20th century it became commonplace to apply the name "Willets Point" (derived from the street, rather than the geographical feature) to this area instead. The neighborhood, street, and cape's name are all derived from the Willets family, whose land the government bought in 1857 to build Fort Totten (originally named "Fort at Willets Point":4 (PDF p. 7)).
Several redevelopment plans for Willets Point were proposed during the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, but never consummated. Before the 1964 New York World's Fair, Robert Moses tried to incorporate Willets Point into Flushing Meadows-Corona Park but failed when the junkyard owners hired Mario Cuomo as their lawyer.
After the New York Jets left Shea Stadium (following the 1983 season) to play at the Meadowlands, Willets Point was the proposed location for a new, 82,000-seat domed football stadium that would bring the Jets back to New York. After the Jets decided to remain in New Jersey, the proposed stadium was also discussed as a potential new home for the St. Louis football Cardinals, Atlanta Falcons, and New Jersey Generals. Since 2009, the neighborhood has been discussed as a potential site for the New York Islanders to move to, as well as a Major League Soccer team.
Willets Point was also the location for a proposed stadium for the 2012 Summer Olympics and press center, which would have replaced Shea Stadium and the car junkyards; however, New York City lost its Olympic bid to London. Nonetheless, Citi Field, a new New York Mets stadium, was constructed to replace the aging, adjacent Shea Stadium, which was demolished in 2009.
Willets Point Development Plan
Initial proposal and controversy
On May 1, 2007, New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg announced his administration's new plan for urban renewal in the area. The plan called for replacing the scrapyards and industrial sites with a sustainable and affordable mixed-use development including a convention center, 5,500 units of housing, 1.7 million sf of retail, 130,000 sf k-8 school, 500,000 sf of office space, 150,000 sf Community Facility, as well as environmental remediation, installation of sewers and other infrastructure, and relocation of previous businesses. Willets Point would create more than 5,300 permanent jobs and add 18,000 construction jobs.
On April 9, 2008, the Willets Point Industry and Realty Association (WPIRA), a group of the 10 largest business and land owners in Willets Point, filed a lawsuit in the US District Court for the Eastern District of New York against the City of New York seeking a court order requiring the City to provide infrastructure improvements, including repairs to streets and storm sewers, installation of sanitary sewers, street lights, street signs and other services that the City had allegedly withheld for over 40 years, as well as unspecified damages for past neglect. Judge Edward R Korman granted the City's motion to dismiss this lawsuit on November 25, 2009.
On April 21, 2008, a majority of the New York City Council's members expressed their "adamant opposition" to the proposed Willets Point redevelopment in writing to Robert Lieber, New York City's Deputy Mayor for Economic Development. The "adamant opposition" letter was signed by 29 City Council members. Three days later, Queens elected officials, various union members and others rallied at a press conference on the steps of New York City Hall. The gathering was in support of having the City move forward with the proposed development of Willets Point. The rally was led by Queens Borough President Helen Marshall. Also in attendance were state senators Frank Padavan and Toby Ann Stavisky and Assembly Member Nettie Mayersohn, former Queens Borough President Claire Shulman and Queens Chamber of Commerce President Al Pennisi who spoke about the vital role the development would play in the Queens business community.
On June 30, 2008, the plan was approved with numerous conditions by Queens Community Board 7 and by the City Planning Commission on September 24, 2008. The City Council held a public hearing regarding the plan on October 17 and voted on November 13, 2008 to approve the redevelopment plan, which includes the potential use of eminent domain to acquire property. Some property owners have vowed to try to stop the plan through litigation, while others voluntarily sold their property to the City during the fall of 2008 so as to avert involuntary taking of their property through eminent domain and relocation by the New York City Economic Development Corporation. On July 31, 2009, the Corporation announced plans to invest $100 million into infrastructure projects in Queens that would include development in Willets Point.
In March 2009, Joseph Ardizzone (the only resident of Willets Point) and several local businesses filed another lawsuit, in state court, challenging the City's approval of the development plan and contending that the plan had undergone inadequate environmental review. Allegations arose in 2009 that the City of New York and its Economic Development Corporation had improperly provided funding to organizations that lobbied the City Council in favor of the Willets Point development plan. In May 2010 the New York City Department of Transportation opened a new Municipal Asphalt Plant on Harper Street, on the north side of Willets Point.
Plan approved by City Council
In 2011, the $4 billion redevelopment project began. On October 9, 2013, the City Council approved the Willets Point redevelopment plan, which also includes building a shopping center and entertainment complex in Citi Field's parking lot. The Willets Point project will also include 2,490 housing units, of which 35% will be affordable housing. Affordable housing will be built as part of the second phase of the project. These housing units amount for a total of 1,000 affordable units that will be accessible via the Van Wyck Expressway which will have two new ramps as part of the plans. The city has allocated $66 million of their budget for the design and construction of the new ramps.
In 2014, Bill de Blasio replaced Michael Bloomberg as Mayor of New York. He opposed the redevelopment plan because of the lack of affordable housing but the City Council continued with the project. Still, by the end of July 2016, the last auto repair shops between 38th and Roosevelt Avenues had been closed and demolition had started on the development, now priced at US$4 billion.
In popular culture
- The "Valley of Ashes" described in F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel The Great Gatsby is said to have been inspired by a former dump (now the location of Flushing Meadows–Corona Park) in Willets Point.
- The 2007 film Chop Shop was filmed and set in this neighborhood.
- Queens Community Boards, New York City. Accessed September 3, 2007.
- Nick Carr (November 15, 2013). "Scouting a New York City Neighborhood Where the Sidewalk Ends". Slate.
- Walsh, Kevin (August 2008). "IRON TRIANGLE, Queens". Forgotten New York. Retrieved 2017-04-09.
- Angotti, Tom Angotti; Romalewski, Steven (April 2006). "WILLETS POINT LAND USE STUDY" (PDF). cuny.edu. Hunter College. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
- Murphy, Jarrett (June 12, 2006). "Melting the Iron Triangle". The Village Voice. Retrieved May 13, 2007.
- Dan Bilefsky (March 2, 2011). "In Willets Point, Workers and a Resident Fight On". The New York Times. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
- Pollak, Michael (May 30, 2004). "F.Y.I.". The New York Times. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- Pearson, Marjorie (June 1999). "FORT TOTTEN HISTORIC DISTRICT Designation Report" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
- Williams, Sam (May 2004). "Dreaming Of A Jets Stadium (And Junkyard Cleanup) In Queens". Gotham Gazette. Retrieved January 22, 2010.
- Eskenazi, Gerald (February 7, 1986). "Jets Will Remain in New Jersey". The New York Times. Retrieved January 18, 2010.
- Meislin, Richard J. (April 11, 1987). "Plans for Domed Stadium in Queens in Doubt". The New York Times. Retrieved January 18, 2010.
- Sheets, Connor Adams (May 20, 2010). "New York Islanders Ponder Move to Willets Point". Astoria Times. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- Schuster, Karla (May 2, 2007). "All signs 'Point' to makeover". AM New York. Tribune New York Newspaper Holdings, LLC. p. 4.
Calling Willets Point "another euphemism for blight", Mayor Michael Bloomberg yesterday unveiled an ambitious urban renewal plan for the gritty, industrial area near Shea Stadium that would include a major environmental cleanup and a vigorous business relocation plan.
- WILLETS POINT INDUSTRY AND REALTY ASSOCIATION, et al. v City of New York, et al. (United States District Court, Eastern District of New York November 25, 2009). Text
- Benjamin, Elizabeth (April 21, 2008). "Council Declares Willets Point Plan Dead On Arrival". Daily News. New York. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- Dwoskin, Elizabeth (August 4, 2009). "Willets Point's Septic Tank Days May Be Coming to a Close". The Village Voice. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
- Rivera, Ray (August 20, 2009). "New York Paid to Lobby Itself, Group Claims". The New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2010.
- Alcorn, Chauncey (May 27, 2010). "City Opens Pothole Repair Plant Near Willets Point". NY1. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- Walker, Ameena (July 26, 2016). "Demolition is underway at site of Willets Point redevelopment". Curbed NY. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
- Garfield, Leanna (April 6, 2017) "11 billion-dollar mega-projects that will transform New York City by 2035" Business Insider
- "City Council Approves Sweeping Redevelopment Plan For Willets Point". CBS New York. October 9, 2013. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
- Nir, Sarah Maslin (November 22, 2013). "The End of Willets Point". The New York Times. Retrieved November 26, 2013.
- "Council Approved Willets Point Development Project Modification". CityLand. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
- "Mayor: Valley of Ashes in 'Great Gatsby' Was Inspired by Willets Point". WNYC. June 14, 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2013.
- Lee, Nathan (February 26, 2008). "Chop Shop: A Kid's Rundown Queens". The Village Voice. Retrieved September 3, 2009.
- New York City EDC description of Willets Point Development District plan
- VIDEOS – "Willets Point Lawsuit News Conference, PART ONE" (City Council Members) and "PART TWO" (Attorney; Property and Business Owners)
- A Look At Willets Point Before Demolition & Redevelopment at Curbed New York